13646 Chapters
Medium 9781782201359

Chapter Twelve: Using BART for Peak Performance in Sport, Business, Academia, and any Pursuit where Anticipatory Anxiety Impairs Results

O'Malley, Arthur G. Karnac Books ePub

How to become an expert in your chosen discipline

According to Ericsson and Lehmann (1996) at Florida State University in Tallahassee, it normally takes 10,000 hours of practice to become an expert in any discipline. The skill-hungry years, from the perspective of neurological development, are from age eight to twelve. Thus, starting at age eight in your chosen discipline, one would require three hours of practice daily for fifty weeks per year until age eighteen. In Russia, China, and other Eastern Bloc countries, children as young as four are often exposed to this level of practice. Theoretically, they would then be at “peak performance” level at age fourteen. However, their adolescent growth spurt and neurological improvements via synaptic pruning are yet to emerge. The long-term consequences for such an athlete could be long-term physical injury and psychological impairment.

Flow is being able to concentrate effortlessly in performing all types of skills appropriate to your chosen discipline, be it chess, football, hockey, or any other sport. Time slows as you concentrate on the activity in hand. Enjoyment in the pursuit is the key to success. There are four essential components to being in a state of flow:

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Medium 9781855754058

ATTACHMENT THEORY AND THE JOHN BOWLBY MEMORIAL LECTURE: A short history

Karnac Books ePub

A short history Bernice Laschinger

The theme of the John Bowlby Memorial Conference 2005 addresses a notable gap in how attachment theory has developed: racism. Its absence from the literature contrasts markedly with the theory’s engagement with culture. From its early beginnings in the work of Mary Ainsworth, attachment theory has undertaken cross-cultural research in countries as diverse as Kenya, Israel, Japan and Germany.

There is a penetrating “moral and social vision” which runs through Bowlby’s work. Core to his work was the overriding force of the social world on the structuring of relationship. His early work reflected his passionate concern with the impact of “war, social disruption and emotional poverty” on the rights of children to love and care. In recent centuries, however, racism, in its underpinning of power inequality in relationships, has been primary in the distortion, denial and destruction of attachment bonds. This implies that no proper understanding of relationships can avoid engagement with the issues of racism unless one is determined to disregard questions of power.

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Medium 9781782201632

Chapter Six - Grieving the Imagined Baby: On Working with Families of Forensic Disability Patients

Corbett, Alan Karnac Books ePub

“John” and “Rita” sit slumped on the couch. They are in their mid-fifties, but look much older. They appear stricken with anxiety, and I try to break the tension by asking about their journey here today. “Tough,” says John, his voice heavy with exhaustion. “Really tough.” It is clear he is talking about a far longer journey than the one I had in mind, so I invite them to tell me more. They take some time to settle into their narrative, with lots of pauses, silences, and anxious looks at each other, as if willing the other to carry the weight of their story. It is too much for one person to bear. Eventually the words come tumbling out and, while Rita is markedly quieter than John, there is a palpable sense of relief from them both in finally being able to put their story into words.

They are here because of “Maureen”, their thirty-two-year-old daughter. Maureen has Down's syndrome and a moderate intellectual disability. She also has a long history of stalking mothers and babies, and recently kidnapped a three-month-old baby girl from outside a shop. When she was found, the baby's nappy and clothing had been removed and there were signs that she had been vaginally penetrated by Maureen. After initially denying taking and abusing the baby, Maureen admitted having taken the infant so she could “play with her, just like I play with my dollies.” At the time of this meeting, the Crown Prosecution Service is deciding whether criminal charges will be brought. While John and Rita understandably want to begin with this most recent event, I encourage them to tell me more about how Maureen came into the world, and what her childhood was like. Rita describes her as “a little poppet”, the culmination of a dream. They had had three sons before, and Rita had always yearned for a girl. John concurred with this, describing the joy when they discovered they had a daughter. The joy was short-lived as it soon became clear that she had Down's Syndrome. When I ask how they felt on being told this, Rita starts to cry. “It didn't feel real. I mean, we loved her. We've always loved her. But there was this dread. This horrible feeling that she'd never have a normal life. That she'd never be able to do what the boys could do. Never get married, never have kids.” John adds, “And we worried about what would happen to her when we weren't around. Which is a crazy thing to think when your baby's just so young. But we couldn't stop thinking—who will she have when we're not around?”

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Medium 9781855752269

CHAPTER TWO. Organizational change theories and practices: a critical review

Karnac Books ePub

Giles Amado & Rachel Amato

The transitional approach to change does not break completely with previous or concurrent approaches to change, although it is in many respects distinct from them. It is for this reason that we will explore these other “parent” approaches here. We will be talking mainly of change in organizations, in institutions, and in groups and less of societal change, although many parallels can be made between the two. In this chapter, we first look at the wider context of the major schools of thought, movements, or “paradigms” of organizational change since the end of World War II. Then, in the following chapters, we go on to describe the transitional approach to change and its distinctive characteristics. By “paradigms” we mean not major revolutions of thought, but simply a series of quasi-ideal-types implying a distinctive way of conceiving of change and addressing the problem of intervention. The notion of “paradigm” is useful here as it captures the way in which these approaches break with other conceptions of the organization and therefore also with the prevalent methods of organizational change at particular points in time.

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Medium 9781782200543

CHAPTER EIGHT Psychoanalytic hypotheses

Chetrit-Vatine, Viviane Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER EIGHT

Psychoanalytic hypotheses

enerally speaking, and in the wake of Freud, we understand the capacity for responsibility for the other, let us say, concern for the other, as deriving from guilt, itself the heir of the oedipal complex. Furthermore, as we saw at the outset, in Part I, the word

“narcissism” attached to “ethics” seems, for Freud, to have a pejorative connotation, and from time to time he regards ethics as illusory.

Would it be true to say that such narcissism takes over from the sadistic injunctions of a persecuting superego?

For Klein, this capacity for responsibility is the fruit of innate maturity, aided by a favourable environment. It results from the infant’s gaining access to the depressive position, thus allowing for the transformation of an early, cruel superego, present from birth, into a less sadistic and less persecuting superego. It can be understood as the capacity to repair the potential harm done to the object, an object that is not only hated but ultimately loved as well.

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