2696 Chapters
Medium 9781907099229

LITERATURE

Michelin Michelin ePub

PORTRAITURE

In the 17C the Aberdonian George Jamesone (1588–1644) was the leading portraitist. His sensitive works are reminiscent of Van Dyck.

The 18C is marked by the portraitist Allan Ramsay (1713–1784), responsible for the founding of Edinburgh’s first important art academy and painter to George III. His delicate portraits of women are notable. Henry Raeburn (1756–1823), George IV’s Limner for Scotland, also has a well-deserved reputation as a portrait painter (The Reverend Robert Walker skating, Sir Walter Scott, Mrs Lumsden, Mrs Liddell). These two artists painted the gentry and leading personalities of the period and are well represented in the major art galleries and country houses.

NATURAL AND HISTORICAL THEMES

Alexander Nasmyth (1785–1859), Ramsay’s assistant, became a successful landscape artist (Robert Burns, The Windings of the Forth, Distant Views of Stirling). The idealised treatment of nature is illustrated in The Falls of Clyde by the Neoclassical master Jacob More. Gavin Hamilton (1723–1798) painted vast historical compositions (illustrations of Homer’s Illiad, The Abdication of Mary, Queen of Scots) and became very successful in Rome. In the 19C Walter Scott’s novels brought about renewed interest in Scottish landscape: Glencoe, Loch Katrine, Inverlochy Castle by Horatio McCullough (1805–1867), who is famous for his Highland scenes. David Wilkie’s (1785–1841) artistry is evident in his realistic popular scenes (Pitlessie Fair, Distraining for Rent) and portraits (George IV), which show Raeburn’s influence. The Gentle Shepherd illustrates Ramsay’s pastoral poem.

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Medium 9781628872828

4 WHERE TO STAY

Elise Hartman Ford FrommerMedia ePub

4

Where to Stay

If your desire for superb accommodations trumps your concern about expense, you should have no trouble discovering just the hotel for you in Washington, D.C.’s ever-expanding stable of upscale properties. In shorter supply are inexpensive and moderately priced hotels. In fact, the cheapest lodging is found more readily outside the District, in suburban Virginia and Maryland motels and hotels. But do I think you should stay there? No. For a full-blooded experience of the capital, you need to stay overnight and wake up within its urban embrace.

Washington, D.C., has upwards of 130 hotels and scores of bed-and-breakfasts. This chapter describes properties of various types, all of which I have visited. The common denominator is the “distinctly D.C.” factor, from the posh Hay-Adams (p. 65) showing off its view of the White House; to the Capitol Hill Hotel (p. 60), the only hotel truly located on “The Hill”; to the Embassy Circle Guest House (p. 72), situated among embassies and elegant residential town houses. Even chain properties I include tend to offer an experience that has as much to do with its “D.C.ness” as with its brand. (Heads up, baseball fans: The Hampton Inn & Suites Washington DC-Navy Yard, 1 block from Nationals Park and with a rooftop lounge offering partial views of the action, is the place to stay if attending a game!)

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Medium 9781628873221

6 THE DEAD SEA & MASADA

Anthony Grant FrommerMedia ePub

6

The Dead Sea & Masada

Israel has many dramatic sights. But these two—one an unparalleled natural wonder, the other the site of extraordinary courage and tragedy—may well top the list. And happily, they can be seen in easy day trips from Jerusalem, either separately or in tandem.

The Dead Sea

The Dead Sea, so dense with salt and other minerals that it’s impossible to sink, is the lowest point by far on the face of the earth. It’s also the most otherworldly body of water on the planet.

The southern part of the Dead Sea, where travelers like to experience the floating sensation, can have a metallic sheen in soft daylight, while in noon sunlight, it can be sky blue with miragelike white “saltbergs” floating on its surface. The northern coast (along Hwy. 1) is rugged and beautiful. At Ein Gedi and the spa hotel strip at Ein Bokek, the water is the most dense and helpful for skin diseases such as psoriasis. These were Cleopatra’s favorite waters for her beauty needs, and today the water and the mud are said to be cleansing for the skin and scalp, improving skin texture and even smoothing wrinkles.

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Medium 9781628871524

3 Suggested Itineraries

Rynn, Margie FrommerMedia ePub

Vineyards in Burgundy

When the Frommer’s guidebooks were first launched, founder Arthur Frommer cautioned his readers, “You can get lost in France.” It’s still an apt warning—and promise—today. For those with unlimited time, one of the world’s great pleasures is getting “lost” in France, wandering at random, making new discoveries off the beaten path. Few of us have this luxury, however, and so here we present 1- and 2-week itineraries to help you make the most of your time.

France is so treasure-filled that you could barely do more than skim the surface in a week. So relax and savor Paris, Mont-St-Michel, Chardonnay, or Cannes—among other alluring destinations—saving the rest for another day. You might also review chapter 1, “The Best of France,” to find out what experiences or sights have special appeal to us and then adjust your itineraries to suit your particular travel plans.

The itineraries that follow take you to some major attractions and some charming off-the-beaten-track towns. The pace may be a bit breathless for some visitors, so feel free to skip a town or sight if you’d like to give yourself some chill-out time. You’re on vacation, after all. Of course, you may also use these itineraries merely as a jumping-off point to develop your own custom-made trip.

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Medium 9781588433152

Dominica

Rapp, Laura & Diane Hunter Publishing ePub

Columbus sailed past Dominica (pronounced DOM-en-eeka) on a Sunday, so the island was named after that day of the week. To describe the land when he returned to Spain, Columbus crumpled a piece of stiff paper and placed it on a table, telling his audience that Dominica was an island of jagged peaks rising from the sea an apt description, since it is composed of towering mountains, deep river gorges, cascading waterfalls and boiling lakes and was formed by the eruptions of several volcanoes.

At least two-thirds of Dominica's land area is covered by forest or other vegetation, with two mountain peaks over 4,000 feet. Thousands of acres are under the protection of the National Park Service, an example of Dominica's farsighted government. The mountainous terrain is dissected by deep valleys and gorges, with some 365 streams and rivers, a hiker's paradise and a gardener's dream. With almost 350 inches of rain each year, almost anything will grow in the rich volcanic soil.

Dominica's inaccessible territory produced a turbulent history for the island, which changed ownership between the English and French many times. Both armies found it difficult to wage a successful land campaign, as the steep cliffs prevented conventional invasions. An invading army was forced to trudge through miles of extremely rugged land to wage a sneak attack on the enemy. Two armies once passed within a mile of each other without meeting, and the forces of nature could defeat both armies before a battle was actually waged.

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