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Introduction The Place In-between

Sandy Prita Meier Indiana University Press ePub

On the Swahili coast of east Africa, monumental stone demarcates the border zone between the African continent and the Indian Ocean. Since at least the twelfth century locals have built luminously white coral stone houses, tombs, and mosques to transform wild coastlands into ordered civilization. Kilwa, a powerful port city in the fourteenth century, was famous for the glowing whiteness of its stone façades. Its harbor palace complex, known as Husuni Kubwa (figure 0.1), once dominated the coast of east Africa, its vaulted pavilions, domed halls, and hundred-plus rooms covering nearly a hectare on a promontory overlooking the Indian Ocean. Aluminous white lime plaster, made of shells and coral, covered its walls, reflecting the light of the sun so that its grandeur could be seen from great distances by incoming ships. Kilwa’s networks connected the societies and economies of mainland Africa with the maritime world of the western Indian Ocean, and a key function of its waterfront architecture was to structure the exchange of ideas, goods, and also people across vast distances. It was an architecture of mercantile mobility whose style mirrored the built form of oversea emporia, especially those of the Arabian Sea.

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Chapter 9. “Hoe Cake and Pickerel” Cooking Traditions, Community, and Agency at a Nineteenth-Century Nipmuc Farmstead

Sarah R. Graff University Press of Colorado ePub

Guido Pezzarossi
STANFORD UNIVERSITY

Ryan Kennedy
INDIANA UNIVERSITY

Heather Law
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA BERKELEY

Cooking practices and the foods they produce are particularly important arenas for exploring the experiences and daily routines of colonial populations. Both the biological and social necessities that compel the production and consumption of the quotidian meal are crucial to “constructing and punctuating the rhythms and regime of life” (Hastorf and Weismantel 2007:309–310; Braudel 1981; Giard 1998; Parker Pearson 2003). Thus, it is the daily repetitions of cooking and eating that cast foodways as a critical part of the production of habitus, a central influence in the process of social “distinction” and the formation of social identities (Barthes 1979:32; Hastorf and Weismantel 2007:309; Voss 2008:233; Dietler 2007:222; Bourdieu 1977, 1984). Within the range of repetitive food-related activities, the practice of cooking in particular sits at a blurred, ambiguous interface between tradition, innovation, and (re)production. From this intersection emerges a space for agency that, despite context-contingent structural boundaries (as per Abarca 2003), serves as a locus for the appropriation and production of new cultural forms and the inspiration for micro- and macro-scale “habits, customs and preferences” (Giard 1998:186). The importance of food and cooking to everyday life and their articulation with broader social and temporal scales give them great promise for exploring the creation and maintenance of new and existing identities within colonial contexts.

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2: Order ~ Focused Light

Henry Plummer Indiana University Press ePub

2

ORDER ~ FOCUSED LIGHT

Window above Stair to Roof Center Family Dwelling House Pleasant Hill, Kentucky

MESMERIZING WINDOW

The Shaker striving for order and calm gave a prominent visual role to the window, which often appears as the seminal force around which a room is developed. This centering power is magnified by simple geometry, symmetric placement, empty walls, and a halo-like frame, which are all further strengthened by a radiating pattern of light from a still source.

Ministry Hall Meetinghouse (1794) Sabbathday Lake, Maine

Window Triptych Center Family Dwelling House (1822–33) South Union, Kentucky

Window Diptych Center Family Dwelling House Pleasant Hill, Kentucky

Meetingroom Church Family Dwelling House Hancock, Massachusetts

INCANTATION

The repetition of standardized elements in Shaker architecture served basic needs of economy and order, while ensuring anonymity and plainness, but also gave to every room a calming rhythm that served the spirit. This reverberation, suggestive of the rise and fall of a fugue or chant, is especially pronounced in the Shaker meetinghouse, whose windows shed a mesmerizing pulse of energy. Alternating rays of light echo into broad stripes of white plaster, divided by lines of blue paint on wooden beams, knee braces, and peg rails. As a result, tremulous patterns of light and dark envelop the entire worship space, and its sacred dance, in a visual incantation, whose simple waves could instantly soothe mind and soul, and invoke a faintly mystical spell.

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4.5 Specification of requirements

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub

CHAPTER 4

Legal implications for the construction industry

4.1 Introduction

Traditionally, a client’s expectations with regard to quality in construction works are ensured and upheld by building contracts. With the recent emergence of ISO 9000 quality management systems, however, the definition and assurance of quality have taken on a new dimension. Many contractors have since applied quality management systems in their organisations without understanding its intricate relationship with the building contract used. This chapter examines the likely conflicts and compatibility between Standard Forms of Building Contract and quality management systems. An understanding of the possible legal obligations that may arise from adopting a quality management system contractually will help contractors and clients protect their interests when defects arise. In addition, many contractors are in the process of establishing their quality management systems to increase their competitive and bidding edge.

This trend has raised questions as to the application of quality systems to Standard Forms of Building Contracts in the construction industry. There is a tendency for both the Quality Manager and Construction Manager to consider quality systems and their associated legal obligations separately from building contracts. This may be acceptable when the quality system is still in its infancy stage. As the quality system matures, however, there would be unavoidable interaction between quality systems and contractual/legal obligations at different levels, especially when there is evidence of reliance by the purchaser on certification such as ISO 9000.

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9.1 Overview and future directions

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub

CHAPTER 9

Conclusion

9.1 Overview and future directions

The ISO 9000 certification is a voluntary, third party quality system registration scheme. It assesses and certifies companies’ quality systems to the relevant parts of the ISO 9000 standards. The benefits associated with certification include:

Many practitioners have traditionally viewed ISO 9000 from a purely technical perspective. While an understanding of the technical requirements of ISO 9000 is critical, this alone will not ensure effective development, implementation and maintenance of quality management systems. Other non-technical issues relating to ISO 9000 must also be addressed. As shown in Figure 9.1, this book is an attempt to address the more pertinent non-technical issues in Chapters 1 to 8 as well as discuss the lessons which can be used to overcome some of the pitfalls encountered. Practitioners should keep these lessons in mind when managing the development, implementation and maintenance of ISO 9000 in the construction industry.

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