2154 Slices
Medium 9781576336410

"O" Words: GED Essential Vocabulary

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781475816426

A Reformal Approach for Turkey: Emotional- and Social-Oriented Teacher Education

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Nilüfer Özabaci

Educational reforms and studies have focused on the school and ignored its relationships with the different dimensions of psychological, social, political, and economic life. Philosophers and scholars of education have reemphasized and debated the importance of the efforts of an educational reform (Turan, 2000). Discourses about teacher education have traditionally been regarded as national issues. National compulsory school and teacher education and training are usually interlinked. The purpose of schooling is not only to provide a nation with a qualified workforce but also to provide new generations with a cultural heritage and a language, strengthening their national identity. Increasing global competition intensifies the tension between the dual aims of education, which makes teacher education reforms ideologically and politically more important than before (Hargreaves, 1994). Popkewitz (1987) has underlined the importance of ideology and social formation in teacher education. The language, rituals, behaviors, and emotions are structured by cultural codes that govern the way people act and think toward schooling. The challenge comprises carrying out the responsibilities of a teacher, working as a part of a system of public education, and trying to do one’s best for the students.

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Medium 9781475824445

Classwide Effects of Positive Peer Reporting on the On-Task Behavior of Children With Emotional Disturbance

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Kristi L. Hofstadter
Kevin M. Jones
William J. Therrien

ABSTRACT: Positive peer reporting (PPR) has emerged as one method for increasing positive outcomes for at-risk students. The current study employed an increasing-intensity design to evaluate the impact of two levels of treatment—namely, targeted PPR and classwide PPR—on the on-task behavior of children with emotional disturbance in a restrictive placement: Targeted PPR consisted of classmates’ directing praise statements to the two children with lowest levels of on-task behavior; class-wide PPR consisted of peer praise statements being exchanged among all children. Results indicated that both strategies were moderately effective, although benchmark levels of task engagement were achieved during classwide PPR only. Implications of these findings toward a better understanding of PPR causal mechanisms are discussed.


Classroom disruptive behavior may have deleterious effects on children’s educational and social outcomes. Disruptive behaviors compose the majority of school discipline referrals to the office (Sterling-Turner, Robinson, & Wilczynski, 2001), and the frequently used solution to the problem of educational disruption has been to remove highly disruptive students from the general education setting (Algozzine & Algozzine, 2007). Thus, students with high rates of distracting and potentially disruptive behavior are grouped in restrictive settings, such as self-contained classrooms for students with emotional disturbance, in which aggregated levels of disruption may considerably detract from time engaged in academic tasks. Furthermore, poor peer relations and the belief that norm-breaking behavior elicits peer acceptance have been shown to increase levels of off-task behavior, exacerbating educational difficulties for students classified with emotional disturbance (Bru, 2006). Positive peer relations, however, have been found to contribute to children’s optimal development (Brownell & Gifford-Smith, 2003).

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Medium 9781475817324

Experiencing Shared Leadership: Teachers’ Reflections

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub


ABSTRACT: This eighteen month qualitative study documents an elementary school’s implementation of a shared leadership environment. Data were collected from leadership team meetings, faculty meetings, informal interviews, and formal interviews with the leadership team. Findings indicate positive perceptions concerning collaboration and the development of an atmosphere of open communication. Respondents expressed disappointment with the level of decision-making opportunities, the development of non-student oriented goals, a lack of trust between administrators and teachers, and were confused about teacher roles and responsibilities. Shared leadership environments may be enhanced by providing clearer expectations for teachers and more opportunities for teacher training.

Often heard among parents in discussions about their children is the question, “Do you think your child is a leader or a follower?” The response seems to have an impact upon parents who may admire their child’s ability to lead others and to make important group decisions. Discussions around the coffee machines at major companies revolve around the projected future leadership positions to which each young professional aspires. Employees understand the important responsibilities and authority that they will have once they obtain a promotion.

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Medium 9781442267671


AltaMira Press ePub

Rose Kubiatowicz

Museum Associate, Science Museum of Minnesota and Registrar, Minnesota Historical Society, 2593 Sumac Ridge, White Bear Lake, MN 55110. Email: rosekubi@earthlink.net

Abstract     Pharmacologically active natu ral prod ucts including toxins can survivein ethnobotanical objects stored long-term and can remain stable in quantities great enough to represent a potential hazard to museum personnel. In April 2006, twenty-one samples from suspected hazardous ethnobotanical objects identified by the Science Museum of Minnesota’s Oh No! Ethnobotany program (Kubiatowicz and Benson 2003), ranging in age from twenty-five to one-hundred-fourteen-years old, underwent organ ic residue analysis using gas and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Samples were taken from the following objects: cu rare-tipped darts, poison-tipped arrows, barbasco vine, ayahuasca branches, yoco vine, opium pipe, kava roots, tobacco cigar, tobacco plug, clavo huasca vine, quinine branch, Precatory pea seed, Ceylon drug bundles and a Tibetan altar bottle. Pharmacologically active natural products were identified in twelve of twenty samples tested (60%). The toxin tubocurarine was identified in four of six curare samples in quantities great enough to represent a potential hazard to museum personnel.

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