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Medium 9781782201984

Coda - The Hum

Wilson, Scott Karnac Books ePub

The phenomenon of the hum, first noted a few decades ago, and reported across the world, consists of a low-pitched drone, the source of which, indefinably outside and inside, both domestic and alien, is unidentifiable. It is so persistent that it has caused suicide, and the Low Frequency Noise Sufferer's Association suggests that “the problem is on the increase…it receives two or three new cases every week”. According to the BBC, however, these people “are generally over 50 and are mostly female”.

It's worst at night. It's hard to get off to sleep because I hear this throbbing sound in the background and you know what it's like when you can't get to sleep and you're tossing and turning and you get more and more agitated about it…People assume you must be hearing things, but I'm not crackers…this is not in my head. It's just as though there's something in your house and you want to switch it off and you can't. It's there all the time. (Katie Jacques, BBC News, 19 April 2009)

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Medium 9781855759657

2: Understanding passenger behaviour

Robert Bor Karnac Books ePub

Air travel has never been so accessible to travellers. An estimated one billion people worldwide make at least one plan trip each year. Unfortunately, the dream of flight nurtured by Leonardo da Vinci and the Wright brothers is sometimes tarnished by stress and anxiety. Less than four decades ago, air travel was exciting, attracting a small number of the elite and wealthy passengers, and although sometimes dangerous, it was usually a great adventure that enabled people to travel at greater speeds than ever before. Passengers were both pampered and obedient. The advent of large commercial aircraft in the 1960s, in an industry of mass air transportation, and cheap accessible flights has changed all this. Airline advertisements continue to raise expectations among air travellers, because the product being promoted is still being perceived as glamorous. Disappointment sets in when expectations are not met, and high levels of stress may be one outcome.

Man has not naturally evolved to fly, as the psychologist, James Reason reminded us (1974). Even though as a species we have evolved over millions of years, our bodies are largely still designed to hunt and gather in small groups, probably on the plains of Africa. We remain a species that is best designed and equipped to be self-propelling at a few miles per hour in two dimensions under the conditions of terrestrial gravity (Reason, 1974). There are several obstacles and “physical evolution barriers” to our position or motion senses, as well as our capacity for processing information, that is apparent to both the novice air traveller and the most seasoned pilot. While there have been remarkable achievements in engineering over the past century that have made air travel both possible and highly accessible within the span of a single lifetime, this has not been without its challenges. When evolutionary barriers to motion are exceeded, numerous penalties are exacted, the most common of which are motion sickness, jet lag, and increased arousal and stress. For flight crew, there may be additional problems related to judgement, decision-making, perception, and concentration, among others. Air travel often brings us into close contact with strangers, and an understanding of the social psychology of behaviour within groups and teams is relevant. Emerging problems, such as the advent of larger commercial aircraft and flying greater distances non-stop, are likely to become increasingly challenging in years to come. Air travel disrupts human relationships and behaviours, as well as bodily functions and systems.

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Medium 9781855754508

CHAPTER FOUR: Approaching the Dream

Kradin, Richard Karnac Books ePub

It is helpful to approach dreams systematically. When patients recognize that the analyst can effectively organize and interpret dreams, they gain increased confidence in the treatment. Dreams generally have a well-defined structure that contributes to their interpretability. Aristotle noted succinctly that dreams have a beginning, middle, and an end (Aristotle 1985). Jung (Jung 1952) suggested that dreams, like a play, can be divided into an exposition, (location, time and cast), a peripetaeia (plot development), a crisis (point of maximal tension), and a lysis (resolution).

In practice, patients will often ignore critical details in their reporting of dreams when they first begin working with them. If this continues, it may indicate resistance. After all, when we are truly interested in something, we tend to recall its features in detail. Until that state of mind is achieved with respect to dreams, it is common for the dreamer to report unrelated fragments of narrative that have little coherence. Consider the following dream narrative offered by an intelligent patient who repeatedly expressed doubts concerning the “objectivity” of psychoanalysis.

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Medium 9781855755666

CHAPTER 18: Case studies

Mollon, Phil Karnac Books ePub

The following case studies have been selected for their illustration of a variety of clinical presentations and how these might be addressed using energy psychology methods. Some are lengthy and detailed accounts, whilst others are brief vignettes. The first three are contributed by other practitioners and clients.

Facilitation of work with complex problems and fragmented or dissociated self-states

In work with some of the most profoundly compromised states of self, involving fragmentation or dissociation, the judicious use of energy psychology interventions at certain points can facilitate and ease the process to a remarkable degree.

Some time ago I was in my office reading the referral letter regarding this patient whom I will call B. I was about to meet her for the first time and could not help but wonder who she really was. Her personal history questionnaire gave the impression of her being a very young child. There were various diagnoses stated in the reports—psychotic depression, severe anxiety, self harm, social phobia and ME. There was very little information about her family background and upbringing; mainly just details regarding her recent engagement with the mental health services. What I could gather was that B was a 20-year-old white European and the eldest of three children. Her parents came to live in England, when B was 7 because of her father's job. B could not remember much of her childhood, but stated that it must have been a happy one. Although the family planned to go back to their country of origin at some point, this did not happen as they all settled in and voted in favour of staying in England permanently. After passing her A level exams, B took a gap year which she spent with her grandparents and got to know her extended family. Her parents stated that B enjoyed the gap year, she returned home feeling excited and full of good memories. The onset of her depressive symptoms started whilst at University and she was admitted to a psychiatric hospital. Nobody noticed what was going on for her at the time and B could not recall any significant event that may have triggered the onset. She in fact could not remember much, her parents gave most of the information and also brought her to the appointment.

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Medium 9781855758711

CHAPTER ONE: How do I know if I might benefit from counselling?

Jonathan Ingrams Karnac Books ePub

AKEY QUESTION, and not one with a simple answer. Counsellors advertise that they can help to resolve a range of difficulties; typically anxiety and stress, depression, work issues, loss of confidence, life changes, relationships and sexual problems, as well as more vaguely defined complexes such as “lack of purpose” or “deprivation”. But how can you determine whether it might be useful for you to seek the services they provide?

A likely indicator is that you find yourself having persistent difficulty dealing with some aspect of your personal, social, or working life. Inevitably, there are periods when we all feel a bit down; sadness after a quarrel with someone we care about, disappointment that we didn't get the promotion we hoped for, annoyancebecause we think someone's behaved badly towards us, or regret if, on some occasion, we feel we haven't conducted ourselves as well as we would wish. This is the natural order of things. We make up after the quarrel, perhaps look for a better job, put aside the irritation we experienced, apologize to someone if we feel we need to-and move on.

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