355 Chapters
Medium 9781608680221

6. The Environmental Good of Switching from Car to Bike by Stephen Rees

Amy Walker New World Library ePub

Stephen Rees

Reducing the impact of the automobile on the environment was important even before we realized, in the late twentieth century, how much the oil we burned in our cars was contributing to climate change. There were already programs and regulations to cut the tailpipe emissions of pollutants like carbon monoxide, nitrous oxides, and airborne particulates, which created the unhealthy air of most North American cities. New technologies improved the way gasoline was burned, but instead of becoming more fuel efficient, cars became heavier and more powerful. Because the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency standards were much less stringent for light trucks than for cars, automobile makers promoted the sales of heavier vehicles.

Motor vehicle emissions account for 31 percent of total carbon dioxide, 81 percent of carbon monoxide, and 49 percent of nitrogen oxides released in the United States. Car emissions also contribute to smog, acid rain, and ozone depletion. Now the challenge is to cut greenhouse gases, and there is more competition to build efficient cars and look for alternative ways to power them. Unfortunately, these efforts will hardly dent the production of greenhouse gases. Many of the other problems we face as a result of car dependency will persist and probably get worse. Fortunately, there are other choices we can make about where we live and work and how we get between these places. The use of a bicycle instead of a car (or light truck) creates immediate benefits — for ourselves and the environment.

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Medium 9781588431363

Turks & Caicos

Joyce Huber Hunter Publishing ePub

Despite a rapid and huge growth in dive tourism during the past 10 years, the Turks & Caicos remain one of the last great diving frontiers, with miles of vast reefs and wrecks yet to be explored. In fact, some of the finest and oldest coral communities in the Western Hemisphere fringe the shores.

Located well off the beaten path, at the southeastern tip of the Great Bahama Bank, most of these islands are sparsely populated. Topside, the terrain and vegetation resembles the Bahamas flat with scrub brush and tall cactus, edged by pink and white sand beaches.

The Turks consist of two main islands: Grand Turk and Salt Cay, which are separated from the Caicos by a 22-mile-wide deep-water channel, the Turks Island Passage. The Caicos group consists of six principal islands: West Caicos, Providenciales, North Caicos, Grand Caicos, East Caicos and South Caicos. All are flanked by small uninhabited cays.

Providenciales posh hotels, casino gambling and direct flights from Miami attract most dive tourists. Grand Turk, on the other hand, has fabulous diving too, but lacks the posh resorts and takes a little more effort to get to.  

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Medium 9780976751649

Uncompahgre National Forest, Colorado

Fred Dow Moon Canyon Publishing PDF

Uncompahgre National Forest


Uncompahgre National Forest


The Uncompahgre National Forest is comprised of 944,922 acres and is located in western

Colorado. There are fourteen developed campgrounds of which seven meet the selection criteria.

The Uncompahgre National Forest is a little forest with a lot of diversity. From the Upper Sonoran eco-environment found in the canyons along the Unaweep/Tabeguache Scenic and Historic Byway

(State Highways 141 and 145) to the alpine environment of Lizard Head and Mount Sneffels

Wildernesses, the variation in topography and vegetation provide for a wide variety of recreation opportunities.

The areas around Telluride and Ouray, Colorado are sometimes called America's Little Switzerland, and with good reason. With clusters of mountains rising well above 12,000 feet and several peaks above 14,000 feet, the rugged beauty of the area is memorable. This area is considered by some to be "Jeepers" heaven. With the network of challenging four wheel-drive trails, such as Ophir Pass and Forty-one Trail, Uncompahgre National Forest deserves this designation. But you don't have to own a four wheel-drive vehicle to enjoy the scenery.

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Medium 9780253002952

13 Lila Downs’s Borderless Performance: Transculturation and Musical Communication Brenda M. Romero

ARTURO J ALDAMA Indiana University Press ePub


Suddenly, everyone is interested in Lila Downs! Her musical performances appeal to multiethnic, multilingual, and transnational audiences across hemispheres, gender boundaries, and musical cultures. These audiences include progressive academics, political activists, and radical artists with political consciences. Who is this remarkable new vocalist/ composer? Lila Downs made her debut into the mainstream with four song credits in the acclaimed film Frida,1 where she appears singing in the tango and bedside scenes. Certainly her proximity to the Frida cult via the movie has led her to capitalize on the pop cultural Frida image, as her critics are quick to notice, but Lila also claims indigenous ancestry, holds a bachelor’s degree in anthropology on Oaxacan textiles, and is a musical activist. Lila Downs is the daughter of a Caucasian father and a Mixtec2 mother; she straddles the middle of a divided world. This essay celebrates Lila Downs’s artistic contributions and proposes that she offers a truly new brand of musical performance that not only represents her own journey of personal discovery but also integrates diverse musical ideas and fuses deeply layered indigenous ideas and beliefs about music with sounds and lyrical imagery. The result is truly engaging for listeners on both sides of the US–México border.

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Medium 9780253002952

24 Rumba’s Democratic Circle in the Age of Legal Simulacra

ARTURO J ALDAMA Indiana University Press ePub


The procession to the rumba in Central Park starts at West Seventy-second Street, and the first spiritual stop is John Lennon’s memorial, “Imagine.” Each Sunday, fans adorn the shrine with flowers, candles, and idiosyncratic offerings as devotees play acoustic guitars, flutes, and, occasionally, drums. The rumba procession continues past Asian masseuses promising full relaxation in twenty minutes and Daniel Webster’s bronze statue reminding us: “Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable.” At this point, you can hear the rumba drums; on your right, a jazz band plays along West Drive. As you walk toward Cherry Hill fountain, the rumba pulse fuses with the sounds of the pan-African djembe circle at Bethesda Terrace. Continue toward the lake, where the Colombian opera singer navigates his gondola through the Victorian landscape and the tourist economy surrounding it. Down the hill, near the bow bridge, is where you’ll find the rumba circle.

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