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Medium 9781576752814

2: A Mighty Fortress on Shifting Sands

Garrison, James Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

AS THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY GETS UNDER WAY, the primacy of American power is one of the few undisputed truths of international affairs. The United States dominates the world militarily with 436 bases in North America and Europe, 186 in the Pacific and Southeast Asia, 14 in Latin America and the Caribbean, 7 in the Middle East, and 1 in South Asia, 647 altogether. It has bases or base rights in over forty countries around the world and a navy with an array of aircraft carrier task forces that dominate every ocean. The U.S. Air Force has a presence on six of the world’s continents.

The United States has developed an unrivaled mastery of high-technology weaponry that has radically redefined the meaning of modern warfare and includes a massive nuclear arsenal on hair-trigger alert, capable of destroying any enemy completely and the world several times over. It has the military capability of fighting on several fronts simultaneously and is building a national missile defense system to protect the American mainland from sneak missile attack. It almost certainly will weaponize space within the next decade, giving the United States essentially complete military control over global communications.

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Medium 9780870819650

TWO Miners, Women, and Community Coalitions in the UMWA Pittston Strike

E. Paul Durrenberger University Press of Colorado ePub

Karaleah Reichart

I think if you really want to get something done, get a woman
fired up and she’ll do it for you. We’ve been followed,
we’ve been harassed and different things. But we can stand
there and take it and look back at them and just smile.

ELAINE PURKEY, JUNE 1989

The Pittston strike in the early 1990s marked miners’ return to contract bargaining and the deliberate attempt of miners and their families to augment the power of the union to secure their economic and political goals. While neither side actually “won” the strike, women played important roles as they formed, dissolved, and re-formed a complex set of alliances and coalitions during the strike.

Women have been a critical organizing force in mining communities since the beginning of bituminous coal mining in the central Appalachian mountains in the 1800s. This chapter focuses mostly on women because social historians have often overlooked their contributions. This represents a trend among many academics to ignore women’s collective action in highly gendered industries such as coal mining. At the same time, the region deserves an integrated ethnographic analysis of the multifarious ethnic and class differences that conflate gender distinctions and complicate social behaviors in the face of economic and political hardship. The contradictory interests of working-class men and women in coal communities have intermingled with ethnic and class differences to produce surprising outcomes. Such puzzling contradictions complicate historical depictions of the class conflict associated with labor organizing in the early twentieth century and raise interesting questions regarding gender and ethnicity in communities affected by extractive industries. The low ratio of blacks to whites in Logan, West Virginia, amplifies class differences in this highly stratified region. While whites are currently more politically visible in regional coal mining disputes, blacks were very influential in early union organizing efforts in coal communities (Trotter 1990).

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Medium 9781626563377

Chapter 9: Tales of Resilient Living

Brill, Hal Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The Authors’ Stories

NOW THAT YOU HAVE LEARNED TO DANCE AND DESIGNED YOUR RIM, perhaps your head is spinning as you consider the multitude of destinations that you could choose to visit. We have asked you to do some challenging work, but now you can put away your colored pencils and sketches. This chapter offers a change of pace and provides a more personal perspective on the journey.

Travelers have always gathered together, around watering holes and in roadhouses, to unwind, share stories, and tell tales. Swapping travel guides and poring over tattered maps is half the fun of it all! More importantly, it helps us remember that the map is not the territory; even a big map can convey only a fraction of what you will find once you get started.

In this spirit, here are three snippets about how we are personally using the Resilient Investing Map. Of course we don’t hold ourselves up as role models; each of us has banged his head against many hard objects, juggled too many balls in the name of wanting it all, or found his own bad habits getting him into trouble. And we are not the most diverse collection—three college-educated white guys who all co-own a specialty investment company. Yet we’ve earned our gray hairs by practicing what we preach, particularly in the investment realm; we hope that our experience and expertise offer some lessons that have value to others.

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Medium 9780870818844

CHAPTER TEN Thunder Stealing, Respect, and Relevance

David R. Berman University Press of Colorado ePub

Thunder Stealing, Respect, and Relevance

BY THE SECOND DECADE of the twentieth century the image of the Socialist movement in the Mountain West, thanks in part to press coverage of violent labor wars and the emergence of the Wobblies, took on the character of wild-eyed, rough-and-ready, bent-on-destruction radicalism. This was not only a public view but a view held by many in the party. A study by Robert F. Hoxie of the University of Chicago, based on reports supplied by around 600 party workers in various states and localities in 1910, for example, led him to conclude that the Mountain West was home to a particularly intense form of Socialism. He found strong mine worker unions, a class-conscious Socialism, and a Socialist party that rested “very largely on the support of men with European blood in their veins.”1 Hoxie, though, also suggested that something other than nativity was involved by noting that the “special type of Socialist victory at mining centers in otherwise unaffected territory leads to the thought that there is something in the working environment of these miners which makes them think in different terms from those about them and gives them a different outlook on life and society.”2

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Medium 9781607320548

PART VIII Conclusions: Making a Mesh of Things

David M. Freeman University Press of Colorado ePub

If there was ever a celebration of the completion of twelve years of negotiations, the nearest approximation followed a morning of discussion of the political challenges in obtaining authorizations and appropriations from the federal government. It was Monday, December 11, 2006. The setting was a hotel conference room near Denver International Airport. Members of the Governance Committee and some staff members took a break to eat cake and enjoy a cup of coffee. Some shared memories of more difficult times. This session constituted the last gathering of the people who, as negotiators, had constructed the terms of the Platte River Habitat Recovery Program. The first meeting of the program’s Governance Committee—consisting of some of the same personalities—would convene on February 7 at the same location (see Appendix C) and carry on with implementation of the deal that officially began on January 1, 2007.

Negotiators had crafted an intricate program. The deal would deliver the big prize—regulatory certainty through a streamlined Endangered Species Act (ESA) Section 7 process. There would be template applications and biological opinions for new water-related activities in the Platte Basin that fell into a federal nexus. A water user soliciting federal approval of a proposed action would apply to the appropriate federal action agency. That agency, under the terms of the ESA, would determine if the project would likely negatively impact one or more listed species and, if so, would initiate a consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). The agency would then determine if the proposed water user effort would fall within the scope of the Platte River Habitat Recovery Program. If so, the USFWS would find that any negative impacts had already been analyzed in a Platte River programmatic environmental impact statement and biological opinion. Consultations under the ESA could then be handled directly and inexpensively in a matter of months. The collective action of Platte habitat restoration and maintenance will have served as the ESA compliance measure. All of this will also work for any proposed federal project that would impose a depletion on the basin’s water flow system.

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Medium 9781609945879

1. How Occupy Wall Street Really Got Started

van Gelder, Sarah Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

ANDY KROLL

Months before the first occupiers descended on Zuccotti Park in lower Manhattan, before the news trucks arrived and the unions endorsed, before Michael Bloomberg and Michael Moore and Kanye West made appearances, a group of artists, activists, writers, students, and organizers gathered on the fourth floor of 16 Beaver Street, an artists’ space near Wall Street, to talk about changing the world. There were New Yorkers in the room, but also Egyptians, Spaniards, Japanese, and Greeks. Some had played a part in the Arab Spring uprising; others had been involved in the protests catching fire across Europe. But no one at 16 Beaver knew they were about to light the fuse on a protest movement that would sweep the United States and fuel similar uprisings around the world.

The group often credited with sparking Occupy Wall Street is Adbusters, the Canadian anti-capitalist magazine that, in July, issued a call to flood lower Manhattan with ninety thousand protesters. “Are you ready for a Tahrir moment?” the magazine asked. But that’s not how Occupy Wall Street sprang to life. Without that worldly group that met at 16 Beaver and later created the New York City General Assembly, there might not have been an Occupy Wall Street as we know it today.

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Medium 9781576750353

5. The Servant as Religious Leader

Robert K. Greenleaf Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Much of the literature on leadership deals with those who head great institutions or who leave a mark on history. Such persons can carry their large roles only because many lead effectively in smaller ways that support them. This essay is as much concerned with those who lead small molecular forces—whether as part of a large movement or as lone individuals—as with those whose names go down in history.

This is written, not as the ultimate treatise on religious leading (I doubt that that will ever be written), but rather to stimulate and contribute to dialogue about the critical issue of religious leading in our times. My perspective is that of a student of organization, not of a scholar or theologian. What I have to share about religious leading is largely what I have gleaned from experience, both my own and others’, from reading literature and history, and from thinking. Not much of it has come from formal study of either leadership or religion.

I am a creature of the Judeo-Christian tradition in which I grew up, as modified by the Quaker portion of that tradition that I acquired after maturity. I cannot judge how I would have addressed the subject of religious leading if I had been raised in another culture, or if my life experience had been other than what it was; but I am quite sure that I would have a different view of it. What is written here is offered in the hope that no persons will exclude themselves from consideration of the issues raised because of their religious beliefs or their biases about leadership.

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Medium 9781576753453

APPENDIX III: MAGAZINES

Derber, Charles Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9780253018632

Presence of Mind

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

revealing Africans in renaissance art

Adrienne L. Childs

WHAT WAS THE African “presence” in Renaissance Europe? This is indeed a compelling question, and one that the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, Maryland has addressed in its recent exhibition Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe. The politically and culturally charged terms “African” and “Renaissance Europe” that seldom inhabit the same sentence come together in this exhibition and challenge us to reformulate our thinking on both the history of Africans in Europe and the European Renaissance. We are asked to imagine, through the evidence of art and material culture, the lived experiences of Africans or their descendants in Europe during one of the most important cultural epochs in the history of the West.

When we think of the Renaissance, it conjures up a legendary era when European art and culture began an unfettered ascendance to world domination. In what is conventionally characterized as the dawn of the modern West, the likes of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci created a tradition of European art that remains influential to this day. Until recent years the roles played by Africans, slave or free, were never a factor in the traditional histories of Renaissance Europe. Alternatively, histories of Africa and Africans in relation to Europe during the late fifteenth through the early seventeenth century immediately summon images of conquest, exploitation, and enslavement. Yet this exhibition proposes that we consider the interrelated histories of Africans and Europeans in a more qualitative, nuanced fashion—a topic that has garnered increasing scholarly attention in recent decades.

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Medium 9781936227037

4. Raymond Procunier and Robert H. Schnacke

Turner, William Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Ray Procunier deserved to be considered a First Amendment villain. He authorized and defended the oppressive California prison censorship rules in Procunier v. Martinez. But he got a chance to redeem himself, and he rose to the occasion.

The occasion was provided by Robert Schnacke, a federal district judge in San Francisco. Schnacke, like so many judges, was a former prosecutor. While a U.S. Attorney, he had even prosecuted a sedition case in the McCarthy era, charging writer John Powell with having accused the U.S. military of using germ warfare in the Korean War. Schnacke was a crusty, conservative Republican known to be hostile to civil liberties cases. But he had a maverick streak as well, perhaps evidenced by his being caught in a noontime police raid of the Market Street Cinema adult theater in the Tenderloin.

Procunier and Schnacke were two curmudgeonly old-timers who found themselves on opposite sides of a very difficult First Amendment issue: whether prison officials can prohibit news organizations from televising executions. No American execution has ever been televised.

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Medium 9781576754429

2: BREAKING OUT

Halpern, Charles Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

SHORTLY AFTER the Rouse case was decided, Paul Porter, one of the senior partners in the firm, stopped me in the hall. “Congratulations,” he said, draping a long arm over my shoulder. “I read about your victory in your effort to bring law and order to the dank back wards of Bedlam. I hope this means that you’ll be able to bill some hours next month.”

Porter’s remark brought to a head the dilemma I had been worrying about for some time. The Rouse case had given me a taste of running my own show, dealing with big issues that I really cared about. Now I was back in my old slot as a junior associate in a big firm whose business was representing large corporations. After the public policy challenges and emotional highs and lows of the Rouse case, I was immersed once again in the routine business of the firm: the junior person advising a bank in New York City that wanted to open a branch on Long Island, working for Coca-Cola before the Federal Trade Commission to avoid a requirement that it list its caffeine content on the bottle.

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Medium 9780929398136

1. Moses and Paul: The World’s Greatest Organizers

Mary Beth Rogers University of North Texas Press PDF

1

Moses and Paul:

The World's Greatest Organizers

Dallas, 1986

"Anybody remember Moses?" Ernesto Cortes Jr. asks a group of farmers and farm activists from 40 states who have come to Dallas to discuss their problems and hear Cortes speak at a Farm Crisis Workers Conference. 1 A few members of the audience nod and look at each other as if to say, "Who the hell is this and what have we gotten ourselves into?"

Cortes is the coordinator of a dozen or so Industrial Areas

Foundation (IAF) organizations in Texas, such as San Antonio's COPS and the Rio Grande Valley Interfaith. Because of his 20-year community organizing career in Texas and around the nation, Cortes has become a legend among American political activists and a source on Hispanic politics for journalists from the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and a slew of other publications. The prestigious MacArthur Foundation gave him one of its "genius" grants and $204,000 to do with as he saw fit. Esquire identified him as one of the people who represented America "at its best.,,2 Texas Business magazine called Cortes one of the most powerful people in Texas-along with Ross Perot and corporate raider extraordinaire T. Boone

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Medium 9780253002112

4 Sur Bahir: The Forest

Hillel Bardin Indiana University Press ePub

Jericho was my first experience with the intifada, but it was not my first contact with Palestinians. Like most Israelis, I avoided Arab areas, and I even had a rule that whenever I would cross the Green Line (i.e., enter the areas conquered from Jordan in the 1967 “Six-Day War”) I would carry my rifle. Even though I was part of the Israeli Left in that I opposed Jewish settlement in the occupied areas and favored returning the land someday in exchange for peace, I didn’t know a single Arab except for two social scientists whom I knew at work.

One day in 1978 I came home to our apartment in Jerusalem’s Arnona neighborhood, and found that our son Ariel’s little bicycle had been stolen. Children from the neighborhood told me that they had seen two Arab kids, who made deliveries for the grocery store, taking the bike away. I went to the grocer, who said that he had fired the kids a few days before, but he gave me their names and said that they lived in the neighboring Arab village of Sur Bahir. Sur Bahir had been part of the Jordanian West Bank from 1948 until 1967, at which time we Israelis conquered it and annexed it to Jerusalem, thereby making it part of Israel. Sur Bahir was only a mile down the road from my house, but in the six years that I’d been living there I had never entered the village, nor had virtually any of my Jewish neighbors.

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7: The Roman Achievement

Garrison, James Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

AS THE UNITED STATES EMBARKS on its pathway of supreme power, the crucial question before it is how long it will last before it falls. As a republic, there was nowhere to go but up. As an empire, there is nowhere to go but down. What steps can America take to ensure it remains strong, powerful, and respected by the world over which it now exercises dominion? Is exerting overwhelming military power sufficient, combined with economic exploitation, for America to maintain political control and guarantee wealth to its populace? Or is there some other ingredient that ensures the solidity and coherence of power?

To answer this fundamental question of solidity and coherence, it is illuminating to examine the empire that lasted the longest—Rome—and inquire as to its secrets. Rome’s durability was founded not simply on military might or economic gain but on something more fundamental and challenging. Its imperial coherence was ensured by good governance over the empire through institutions that were perceived by the governed as just and fair. This is what Rome achieved and why, of all the empires, it endured the longest and is remembered as the most magnificent.129

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Medium 9780253010797

2 - “Everybody is a Petty Trader”: Peri-urban Trade in Postconflict Maputo, Mozambique

Peter D. Little Indiana University Press ePub

Peri-urban Trade in Postconflict Maputo, Mozambique

A COMMON SIGHT IN Africa's sprawling urban and peri-urban areas is the widespread proliferation of petty traders, hawking items from foods to cigarettes to cheap imported electronics. These street hawkers and other self-employed traders represent the fastest-growing segment of the labor market in Africa, attracting the unemployed, the displaced, and the impoverished as well as those seeking to supplement declining wage incomes (ILO 2002; Brown et al. 2010; Hansen and Vaa 2004). Under the economic reform programs described in the introduction, it was assumed that these informal activities would eventually disappear—or at least decline in importance—as private investment grew and nonfarm industries and formal sector employment expanded. This has not been the case and, in fact, the phenomenon has accelerated in the 2000s as cities in Africa have grown faster than in any other world region, but industrialization and job creation has been disappointingly minimal. Moreover, spiraling inflation and declining real incomes make it difficult even for those with salaried employment to subsist without holding multiple occupations, including petty trading. As Mamdani points out in the case of Uganda, economic reforms and restructuring turned waged workers and others into “part-time hawkers” (1990: 438).

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