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Medium 9780946439980

August 1960

Wilfred R. Bion Karnac Books ePub

α

It is advisable to revert to the patient's dream over and over again—elaboration 1, 2, 3…n; but not simply as dreams to be interpreted and related to a stimulus. They must be related to the dream-work that the stimulus has stimulated. How is this to be done? It may be easiest with the psychotic patient, for with him there is more chance of being able to see the stimulus, i.e. the consulting room scene itself, and his dream-work reaction to that situation. In particular it would seem necessary at first to make a distinction between α and projective identification—or at least to show that ‘excessive projective identification’ means projective identification to the exclusion of other methods of dream-work-α. The methods of dream-work-α are not the same as those of dream-work which is related to interpretation of dreams, but are the reciprocal of dream-work and are related to the capacity to dream, i.e. to transform into dream, events that are grasped only on a rational, conscious level. In this way α is the reciprocal of dream-work. Furthermore, it suggests that the element of ‘resistance’ in dream-work, as elucidated by Freud, is a compound of two elements: resistance, as described by Freud; and a felt need to convert the conscious rational experience into dream, rather than a felt need to convert the dream into conscious rational experience. The ‘felt need’ is very important; if it is not given due significance and weight, the true dis-ease of the patient is being neglected; it is obscured by the analyst's insistence on interpretation of the dream.

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Medium 9781771870849

The Man Who Wasn’t There

Ratzlaff, Lloyd Thistledown Press ePub

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As I was walking up the stair, I met a man who wasn’t there. He wasn’t there again today. I wish, I wish he’d stay away.

— Hughes Mearns

WHEN I FIRST HEARD NORTHROP FRYE’S MONIKER for his childhood deity, “the Old Bugger in the Sky,” I laughed at the dead-on characterization of the god I also grew up with — and at the same time winced, knowing that most of my kin would consider it blasphemous. Frye believed that no one in the western world could be considered educated without having read Shakespeare and the Bible. The “fifteen-minute world” that hatched me (a cousin calls it that for the time it takes to drive through) gave us a bit of Shakespeare and a great deal of Bible, and to this day my tongue is heavily accented by the Authorized King James Version.

I catch myself muttering at the Invisible Man who stopped me from taking what Pam Lawson offered under a full moon at midnight in the water of Pike Lake, when we were nineteen and only the two of us were there. And today the old man can still drown out a robin’s trill on an Easter Sunday stroll; for guilt, as Garrison Keillor observes, is the gift that keeps on giving.

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Medium 9780253006868

V. The event The vocabulary of its essence

Martin Heidegger Indiana University Press ePub

Regarding the introduction to The event

 

 

The following delimitation is to make less ambiguous the otherwise still-fluctuating lexicon which must constantly maintain a transitional breadth.

The event

expresses the explicitly self-clearing inceptuality of the beginning. The inaugural truth of beyng preserves in itself, as inceptual unification, the inaugural unity of the appropriating and the appropriated. The word “inceptual” always means: appropriated out of the beginning and consigned to the inceptuality. But it does not mean incipient in the sense of mere starting. Being does not start and stop, nor does it exist “perpetually” in the duration of beings. Being begins and does so essentially: it is the appropriating beginning. The event lights up the clearing of the beginning in such a way that the beginning does not merely emerge and bring to appearance along with it something inceptual, as in the first beginning, but, instead, such that the beginning, qua the beginning, is consigned to the truth of its inceptuality, a truth which is therefore illuminated.

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Medium 9781934989128

The Problem of Search

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9780253356710

Chapter Seventeen. The Concept of ’Aριθμς

Burt C. Hopkins Indiana University Press ePub

Klein’s desedimentation of the presuppositions of the Neoplatonic mathematical background of Diophantus’s Arithmetic shows that they are informed by two interrelated strata of presuppositions. Klein reactivates the first of these, which belong to the Neoplatonic stratum proper, by first articulating it and then tracing it to its roots in Plato’s philosophy of mathematics. As we have seen, the Neoplatonic stratum is characterized by the peculiarity that theoretical arithmetic does not deal directly with ριθμο but with their kinds (εδη). Likewise, logistic is characterized by the peculiarity that, while the nature of the material (λη) proper to the ριθμο with which it deals is rendered inconsistently, a dominant view nevertheless emerges that this material is sensible and that, therefore, logistic is not a science (πιστμη) but an art (τέχνη). We have also seen that Klein traces the roots of this stratum to the absence in Plato of any reference either to ριθμς or to ριθμο in the definitions of arithmetic and logistic. It is Klein’s thesis that the definitions proper to each, as having to do with the εδη of the odd and the even, point to the fact that “their formulation [in Plato] presupposes a theoretical point of view” (63/59). However, “the rigor of these definitions consists precisely in the fact that they articulate only one of the two characteristics of the ριθμς,” that is, their kinds, while they “avoid the indefiniteness which attends the term ‘ριθμς’ insofar as by itself it does not reveal the sort of definite objects it is a definite amount of, i.e., of what the definite amount is meant to be a definite amount of.” Consequently, even though these definitions presuppose a theoretical interest, they do not presuppose that the ριθμο themselves are theoretical, that is, that they are ριθμο of “pure” units. Thus, the definitions hold irrespective of whether sensible or noetic material (λη) is understood to underlie counting and calculation and therefore arithmetic and logistic. For Klein, however, owing to the fact that only sensible “units” “are amenable to the partitioning which exactitude of calculation requires” (64/60), the Neoplatonic mathematicians Olympiodorus and the Gorgias scholiast “are forced from the very beginning to regard the ‘hylic’ monads, i.e., the monads which form the λη of the definite amounts,” as sensible.

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Medium 9780253011244

Strategies for “Constructing Belief” in the African Public Sphere: “The Colonization of the Lifeworld”

Jean Godefroy Bidima Indiana University Press ePub

The Colonization of the Lifeworld

NONIDENTITY HAS BEEN perpetually stifled in Africa by discourses and practices of repression. Research is needed to show how the political dimension affects the concept of possibility in Critical Theory and in the confrontation between African modernity and its possibilities. Further, the epistemo-political importance of such an inquiry must be demonstrated. Finally, given the multiplicity of parameters that may be generated by every discourse on the political domain or political practice, we must identify the site from which our own interrogation of African political reality will emerge.

What would justify an analysis of African politics with respect to the concept of possibility in Critical Theory? For starters, the major task of critical theory (by contrast to traditional theory) is to connect the discriminating mission of reason, emptied of its formalist/instrumental aspect, with the historical content of human actions. The relation of reason to history requires an inquiry into the ways rationality is deformed in political life. Moreover, speaking about rationality in politics supposes putting into perspective the multiple rationalizations by which repression appears and becomes permanent. Critical Theory occupies itself with thinking about domination, beginning from the domination of the concept, and through the immediacy of relations, it reveals the multiple mediations by which law is elaborated, inscribed, subscribed to, and proclaimed.

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Medium 9780856832574

Third Book of the Republic

Arthur Farndell Shepheard-Walwyn ePub
Medium 9781855757233

Chapter Eight: All you need is love:All you need is love: on the difficulties of sustaining an adult-to-adult love relationshipon the difficulties of sustaining an adult-to-adult love relationship

Paul Marcus Karnac Books ePub

“How alike are the groans of love to those of the dying”

Malcolm Lowry

One day, while I was walking to my office on Queens Boulevard, two images caught my attention. The first was a young, capped man who was walking with his girlfriend while they were engaged in lively discussion. He was holding an umbrella over her head while he got wet, if not soaked. The second image was another young man in a nasty argument with his girlfriend, culminating in his calling her a “fuckin’ cunt”, while she told him “fuck you, it’s over, asshole”. These two images, reflections of Eros (the “love instinct”) and Thanatos (the “death instinct”), made me wonder about the fragile, ambivalent, and transient nature of love. That is, about “the multiple affective currents, simultaneously copresent and alternating” (Eigen, 2007, p. 747) that comprise this befuddling, at times hair-raising, but always summoning experience that we call love.

Levinas, more than most modern philosophers, has written perceptively about love, conceived as responsibility for the Other before oneself. While his altruistically-sounding descriptions are inspired and inspiring, they do not adequately take up the problems that such “for the Other” loving entails on an everyday, “real-life” basis. For most of us, it is hard enough to live according to the commandment “to love thy neighbour [i.e., significant other] as thy self”. To love our significant other more than we love ourselves, to put her needs and desires before our own, let alone in a sustained manner, seems like an impossible challenge. Certainly, most of us can remember times when we acted altruistically, but such moments tend to be the exception rather than the rule. That every major religious tradition makes selfless love its ideal, the personification of what is best, most divine, is indicative of the difficulties of achieving such a mode of relatedness.

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Medium 9780946439980

14 February 1960

Wilfred R. Bion Karnac Books ePub

Fundamental, basic, inborn character disorder

There are occasions when it is important to know what are the fundamental characteristics of the patient with whom we are dealing. By this I mean that there are certain qualities of personality—a capacity for loving is one—which are of great importance in determining the nature of the person and of his behaviour. We would like to know what are the patient's fundamental characteristics, but curiosity on this topic is hampered because the questions that are the tools of curiosity are often ill-suited to the investigation we have in mind. The vocabulary that we employ to frame our questions has been elaborated to serve purposes that are often very different from those of the psycho-analyst; we are hampered, in a manner with which we are already familiar, in our attempts to frame theories and solutions of problems. But we give insufficient attention to the obstruction of the formation of the question. For example, I have said we would like to know the fundamental characteristics of the patient, but this question as it stands does not provide the emotional experience of the analysis with sufficient precision to admit of an answer. I do not suggest there is any question that does, and if I now propose some elaboration of my question it is not to solve a problem but to propound it. The question, ‘What are the fundamental characteristics?’, I shall replace by two others:

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Medium 9780253006424

5. Worldwide Women

Peg Zeglin Brand Indiana University Press ePub

ELEANOR HEARTNEY

In a season rife with related events [i.e., 2007], the Brooklyn Museum’s “Global Feminisms: New Directions in Contemporary Art” is an eagerly anticipated component of a nationwide reevaluation of feminist art. It takes its place alongside the presentation of “WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution” at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, and the installation of Judy Chicago’s The Dinner Party (1974–79) and opening of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art at the Brooklyn Museum, for which “Global Feminisms” acted as the opening salvo; there are also numerous panels, lectures, and other activities around the country. While “WACK!” reviews the contributions of feminist artists in the late 1960s and ’70s, “Global Feminisms” is meant to bring the story up to date with work by a generation of women artists born after 1960, and to represent the global sweep and diversification of the feminist art movement. As such, it was designed to appeal to a younger generation that has been resistant to the feminist label.

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Medium 9780253372086

12. My Life

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

12

My Life c. 1890

Houghton Library

An extraordinary thing happened to me at a tender age,—as I now reflect upon it, a truly marvellous thing, though in my youthful heedlessness, I overlooked the wonder of it and just cried at the pickle. This occurred 1839 September 10. At that time I commenced life in the function of a baby belonging to Sarah Hunt (Mills) Peirce and Benjamin Peirce, professor of mathematics in Harvard College, beginning to be famous. We lived in a house in Mason Street. This house belonged to Mr. Hastings, who afterward built an ugly house between Longfellow’s and the Todd’s.

I remember nothing before I could talk. I remember starting out to drive in a carryall and trying to say something about a canarybird; I remember sitting on the nursery floor playing with blocks in an aimless way and getting cramps in my fingers; and I remember an old negro woman who came to do scrubbing. I remember her because she frightened me and I dreamed about her. I remember a gentleman who came to see my mother,—probably William Story, who drew a sketch of her.

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Medium 9781771870849

Wings

Ratzlaff, Lloyd Thistledown Press ePub

]>

Lone goose pipes overhead, silent V comes winging two acres behind. I edge toward a pair of Canada Geese who’ve settled under a spruce tree near the Forestry Farm parking lot, speaking in low tones to assure them that I come in peace. They’re a welcome sight after another hard prairie winter. I’d like to see them closer-up, and they don’t seem to object.

I stop for a moment and wait. I imagine their perspective in high flight, how remote from troubles they seem up there in the blue. I tell them that I myself fly sometimes in dreams, and perhaps have a glimmer of what it’s like; that one night I sailed up to the spire of a cathedral, and looked over a dark panorama, and far below the lights of the chancery blushed, and two priests went in and shut them off.

I take another step, and wait again. I remember one spring on a muddy path beside the river, hearing the resounding ke-CHUNK of a shard of ice breaking and plunging into the water; and a goose that had been resting on it swished with its wings, rose slightly in the air, shifted over two feet and alighted again. I marvelled at the nonchalence. If you have wings and your bottom falls out, lift and re-settle.

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Medium 9781934989104

~ Simplicity of the Heart

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub

The skies were open and full. There were not the big, wide winged birds that float so easily from valley to valley, nor even a passing cloud. The trees were still and the curving folds of the hills were rich in shadow. The eager deer, consumed with curiosity, was watching, and suddenly darted away at our approach. Under a bush, of the same color as the earth, was a flat horned toad, bright-eyed and motionless. To the west the mountains were sharp and clear against the setting sun. Far below was a big house; it had a swimming pool, and some people were in it. There was a lovely garden surrounding the house; the place looked prosperous and secluded, and had that peculiar atmosphere of the rich. Farther down a dusty road was a small shack in a dry field. Poverty, squalor and toil, even at that distance, were visible. Seen from that height the two houses were not far apart; ugliness and beauty were touching each other.

Simplicity of the heart is of far greater importance and significance than simplicity of possessions. To be content with few things is a comparatively easy matter. To renounce com fort, or to give up smoking and other habits, does not indicate simplicity of heart. To put on a loincloth in a world that is taken up with clothes, comforts and distractions, does not indicate a free being. There was a man who had given up the world and its ways, but his desires and passions were consuming him; he had put on the robes of a monk, but he did not know peace. His eyes were everlastingly seeking, and his mind was riven by his doubts and hopes. Outwardly you discipline and renounce, you chart your course, step by step, to reach the end. You measure the progress of your achievement according to the standards of virtue: how you have given up this or that, how controlled you are in your behavior, how tolerant and kind you are, and so on and on. You have learnt the art of concentration, and you withdraw into a forest, a monastery or a darkened room to meditate; you pass your days in prayer and watchfulness. Outwardly you have made your life simple, and through this thoughtful and calculated arrangement you hope to reach the bliss that is not of this world.

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Chapter Three: Long night’s journey into day:Long night’s journey into day: on tending to a dying motheron tending to a dying mother

Paul Marcus Karnac Books ePub

“I acknowledge the cold truth of her death for perhaps the first time. She is really gone, forever out of reach, and I have become my own judge”

Sheila Ballantyne

I“ want my momma, I want my momma,” said a tearful Darell, aged nine, at our first psychotherapy session following the premature death of his mother from breast cancer. These pained words kept returning to my mind following the recent death of my eighty-nine-year-old mother from liver cancer. For Darell, in a simple, heartfelt, and poignant manner that perhaps only a child can express, conveyed what it felt like to be bereft of a mother, even to an adult son, one who is happily married with children, is established in his career as a psychoanalyst, and is settled in a comfortable lifestyle. Indeed, the death of a mother or, for that matter, a father or surrogate parent (though, in both cases, not exactly in the same way), often cuts deeply into one’s being in an unprecedented and unpredictable manner. It radically disrupts that which one takes to be normal and normative, especially in terms of how one understands oneself and relates to others, particularly those one is close to. The sense of abandonment, the feeling of vulnerability, the idea of one’s own mortality, the sense of the triviality, if not absurdity, of one’s everyday life, are some of the well-known feelings associated with the loss of a loved one, especially of a parent, and even more so with the second parent who dies. In a word, one becomes inescapably aware that one is an “orphan,” and this self-understanding is strangely, deeply troubling.

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Medium 9780253372048

8. Logic. Chapter I. Thinking as Cerebration

Peirce, Charles S. PDF

Thinking as Cerebration, 1880

45

Logic. Chapter I. Thinking as

Cerebration

MS 354: Winter-Spring 1880

Can mind be defined in terms of mechanics? If the mind will do something that a machine cannot do, since mechanics can describe in general terms what machines are capable of doing, it should be able to describe what effects mental action produces that machines cannot produce. A man is sitting in church listening to the sermon, in complete quiescence: the thunders of the pulpit affect his action not the least: but somebody comes behind him and whispers some faint sounds, "Your house is on fire." The man is instantly roused to energetic muscular work. There is, in the first place, no relation between the mechanical energy of the whisper and that of the muscular contractions; but this is often the case in pure mechanical action. Thus, a slender wooden cylinder is sometimes set up on end to detect earthquake-shocks; but, if it falls, it falls with the same force, whether the overturning shock was less or more violent. So a piece of phosphorus burns with the same energy whether the friction that set it on fire were less or greater, so long as it was sufficient. What really distinguishes intelligent action is that it is directed towards ends (as all vital action is) and varies as the ends vary, with a facility that does not belong to other vital processes. There is, perhaps, nothing which absolutely distinguishes the action of the nerves from that of other tissues; and intelligent action seems to be nothing but nervous action of a high grade. Still, it must be remembered that these matters have not yet been completely elucidated by science.

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