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Medium 9780253356833

8. The Bandwagon Rolling

David M. Jordan Indiana University Press ePub

There were all the expected reactions to Willkie's withdrawal. Robert Taft exulted that “Mr. Willkie has apparently recognized the inevitable.” His fellow Ohioan, John Bricker, was a bit more gracious, calling the withdrawal “an unselfish and patriotic act.” Senator Warren Austin of Vermont, an internationalist, said, “I hope there will be someone who will come into the field to take up the torch and carry it forward.” Allen Drury described Willkie as “a man who, scorning the use of the airplane, tried to fly by flapping his arms and when that didn't work gave up in disgust.” Willkie's favorite antagonist, Bertie McCormick, scoffed in the Tribune, “from today on Mr. Willkie can be dismissed as a minor nuisance.”1

Thomas E. Dewey, in Albany, said he had no comment on “political questions,” and Roosevelt, asked at his weekly press conference if he could comment on Willkie's withdrawal, responded, “I don't think so.”2

With Willkie out of the race—the race, such as it was—there still remained, with Dewey, four men: John Bricker, Douglas MacArthur, Harold Stassen, and, somewhere between a favorite son and a serious contender, Everett McKinley Dirksen, the Illinois congressman. The Stassen people hoped that Willkie's followers might now fall into their camp; Stassen's stand on most issues was closer to Willkie's than was that of any other candidate, and the two men had once been close. Willkie, however, had resented as a sort of personal betrayal Stassen's entry into the 1944 race as a contender against the 1940 standard-bearer. And Stassen seemed to be, at best, a quasi-candidate, off there with the navy in the South Pacific.

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Medium 9781523095056

8 The Media Is the Message

Ross, Howard J.; Tartaglione, JonRobert Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The medium is the message. This is merely to say that the personal and social consequences of any medium—that is, of any extension of ourselves—result from the new scale that is introduced into our affairs by each extension of ourselves, or by any new technology.

— MARSHALL MCLUHAN

The media’s the most powerful entity on Earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and that’s power. Because they can control the minds of the masses.

— EL-HAJJ MALIK EL-SHABAZZ (MALCOLM X)

In our opening scenario, Barry watches MSNBC to start his day, Joan watches Fox News, and Fatima watches the BBC. How are their attitudes and opinions being shaped by what they see every morning? How does that difference impact the “us versus them” dynamic among them?

How do you get your news?

On June 8, 2017, former FBI director James Comey testified before the United States Senate. Comey had been fired by President Donald Trump a month earlier. The firing created a media firestorm that, under examination, reveals a lot about our culture today. Over the course of the testimony, cable news programs not only covered Comey’s testimony but also added to the viewer’s experience by providing captions, usually in all capital letters, at the bottom of the screen (often called chyrons or lower-thirds). These chyrons are significant because they guide viewers’ understanding of what key points are being made during the broadcast and how a viewer should perceive and react to such points, thus guiding them toward particular conclusions. A look at some of the differences in how three major news outlets, CNN, Fox News, and MSNBC, chose to highlight what was being said is an illustrative example of one of the major reasons we exist in a world of separation.1

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Medium 9780253002112

Conclusion: Is There Hope?

Hillel Bardin Indiana University Press ePub

My years of intense activity with Palestinians taught me several things that many of my fellow Israelis seem to have missed.

First and foremost, I am convinced that the Palestinians were ready to make peace with us long before we suspected it. We Israelis grew up with the belief that Palestinians would never accept a peaceful solution. At best, we supported giving the West Bank back to the Jordanian monarchy so that Jordan would suppress the Palestinian troublemakers for us.

In truth, there were several cases of Palestinians who were assassinated by fellow Palestinians because they worked for peace—just as happened later to Yitzhak Rabin, who was assassinated by a fellow Jew for pursuing a peace policy. In all these cases, the killings did not prove that there was not a willingness for peace.

My personal contacts with Palestinians in a dozen communities—Muslim and Christian, wealthy and poor, educated and simple, refugees and old-timers, urbanites and peasants—convinced me that by the start of the First Intifada in 1987 (at the very latest), most of the Palestinian leadership and most Palestinians favored a peaceful settlement with Israel based on two states for the two peoples.

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Medium 9780253010155

5 What is the Matter with Mexico?

Patrick M. Brantlinger Indiana University Press ePub

Imprisoned country. . . . It’s the children who play with skeletons.

—JUAN BAŃUELOS

Every morning around two hundred Mexican and Central American immigrants gather outside a Home Depot in Washington, D.C., waiting for a house painter or carpenter or plumber to hire them for a few hours or, if they are lucky, for a few days. Many—perhaps most—are “undocumented aliens” or “illegals.” This is a scene repeated in every major city in the United States. If the average gringo does not jump to the conclusion that something is the matter with these “illegals” (besides their being “illegal”), then he or she probably wonders, “What’s wrong with Mexico?”

Why can’t the Mexican economy provide enough jobs to prevent thousands of Mexicans from spilling over the border in search of work, especially when the United States is also struggling with high unemployment? Securing the border and deporting the “illegals” will not help, in part because many U.S. businesses are eager to hire undocumented workers. The jobs they take are supposedly ones that U.S. citizens will not take. Or is it the case that some businesses prefer to hire undocumented workers because they can pay them less and exploit them more easily than they can U.S. citizens?

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Medium 9780253012845

3 Pioneers Diverted

Lynne Ann Hartnett Indiana University Press ePub

LIKE MOST EUROPEAN CITIES OF ITS size in the late nineteenth century, Zurich bustled with activity. With the majestic, snow-kissed Alps that hugged the clear, pale-green waters of Lake Zurich towering in the background, merchants, artisans, financiers, and industrial workers darted off to work each weekday morning along the well-groomed streets of this cosmopolitan city.1 On the weekends, families strolled along the quays bordering the Limmat River to any number of Zurich’s public squares and lush green parks. Here they would often cross paths with the poets and artists who traveled to Zurich to indulge their creativity amid the breathtaking scenery and political freedom that the Swiss canton offered. In the second half of the nineteenth century, Zurich was a center of finance, industry, art, and culture. But it was also a center of learning. With its colleges of theology, arts, jurisprudence, and medicine, the University of Zurich attracted students from across Switzerland and Europe. In the streets that surrounded the university, students babbled to one another in most of the languages of Europe. While this polyglotism surely characterized the corridors and courtyards at any number of the major universities on the Continent, Zurich was unique in that many of the student voices that rose above the clamor of the horse-drawn streetcars trotting by the college belonged to women. As the first university in Europe to admit women on the same basis as men, the University of Zurich exerted a magnetic pull on young women who were anxious to expand their minds and professional opportunities. Between the winter of 1864–1865 and the summer of 1872, “a total of 203 women were enrolled as auditors or students” at the University of Zurich; of these “there were 23 English, 10 Swiss, 10 Germans, 6 Austrians, 6 Americans and 148 Russians,”2 including two provincial noblewomen from the province of Kazan.

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Medium 9781607320661

CHAPTER FIVE: MARIE BYRD LAND Crevasse Junction, Privation Station

Dian Olson Belanger University Press of Colorado ePub

Ned made a pair of leather moccasins tonight out of a
do-it-yourself kit. That’s what Byrd Station is by the way—
a do-it-yourself kit with only half the pieces which
never seem to fit each other.

—Vernon Anderson, 19571

As winter began in April 1956 for the 166 souls left in Antarctica, Admiral Dufek returned to Washington to prepare for “our biggest year, our roughest mission.” Operation Deep Freeze II would involve twelve ships and 3,400 men, almost twice as many of each as the year before. Attention went first to the intimidating inland sites. For Byrd Station to rise above the ice plain of Marie Byrd Land during the short season of sunlight, the entire camp would have to be hauled overland nearly 650 miles, crevasses or no. Yet to be found was a route safe for a train pulled by thirty-five-ton tractors. Yet to be accomplished was all of the transport, construction, and hookup of the station even as the scientists were arriving. Not every-thing would get there. Byrd residents would end up doing a lot of doing without.2

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Medium 9780253015143

1 The Instrumentality of Sex

Robert Lorway Indiana University Press ePub

Tradition, understood as a set of political principles and strategies forged through struggle, can and should be mobilized in the debate about African gay and lesbian identities. But tradition, homosexual or heterosexual, imagined as the repository of an authentic racial or national essence, despite its considerable affective power, should be viewed with a little more circumspection.

—Neville Hoad, African Intimacies

Seventy-year-old wayne witnessed significant social transformations in Katutura with the birth of Namibia’s independence in 1990. When Hanna and I visited his home in late 2002, Wayne spoke about how “gay life” had changed since the end of colonial apartheid. He reminisced about the many secret affairs he had had in the late 1960s with men from the mining companies’ bachelor compounds1. In particular, he enjoyed having sex with the migrating Oshivambo laborers living behind the walled compound located near the entrance to Katutura. “There were only a few ‘women’ like me then … so I had a very active sex life,” Wayne said as a gentle smile folded back the deep expression lines along his face. “Now there are so many moffies.” Wayne’s silver-haired friend who lived with him added in a quiet tone, “Yes, there are so many moffies in Katutura now. You see them with their short, tight shirts walking around in Katutura—they are very open these days. There are even the ones you see as young as ten years old now.”

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Medium 9780253021281

5 “A Camp Is a Feeling Inside”: Urbanization and the Boundaries of Palestinian Refugee Identity

Nell Gabiam Indiana University Press ePub

DURING AN OCTOBER 2010 visit to Syria, I asked project volunteer Wisam how he felt about the recent destruction of the Neirab Camp barracks. Drawing on a comparison with Yarmouk, a camp made up of modern apartment buildings which had become incorporated into the city of Damascus, he replied, “When you go to Yarmouk you say ‘I’m going to Yarmouk Camp,’ not ‘Yarmouk City’” (field notes, October 6, 2010).

Prior to the Syrian war, Yarmouk was known as a success story of refugee integration into a host country (Kodmani-Darwish 1997; Tiltnes 2007). Located in Damascus, it was a commercial hub boasting huge open-air markets as well as modern grocery stores; its streets were lined with shops selling sweets, fashionable clothing and footwear, books, and other goods. With its three- and four-story apartment buildings, Yarmouk easily blended into its surroundings. Many of its Palestinian inhabitants were professionals working as doctors, engineers, and civil servants (UNRWA 2015f). A 2007 report from the Norwegian Fafo Research Foundation cited the camp as “one of the largest commercial centers in the country” (Tiltnes 2007:7–8). Political scientist Bassma Kodmani-Darwish agreed, describing it as “an indistinguishable part of the capital, and one of its most vibrant commercial centers” (1997:98).1 Although it had integrated into the city of Damascus in many ways, Yarmouk was able to maintain its identity as a Palestinian refugee camp.

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Medium 9781576757611

Younger-Culture Drugs of Control

Hartmann, Thom Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

From The Last Hours of Ancient Sunlight:
Waking Up to Personal and Global Transformation

It is not heroin or cocaine that makes one an addict, it is the need to escape from a harsh reality. There are more television addicts, more baseball and football addicts, more movie addicts, and certainly more alcohol addicts in this country than there are narcotics addicts.

—SHIRLEY CHISHOLM (B. 1924)

POLITICIANS AND WRITERS OFTEN REFER TO OUR CURRENT ERA AS the Information Age. The average person alive today, they say, knows more than anybody at any time in the past. Through the Internet, encyclopedias on CDs and DVDs, and 700-channel television, the collective knowledge of the planet is available instantly to even the most ordinary of citizens, they say. It’s a wonderful thing, and we’re spectacularly well informed.

But is this really so?

If we are so well informed, why is it that when you ask most Americans simple questions about the history of the world, you get a blank look? How many of our children have read even one of Shakespeare’s plays all the way through? How many people know with any depth beyond the 15-second sound bites served up on the evening TV news the genesis and the significance of the wars in, for example, Afghanistan or the Congo? Or that the United States government is still stealing Indian lands in Alaska, Arizona, Minnesota, Nevada, New Mexico, Wyoming, and a dozen other states?

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Medium 9781626567924

CONCLUSION: Paradise

Qazi, Farhana Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

There is no greater dream for a believing Muslim than the desire to enter Paradise. The ultimate goal is to breathe heavenly air and recline in gardens from which rivers flow, as the Quran promises, with a tribe of family, friends, and all of God’s Prophets. How one achieves that dream is determined by actions in this life. A believer is told that the hereafter is for those whose acts of charity are stacked higher than the sins of a mortal. But the Afterlife, though an attainable goal, is not without the tests of faith that a Muslim endures on earth.

In an era of romantic terrorism, the rules for entry into Paradise are constantly rewritten, and a Muslim’s rights and responsibilities are redefined. For nearly twenty years, I have witnessed the semantic folly that terrorists use to seduce seemingly innocent girls and women to resolve a grievance. For some women, the decision to join religious extremism is voluntary and is often driven by personal reasons, including the need to belong, to be loved, to be purposeful, and to offer a helping hand to a Muslim community suffering the barbarism of war.

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Medium 9780982417126

6. Real Stimulus: Progressive Programs to Boost the Economy

Baker, Dean Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The country having to endure long periods of high unemployment is wholly unnecessary for the simple reason that we know how to prevent it. Ever since Keynes, we understood that high unemployment, as occurred in the Great Depression or what we are experiencing in the housing crash recession, is caused by a lack of demand in the economy. The way to address high unemployment is to create demand. In other words, the answer was and still is to throw money at the problem.

That solution is not meant facetiously. Typically, we think that the economy's ability to meet the needs of the nation or the world is limited by the supply of resources: the number of workers; the output capacity of our factories and carrying capacity of our transportation system; the amount of retail, office, and residential space; and availability of natural resources, such as land, water, and oil. Though this thinking may be true in normal times (even then, the limits are not as hard and fast as is often portrayed), it clearly is not true during a period when the unemployment rate is in the double digits. The main economic problem in that situation is to generate demand for the huge amounts of excess capacity in almost every area.

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Medium 9781576752920

CHAPTER 4: MARRY YOUR ENEMY

Derber, Charles Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

They didn’t do everything they could have before 9/11 to prevent the tragedy that was 9/11. [The Clinton team] built a plan [to dismantle al Qaeda] and turned it over to the Bush administration. This administration failed to do its duty to protect the United States of America before 9/11. 1

GENERAL WESLEY CLARK,

January 12, 2004

MEET BEVERLY ECKHART

Beverly is the wife of Sean Eckhart, who was killed in the World Trade Center on 9/11. On August 8, 2003, at an event commemorating the anniversary of the nuclear bombing of Nagasaki by the United States, Beverly spoke to a group in Nagasaki.

“On September 11, 2001, my husband, Sean, called me from the 105th floor of the World Trade Center. The fates, in their mercy, granted us enough time to say what we needed to say to each other before the building collapsed and he was carried to his death.”

Beverly has joined a group called September 11 Families for a Peaceful Tomorrow. The group is speaking out vigorously against the president’s war on terrorism. It argues that events leading up to 9/11 have been covered up, that the military response by President Bush is going to incite more terrorism, and that the police, fire fighters, and other “first responders” are being underfunded. 100

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Medium 9780253016249

14 Kilbinger House

Jane Blaffer Owen Indiana University Press ePub

For it is a heart silence to which we must attain. . . . But, like those places fathoms deep in the sea which no storms reach, no turmoil disturbs, so the inner chamber of one’s being may be still whatever the outward conditions.

—Lida A. Churchill, The Magic Seven: 7 Steps to Perfect Spiritual Power

 

The first reborn of my adopted family of Harmonist houses was No. V on Steammill Street. Kilbinger House, on the southeast corner of Main and Granary, became my second child and, like its sister, a hungry orphan (25 on town map). An arm could reach through a wide crack in the brick of its west wall. If these bricks could be carefully reknit, the state might be shamed into doing necessary repairs to its building next door, Harmonist Community House No. 2, an approach I called “whitemail,” as it encourages positive action by example rather than coercing by extortion. Missing roof shingles from the Kilbinger house invited rainwater. The house, built in the 1820s, tottered on the brink of the same steep cliff that New Harmony has hovered upon since its inception and from which it has been, so far, consistently and mercifully rescued.

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Medium 9781576757611

The Story of Carl

Hartmann, Thom Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

From Screwed: The Undeclared War against the Middle Class

CARL LOVED BOOKS AND HE LOVED HISTORY. AFTER SPENDING two years in the army as part of the American occupation forces in Japan immediately after World War II, Carl was hoping to graduate from college and teach history—perhaps even at the university level—if he could hang on to the GI Bill and his day job long enough to get his PhD. But in 1950, when he’d been married just a few months, the surprise came that forced him to drop out of college: his wife was pregnant with their first child.

This was an era when husbands worked, wives tended the home, and being a good father and provider was one of the highest callings to which a man could aspire. Carl dropped out of school, kept his 9-to-5 job at a camera shop, and got a second job at a metal fabricating plant, working with molten metal from 7:00 p.m. to 4:00 a.m. For much of his wife’s pregnancy and his newborn son’s first year, he slept three hours a night and caught up on the weekends, but in the process he earned enough to get them an apartment and prepare for the costs of raising a family. Over the next 45 years, he continued to work in the steel and machine industry, in the later years as a bookkeeper/manager for a Michigan tool-and-die company as three more sons were born.

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Medium 9780253018793

1 Syria during the Democratic Years

Kevin W. Martin Indiana University Press ePub

ON FEBRUARY 24, 1954, military dictator Colonel Adib al-Shishakli resigned as president of Syria and fled the country, thereby ending a five-year period (“The Era of Military Coups”) during which all political activity in Syria had been circumscribed by the will and objectives of senior military officers. Four years later, on February 21, 1958, the United Arab Republic (UAR), a pan-Arabist union of Syria and Egypt, was proclaimed, producing a three-year subsumption of all political activity beneath several layers of corporatist mass-mobilization organizations that operated under the authority of Gamal Abdel Nasser and his local surrogates. The interim period of 1954–1958, remembered locally as the “Democratic Years,” provides the temporal framework of this book.1 The retrospective designation of this period expresses a widely held revulsion for the periods of war, oppression, and occupation that preceded 1954, as well as equally intense disappointment with the increasingly brutal and repressive regimes that followed.

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