336 Chapters
Medium 9781780645353

11: Large-Scale Dairy and Poultry Production in Russia: Level and Trends of Development

Schmitz, A.; Meyers, W.H. CABI PDF

11 

Large-Scale Dairy and Poultry

Production in Russia: Level and

Trends of Development

Vladimir N. Surovtsev, Yulia Nikulina and Uliana Saigusheva*

North-West Institute of Economics and Organization of Agriculture, St Petersburg, Russia

Abstract

This chapter considers the reasons and consequences of the changes taking place from the beginning of the economic reforms in 1990 until 2013 in Russia’s dairy farming and poultry farming sectors. It examines production concentration and intensification processes, investments and the changing demographics of the dairy and poultry industries in Russia in general and in the Leningrad region in particular.

The Role of Dairy Production in the Agricultural Sector of Russia and the Leningrad Region

Dairy and poultry production in Russia

Dairy production is one of the most important sectors of Russian agriculture. The main trends taking place in this sector are described in this chapter based on a case study of the Leningrad region, a well-developed agricultural area. Traditionally, dairy production has been one of the main food sources of protein in Russia, as well as a source of organic fertilizers for crop production. The dairy industry has played an essential role in ensuring employment for the rural population in many regions of Russia.

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Medium 9781780642994

36 CONCLUSION

Thompson, B., Amoroso, L. CABI PDF

Selected Findings and Recommendations from the SymposiumBrian Thompson and Leslie Amoroso*Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division (AGN), Agriculture and ConsumerProtection Department (AG), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, ItalyThe following selected findings were prepared as a summary of the main conclusions and recommendations of the papers that were presented and of the discussions that took place during the International Symposium onFood and Nutrition Security held at FAOHeadquarters in Rome, Italy, in December2010. The symposium:••••Regretted that over the past 20–25 years food and agriculture-based initiatives for improving nutrition have been systematically neglected and underfunded.Acknowledged that food and agriculture serve as the foundation for nutrition and health.Emphasized that agriculture, including crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry activities, represents the broad field of activities concerned with the production, processing, storage, distribution and marketing of food and other commodities, along with related social, economic and environmental concerns.

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Medium 9781780645353

6: Effect of Relative Export Price Changes of the Top Principal Crops in Russia

Schmitz, A.; Meyers, W.H. CABI PDF

6 

Effect of Relative Export Price Changes of the Top Principal Crops in Russia

Ekaterina Vorotnikova,1* Serhat Asci2 and James L. Seale, Jr2

1

University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, USA;

2

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

Abstract

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian economy was on the way to becoming more

­market based. The broadening of the market forces in Russian agriculture supports the hypothesis that the land allocation decision for grains and oilseeds is in large part determined by output prices. In this chapter, a land allocation model developed by Vorotnikova et al. (2013) uses post-Soviet data to determine whether or not output prices for grains and oilseeds affect land allocation significantly among crops and by what magnitude. We look at the effect of relative export price changes on land allocation among the top eight crops produced in Russia from

1992 to 2011. We find that the most price-responsive acreages are those of soybean, maize, sunflower, wheat, rye, barley and other crops, and conclude that post-Soviet Russian agriculture has become price responsive in cropland allocation decisions.

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Medium 9781845939212

5 Is Agricultural Productivity Growth Slowing in Western Europe?

Fuglie, K.O., Ball, V.E., Wang, S.L. CABI PDF

5

Is Agricultural Productivity Growth

Slowing in Western Europe?

Sun Ling Wang, David Schimmelpfennig and Keith O. Fuglie

Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC

5.1

Introduction

Agricultural production in Western Europe1 has been nearly stagnant for the past 25 years. According to the Food and Agriculture

Organization (FAO), agricultural output in

Western Europe in 2009 was only about 4% higher than it was in 1984. World Bank data report agricultural gross domestic product

(GDP) of the region grew by 26% (in constant US dollars) over the same period, but this was almost certainly a terms-of-trade or exchange rate effect, rather than a change in real production. The stagnation in real output could be due to rising costs of production (falling productivity) and/or fewer resources being employed in production.

The slow growth of agriculture in Western

Europe has meant that its share of global agricultural output has been falling steadily, from about 20% in the 1960s to less than

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Medium 9781780645230

13: Case Study 2: Religious Tourism Experiences in South East Asia

Edited by Razaq Raj and Kevin Griffin CABI PDF

13

Case Study 2: Religious Tourism

Experiences in South East Asia

1

1

Jaeyeon Choe* and 2Michael O’Regan

Bournemouth University, UK, 2Oxford Brookes University, UK

Introduction

The purpose of this chapter is to introduce religious tourism in South East Asia, examine the tourist motivations to visit religious (Buddhist) sites and address the role of religious tourism in regional development among members of the

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). South East Asia is home to numerous religious sites, pilgrim centres and religious festivals. However, while South East Asian nations have strong geographical, cultural, historical and archaeological links and social similarities, there are strong political, ethnic and religious boundaries. The chapter concludes by exploring the strategies required to overcome barriers to develop religious tourism in the region. Such strategies include the need for transparent objectives, community consultation and integrated national and regional plans.

Religion has inspired, and continues to inspire, the construction of spectacular festivals, monuments, geographic movements, forms of art and architecture across the world. Countries and destinations from across the globe have been seeking to leverage cultural heritage to attract religious or faith-based tourists.

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