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15 • The Scissortail Flycatcher

Lynn Marie Cuny University of North Texas Press PDF

70 • Through Animals' Eyes

he would continue to eat so that we would not have to forcefeed him.

After a close watch for twenty-four hours, and a dozen crickets and meal worms later, we were relieved to see that the injured bird was indeed going to eat on his own. Now there was nothing left to do but give him plenty of peace, quiet, privacy and live food, and hope his shoulder would mend.

A week went by and the bird was still doing well. He had adjusted somewhat to his temporary life in captivity. He was eating his fill of insects and his shoulder was not quite as tender as when he first came in. There was a real chance that this bird would survive and be able to be returned to his home, and perhaps his mate. After the second week, the scissortail was looking great. He was strong and active and we felt sure he was ready to go back home.

I had little hope that after two weeks his mate would still be waiting, but I knew that if they had a nest of young, she would be caring for them and would therefore still be in the area.

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THE NORTH MAINE WOODS

Bob Duchesne Down East Books ePub

The North Maine Woods provides a unique birding experience. The region west of Baxter State Park and north of Moosehead Lake is comprised of 3,500,000 acres, owned or managed by 25 different entities, including several private family ownerships, institutional investors, private conservation organizations, and some protected by the State of Maine as Public Reserved Lands. North Maine Woods, Inc. (NMW) is a non-profit association of these owners and managers formed in 1972 to oversee recreational use of these properties. Birders who venture into this region are participating in a centuries old tradition of public access on private lands and must recognize that this is an industrial forest, and respect its rules. The association charges small fees for day and overnight use to fund recreation management and campsite maintenance.

Trip planning: www.northmainewoods.org or 207-435-6213

The pleasures awaiting adventurous birders in the North Maine Woods are innumerable. Lakes, ponds, and rivers are undeveloped. Moose, coyotes, and bears roam at will. Populations of the rare Canada Lynx have increased. Forestry practices have defined the habitat for some bird populations. This is an area that has been logged repeatedly over 200 years and the species that reside here are those that have adapted to it. All of Maine

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6. College

George Lambert Bristol Texas A&M University Press ePub

CHAPTER 6

College

It was ironic that one of the principal reasons Mother moved us to Austin was to be near a first-class public university, and that I would then go away to college. For most of my early Austin years, I thought I would eventually attend the University of Texas. Starting in the seventh grade I went to University Junior High, which was attached, as a student teaching facility, to UT. I sold cokes and popcorn at UT football games, which got better with each year of Darrell Royal’s long and illustrious career, starting in 1956. I came to love the UT colors, orange and white. But there was family pull on my father’s side. My father had gone to Texas A&M, as had his uncles and other members of the family. Mother’s alma mater was TWU, the sister school of A&M. I also developed the normal desire to go away from home to college.

In my junior year of high school, my great-uncle Jim Forsyth had given me a summer job in Houston with the promise I could work there every summer through college—if that college were to be A&M. Family ties and tuition funding prevailed. I started in the summer of 1958 at the Texas A&M campus in Junction. That fall I enrolled at A&M in College Station. Leaving Austin was mitigated by the fact that my dear friends Lee Mayfield and Amor Forwood, as well as other Austin High classmates, were headed across the Brazos River to Aggieland.

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CHAPTER FIVE Governing a Wild River: 1950 to the Present

James M. Aton Utah State University Press ePub

The law protects “wild free-roaming horses and burros” as “living symbols of the historic and pioneer spirit of the West,” but only on public lands.

As more people crowd onto this public-land resource, the wild character of the landscape becomes more and more a human construct.

Is the river an outlaw or the northern conduit of an aqueduct extending from
Wyoming to Mexico, federally neutered, designer-plumbed by
Bechtel Steel and the Bureau of Reclamation?

—Ellen Meloy, Raven’s Exile

The settlement era had petered out by World War II. One by one, family by family, people left Desolation Canyon to seek greener pastures elsewhere, figuratively and sometimes in a literal search for better grass. Often families moved to more-settled areas. That could mean a village as small as Myton in the Uinta Basin, where moonshiner Frank Hyde became a blacksmith. Or it might mean a large city like Salt Lake, where Bill Seamount got work with the railroad. Many young ranch hands, like Lew Ackland, were drafted, or they sought better jobs in the defense industry along the Wasatch Front or on the West Coast. After the war, the GI Bill and other economic opportunities made ranching life much less attractive. In addition, the demand for wool decreased as new synthetics replaced it. Moreover, per capita consumption of lamb fell from six pounds per year to less than one. That meant fewer sheep along the river and on the East and West Tavaputs Plateaus and less need for ranch hands.1

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3: The Forest Landscape Before Farming

Kirby, K.J. CABI PDF

3 

The Forest Landscape Before Farming

Keith J. Kirby1* and Charles Watkins2

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK;

2

School of Geography, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

1

3.1  Where to Begin?

Trees have spread back and forth across

­Europe many times, including species that we now think of as quite exotic (Watts, 1988).

By the first half of the Pleistocene (about

2 million years ago), the flora was much more like that of today but, even so, non-native genera such as Tsuga and Pterocarya turn up in

British pollen samples (Ingrouille, 1995).

During the Pleistocene era, there was a sequence of warm and cold phases. At the start of a warming period much of the landscape would have been composed of young, immature soils disturbed by periods of freezing and thawing, and supporting low shrub and herb communities with arctic–alpine species (cryocratic phase).

Later, both vegetation and soils developed

(protocratic phase) to the point where, through central Europe, deciduous and mixed tree cover would be expected (mesocratic phase). With subsequent climatic cooling, and further soil leaching and podzol development, there might be a shift towards heath or moorland development, or towards more conifer-dominated landscapes (telocratic phase) (Watts, 1988). As conditions became colder, forest species were restricted to ‘refugia’, such as in southern

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