1661 Chapters
Medium 9781626566743

17 Panama Canal Negotiations and Graham Greene

Perkins, John Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Saudi Arabia made many careers. Mine was already well on the way, but my successes in the desert kingdom certainly opened new doors for me. By 1977, I had built a small empire that included a staff of around twenty professionals headquartered in our Boston office, and a stable of consultants from MAIN’s other departments and offices scattered across the globe. I had become the youngest partner in the firm’s hundred-year history. In addition to my title of Chief Economist, I was named manager of Economics and Regional Planning. I was lecturing at Harvard and other venues, and newspapers were soliciting articles from me about current events.1 I owned a sailing yacht that was docked in Boston Harbor next to the historic battleship Constitution, “Old Ironsides,” renowned for subduing the Barbary pirates not long after the Revolutionary War. I was being paid an excellent salary, and I had equity that promised to elevate me to the rarefied heights of millionaire well before I turned forty. True, my marriage had fallen apart, but I was spending time with women on several continents.

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Medium 9780253001931

10 - Sisyphus on the High Seas

John T. Shaw Indiana University Press ePub

Richard Lugar’s long advocacy of the Law of the Sea Treaty has not earned him many headlines in Indiana, or any other place in the United States for that matter. But he has fought hard for the treaty because he believes it’s in the nation’s security, economic, and political interests. As a former naval officer knowledgeable about maritime issues, Lugar is convinced the treaty is an important instrument for the United States to project its power on the high seas and to demonstrate its commitment to global leadership.

But Lugar’s fight for the Law of the Sea Treaty has been a complicated and difficult struggle as the senator has tried to build support for an arcane treaty whose provisions seem far removed from the daily concerns of most Americans. Partly through his patient construction of a detailed public record, much of the American foreign policy community and most military, business, and environmental groups back the treaty. But a small group of passionate Republicans continues to block the Senate’s consideration of the treaty. This group has threatened a filibuster if the treaty is ever brought to the Senate floor, and these threats have dissuaded Senate leaders from presenting the treaty to the full Senate for its consideration. It’s been a classic story of the power of a small, passionate, and vocal minority prevailing over the preferences of a broad bipartisan majority.

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Medium 9781609948337

1 Our Hidden Wealth

Rowe, Jonathan Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

My wife grew up in what Western experts, not without condescension, call a “developing” country. The social life of her village revolved largely around a tree. People gathered there in the evening to visit, tell stories, or just pass the time. Some of my wife’s warmest childhood memories are of playing hide-and-seek late into the evening while adults chatted under the tree.

The tree was more than a quaint meeting place; it was an economic asset in the root sense of that word. It produced a bonding of neighbors, an information network, an activity center for kids, and a bridge between generations. Older people could be part of the flow of daily life, and children got to experience something scarce in the United States today—an unstructured and noncompetitive setting in which their parents were close at hand.

In the United States we spend hundreds of billions of dollars on everything from community centers to kiddie videos to try to achieve those results, with great inefficiency and often much less positive effect. Yet most Western economists would regard the tree as a pathetic state of underdevelopment. They would urge “modernization,” by which they would mean cutting down the tree and making people pay money for what it provided. In their preferred vision, corporate-produced entertainment would displace local culture. Something free and available to all would become commodities sold for a price. The result would be “growth” as economists understand that term.

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Medium 9780253016744

5 Rentier Theory and Rentier Reality

Justin Gengler Indiana University Press ePub

MORE THAN SIMPLY offer empirical evidence of a general sectarian political disagreement in Bahrain, the present chapter seeks to evaluate the specific theoretical arguments elaborated thus far in explanation of the larger case of Bahrain—the case of the failed rentier state, unable to buy its way to political quiet. It aims to understand both how the state distributes economic benefits at the individual level as well as the political payoff of these allocations from the standpoint of the regime. What factors make Bahrainis more likely to receive the rentier benefits of citizenship, that is to say, and to what extent do economic circumstances even determine citizens’ political attitudes and behaviors in the first place? In answering these questions, the analysis to follow also serves the greater purpose of revealing how far longstanding assumptions about individual political behavior in the Arab Gulf states accord with the reported views and actions of real-life Gulf Arab citizens.

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Medium 9780253018557

James Baldwin, 1963, and the House that Race Built

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

1963 TURNED OUT to be a cataclysmic moment in the centuries-long struggle of African slaves and their descendants to claim their dignity and human rights in the United States. It was the year of the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation, and events of that year forced the nation to reckon with its past. A protracted protest campaign that Spring in Birmingham hastened the beginning of the end of racial segregation in public accommodations. On June 11, President John F. Kennedy delivered a civil rights speech to a national televised audience, proclaiming the Negro struggle for rights to be a “moral issue” necessitating a civil rights act. Later that night, civil rights activist Medgar Evers was gunned down by an assassin in his driveway in Jackson, Mississippi. The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom drew over 200,000 people, mostly black, to the National Mall on August 28; the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham killed four young girls on September 15; and the assassination of Kennedy, who was still urging congress to pass a civil rights bill, stunned the nation on November 22.

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