1796 Chapters
  Title Author Publisher Format Buy Remix
Medium 9780253013835

15 Necessity as Virtue: On Religious Materialism from Feuerbach to Žižek

CLAYTON SCOTT CROCKETT Indiana University Press ePub

Jeffrey W. Robbins

It makes a tremendous emotional and practical difference to one whether one accept the universe in the drab discolored way of stoic resignation to necessity, or with the passionate happiness of Christian saints.

—William James

IN HIS “CIRCUMSCRIPTION of the Topic” from The Varieties of Religious Experience, William James famously defined the religious sentiment as making “easy and felicitous what in any case is necessary.”1 To James, it was this total and joyous acceptance of the universe that stood out as the most distinguishing characteristic of religious experience. Far from the dour or legalizing portrait of religion, James insisted it was by religious people’s genuine good cheer that religion separates itself from both stoicism and bare morality. “More than a difference of doctrine,” James insists; “rather [it is] a difference of emotional mood that parts them.” Contrast, for instance, the tone in the manner of acceptance of the universe from Marcus Aurelius and Job: from Aurelius, “If gods care not for me or my children, here is a reason for it”; and from Job, “Though he slay me, yet will I trust him!” Whereas Aurelius braces himself for a life lived in harmony with eternal reason, Job’s struggle is one full of passionate intensity as he tries to reconcile himself to his love and trust for God with the fact of his unrelenting suffering. As James writes, “the difference of emotional atmosphere is like that between an arctic climate and the tropics, though the outcome in the way of accepting actual conditions uncomplainingly may seem in abstract terms to be much the same.”2

See All Chapters
Medium 9780971435223

The New World

Jed McKenna Wisefool Press PDF

I thought it would be no problem to settle in to such a beautifully appointed and technologically sophisticated room for a week or two and just watch movies and musical performances, but it got old in the first hour...........

See All Chapters
Medium 9780971435223

The Best of All Possible Worlds

Jed McKenna Wisefool Press PDF

Theodicy is not a valid philosophical inquiry because it presupposes an omnipotent, omniscient, beneficent God, and seeks to reconcile evil within those preset terms. In this same sense, all philosophy is pseudo-philosophy and all science is pseudo-science because, as a precondition of their very existence, they accept the make-believe reality of the dreamstate as real reality, and erect their systems of knowledge on that baseless basis...........

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253202215

III The Charismatic Revival, 1958–1974

David Edwin, Jr. Harrell Indiana University Press ePub



However Compelling the need of the huge independent revival organizations to find new forms that would allow them to survive into the 1960s, their day was not over. The revival had set loose new forces that would revitalize the independent ministries.

One of those forces was a body of people disenchanted by what they deemed the limited vision and autocratic leadership in their pentecostal denominations. They offered permanent support to the independent ministers and became their financial patrons while they devised new programs. In addition, hundreds of thousands of members of traditional churches had been attracted to the revivalists by the end of the 1950s. The rapid growth of the Full Gospel Business Men’s Fellowship International, founded in 1952 by Demos Shakarian, clearly indicated the potent appeal of the charismatic message outside organized pente-costalism. The 1960s saw a charismatic, or neopentecostal, revival as remarkable as its predecessor. The death of the old revival and the birth of the new are discussed in chapter 6.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253010018

4. Theopoetics as the Insistence of a Radical Theology

John D. Caputo Indiana University Press ePub



I mean, brothers and sisters, the appointed time has grown short;
from now on, let even those who have wives be as though they had none,
and those who mourn as though they were not mourning,
and those who rejoice as though they were not rejoicing,
and those who buy as though they had no possessions,
and those who deal with the world as though they had no dealings with it.
For the present form of this world is passing away

—1 CORINTHIANS 7:29–31

At the end of his 1920–21 lecture course on the letters of St. Paul, the young Heidegger wrote:

Real philosophy of religion arises not from preconceived concepts of philosophy and religion. Rather, the possibility of its philosophical understanding arises out of a certain religiosity—for us, the Christian religiosity.1

We cannot start with a stable concept of “philosophy” and a stable concept of “religion” and then “apply” “philosophy” to “religion.” We must allow what are called “philosophy” and “religion” to tremble together under the force of their mutual contact, letting each push back on the other. That contact can be made not in the abstract, but rather from out of the original sources of the experience of “religiosity,” out of the concrete experience of the religious traditions. Heidegger continues:

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253342485

Part Two: Phenomenological Explication of Concrete Religious Phenomena in Connection with the Letters of Paul

Martin Heidegger Indiana University Press ePub


Phenomenological Explication of Concrete Religious
Phenomena in Connection with the Letters of Paul

Chapter One

Phenomenological Interpretation of the Letters to the Galatians

§14. Introduction

In the following, we do not intend to give a dogmatic or theological-exegetical interpretation, nor a historical study or a religious meditation, but only guidance for phenomenological understanding. Characteristic of the phenomenological-religious understanding is gaining an advance understanding for an original way of access. One must work the religious-historical method into it, and indeed in such a way that one examines it critically. The theological method falls out of the framework of our study. Only with phenomenological understanding, a new way for theology is opened up. The formal indication renounces the last understanding that can only be given in genuine religious experience; it intends only to open an access to the New Testament.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253342935

27 Faith and Religion

Yitzhak Arad Indiana University Press ePub

In the hell of the death camps, there were people who still believed in God, recited prayers, and kept the Commandments as best they could. The face-to-face encounter with death, the trauma of the murder of loved ones and close friends and relatives, the feeling of impotence, the incomprehensibility of what was happening around them and to them, the feeling that in a matter of minutes or days they, too, would no longer be among the living, produced varying reactions; one of them was turning to God. Cries of the Shema could be heard from people who were being pushed into the gas chambers. After the doors had been closed, the cries weakened gradually and finally ceased completely. In their last moments of life, many of those who were taken directly from the transports to the gas chambers turned in faith and hope to their Father in Heaven.

In Treblinka, one of the prisoners from the “red” group, who worked in the area where the women undressed as they began their march to the gas chambers, writes:

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574412222

7 “Doing What He Could”

Juan Francisco Martinez University of North Texas Press PDF

“Doing What He Could”


Protestants in the Southwest lived in Colorado, Arizona, and

California combined.


The region of Colorado where most Spanish-speaking people lived had been a part of Spanish and Mexican Nuevo Méjico and was included in the original delineation of the U.S. Territory of New Mexico. Most of the people in the San Luis Valley of southern Colorado originally migrated from New Mexico and maintained close ties with northern New Mexico. These ties were reflected in Protestant ministry efforts. MEC work in

Colorado had a New Mexican base. PCUSA efforts in Colorado and New Mexico were officially separate but made use of several joint efforts in their work with the Spanish-speaking communities of the two regions.

Presbyterian Church in the United States of America

PCUSA work among Mexican Americans in southern Colorado apparently began in New Mexico. Pablo Ortega, a Penitente leader from Cenicero, Colorado, converted to Protestantism while in Santa Fe under the PCUSA missionary D. F. McFarland. His brother-in-law, Pedro Sánchez, bought a Bible (at considerable cost), which became the focus of a Bible study group that included Sánchez, the Ortega brothers, and others. When

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253015709

5 The Language of Gendered Bodies in Rachel Adler’s Engendering Judaism

Ken Koltun-Fromm Indiana University Press ePub

5   The Language of Gendered Bodies in Rachel Adler’s Engendering Judaism

What happens, however, when I reach out to stories whose worlds do not permit me to enter, that exclude me or distort me? This is the first problem that confronts anyone who attempts to construct a theology of Judaism that includes all the people Israel, men and women. How do we face a story that de/faces some of us and thereby diminishes all of us?

—Rachel Adler, Engendering Judaism

Rachel Adler (b. 1943) begins all her chapters of Engendering Judaism (1998) by telling a story that, she hopes, will yield a “purifying laughter” to restore the feminine other.1 Though she reframes the tales as comedies, these are serious narratives indeed. And like many good jokes, Adler’s textual play is subversive, offering a transformative account of “a way of thinking about and practicing Judaism that men and women recreate and renew together as equals.”2 One of those jokes is the “shit” method that relies on a bilingual pun in Yiddish for throwing stuff together. Eastern European Jewish women often used this method as they cooked their foods without precise measurements or recipes. Though a far cry from Fishbein’s more deliberate and precise cooking recipes in Kosher by Design, the heuristic value of utilizing the resources at hand works for feminist theologians because the “shit” method teaches how to be “attentive to potential resources in its immediate environment, imaginative about combinations, and flexible about the structure of the recipe.”3 This playful openness—one that is pliable yet resilient, inventive yet also attentive to context and tradition—shapes Adler’s approach to engender Judaism. She mines the Jewish textual tradition in order to reclaim female presence and performance; she offers imaginative retellings of stories to embody an ethics of mutual responsibility and just relations; and she stretches the boundaries of vision to include the face of the forgotten Other.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780971435223

In the Kingdom of the Blind

Jed McKenna Wisefool Press PDF

Why speak at all? Why should the sighted add his voice to the din of unsighted who claim to see, and who, unfettered by truth, are free to tell a better tale?.......

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253014474

1. Battle Creek Beginnings

Brian C. Wilson Indiana University Press ePub


Battle Creek Beginnings

In the summer of 1940 at the age of eighty-eight, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, seeking to record on paper some of the essential facts of his long life, cast his thoughts back to 1863, a time when Battle Creek, Michigan, was “a very small village of a few hundred inhabitants” and the great Battle Creek Sanitarium was still many years in the future. His mother, Kellogg remembered, had just asked the young boy what he wanted to be when he grew up, to which he had promptly replied, “Anything but a doctor!” Apparently, shortly before his mother’s question, John Harvey and some other boys had pressed their faces against a neighbor’s window to witness the bloody spectacle of a local sawbones practicing his art on one of their playmates lying on the kitchen table. In the wake of this episode, Kellogg remembered, “I abhorred the medical profession, did not like bad medicine and the bloody surgery.” That just a few years later that young boy would find himself a famous doctor—and a surgeon at that—must have given the elderly Kellogg a chuckle, for in addition to his childhood disgust at the sight of blood, he had been at the age of eleven nothing more than an undersize boy working in his father’s Battle Creek broom factory, distinguished only by his exceptional manual dexterity sorting broom corn and the fact that his family belonged to a struggling apocalyptic sect.1

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574411959

Appendix A Dallas Church Vindicated

Joseph E. Early, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF




Official Statement

Of Facts by the First Baptist Church at Dallas, Texas

The First Baptist Church at Dallas, Texas, met January 7,

1880, pursuant to adjournment, there being about one hundred and fifty members present. After worship and some preliminary business, the following paper was read and unanimously adopted, as an official expression of the church, to-wit:

Whereas, at the last regular conference of the First Baptist

Church, of Dallas, Texas, held December 24, 1879, a part of our membership, embracing about one-fifth of the church, at the instance, and on behalf of Elder R. C. Buckner, as we believe, presented to this church a “Memorial,” in which they make grave charges and reflections against the church, placing us in a false light before the denomination.

Now, therefore, in the interest of truth and justice, and in vindication of the church, in view of these aspersions, we, the First

Baptist Church, of Dallas, Texas, in conference assembled, hereby declare and make known the following

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253342935

9 Belzec: March 17 to June, 1942

Yitzhak Arad Indiana University Press ePub

The full-scale extermination of Jews in Belzec began on March 17, 1942, with the onset of the deportation of the Jews of Lublin. This date marks the actual start of Operation Reinhard.

In an entry in Goebbels’ diary regarding the beginning of Operation Reinhard, ten days after the killings started in Belzec, on March 27, 1942, he wrote:

Beginning with Lublin, the Jews in the General Government are now being evacuated eastward. The procedure is a pretty barbaric one and not to be described here more definitely. Not much will remain of the Jews. On the whole it can be said about 60 percent of them will have to be liquidated whereas only about 40 percent can be used for forced labor.

The former Gauleiter of Vienna [Globocnik], who is to carry this measure through, is doing it with considerable circumspection and according to a method that does not attract too much attention. Fortunately, a whole series of possibilities presents itself for us in wartime that would be denied us in peacetime. We shall have to profit by this. The ghettos that will be emptied in the cities of the General Government will now be refilled with Jews thrown out of the Reich. This process is to be repeated from time to time.1

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253006844

8 Navigating Property Development through a Framework of Religious Ecology: The Case of Trinity Lutheran Church

RICHARD CIMINO Indiana University Press ePub

Nadia A. Mian

Walk through the streets of any city, and the spires, domes, and minarets of churches, mosques, synagogues, and temples are common indicators that distinguish houses of worship from any other building on the street. Architecture identifies religious institutions through their unique physical markers, symbolizing the presence of religion and faith. But what happens when these institutions are no longer recognizable? As buildings age and begin to require extensive repair, congregations are increasingly unable to afford the massive cost of renovation. Coupled with a decrease in religious membership, and constant shifts in neighborhood demographics, they struggle to survive.

In New York City, many congregations are faced with the task of learning how to care for their aging structures and, as a result, are turning to property development. One common model of faith-based property development involves tearing down the existing structure and rebuilding a mixed-use facility with the church occupying the lower level of the building and housing located on the levels above. These mixed-use buildings generally meld in with the surrounding environment, and their religious components are indistinguishable. But before development even takes place, what steps are taken to ensure that such property development is best for the church? How do churches organize themselves internally? How is the community taken into account? While the reasons for engaging in development are clear, the process of deciding whether or not development is the right course of action is a more ambiguous.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781577311218

Chapter 11: Judaism

New World Library ePub

“With what shall I come before the Lord
And bow myself before God most high?
Shall I come before him with burnt-
offerings, with calves a year old?
Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams,
With myriads of streams of oil?
Shall I give my first born for my transgression,
The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
You have been told, O man, what is good,
And what the Lord requires of you:

Only to do justice,

and to love mercy,

And to walk humbly with your God.”

“God shall judge between many peoples, and shall decide for strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more; but they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree, and none shall make them afraid.”

“How happy is the one who finds wisdom,
The one who gains understanding!
For wisdom’s income is better than income of silver,
And her revenue than gold.
She is more precious than corals,
And none of your heart’s desires can
compare with her.
Long life is in her right hand,
In her left are riches and honor. . . .
The Lord by wisdom founded the earth,
By reason he established the heavens;
By his knowledge the depths are broken up,
And the clouds drop down dew.”

See All Chapters

Load more