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Medium 9780253339041

3. Into the West with Harney

David M. Jordan Indiana University Press ePub

JEFFERSON DAVIS HAD A PROBLEM. Appointed secretary of war in 1853, when Democrat Franklin Pierce became president and ousted the Whigs from power, Davis was committed to advancing the cause of his native South within the Federal Union. One means of doing so involved the projected railroad to the Pacific Coast, a road which would enhance the economic interests of that part of the “civilized East” from which it departed. In the spirited sectional competition for the transcontinental railroad, Davis, a Mississippi planter and former U.S. senator from that state, was keenly interested in pushing the “southern route” as strongly as possible. Not only would the South benefit economically, but there would arise a golden opportunity to forge political ties between the South and the West. But before any route could be chosen, of course, the fullest information about the lands beyond the Missouri River had to be available.

The army had long been gathering information about the lands of the west on a piecemeal basis. For several years its officers and engineers had been compiling reports, data, statistics, and surveys of the western territories. But in order to make use of this mass of information, Davis needed it all pulled together. For this purpose he tapped Gouverneur Warren, who enjoyed a growing reputation both for accurate fieldwork and for meticulous handling of the data acquired.

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Medium 9781605098258


Seddiqui, Daniel Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9781574415056

19. Attorney at Law, J.W. Hardin

Chuck Parsons and Norman Wayne Brown University of North Texas Press ePub



“Tell Wes to be a good man. And keep out of trouble.”

Sheriff Thomas Bell to Richard M. Glover, April 14, 1894

One of the first people Hardin intended to meet in Gonzales was Richard M. Glover. They could hardly be called old friends, as Glover was still a boy when Hardin and the Clements brothers had been in Gonzales, driving cattle and feuding with the Sutton forces. Glover’s older brother Edward had been with the Clements family and perhaps Richard developed an admiration for Hardin during those years. A decade younger than Hardin, he now was a highly respected citizen of Gonzales County. Born in 1862, his father had been killed on a battlefield in Mississippi. In 1887, “Dick” as he was popularly known, married Margaret A. “Maggie” Colley of Smiley Lake, Gonzales County. He ran for sheriff and on November 4, 1890 was elected; he was re-elected on November 8, 1892.1

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Medium 9780253010308

15 The Final Years

Wendy Read Wertz Indiana University Press ePub

Since . . . 1970 . . . the distinctive Caldwellian exhortation to think and act on an environmental grand design before it is too late to save ourselves and the world we love has lost none of its gentility, eloquence, or disquieting power.

“Environmental Politics at Thirty: Caldwell,
Churchill, and an Unruly World”

The lights begin to twinkle from the rocks;
The long day wanes; the slow moon climbs; the deep
Moans round with many voices. Come, my friends,
’Tis not too late to seek a newer world.
Push off, and sitting well in order smite
The sounding furrows; for my purpose holds
To sail beyond the sunset, and the baths
Of all the western stars, until I die.


IN JANUARY 1997, FOLLOWING THE SUCCESSFUL REELECTION of Clinton and Gore to a second term, the CEQ finally released its major report on NEPA: The National Environmental Policy Act: A Study of Its Effectiveness after Twenty-Five Years. In a renewed period of hope within environmental circles that a progressive agenda could at last be initiated – and then expanded should Gore win the presidency in 2000 – the report concluded: “NEPA is critical to meeting the environmental, social, and economic goals this Nation has set for itself. . . . With this study in hand, CEQ is embarking on a major effort to reinvent the NEPA process. Over the next several years, CEQ will be proposing specific actions to strengthen strategic planning, public information and input, interagency coordination, interdisciplinary and place-based decision-making, and science-based and flexible management approaches. . . . What we have learned will carry us into the next century of environmental stewardship for the benefit of our Nation’s communities.”1

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Medium 9780876112458

4. Family Fortunes

Bernhard, Virginia Texas State Historical Assn Press ePub


Family Fortunes

For a time after her father’s death, Ima Hogg, then in her twenties, seems to have gloried in a newfound independence. She lived for a time in an apartment at 1602 Travis in Houston, and in 1907 she sailed for Europe—and stayed for two years. An undated newspaper clipping in the Hogg papers describes her departure from Galveston aboard the German steamship Hanover, bound for Bremen. While “a band played popular songs and American and German airs,” a tugboat decked in bunting and signal flags appeared alongside the ship and dipped its colors to honor Ima Hogg, its namesake. The Galveston firm of Sunderman & Dolson had named one of its “best steam tugs” after the governor’s daughter. “The matter was a complete surprise for Miss Hogg,” the newspaper said, “and she acknowledged the compliment in a most charming manner.” She could hardly have done otherwise, but one wonders how she felt at having her name paraded before a shipload of passengers, some of whom must certainly have laughed. Perhaps she was relieved to disembark at Bremen, and to be in a place where German was spoken and the words “Ima Hogg” did not provoke immediate amusement.

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Medium 9781626567658

20 Moab—A Bridge

van Gelder, Sarah Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

When I arrived in Moab, Utah, in mid- December, people were talking not about the upcoming Christmas holidays, but about the Day of the Dead festival that had happened six weeks earlier. The event is an annual fund-raiser for the Moab Valley Multicultural Center, a nonprofit formed to serve minority populations in Moab, especially the region’s Latino immigrants.

The Day of the Dead is a traditional Mexican holiday, celebrated on November 1 and 2, when families gather to remember loved ones. But the occasion is far from somber. In the yard of the multicultural center, volunteers and staff created a celebratory graveyard, with altars on the graves, and even a small pet cemetery. A band played, a brightly festooned skull hung above the crowd, and there was traditional food and a children’s dance performance.

“It was amazing,” Rhiana Medina, executive director of the center, told me. “The people we have helped through all sorts of difficult situations helped us put on this event, and it always takes me aback how much they are willing to do.”

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Medium 9780253010612

4 The Panama Canal: In

Clifford Foust Indiana University Press ePub

John Frank Stevens did not go back to texas; Hill was misinformed or deliberately misleading. Nor was John Frank long without offers of employment. Days before the fistfight surfaced in St. Paul newspapers, one of them carried the rumor that he was to succeed George B. Harris as president of the Burlington, but that turned out to be spurious. However, word quickly reached Frederick Underwood, then president of the Erie road, of Stevens’s resignation, and within days Underwood wrote J. J. Hill to assure him that neither he nor Daniel Willard, his principal assistant, had suborned Stevens’s loyalties, but now that John Frank was out of GNS employ Erie was decidedly interested.1 Hill wished them well.

Before Erie could act, the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific road (CRIP, Rock Island) tendered him an offer, and John Frank accepted without delay. On the first of March 1903, he became chief engineer of the Rock Island. Certainly he needed an important job in railroading, and one seen as such. He persuaded himself that his horizons would be far wider at a Chicago desk than a St. Paul one, that he would in the normal course of things meet people and make connections less likely in the Northwest. And although he was now chief engineer of his second Class I line, thus achieving twice the career zenith he and Harriet had set many years earlier, he was already entertaining thoughts of heights more exalted – presidency perhaps of such a road?

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Medium 9781574414349

12 Military Region One

Lam Quang Thi University of North Texas Press PDF

12 military region one

AFTER A BRIEF CEREMONY IN which I transferred the command of the Military Academy to my brother Tho, I boarded a C-123 transport aircraft for my trip to Danang, where the headquarters of MRI was located. Normally, the pilot would stop at Nha Trang to refuel, but as the weather forecast for MRI was good, he decided to go directly to Danang without refueling. This turned out to be a monumental mistake that almost cost our lives.

As we approached the city, it was unexpectedly struck by a heavy storm. The visibility was zero and the aircraft was caught in heavy turbulence. The passengers, about one hundred of them, were mostly soldiers rejoining their units after a few days leave in Saigon, servicemen’s dependents visiting their husbands fighting in Quang

Tri and Thua Thien Provinces, and also a few reporters getting a ride to the front. The children started to panic and cry while their mothers tried to calm them. Other women prayed in silence, their hands nervously manipulating their rosaries. Sitting in the front seat just behind the cockpit, I saw the crew chief, an Air Force major, open the cockpit window in an attempt to orient himself amidst the storm. I knew that we were in trouble. I was particularly concerned that, by circling over Danang, the aircraft could bump into the Hai Van Chains just north of the airport.

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Medium 9781574412925

Chapter 8. The Cambodian Invasion

James T. Gillam University of North Texas Press PDF


The Cambodian Invasion

May 7 to May 15, 1970


The 1st Battalion, 22nd Infantry lifted off from LZ Jackson Hole for Cambodia in the middle of the afternoon on May 7, 1970.

Col. George Webb, the acting chief of staff for the II FORCEV, wrote a report on what we did there called, “The Commander’s

Evaluation Report—Cambodian Operations.” I read it in the summer of 2003, and I was surprised by the brevity of information about what happened to us that day. The colonel wrote,

“Immediately upon landing, 1/22 made contact with a reinforced platoon in bunkers. Killed 4 NVA. Captured 2 weapons.”1

Maybe the colonel’s terseness was because he was separated from our landing by both time and space. He wrote the report at the end of June, and as the acting chief of staff for the II

FFORCEV, he was not in Cambodia. He was in the command post in the Central Highlands Special Forces camp at New Plei

Djerang. That probably explains why his report makes it seem like the four hundred men of our battalion dropped on a clearing with thirty or forty NVA, shot four of the outnumbered enemy, and took two of their weapons home as souvenirs. It has often been said that truth, like beauty, is in the eye of the beholder.

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Medium 9780253006110

5. To Kill Secession

Ethan S. Rafuse Indiana University Press ePub

To restore our country to harmony by taking positions which will check anarchy and rule the elements which will soon be brought into action,” Fitz John Porter informed McClellan on April 15, 1861, “[s]uch men as you and Cump Sherman and Burnside are required.” Although Porter’s letter undoubtedly gratified his ego, McClellan already knew where his duty lay in April 1861. But he did not rush to the colors precipitously. He was well aware that a man of his talents was a valued commodity in the North and would have considerable control over where and how he employed them, which he fully intended to take advantage of. And his first choice was not the post of commander of Ohio Volunteer Militia he accepted a little over a week after Fort Sumter.1

In his reply to Porter’s letter, McClellan reported hearing “that I have been proposed as the Comdr of the Penna Reserves . . . though I am told I can have a position with Ohio troops I much prefer the Penna service.” But when a formal offer did not arrive and confusion arose over whether the offer involved overall command of troops or merely serving as chief military engineer, McClellan decided to travel to Harrisburg. As he set out on his journey on April 23, he also decided to stop in Columbus at the request of Ohio Governor William Dennison.2

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Medium 9780253016416

9 The von Huene Legacy

Geoffrey Burgess Indiana University Press ePub

In the latter part of his career, von Huene’s achievements gained official recognition from numerous institutions and organizations (a full list is given as appendix 3). One of the first to be conferred was an honorary doctorate from his alma mater, Bowdoin College. The presentation speaker referred to von Huene’s pioneering work in the “reproduction and appreciation of historical woodwind instruments,” and commented that, “in honoring you, Bowdoin honors its own concern that the best in the past give shape and sound to the present.”1 When he was granted the title of Living Treasure of New England in 1985, reference was made to Michael Praetorius’s definition from the early seventeenth century of the quintessential instrument builder as a fitting allusion to von Huene’s skill and achievements (reproduced in the preface).2 Von Huene was the first recipient of a distinguished achievement award from the American Recorder Society, presented by his long-standing friend Shelley Gruskin at a ceremony at the 1987 Boston Early Music Festival (BEMF) (see figure 9.1). By 1996 von Huene was considered enough of a “native informant” for Professor Thomas Kelly to invite him to give the initial address to a class of Harvard University students preparing an ethnographic study of early music in Boston.3 At the presentation of the Arion Award in 1992, the flutist Christopher Krueger named von Huene “The Charles Darwin of Early Music.”4 Friedrich also received the Curt Sachs Award from the American Musical Instrument Society in 2003, not only in recognition of his personal achievements, but for the inspiration he provided “to the generations of performers, instrument makers, and researchers who have benefited from his knowledge, friendship, and teaching.”5

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Medium 9781574413908

5. Prizefight in El Paso

Paul N. Spellman. University of North Texas Press ePub



We’re here to protect life and property. We are not taking sides in this dispute.

On March 22, 1892, Ranger pvt. E. E. Doaty of company E was gunned down by fleeing Garcista rebels, renewing with full force the hunt for the last of these border ruffians. Captain Brooks joined McNeel’s force as they combed the Valley. On the twenty-sixth, Private Musgrave happened onto a camp and found himself quickly outnumbered. He managed to escape and return to his company; the bandits had vanished when Company F moved in the next day.1

Two brothers, José and Pancho Ramirez, had been accused of the killing of Army Corporal Edstrom the previous December, and Brooks and Rogers came upon their trail late in March in Encinal County. Separating to cover more territory, Rogers and a volunteer named Lee Hall surprised the two brothers in their camp; in the shoot-out that followed, José was killed. Two days later, Brooks tracked and arrested Pancho Ramirez, returning him to the Starr County jail where the warrant had been issued.2

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Medium 9781574414615


Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub


Shoeing horses is not a pleasant way to make a living, but when the weather is extreme, it is downright miserable. The extremes are heat, cold, and rain. It’s best to stay home when these conditions are severe, but when you have no food in the house, you have to do what you have to do.

Heat, without question, is the most troublesome for me. I’ll choose rain over heat, any day. In fact I will no longer shoe a horse on an extremely hot day unless there is a cool barn or some kind of shelter. I’m from the Northwest and we don’t quite know what to do on hot days. We don’t get a lot of them, so when it gets to be in the high eighties or nineties, everyone just stands around in confusion and complains. Air conditioners have arrived in most business offices and fastfood restaurants, but are seldom found in anyone’s home. I only recently got a truck with an air conditioner.

One hot day in California during my first year of shoeing when I usually took two hours to shoe a horse under normal conditions, I took almost five hours to shoe one horse. I drank a lot of water, but the heat got to me. I’d work for awhile, get dizzy, and go into the hay room and lie down on a bale of hay until the dizziness went away. I turned a hose on my head and upper body every now and then, but that didn’t stop the dizziness. That horse stood out there the whole time in the blazing sun, mostly asleep, and didn’t seem bothered at all by the heat. I probably suffered from heat stroke and didn’t have the sense to recognize it. No one was around to point it out to me.

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Medium 9780253020420

8 From Small- to Large-Scale Production of Insulin

Alexander W. Clowes Indiana University Press ePub

The great days for the Lilly concern began when you brought insulin in. A good ground work had been built, to be sure, but you were ready for it.

J. K. Lilly to Clowes at the time of Clowes’s retirement in 1945

Those roles which being neither those of Hero nor Heroine, Confidante nor Villain, but which were nonetheless essential to bring about the Recognition or the dénouement, were called the Fifth Business in drama and opera companies organized according to the old style; the player who acted these parts was often referred to as Fifth Business. . . .

The prima donna and the tenor, the contralto and the basso, get all the best music and do all the spectacular things, but you cannot manage the plot without Fifth Business! It is not spectacular, but it is a good line of work, I can tell you, and those who play it sometimes have a career that outlasts the golden voices.

Robertson Davies, Fifth Business (1970)1

THE FIRST STEP for the Lilly team comprising George Walden, Harley Rhodehamel, and Jasper P. Scott was to repeat the basic small-scale insulin experiments of Banting, Best, and Collip and then to begin to scale the program up to meet the clinical demand. Best and Collip came to Indianapolis to consult and to supervise the first experiments on June 2, 1922, three days after the indenture had been drawn up. The extract was prepared from pancreas using Best’s method and tested in rabbits. Walden wrote in his notebook: “A potent material was obtained from this experiment.”2

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Medium 9781574415568

Appendix III: Guide to Recordings by Lonnie Johnson and Relevant Others

Dean Alger University of North Texas Press ePub

Appendix III


Lonnie Johnson on CD

Special companion CD to this book, compiled by Dean Alger:

The Ultimate Best of Lonnie Johnson (2012, record company arrangements pending). The first 7 tracks are accessible masterpieces spanning Lonnie’s career, then the rest are important recordings arranged in chronological order; all are specifically cited and reviewed in the book.

Other principal Lonnie Johnson CDs:

Lonnie Johnson: Steppin’ on the Blues, Columbia. Columbia-selected best of Lonnie Johnson’s recordings from 1925 to 1932 on OKeh Records.

Eddie Lang and Lonnie Johnson: Blue Guitars, Volumes I & II, BGO Records double CD (see www.bgo-records.com; doesn’t seem to be available on Amazon.com), with all 10 of the Lang-Johnson guitar duets and other recordings with Louis Armstrong, Texas Alexander, etc. A wonderful CD!

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