1661 Chapters
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Medium 9781576757611

Democracy Is Inevitable

Hartmann, Thom Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

From What Would Jefferson Do?: A Return to Democracy

IF DEMOCRACY IS THE NATURAL STATE OF ALL MAMMALS, INCLUDing humans, it must be something purely temporary that has prevented it for so much of the “civilized” period of the past few millennia (even though it has continued to exist throughout this time among tribal people). The force that slowed its inevitable emergence was a dysfunctional story in our culture, which led to thousands of years of the sanctioning of slavery, the oppression of women and minorities, and the deaths of hundreds of millions. It was the story that our essential nature is sinful.

Thomas Hobbes and others have assumed that we’d need a time machine to know how bad life really was 20,000 or 50,000 years ago. But there are still humans living essentially the same way that your ancestors and mine did, and if we look at their lives we find, by and large, that Hobbes was mistaken.

I remember vividly the first time I experienced this. I was sitting around a campfire with half a dozen or so men who were members of a southwestern Native American tribe. We’d just done a sweat, and after some of the heavy talk and ritual associated with that sacred ceremony the conversation gradually turned to “guy talk”: telling stories, making each other laugh, and poking fun.

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Medium 9781605097060


Hartmann, Thom Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9781576753453


Derber, Charles Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9781626562691

6 The Case for a Pen Pal

Schenwar, Maya Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Only connect.

E. M. Forster, Howard’s End

Kayla’s pregnancy and postbirth incarceration in 2013 breaks me of my nostalgic fondness for letters. The urgency of the situation—the baby—strains the space between us, and at this overcrowded prison letters take three weeks to be processed upon arrival. I am dropping envelopes in the mail slot with a kind of reckless uncertainty, knowing that many of my messages will fall useless into Kayla’s lap, bearing outdated questions or now-irrelevant tips. But as our correspondence continues, I begin to think: The reason I once loved writing to Kayla was because it offered a chance for deep, sustained communication—a communication that doesn’t usually happen between people who are, in so many ways, hundreds of miles apart.

I’ve corresponded with a couple of dozen prison pen pals over the past eight years. The “use” of pen-palship has made itself visible in small and large ways over the course of these loosely threaded friendships. Sometimes, a piercing phrase will spring up out of the envelope—a truth that will never leave my mind. At other times, a prisoner will contribute a vital bit of information that proves unavailable anywhere else. Often, though, the “use” of pen-palship is not in the particulars of what is being communicated, but in the act of communicating.

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Medium 9781623490140

7. The War in the Woods: Tough Love between Tree Huggers and Timber Beasts

Paul Walden Hansen Texas A&M University Press ePub


The War in the Woods

Tough Love between Tree Huggers and Timber Beasts

Deforestation was a, or the, major factor in all the collapses of past societies described in this book.

—Jared Diamond, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed

Being an agent of change is gratifying only in retrospect.

—John Heissenbuttel, former executive, American Forest and Paper Association

THE FACT THAT THE ENVIRONMENTALISTS are pejoratively called “tree huggers” and the forest products employees are called “timber beasts” should be the first clue of the deep-seated, historic hostility between forest products businesses and some of the environmental community. For decades, the two warring factions have fought each other to a stalemate on a number of issues. Ironically, at times both sides have done so in direct conflict with their own core interests and oft-stated objectives. To best protect from irresponsible timber harvest here and abroad, to provide a stable business environment, and to assure a reliable supply of domestic wood and rural jobs, they need each other. They should be allies behind a vision of sustainable forestry in the United States. With some listening and a little compromise from both sides, they could be.

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Medium 9781574415537

Chapter 20 | Coming Back (1927–1932)

Carol O’Keefe Wilson University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 20

Coming Back (1927-1932)


an Moody had begun to fulfill his campaign promise well before he was a candidate for governor. He accomplished his goal of restoring integrity to the state’s top office in large part through his tireless efforts initiating investigations and litigation to expose, halt, and correct the effects of the exploitation that had taken place under the Ferguson administration. Moody’s administration gave way to stricter attention to state department spending, in particular, ensuring those in charge of letting contracts for textbooks and highways based their decisions on competitive bids for quality products at rational prices. Within Moody’s first two months in office, more than thirty positions were abolished within the state highway department. As part of his clean-up efforts, Moody also pushed for laws to restrict wholesale pardoning.1

The House Investigating Committee issued its findings in late January when both Fergusons were again private citizens. Though damning, in the collective opinion of the committee members, the charges were not sufficient to warrant criminal prosecution. Jim, as a private citizen, had imposed himself where he had no authority and had used that usurped power for personal gain. Under his direction, the State Highway Commission had let contracts for highway maintenance at outrageously inflated prices and participated in trading favors. But the customary penalty for such offenses was removal from office and Jim Ferguson held no office. That fact, coupled with the committee’s assessment that the case did not warrant criminal charges, produced a dilemma for the body charged with offering a recommendation for punishment. They made none, essentially closing the matter. 2

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Medium 9780253018618

Archiving Violence

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

a conversation on the making of Poto Mitan and Bad Friday

Mark Schuller and Deborah A. Thomas

TWO RECENTLY RELEASED films on the Caribbean—Bad Friday and Poto Mitan—build on ethnographic research to engage issues related to structural and material violence, social justice, human rights, and collaborative filmmaking.

Filmic representation has a long history within the discipline of anthropology, but we are far from the days of so-called “ethnographic film,”—those real-time representations of aspects of community life and practice that shape classics like Nanook of the North, or the Axe Fight. Today, anthropologists are using film and other forms of visual representation as methodological interventions and as dissemination strategies, often collaborating with research partners in order to create broader dialogues about the issues they face, and developing a contextual frame through which ethnographic work can more obviously be positioned as a kind of relation of complicity.

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Medium 9781626568976

7 Embrace the Tension: How our differences can make a difference

Jay, Jason Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Up until now, we have been working with you to get unstuck. If you are practicing the exercises, you have brought a conversation back to life that had previously been stuck. You named and acknowledged your old way of being and bait, perhaps in an explicit and public way. You shared what is meaningful and important to you, as well as the future you want to create for your relationship and the wider world. We expect this has helped you and the other person in the conversation to break through old patterns and begin moving forward together.

You may also notice other contexts in your life and work where you have no personal history of getting stuck, pre-existing pitfalls, or baggage. You’re not stuck yet, and you’d prefer it stayed that way. Yet there is still some bridge to cross, some tension between how you see the world and how (you think) “they” see the world. Perhaps you are part of a group, organization, or political party that has a polarized history with them, even if you haven’t personally been involved. Perhaps they have an expectation or stereotype about how you are going to be, and you have an expectation about how they are going to be. In those contexts you want to avoid pitfalls and instead have conversations that are authentic, powerful, engaging, and creative from the start.

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Medium 9781609945879

12. How To Create Living-Wage Jobs That are Good for the Planet

van Gelder, Sarah Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub


Officially, the “Great Recession” ended in the second quarter of 2009. For some people, the recovery is well under way. Corporate profits are at or above pre-recession levels, and the CEOs of the two hundred biggest corporations averaged over $10 million in compensation in 2010—a 23 percent increase over 2009.

But for most Americans, there’s no recovery. Twenty-five million are unemployed, under-employed, or have given up looking for work. Forty-five percent of unemployed people have been without a job for more than twenty-seven weeks, the highest percentage since the Bureau of Labor Statistics started keeping track in 1948.

American workers have become expendable to many of the corporations that run the economy; NAFTA and other trade deals opened the floodgates to outsourcing. Other jobs are being eliminated, or hours, pay, and benefits are being cut.

As corporations amass greater power, wealth, and influence, they successfully lobby for tax breaks and federal subsidies and set the national policy agenda. And as long as they continue to cut jobs, the economy will not have sufficient demand to recover.

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Medium 9781576752920


Derber, Charles Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

You want to win this election, you better change the subject. You wanna change this subject, you better have a war. ROBERT DE NIRO, as a political operative in the 1997 film Wag the Dog

The popular film Wag the Dog portrayed a president who invented a war in a faraway place to distract attention from domestic scandal that could destroy his presidency. While this plot might have seemed tailor-made for President Clinton during Monica-gate, President George W. Bush has his own domestic problem, which I call Econogate in Chapter 7. How does he paper over a huge gap between his whole domestic agenda and the will of the American people? Polls show that the majority of the people feel the regime is going in the wrong direction on almost every issue—indeed, that the domestic agenda is directly counter to their own interests.

Hollywood provided the answer to Bush’s domestic problems. His advisors have promoted the war on terror as if they were scriptwriters for Wag the Dog. Mark McKinnon, Bush’s chief media advisor in the 2000 campaign, said after 9/11 that homeland security and the war on terrorism throw “a huge blanket over the entire domestic agenda. The domestic agenda right now is security. It’s covering up everything else.”1 Only a tad more circumspect, Matthew Dowd, chief pollster for the president, said regarding the merits of the war on terror, “Issues that the Democrats may have an advantage on may get shoved aside, like the environment or Social Security.”2 The president’s chief political advisor, Karl Rove, has been laser-focused on the virtues of the war on terror, shoring up the GOP base while capturing suburban Independents who might defect if the campaign focused on domestic concerns.123

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Medium 9780253356833

24. FDR Strikes Back

David M. Jordan Indiana University Press ePub

The Democratic strategists had decided that, since Roosevelt was going to New York City, they would schedule a motorcade for him, all through the town, so that the maximum number of people could get a look at the President in person, watching him wave and smile. It was exactly the opposite of the way Tom Dewey campaigned; he did not care to be exposed to the public in that way, and he liked to do his communicating over the radio.

Republicans in the past had complained about “Roosevelt weather”; it seemed that it was always sunny and balmy when FDR appeared before the public, and this fine weather added to his aura. For October 21 in New York City, however, the weather was bad. It was going to be rainy, cold, windy and dreary all day, the tail end of a hurricane that had gone up the coast. Such a day, however, turned out to be “Roosevelt weather” after all; it was just what his campaign needed.

The plans for the day, set up principally by Mayor LaGuardia, included a tour of Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Manhattan, fifty-one miles in all. There were three stops in Brooklyn, at the Army base, New York Navy Yard, and a campaign rally for Senator Wagner at Ebbets Field, the home of the Dodgers; then followed a visit to a unit of the Waves at Hunter College in the Bronx, a tour through Harlem, and then to Times Square and the garment district in Manhattan. LaGuardia estimated ahead of time that some two million persons would see the President.

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Medium 9781607320661


Dian Olson Belanger University Press of Colorado ePub

I don’t think you ever get over a winter in Antarctica and unless
you did winter over you don’t
know the Antarctic.

—William E. Lowe, RM1, 19571

However the tour went for them individually—and for most IGY participants, civilian and military, it was positive overall (at least in remembrance)—their time on the ice was a unique and powerful experience. Appreciating that they were living under conditions light years removed from those of the historic heroes who preceded them by half a century, they knew that they, too, were making history. It would matter how well they met the challenges—more so when it became clear that the International Geophysical Year would not simply go away at the end of 1958, as originally conceived. The flavor of life at each station was distinctly its own, yet a number of factors could be seen to influence the overall level of contentment and productivity.

Antarcticans of the 1950s had much in common. They complained of overcrowding in summer, “tourists” who got in the way and needed special attention (especially politicians and reporters), their mates’ musical tastes, the lack of fresh tomatoes, the unalterable distance between themselves and a kiss. They endured the tedium of housekeeping (even a station in a snowfield got “very dirty and dusty in no time at all”), air so dry their noses bled and fingers split, winter insomnia (“the Big Eye”), and each other’s annoying little habits. They thrilled to the prolonged glories of multihued sunsets, stars so brilliant and “close” they could almost be touched, the stark grandeur and crystalline purity of their surroundings, the kept promise of sunrise after months of darkness.2

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Medium 9781576752920


Derber, Charles Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

They didn’t do everything they could have before 9/11 to prevent the tragedy that was 9/11. [The Clinton team] built a plan [to dismantle al Qaeda] and turned it over to the Bush administration. This administration failed to do its duty to protect the United States of America before 9/11. 1


January 12, 2004


Beverly is the wife of Sean Eckhart, who was killed in the World Trade Center on 9/11. On August 8, 2003, at an event commemorating the anniversary of the nuclear bombing of Nagasaki by the United States, Beverly spoke to a group in Nagasaki.

“On September 11, 2001, my husband, Sean, called me from the 105th floor of the World Trade Center. The fates, in their mercy, granted us enough time to say what we needed to say to each other before the building collapsed and he was carried to his death.”

Beverly has joined a group called September 11 Families for a Peaceful Tomorrow. The group is speaking out vigorously against the president’s war on terrorism. It argues that events leading up to 9/11 have been covered up, that the military response by President Bush is going to incite more terrorism, and that the police, fire fighters, and other “first responders” are being underfunded. 100

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Medium 9780253006271

3 “Free and French”: La Constitution de la colonie française de Saint-Domingue

Walsh, John Patrick Indiana University Press ePub

On 7 June 1802 Toussaint was taken hostage by French troops and soon thereafter shipped to France aboard le Héros, a vessel whose nomenclature suddenly conveyed a simple irony for his captor, Napoleon Bonaparte.1 It must have been a theatrical scene: a hero of the protracted drama of the Haitian Revolution was on his way to a tragic death. Toussaint arrived in the harbor of Brest by mid-July. Nearly two weeks later, Bonaparte decreed, “The so-called Toussaint Louverture will be transferred and held prisoner at the Fort de Joux. He will be held in secret, with neither the ability to write nor communicate with any individual other than his servant.”2 Bonaparte’s minister of war, General Berthier, relayed these orders to the local prefect, Jean De Bry, and inquired about the security of the fortress in the Jura, the mountains of eastern France on the border with Switzerland. De Bry responded to his superiors on 15 August: “I have inspected the premises myself, and I can assure you in advance that there will be no difficulty in carrying out the complete execution of the will of the government.”3 Unfortunately for De Bry, the ink had barely dried on his letter when two prisoners at the fort, General d’Andigné and le Comte de Suzannet, escaped in the middle of the night.4

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Medium 9781626566743

17 Panama Canal Negotiations and Graham Greene

Perkins, John Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Saudi Arabia made many careers. Mine was already well on the way, but my successes in the desert kingdom certainly opened new doors for me. By 1977, I had built a small empire that included a staff of around twenty professionals headquartered in our Boston office, and a stable of consultants from MAIN’s other departments and offices scattered across the globe. I had become the youngest partner in the firm’s hundred-year history. In addition to my title of Chief Economist, I was named manager of Economics and Regional Planning. I was lecturing at Harvard and other venues, and newspapers were soliciting articles from me about current events.1 I owned a sailing yacht that was docked in Boston Harbor next to the historic battleship Constitution, “Old Ironsides,” renowned for subduing the Barbary pirates not long after the Revolutionary War. I was being paid an excellent salary, and I had equity that promised to elevate me to the rarefied heights of millionaire well before I turned forty. True, my marriage had fallen apart, but I was spending time with women on several continents.

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