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5: The Tortuous Road Towards Forest Sustainability in the Tropical Rainforest: Cases From Which to Learn

Bruenig, E.F. CABI PDF


The Tortuous Road Towards Forest

Sustainability in the Tropical Rainforest:

Cases From Which to Learn

5.1  Example: The State of Sarawak

5.1.1  The history from forest usufruct to a concept of sustainable forestry

The understanding of the goals, targets,

­contents, relevance and crucial role of sustainability for livelihood and survival varies between ethnic groups and changes with circumstances. Sarawak is a textbook case which shows the development of the culture of forest sustainability from the earliest stages in the cultures of the forest-dependent hunter-­ gatherer groups, beginning at least 40,000 years ago and still vibrant (if threatened with extinction), to the multiracial, multi-­ethnic and multicultural, heterogeneous and conflict-­ rich but dynamic mixture of today. This sets the almost unsolvable problem of adjusting goals and targets for sustainable ­natural resource use, development and maintenance so that they are compatible with customs and aspirations of different ethnic groups, social classes and interest groups, and fit regional differences of conditions. Such contextual sustainability will have to be able to adapt to change without losing doctrinal power and meaning. Sustainability can only be approached and approximated, but never finally achieved and secured in a static condition. The old Greek saying, “the only constant is change”, applies. Generally,

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9. Industrial diarrhea

de Graaf, John Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Industrial diarrhea

DDT is good for me!


The chemical age has created products, institutions, and cultural attitudes that require synthetic chemicals to sustain them.

Our Stolen Future

Imagine spotting them through binoculars at a baseball game—icons of advertising’s hall of fame, lounging in front-row seats behind home plate. Look, there’s the Marlboro Man and Joe Camel, signing autographs and passing out smokes to the kids. The Energizer Bunny flings handfuls of batteries into the crowd like Tootsie Rolls, while Ronald McDonald argues defensively with an environmentalist about hormones, antibiotics, and pesticide residues detected in the Big Mac. The plump Pillsbury Doughboy giggles as the Jolly Green Giant looks down on the game from the parking lot, ho-ho-hoing every time the home team scores. No one messes with a guy that size, even though chunks of pesticide slough off his green body like gigantic flakes of dry skin.

They seem so innocent, so endearing, don’t they? So American. Many of us grew up with these guys, and we love their entrepreneurial optimism, their goofiness, their cool. Our demand for products like theirs has kept the US economy in the growth mode, overall, for more than half a century, and it really can’t be denied that America’s dazzling products make life seem bright, shiny, and convenient. But at what cost to our health, and the planet?

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Part 3b. A Tribute to Paul Patterson

Edited by Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9780253205667

Appendix: Some Practical Points

Felicitas D. Goodman Indiana University Press ePub

—If you would like to try any of the postures I have described, you will need rhythmic stimulation. With some practice, you can record a tape for yourself, using either a drum or a rattle. The beat should be even and rather fast. Mine is timed at 200–210 beats per minute, and one session should last about fifteen minutes.

—Familiarize yourself with the posture first, then do a breathing exercise. It consists of fifty light, normal, complete breaths, with inhaling, exhaling, and pause constituting one breath unit. At the conclusion of this exercise, assume the posture once more, close your eyes, and start listening to the beat of the instrument. After a while, you may no longer hear the soundtrack. Do not worry about it. Your nervous system registers it anyway, although out of awareness. If you try to get back to the sound, you may interrupt your vision.

—As soon as the soundtrack stops, and provided you are clinically healthy, you will return to ordinary consciousness. Once in a great while a person does not manage this transition well. For this reason, a beginner should always have a companion. If the companion notices that the trancer does not come to right away, the first thing to do is to call his/her name. Gently releasing the trancer’s posture is also a good strategy, and providing a glass of water will help, too. As the group leader, you will occasionally go into a light trance yourself. One of my participants told that as she was rattling, her Indian spirit friend appeared before her and rattled along with her.

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Chapter 11. Percy Heard and the War Years

Mitchel P. Roth and Tom Kennedy University of North Texas Press ePub



As the 1930s came to conclusion, city politics were as complicated and acrimonious as ever as a new mayor took office and a new police chief was appointed. L. C. Brown became police chief in January 1939 and almost immediately set about putting his stamp on the force by demoting twenty-six police officers, forcing seven to retire and firing three others. He also closed three police substations and promoted many of the officers that Holcombe had demoted during his administration to their former ranks.1

The same year that saw the release of Gone with the Wind and The Wizard of Oz also saw HPD open its first police training school for new recruits, under the direction of Captain L. D. Morrison. The five-week classes were conducted at the Sam Houston Coliseum. Moving farther away from its roots in patronage politics, the department subjected new recruits to more requirements than simple political party affiliation. In 1939, HPD adopted a military model for screening potential officers. Of the first 362 who passed the initial exam (out of 597), only seventy were selected as recruits and of these only fifty graduated. But due to budgetary constraints, only twenty-four would wear the HPD blue. The remaining twenty-six were put on a waiting list and would be considered for future jobs on the force or as special police officers. One of the questions asked on the written exam was, “Why do you want to be a police officer?” The same question was still on the test seventy years later.

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