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Chapter 11 - That's More Bull Than I'd Like to Ride (1965–1969)

Mitchel P. Roth University of North Texas Press ePub

“Had my ribs, nose and arm broken, but after all a guy has to have a hobby.”

—Lala Markovich, 1965

THE tumult of the 1960s caught up to the Texas prison system in the second half of the decade. “Treatment by race” had been one of the most salient features of the system since its inception. This began to change in 1965 when George J. Beto desegregated individual prison units. Well aware of the logistical problems that would result, Beto went ahead and desegregated the units anyway, paving the way for different races to coexist in the Texas prison system, mirroring the racial coexistence that had characterized the prison rodeo arena since the 1930s.

However, inmates were still housed by race in separate dorms and cell blocks within the prison units and for years did not mix in the dining halls or even in the agricultural hoe squads. So, while inmates of all races might have gone about their daily routines in the same prison units, black, white, and Hispanic inmates did it in their own segregated wings and labored in segregated field forces. It would take another decade for the Texas prison system to actually alter its state-sanctioned system of racial segregation.1

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Katahdin and Baxter State Park

Pinkham, Steve Down East Books ePub

Top of the Cathedrals, looking down into the Great Basin

Katahdin is Maine’s highest mountain and easily the most honored and beloved mountain in the state. It lies in the southern part of Baxter State Park and has numerous spectacular features—the Great Basin, the Northwest Basin, the Chimney, the Knife Edge, the Tableland, and the Klondike. The mountain is rich in legends of Pamola, a spirit being who, according to Penobscot Indian legend, inhabited and protected the mountain.

Katahdin’s history is filled with accounts of early surveys and exploration, trail building, and lumbering operations. It was first climbed by Charles Turner and others in 1804, and a parade of other well-known individuals followed: Charles Jackson, Edward Everett Hale, Henry David Thoreau, Elizabeth Oakes Smith, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Percival Baxter.

In the late 1860s, two entrepreneurs named Lang and Jones operated a stagecoach between Mattawamkeag to Patten. Hoping to cash in on the increase of sportsmen and adventurers to the region, they opened a tote road from the Wassataquoik Stream at Daicy Dam to Katahdin Lake, where they built the first sporting camps on the lake. However, the expected business never appeared and their business failed within the decade. The road was maintained as the Lang and Jones Trail until other approaches to Katahdin gained popularity and constant lumbering operations had obliterated portions of the road, causing it to be abandoned.

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Chapter 17

Bean, Leon Leonwood Down East Books ePub

Chapter 17

How to Fish for Salmon, Trout and Togue

Of all the fresh water game fishing, Salmon is my favorite. They hit hard, jump high and fight every inch of that way to the net.

Fishing party with Salmon and Trout caught at Moosehead Lake 1939. Over half of these fish were taken on Live Bait Fly as described in this chapter. Left to Dr. A.L. Gould, Willis Libby, Levi Patterson, and L.L. Bean.

During the first month after the ice goes out in the Spring I find trolling with bait the most successful. I use a sewed-on Smelt on one rod and Night Crawlers on the other. I recommend a 7 1/2 ounce 9 1/2 ft. Trolling Rod, level winding 100 yard Reel, 25 lb. test Nylon Line with markings at 50, 75 and 100 ft., a 15" Leader, two Swivels and a 12" Snelled 2/0 Hook. Row slowly and run from 50 to 100 feet of Line until you land your first fish. Note how much line you had out and continue using the same length.

For sewing on smelts and shiners I recommend the following method: Place a few gut hooks in a can of water or minnow bucket so snell will be pliable when ready to bait up.

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Belize District

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

What a contrast is the district that shares its country's name! Belize District comprises 1600 sq miles at the heart of the country, and includes its largest population center and some of its most pristine tropical bush.

Belize City gets a bad rap for its impoverished areas, some of which are plagued by crime and violence. But the seaside city also embodies the country's amazing cultural diversity, its neighborhoods packed with people, restaurants and shops that represent every ethnicity.

A few miles out of the city center, the gritty Caribbean urbanism crumbles, revealing a landscape of vast savannah that stretches to the north, dense tropical forest to the west, and lush marshland to the south. There is plenty to see and do in Belize District – so much that a weeklong visitor could spend their entire vacation here, sampling the country's Maya heritage, Creole culture and luxuriant wildlife, all within an hour's drive of the city.

AMar Baron Bliss Day and Ruta Maya canoe race are both accompanied by colorful parties.

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Natural History Appendix

Jack P. Hailman University Press of Colorado ePub

The mountains determine everything else about natural history in Rocky Mountain National Park. They decide where creeks and rivers will flow, and where lakes will form. They decide, with a little help from man, where the roads and trails shall be placed. They decide by altitude and orientation of slopes which plants shall grow where. And they decide by altitude, topography and plant life where different species of animals shall live.

The mountains are new, the rocks that compose them ancient, and the glaciers that carved them recently deceased. That is a fair summary of the history of the Rocky Mountains in geological time. The rocks that form the core of mountains in the park are among the oldest anywhere on the continent, being of preCambrian origin some 1.5–2.5 billion years ago. Yet the mountains pushed up from these rocks began forming only about 65 million years ago, so consequently are among the youngest large mountains anywhere in the world. Within the last million years, the Northern Hemisphere has cycled through temperature extremes that brought repeated glaciations that carved the mountains. The human species had already immigrated to North America over the Bering land bridge and inhabited what is now Colorado when the last major episode of glaciation ended approximately 10,000 years ago.

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