1388 Chapters
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Medium 9781934989142

D. The miracle of listening

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9781934989111

Chapter 44: Positive and Negative Teaching

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9780856833656

Hippias or On the Beautiful and Noble: Summary Dedicated to Piero de-Medici, Father of His People

Ficino Ficino Shepheard Walwyn (Publishers) Ltd ePub

BEAUTY IS DISCUSSED in the Phaedrus , the Symposium , and Hippias. In Hippias Socrates opposes Hippias, the Sophist, who, though he knew not, believed that he knew.

This not knowing renders the mind impervious to instruction; and so, instead of teaching what beauty is, Socrates shows what it is not and refutes false opinions. He defines a Sophist as a man who, for the sake of money and honour, strives to seem wise rather than to be wise. This is how Hippias is described in the prologue and at the end of the prologue.

Taking his cue from one of the speeches of Hippias on the subject of noble duties, Socrates asks what that intrinsic beauty is by which everything else becomes beautiful. For particulars must be referred to the universal inherent in them, and the universal which is inherent in particulars must be referred to that universal which transcends particulars.

For individual noble men are rendered noble by the beauty which is common to all of them, but the beauty common to the many is imprinted by divine nature, just as a symbol is imprinted by a seal. Each multiplicity is referred to the one which is inherent in it, and this inherent one is referred to the one which transcends multiplicity.

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Medium 9780931432781

Chapter 9: The Ways of Dying

Kent Nerburn New World Library ePub

“Death will come, always out of season.”

Big Elk

Omaha Chief

I was born upon the prairie where the wind blew free and there was nothing to break the light of the sun. I was born where there were no enclosures and where everything drew a free breath.

I want to die there, and not within walls.

Ten Bears

When an infant dies before its fourth day of life, mourning shall continue only five days.

Then shall you gather the little boys and girls at the house of mourning, and at the funeral feast a speaker shall address the children and bid them be happy once more, even though by a death, gloom has been cast over them.

Then shall the black clouds roll away and the sky shall show blue once more. Then shall the children be again in sunshine.

Constitution of the Five Nations

If my warriors are to fight they are too few; if they are to die they are too many.

Hendrick

What! Would you wish that there should be no dried trees in the woods and no dead branches on a tree that is growing old?

A seventy-year-old Huron

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Medium 9780253342485

Translators' Foreword

Martin Heidegger Indiana University Press ePub

Translators' Foreword

These lecture courses present particular difficulties for the translators, given that they were compiled from Heidegger's notes and the notes of students in his lecture courses, rather than from material Heidegger prepared for publication. Details on the text sources and compilation are provided in the editors' afterwords, included at the end of this volume. When the abbreviated or truncated character of the notes, particularly in the appendices, was retained by the editors of the German edition, we, too, have retained this insofar as it was still possible to provide a sensible and readable translation into English.

We have also endeavored to maintain, whenever possible, consistency regarding our translation of terms from the several lecture courses and appendices; we have provided for the reader a glossary which will indicate the terms we have employed to render the more or less technical terms of Heidegger's German. Some German terms (such as “Zusammenhang”), however, cannot be reliably translated by a single English word, and the glossary will also help to guide the reader here. In a few cases, additional words have been inserted in brackets in order to render a grammatically acceptable English translation. (Unfortunately, these will not always be distinguishable from the editors' insertions.) Occasionally, Heidegger capitalizes important terms like “How” and “When,” in effect rendering them nouns, which in German would then be capitalized; but he does not always do so. We have capitalized the terms when it was so in the German text; otherwise, we have put them into single quotation marks or, when appropriate, italics.

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Medium 9780253347046

8. Quotidianism: Every Day, or Keeping Time Holy

John D. Caputo Indiana University Press ePub

Give us today the bread we need from day to day.

(Matt. 6:11, my translation)

Having reflected on the first days of creation, and having given a somewhat symbolic interpretation of the seventh day as a supplementary day of re-creation needed to mend what goes amiss in creation, we turn to the nature of the “day” itself, the way we pass the day in the kingdom, from morning to night, each day of our lives.

The event that is harbored in the name of God is an event of time, signifying a thoroughly temporal sense of life. The structure of that event is captured quite nicely by John Dominic Crossan, who wrote some years ago that the basic idea that Jesus had was to keep time holy and to ward off the idolatry of time:

[T]he basic attack of Jesus is on an idolatry of time…. The one who plans, projects, and programs a future, even and especially if one covers the denial of finitude by calling it God’s future disclosed or disclosable to oneself, is in idolatry against the sovereign freedom of God’s advent to create one’s time and establish one’s historicity. This is the central challenge of Jesus…. It is the view of time as man’s future that Jesus opposed in the name of time as God’s present, not as eternity beyond us but as advent within us. Jesus simply took the commandment seriously: keep time holy!1

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Medium 9781934989128

The Fragmentation Of Man is Making Him Sick

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9781934989111

Chapter 28: The Purpose of Life

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9781934989128

Awareness and the Cessation of Dreams

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9780253356710

Chapter Eight. Klein’s Historical-Mathematical Investigations in the Context of Husserl’s Phenomenology of Science

Burt C. Hopkins Indiana University Press ePub

Part One of our study explored Klein’s interpretation of Husserl’s turn to the problem of history in his last works. We argued that Klein, alone among Husserl’s commentators, recognized that this turn is in harmony with Husserl’s lifelong investigation of the phenomenological origins of the ideal meaning formations that make both philosophy and science possible. We also argued that prior to Husserl’s account (in the final phase of his work) of the essential connection between historical inquiry and the quest for the epistemological foundations of scientific knowledge, Klein’s own investigations of the history of mathematics recognized the same essential connection. We showed, however, that the priority and thus independence of Klein’s investigations in relation to Husserl’s is a complicated affair.

To begin with, Klein does not hesitate—though necessarily after the fact—to situate his own mathematical investigations in terms of Husserl’s articulation of the phenomenological problem of the sedimentation of significance. As we have seen, this problem concerns forgetting the original evidence belonging to the origination of the meaning formations that make a given science (e.g., geometry) possible. Klein accepts Husserl’s argument that sedimentation is inseparable from both the primal establishment of science and the historicity of its phenomenal status as a tradition. We have also seen that Husserl characterizes the method of historical reflection that reactivates the forgotten original evidence as involving a back-and-forth or zigzag movement. Beginning with what for Husserl was the present crisis situation of the sciences, reflection strives to uncover the original accomplishments that gave and had to give their formations meaning. As for the crisis itself, we singled out Husserl’s account of the role that the unintelligibility of the epistemological foundations belonging to the meaning formations that make science possible played in the breakdown situation of his time. Finally, we advanced the thesis—but not yet supported it—that the operative method of Klein’s mathematical investigations is captured by Husserl’s articulation of the peculiar zigzag movement characteristic of the method of historical reflection. And we suggested that it is precisely this method that permits—explicitly in Husserl’s case and implicitly in Klein’s—their historical investigations to overcome the traditional opposition between the epistemological investigation and the historical explanation of science, which is to say, to overcome the problem of historicism.

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Medium 9781934989128

Without Goodness and Love, One Is Not Educated

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9780253012722

Four Count, Measure, and Count Again

Táíwò, Olúfémi Indiana University Press ePub

In other words, at the commencement of the second decade of the twenty-first century, the government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and its constituent federated states do not know roughly how many people inhabit their physical space or how that population is distributed among the units.

IN THE previous chapter, I made the case for knowledge and for pursuing it for its own sake. Certainly, some who are inclined to be mischievous may have read the case as one whose author does not care a hoot for the application of the knowledge so produced or even for any type of applied knowledge. The more charitable, maybe even sympathetic, reader would have paid attention to the other half of the title that references the rewards of creating a knowledge society. In this chapter, I spell out one kind of knowledge, and I discuss at length how pursuing it will help our societies be immeasurably better than they are at the moment. I am referring to the importance of counting and the bounteous harvest that we as a people stand to reap from a full, unabashed engagement in and with it.

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Medium 9780253372031

3. Third Lecture

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

10

W R I T I N G S OF C H A R L E S S. P E I R C E , 1872-1878

Third Lecture

MS 192: Summer-Fall 1872

I begin with the soul of man. For we first learn that brutes have souls from the facts of the human soul. What brutes and other men do & suffer would be quite unintelligible to us, if we had not a standard within ourselves with which to measure others.

At the first dawn of cognition we began to compare and consider the objects about us. Our thought first assigned to things their right places and reduced the wild chaos of sensuous impressions to a luminous order. But after thought had classified everything a residuum was left over, which had no place in the classification. This was thought itself. What is this which is left over? After thought has considered everything, it is obliged next to think of itself. Here it is at once means and end. The question is, what is thought,—and the question can only be answered by means of thought.

This is a noticeable circumstance. How can thought think of itself, it is asked; that would be an insoluble contradiction. It is as though a tone should be heard of itself, or a beam of light be seen by itself.

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Medium 9781934989128

"Why Should It Happen to Us?"

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9780253372048

9. Rood's Chromatics

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

Rood's Chromatics, 1879

47

Rood's Chromatics1

P 149: Nation 29 (16 October 1879): 260

The utility and significance of visual perceptions distract attention from the mere sensuous delight of color and light; yet few elementary pleasures are so insatiable. The spectrum, however often it may be seen, never ceases to afford the same sense of joy. The prices paid for luminous and colored stones, though exaggerated by fashion, could only be maintained on the solid foundation of a universal pleasure in color and light, together with a sense of similitude between this feeling and those which the contemplation of beauty, youth, and vigor produces. This pleasure makes one of the fascinations of the scientific study of color. Besides this, the curious three-fold character of color which assimilates it to tri-dimensional space, invites the mathematician to the exercise of his powers. And then there is the psychological phenomenon of a multitude of sensations as unaltered by the operation of the intellect, and as near to the first impression of sense, as any perception which it is in our power to extricate from the complexus of consciousness—these sensations given, too, in endless variety, and yet their whole diversity resulting only from a triple variation of quantity of such a sort that all of them are brought into intelligible relationship with each other, although it is perfectly certain that quantity and relation cannot be objects of sensation, but are conceptions of the understanding. So that the question presses, What is there, then, in color which is not relative, what difference which is indescribable, and in what way does the pure sense-element enter into its composition?

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