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Medium 9781855750821

7. The sub-personalities: archetypes and complexes

Redfearn, Joseph Karnac Books ePub

In psychotherapy we find that significant dream images and dream figures represent significant parts of the personality, significant sub-personalities in fact. These images usually change - evolve - during the course of a mutative experience such as analysis.

These sub-personalities can be interpreted as ways of experiencing the world or experiencing other people, but they can also be interpreted as behaviour tendencies. Let us suppose that a patient dreams of a lion threatening him or a person in his family. The lion would be (a) a “lion” part of himself (usually not consciously recognized as part of his repertoire of possible conscious behaviours, but nevertheless recognizable by the therapist as a behaviour tendency, e.g. the reciprocal of his timidity) and also (b) a way in which he tends to perceive and react to others, i.e. as if they were lions. This would only be so in certain circumstances of course. The circumstances would no doubt be elucidated by attention to the dramatic events and the other circumstances in the dream or fantasy.

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Medium 9781782201601

Chapter Seven - A Dreamer Approaching Retirement

Bogart, Greg Karnac Books ePub

Neville, age sixty, was nearing the end of a long career as a psychiatric social worker but was experiencing a dark mood in his last year of employment before retirement. A veteran member of a treatment team, he was quietly hurt, angry, and discouraged after being chastised several times by his recently appointed, much younger boss for not completing some newly instituted bureaucratic procedures and paperwork. Neville came to see me for a limited number of sessions through his company's employee assistance program. He transformed himself during this stage of life by working through a series of dreams.

The dream of the contortionist game show contestant


I was in charge of an event at a farm. I was organizing some entertainment at the end. People were arriving. I decided to have everyone play What's My Line? [an American TV game show of the 1950s and 60s], and I was looking for someone with an interesting career to be a contestant. It was like my mother's home back in Iowa. My cousin Phoebe was walking with a group of people, crying—great grief. There were new people showing up even though it was close to the end of the event. I needed to find someone with an interesting story for What's My Line? Their eyes shifted to this one guy with a sly smile who said he was a contortionist. I asked him if he'd be a contestant on my program. I woke up knowing he was the interesting person I was looking for.

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Medium 9781780491660

CHAPTER ONE Beyond the individual and the collective: the new widening scope of the field of psychoanalysis

Tubert-Oklander, Juan Karnac Books PDF




Beyond the individual and the collective: the new widening scope of the field of psychoanalysis

Introduction to Chapter One his introductory chapter deals with the main subject of the book, a theme that has occupied me since the beginning of my analytic studies in the early 1970s: that of the relation between the individual and the group, which is perhaps more accurately stated in terms of individual and collective mental processes. Although I began, as was usual at the time in Buenos Aires, by studying Freud, I soon entered a training course in group psychotherapy, at the Argentine

Group Psychology and Psychotherapy Association. There I became familiar with socio-psychological theories and the theory of communication as a necessary complement to the psychoanalytic approach.

One consequence of this was that, as I went on studying psychoanalysis and later had my formal psychoanalytic education in Mexico,

I unwittingly found myself learning something quite different from what my teachers were trying to convey, since I automatically translated psychoanalytic theories into another epistemology, which was unlike that of traditional psychoanalysis. Hence, I always felt identified with those psychoanalytic theories that included a consideration of actual relationships with other real people, such as Object Relations

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Medium 9781780491929

Chapter Thirteen - Beyond the Spoken Word

Karnac Books ePub

Gail Simon

Silence in therapy

Silence, as we might know from our own experiences, can be beautiful, welcoming, terrifying, confusing, grounding—so many things. But a therapist's reading of a silence might not tell us whether it is a desirable and friendly silence for people or whether people want help with talking in general or about something in particular.

My training in psychoanalytic therapy and my experience of having psychoanalytic therapy taught me about the uses of just sitting with people without feeling a responsibility to populate the space between us with a wordy attempt to understand and process through questions, answers, and reflections. On the other hand, I think back with horror to other times in my therapeutic career when I might have contributed to unnecessary discomfort for some people by not creating additional choices with them. The move in systemic therapy towards dialogical and collaborative relationships in therapy brings me great relief. A reflexive, appreciative, and learning stance in therapy opens space for therapists and the clients to negotiate rewarding and creative ways of communicating together. This is a better ethical and practical fit for me. It opens up possibilities to get alongside people in their silence and find useful and fitting ways of being together.

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Medium 9781910445129

CAPÍTULO TERCEIRO - Primeira infância: continência e reverie

Waddell, Margot Editora Karnac ePub

“…quando bebê, através do toque, mantive diálogos mudos com o coração da minha mãe…”


Melanie Klein entendia que o bebê, completamente dependente, habitava um mundo de profunda gratificação e extremo desconforto, até mesmo terror; preso aos sentimentos apaixonados de amor e ódio, constantemente oscilando entre experiências de integração e desintegração, temendo por vezes pela sua sobrevivência. De forma muito simplificada, com o mamilo na boca, cercado por braços amorosos, embalado pelo som da voz da mãe e pela atenção gentil dos seus olhos e mente, o bebê terá uma experiência de ser amado.1 Ele terá uma noção de coerência, de ter um centro, que pode se manter mesmo em caso de ausência temporária. Privado de experiências suficientes desse tipo, por uma ausência muito prolongada, por exemplo, ou pelo impacto recorrente de dor e frustração, a experiência do bebê de falta de coisas boas torna-se um sentimento intensificado da presença persecutória ativa de coisas ruins dentro dele. Ele habita um mundo polarizado e, inevitavelmente, as turbulências comuns da vida infantil geram nele ansiedade, cuja intensidade podemos apenas supor.

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