1964 Chapters
  Title Author Publisher Format Buy Remix
Medium 9781576336977

"W-Z" Words: SSAT-ISEE Essential Vocabulary

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781576336045

ACT Exam Essential Vocabulary: "L" Words

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781576336434

Suffixes: O-Z: GED Word Roots

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781574414455

Chapter 12: Bailiffs

Lorie Rubenser and Gloria Priddy University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 12

Bailiffs

Introduction

Under normal circumstances, the general public may never have a reason to encounter a bailiff. Only persons with business in a courthouse will encounter the bailiff, specifically potential jurors and other persons involved in a court case. Even these people, however, may not fully understand the functions of the bailiff or know that the bailiff is a licensed peace officer.

Modern media has done nothing to promote awareness of this important position, with bailiffs playing minor supporting roles in courtroom dramas. Perhaps the most famous television bailiffs were Bull and Roz on the 1980s sitcom Night Court. While entertaining, these two comedic individuals did almost nothing that resembles the real work of the bailiff.

History of the Position

Like the constable, the bailiff has roots in medieval times. In England, the bailiff served either the lord of the manor or the hundred courts and sheriff. The position was supervisory. Those serving on a manor or estate kept accounts, collected rents and fines, and were responsible for all the land and buildings that made up the estate.1

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Medium 9781475816624

Higher Education Reform in South Korea: Perspectives on the New University for Regional Innovation Program

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Sheena Choi

Minho Yeom

ABSTRACT: The New University for Regional Innovation (NURI) is one of the South Korean Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development’s key projects supporting regional universities. NURI aims to develop areas of specialization in regional universities and link universities to local industries. In 2004, the South Korean government pledged to invest 1.24 trillion Korean won (approximately US$1.24 billion) in the project over a 5-year period. This study examines the NURI policy and implementation process from the bottom-up perspectives discovered during semistructured interviews with key stakeholders. The results indicate an overall consensus that NURI has contributed to the improvement of education in regional universities. Yet, skepticism lingers concerning the potential for the program to achieve structural reform. This study suggests there is an urgent need for a comprehensive central intervention that can deliver structural reforms and balanced development.

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Medium 9781574411522

5 Work

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter five

work

I

t comes as a shock to the mostly lazy, unskilled criminals who come into the Texas prison system that, unlike the federal system or most other state prisons, Texas inmates must work. And they do not get paid. Anything. (More on the financial situation in Chapter nine: Money.) Inside and outside, in snow and rain, day and night, whenever TDCJ needs something done, chances are that an inmate is assigned to do it.

Most inmates who are physically fit are first assigned to work in the fields, in what are called work squads, hoe squads, or sometimes just the

Line. The Line is not actually considered a job. It is a way of indoctrinating inmates—especially younger, first-time inmates—to the system, and it is punishment for inmates losing other jobs through disciplinary infractions. Sometimes, it is just punishment for angering the wrong officer.

On most units, the Line does field work. Inmates in the fields plant, weed, thin, and harvest fruits and vegetables. Texas prison crops range from watermelons, peanuts, eggplants, and beets to the more traditional vegetables and, of course, King Cotton.

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Medium 9781574411638

Archer

Jack Bell University of North Texas Press PDF

Archer

Credit for the design of the Archer projectiles and the Archer safety fuzes is being changed in this book. Cdr. John Brooke’s papers and Charles Dews’ authoritative book on the Tredegar Foundry clearly indicate that credit for the design of both the Archer projectiles and the Archer safety fuzes should go to Dr. Robert Archer. The confusion that arose in earlier books about whom to credit is the result of three Dr. Archers being associated with Confederate cannon manufacturing: Dr. Junius Archer of Bellona Foundry, near Richmond; Dr. Edward Archer, a superintendent at the Tredegar Foundry; and Dr.

Robert Archer, a partner of Joseph Anderson in the Tredegar Foundry.

Brooke identified Dr. Robert Archer as the designer of both projectiles and fuzes.1

Charles Dew indicated that Dr. Robert Archer was an inventor of some distinction, having designed rifle shot for Tredegar cannon and a safety device to prevent premature explosion of cannon shell.2

The Archer shells and bolts have a lead band sabot placed just behind the center of the shell body as it tapers towards the base. Used at the very beginning of the war at First

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Medium 9781475817744

Letter from the Editor

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Administration is a complex activity, full of pitfalls and usually small, but sometimes memorable, crises. Helping to provide vision and leadership to any organization can be a real challenge, but that challenge has a special quality for educational administrators. Their organizations are devoted to human growth and learning, so for these administrators, it is especially important to want to do the right thing. But it is also important to do things right.

School administrators and educators as a whole are ordinarily full of good intentions. They are committed to students and want school to be an experience that develops students’ potentials. But, unhappily, good intentions and good values are not enough. Visions of what a school at its best might become is no guarantee that it will move in that direction. Practice is at the heart of leadership. Wanting to do the right thing is essential, but doing things right is the hard part. It helps when administrators are good human beings who care and are committed, but they also need to be savvy and thoughtful about how to get desirable purposes accomplished in concrete situations.

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Medium 9781475816174

Collaborative Kenyan and American Approach to Study Abroad Orientation

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

DAVID WALKER

Research Associate and Adjunct Professor, Iowa State University, Research Institute for Studies in Education, College of Education, E005 Lagomarcino Hall, Ames, IA 50011

In today’s interdependent global society, study abroad programs often provide students with unique cultural assimilation experiences and academic and multicultural learning opportunities (Davis, 1997). Because of these rewarding opportunities, faculty and staff within the American system of higher education have begun to support the idea of integrating study abroad courses into students’ programs of study. Narimatsu and Franco (1996) note some of the important educational and cultural opportunities afforded by study abroad programs:

Study abroad programs provide excellent opportunities for experiencing and studying the cultures of other countries. Students who have participated in these educational programs have learned to appreciate different points of view, have gained an international perspective on issues, have developed personal confidence, and have enhanced their ability to function effectively in today’s increasingly interdependent global society. (p. 145)

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Medium 9781475816075

Departments

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Peter McLaren

Professor of Education, College of Education

University of California, Los Angeles

College of Education

Los Angeles, CA 90024-1521

Dr. Michael Pavel is an enrolled member of the Skokomish Indian Nation in Western Washington and, as a traditional bearer, has been instrumental in reviving and maintaining the traditional Skokomish culture and making the general public more aware of the importance of traditional culture in Native communities. He has held officer positions with the Western Washington Indian Education Consortium and was a founding board member of the Washington State Indian Education Association. Dr. Pavel twice received the Carnation Dairies Teaching Incentive Award at Arizona State University for outstanding service to the local tribal communities in the area of Indian education program development and evaluation while staying in excellent academic standing. He routinely provides presentations to schools and Indian education programs throughout the United States on personal and organizational development.

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Medium 9781475823882

Notes From the Editor

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

THEODORE J. KOWALSKI

New board members serving colleges and school districts quickly discover that every operational dimension of their institutions can be either a public relations asset or liability. This is especially true for one of their most visible and important responsibilities—that of setting the salary for a new president or superintendent. The first article in this issue addresses the public relations dimensions of this very task. Written by I. Phillip Young from the University of California, Davis, it provides a model that can be applied to completing this complex task. As the author of the most widely used text on school personnel management and a leading researcher on education employment practices, Professor Young details a paradigm that permits board members to share vital information in relation to this often-controversial assignment.

Effective communication and communicative behavior in schools have become an issue in virtually every country. As such, the second article reports research conducted in Sweden by Professor Helene Ärlestig from Umeå University. She compares perspectives on organizational communication in successful and less successful schools. Her research provides relevant insights about principal and teacher behavior and possible relationships between communication effectiveness and school effectiveness.

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Medium 9781475816518

Antecedents of Teachers’ Perceived Effectiveness of School-Based-Managing Schools

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Adam Nir

The difficulty in education to determine causality between means and ends brings various issues and variables to the discussion about the antecedents of school effectiveness. Although teachers’ level of professional development is clearly among the factors influencing student outcomes, little is known about the extent to which teachers connect administrative encouragement in their professional development with school effectiveness in school-based-managing (SBM) schools in which improved effectiveness is an expectation. Therefore, the following study attempts to assess to what extent teachers connect their professional development to school effectiveness and what is the relative importance of teacher proficiency in explaining perceived school effectiveness relative to other organizational features characterizing the inner school context and teacher–principal relations.

The assumed connection between SBM and the improvement of school outcomes is considered a major driving force behind some of the recent decentralization initiatives employed in educational systems around the world.

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Medium 9781475817157

From Teaching to Administration: A Preparation Institute

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

GARY M. CROW1,*

BERNARD MECKLOWITZ2

Y. NONA WEEKES2

ABSTRACT: The move from teaching to administration is a pivotal point for creating innovative leaders. The National Policy Board on Educational Administration and other professional organizations have called for reform in the training of school leaders. This article discusses the socialization processes leading to an innovative approach to the role of principal and then moves to a description of the implementation of a particular principal training institute. As well as describing the theoretical, experiential and analytical components of the program, the article identifies benefits and problems with such an institute.

The move from teaching to administration is a pivotal point in creating innovative leaders. At this point, either an ideology of innovation or a commitment to the status quo is developed (Greenfield, 1985). This article describes a model for preparing innovative leaders that focuses on the transition from teaching to administration.

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Medium 9781475816297

Values Analysis of Hong Kong’s Educational Reform Proposals

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Fok Shui Che

Education embodies a society’s vision and hope for the future. The development of Hong Kong is closely related to her development in education. To meet these challenges, Hong Kong has to reform her education system so as to prepare her younger generation for the new millennium. Embedded in the reform proposals are the values of the education planners and the general public—what they perceive are important and good for Hong Kong. This article analyzes the value orientations behind Hong Kong’s reform proposals so as to throw light to the real significance of these reforms.

This article begins by summarizing the values of education from different perspectives and from both the Western and Chinese viewpoints. Then the background to Hong Kong’s education reform is introduced by tracing the changing education scene in Hong Kong since the postwar period, thereby highlighting the major education issues that have a deep-seated effect on our education development. An analysis of the values embedded in the reform document is then undertaken, taking into consideration both the social and economic changes in Hong Kong. In the concluding section, the tensions resulting from the paradigm shift are highlighted. It is believed that the success of the education reform depends on how a consensus about the values in education can be reached.

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Medium 9781574411522

14 Craft Shop

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter fourteen

craft shop

T

here are perhaps only three ways an inmate may legally make money while he is in TDCJ. One is to write and then market his fiction, essays and poetry to free-world magazines. Another is to paint or draw and sell his artwork to interested buyers outside the walls. Both of these moneymaking ideas are subject to not just individual talent but to the mails, and to the hit-and-miss assistance of outside parties.

TDCJ offers one way for inmates who keep clear disciplinary records to make money while inside the walls, with all work and most sales being done by the inmates. It’s called the craft shop, or the “piddling” shop, and it is a privilege not to be dismissed lightly. The craft shop is just that: an area where inmates work on leather goods, jewelry, wood projects, paintings, fanciful stick creations—any of a number of personal expressions that can be done at a minimum of cost and then sold to officers or visitors or marketed to the free-world.

Inmates within the shops, called piddlers, usually begin as apprentices, or helpers, and work their way up the ladder as space in the craft shop allows. A determined, hard-working piddler who produces quality goods can make over $12,000 a year while still performing his assigned duties for the system. That may not sound like much money, but it does

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