2176 Slices
Medium 9781475811414

Superintendent Shortage: The Wrong Problem and Wrong Solutions

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

THEODORE J. KOWALSKI

ABSTRACT: Claims of an insufficient supply of superintendents and conclusions about the underlying causes of this condition have been widely accepted by policymakers, professors, and practitioners. As a result, professional preparation and licensure have already been altered in some states. Economist perspectives of occupational shortages, the causes of dwindling applicant pools, and job turnover and exits are used to demonstrate that this problem has been framed incorrectly—an error spawning questionable policy decisions. The argument is made that the long-standing practice of overproducing administrators and then allowing employers to determine competence is not indicative of a true profession. Recommendations are made to strengthen preparation and licensing requirements and to improve working conditions and salaries.

At the same time that the focus of school reform is shifting to the district and school levels, leading figures in public education are warning that fewer and fewer administrators are willing to assume the critical role of superintendent. Some of the loudest voices delivering this message belong to persons who currently occupy the position. A recent study, for example, found that nearly 90% of superintendents nationally thought the number of administrators willing to pursue this position is inadequate—a condition they blamed on a diminishing average tenure in office (commonly defined as the amount of time a superintendent spends in one position) (Cooper, Fusarelli, & Carella, 2000). A majority of state superintendents and executive directors of state superintendent associations also share this view—approximately two thirds of each group said that an applicant crisis exists in their respective states (Glass, 2001a).

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Medium 9781475824513

An Application of the Taped Spelling Intervention to Improve Spelling Skills

Journal of Evidence-Based Practices for Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Elizabeth McCallum
Ara J. Schmitt
Sarah N. Evans
Kristen F. Schaffner
Krista H. Long

ABSTRACT: The taped spelling intervention (TSI) is a procedure that was developed to improve the performance of students with spelling difficulties. The intervention requires students to listen to a collection of audio files that contain the pronunciation of a word, followed by a pause, and then the correct spelling of the word. Students are instructed to “beat the recording” by writing the correct spelling of each word before it is provided. Components of TSI include numerous opportunities to respond to spelling prompts, immediate feedback on the accuracy of responses, and error correction procedures. This study evaluated the effects of TSI with four middle school students recognized as having reading or writing difficulties. Results indicated immediately increased and sustained spelling performance in response to TSI. Discussion focuses on implications for practitioners and future academic intervention research.

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Medium 9781475823943

Community Service Programs: A Model for At-Risk Long-Term-Suspended Students

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

BRENDA S. HALL

TOVA RUBIN

ABSTRACT: Each year in the United States, millions of students experience suspension from public schools (Mendez & Knoff, 2003). Community service programs provide one means to address the school suspension problem. These initiatives are characterized by volunteer service placements within community nonprofit organizations for skill and personal development. During 2003–2005, a pilot community service program was implemented in nine school districts throughout the state of North Carolina. This article provides a comprehensive review of that project. Promising results from this initiative emphasize the significance of community service and public school collaborations in assisting youth to stay in school and become productive citizens.

Out-of-school suspension has been nationally identified as a common and widely used method of discipline with problem students (Dupper, 1994). According to Mendez and Knoff (2003), millions of students in the United States experience a suspension in any given year. Excluding students from attending school is a frequently mandated consequence based on zero-tolerance policies and associated with a variety of negative behaviors. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (2003), school administrators use suspension and expulsion in an effort to prevent violence and criminal acts on school grounds, as well as deal with the less dangerous and more common acts, such as truancy. Long-term suspension is a widespread form of disciplinary action, often implemented with any behaviors deemed unacceptable or potentially problematic. Unfortunately, this means that in states with large numbers of students considered “at risk,” exhibiting behavioral problems such as disobedience and disrespect frequently results in suspensions. Note that African American males are suspended at a statistically disproportionate rate and that southern states tend to have high rates of suspension, in comparison to the rest of the country (Fuentes, 2003). Suspension data from North Carolina provide an example of a disturbing and growing concern regarding suspension. For the 2001–2002 academic year, there were 3,459 statewide long-term suspensions consisting of 11 or more days. These involved 3,318 students with a total of 236,527 instructional days lost from school (North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2003). During 2002–2003, long-term suspensions increased by 15%.

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Medium 9781475817423

School Architecture as a Subject of Inquiry

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

CYNTHIA L. ULINE1

ABSTRACT: The intention of this article is to propose the aesthetic dimension of school design as a valid interest for school leaders and an important subject of inquiry for those who generate the research which informs them. John Dewey’s ideas about aesthetics are presented as a philosophical foundation while his methods of active reflection provide the strategy for implementation. The article identifies opportunities for reflective administrative practice contained within the events of renovating or building a school. It also suggests foci for future research into community and the physical spaces they create for learning.

Building schools is important business and school administrators largely shoulder the responsibility. They are held accountable for the quality of decisions and manifest results. Dissatisfied teachers and disgruntled taxpayers will direct their complaints to the persons in charge, and superintendents and building principals remain on site, long after architects and general contractors have moved on.

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Medium 9781574411546

4 There’s a Cardinal Knocking on My Window

Andrea Dawn Lopez University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Four

The woman panicked. She even thought the bird was possessed. I thought at first that this had to be a prank call, but as she screamed on and on, I realized this was indeed a real situation!

I’ll admit that I didn’t know what to tell her. This was the first time

I had taken a call like this at the sanctuary, and I had to put the woman on hold and ask my boss, the wildlife expert and veteran rehabilitator, what to do.

I found out that the cardinal was only trying to protect his territory. This was a male cardinal and he chose this woman’s yard as his place to mate and nest. Each time the cardinal got near the woman’s home, he would see his own reflection in her windows. He was interpreting this as another male cardinal in his territory, and he was attacking the windows to try and drive him away. What he didn’t understand was that he was just attacking his own reflection.

Cardinals, like many other species of birds, are very territorial.

In order to fix this temporary problem, the woman was going to have to find a way to break up the reflection in the windows. We told her she could do this by putting towels or newspapers over the windows so that the cardinal would no longer see himself. Another option was to pull down the shades, close the blinds, or pull curtains across the windows. We also told her she could try putting a bright light in front of the window. All of these things will help break up the reflection. If you’re not sure if that’s happening, go outside and check. You may have to alter the outsides of your windows temporarily.

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