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Medium 9781475817539

Training Administrators for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse School Populations: Opinions of Expert Practitioners

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

VISHNA A. HERRITY1,*

NAFTALY S. GLASMAN1

ABSTRACT: Cultural and linguistic diversity has changed the social fabric of today’s schools. Currently, there is a wider variety of cultural, language, and family backgrounds than ever before. As a result of the increasing numbers of language minority students with unique educational and social needs, some studies suggest that principals need specialized training to ensure that all students have equal access to an education based on academic excellence and high expectations. Yet there are limited opportunities for aspiring administrators to receive specialized training for working with culturally and linguistically diverse school populations. As a result, many school administrators may lack the necessary preparation to develop policies and implement educational programs for diverse students.

This paper is based on the premise that administrator preparation programs exist within the context of school and society interactions. Changes in administrator practices in school settings require corresponding changes in university-based administrator training programs. The research study reported in this paper describes and examines the recommendations of “expert" principals for the modification of administrator preparation programs based on interactions that exist between the changes in the demographics of society, impact on the schools, and impact on administrators. The goal is that university-based training programs would play a critical role in equipping aspiring administrators with the necessary competencies to become effective instructional leaders in multiethnic school settings.

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Medium 9781475816594

In Patience and Hope: A 20-Year Narrative Study of a Family, School, and Community Partnership

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Ann Higgins and James G. Deegan

ABSTRACT: This case study describes a 20-year journey of educational transformation from 1985 to 2005 in a bellwether, or highly developed, instance of one school, family, and community partnership—the Kileely Community Project—situated in a large social housing project in Limerick City in the Midwestern region of the Republic of Ireland. The study is a narrative account of how a declining elementary school struggled against the odds to become a vibrant community learning center. Guided by a mix of feminist emancipatory research and socioecological and social capital theories, the study yielded findings on the hidden potential of patience combined with hope as a catalyst for changing the ways that learners learn and teachers teach, for building commitment to sustainable learning, for working for change in community teams through collective intelligence, for building a capacity for change and risk, and for fostering trust and respect in relationships. Implications are discussed for the development, growth, and sustainability of family, school, and community partnerships.

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Medium 9781475817119

Know Thyself: A Prerequisite for Educational Leaders

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

KATHRYN S. WHITAKER1

CAROL McGREVIN2

ANNETTE GRANIER3

ABSTRACT: Several recent reports point to the need to create more responsive leadership preparation programs to better prepare school leaders for the 21st century. This manuscript describes a beginning learning experience within the new administrator preparation program at the University of Northern Colorado. The new component is called “Understanding Self”; it is designed to assist future leaders in gaining a greater awareness of their values and beliefs as they relate to leadership. The importance of intrapersonal development and reflective practice, as well as specific activities used in the learning experience, is addressed.

Leadership theory and the study of leaders has undergone a tremendous evolution during the last several decades. In the early 20th century, researchers focused almost solely on personal traits of leaders (Hoy and Miskel, 1987). With the Ohio State and Michigan leadership studies conducted in the 1950s, research on leadership moved beyond the trait approach toward a “one best style” approach. Two decades later the emphasis centered on contingency or situational leadership theories. Contingency theories postulated that there were various leadership styles or behaviors that worked effectively depending upon a given situation (Hersey and Blanchard, 1978).

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Medium 9781574414325

Appendix D – Commissary Spending Limits

Jorge Antonio Renaud The University of North Texas Press ePub

APPENDIX D

Commissary Spending Limits

As of August 2001, the following limits on commissary spending were in effect for inmates in TDCJ-ID, applied according to custody level.

G1, G2, and G3 Minimum—$75 every two weeks, raised to $100 on certain holidays

G4 Medium—$30 every two weeks

G5 Close—$20 every two weeks

Administrative Segregation:

Level I—$60 every two weeks

Level II—one item of each hygiene and correspondence, not to exceed $10, every two weeks

Level III—correspondence supplies not to exceed $10, every two weeks

(Source; TDCJ-ID Classification plan, Revised Nov. 1999)

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Medium 9781574411638

Sawyer

Jack Bell University of North Texas Press PDF

Sawyer

Sylvanus Sawyer and his brother Addison M. Sawyer developed and patented a system of rifles, projectiles, and fuzes that were highly regarded early in the war. They had a 5.86inch rifle and projectiles under test at Fort Monroe in Hampton Roads in 1859.1 It may have been the same rifle that in 1861 earned Sawyer that high regard. Sawyer’s rifle was the only cannon available to the Union Army that could hit the Confederate batteries defending

Hampton Roads from the Rip Raps, an island about 2,000 yards south of Fort Monroe.2

Three Sawyer shell designs are known. The most common is the flanged model.

Instead of a sabot, the iron shell body has six flanges and is covered completely with a lead sleeve. A second design has the lead sleeve cover only the flanged cylindrical sides of the shell body but not the base or ogive. The third design has a smooth sided shell body completely encased in lead. There are no known battlefield recoveries of this model in large calibers. All three designs are reported to have had a brass foil over the lead sheath to reduce the lead fouling the rifling. One flanged specimen has been documented in the West Point Museum collection with this brass foil largely intact.

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