787 Chapters
Medium 9781623491376

9. Water and Everyday Real Estate Transactions

Porter, Charles R. Texas A&M University Press ePub


Water rights and everyday real estate transactions set the market value of land and have far-reaching consequences for every Texan. Today, assessing the water characteristics of property presents unique challenges to buyers, sellers, lessors, lessees, and real estate agents. The water scarcity predicted in our future requires potential buyers to consider a variety of heretofore less-often-considered assessment criteria. Likewise, the potential of future water scarcity requires sellers and their real estate agents to exercise extreme caution and prudence in their duties of disclosure of the water situation of any property being offered for sale.


The TWDB’s State Water Plan for 2012 posed this primary question: “Do we have enough water for the future?” The answer was unequivocally that we did not. According to the plan’s executive summary, “We do not have enough existing water supplies today to meet the demand for water during times of drought. In the event of severe drought conditions, the state would face an immediate need for additional water supplies of 3.6 million acre-feet per year with 86 percent of that need in irrigation and about 9 percent associated directly with municipal water users. Total needs are projected to increase by 130 percent between 2010 and 2060 to 8.3 million acre-feet per year. In 2060, irrigation represents 45 percent of the total and municipal users account for 41 percent of needs.”1

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574414486


Bernard Goffinet and Ricardo Rozzi and Lily Lewis and William Buck and Francisca Massardo University of North Texas Press PDF


Este libro es el resultado de una década de trabajo de inves gación, educación, conservación y ecoturismo en el Parque Etnobotánico Omora. Agradecemos a los numerosos amigos del parque, voluntarios, autoridades, profesores, periodistas, ar stas, estudiantes graduados y de pregrado, que cada año han tomado el curso de conservación biocultural de la Universidad de Magallanes desde el 2003, y han ayudado a construir el Sendero de los Bosques en Miniatura del Cabo de Hornos y a crear la narra va del ecoturismo con lupa. Agradecemos especialmente a Mauricio Zárraga,

Carlos Catrin y Jaime Godoy, quienes hicieron posible las primeras expediciones al Cabo de Hornos a bordo de la “Maroba”, en el 2000 y el 2001, y a los profesores María Anguita, Carlos Soto, Fernando

Saldivia, Francisco Fernández, y Nelson Cárcamo, con quienes hemos mantenido los talleres de “Los

Bosques en Miniatura del Cabo de Hornos” en el liceo de Puerto Williams por más de diez años.

La fotogra a es mayoritariamente a Adam M. Wilson (adamwilson.us) y Oliver Vogel, con la colaboración de Gonzalo Arriagada, Ricardo Garille , Bernard Goffinet, Kris n Hoel ng, de

See All Chapters
Medium 9781626560246

Chapter 1 Where the Modern Idea of Garbage Originated

Szaky, Tom Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Chapter 1

© Apic/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

© aastock/Shutterstock.com

Human refuse—“garbage”—is a modern idea that arose out of our desire to chronically consume stuff that is made from ever more complex, man-made materials.

To outsmart waste we need to eliminate the very idea of waste; to do so we need to understand where the concept of waste came from and what factors brought about its existence.

Why is it that garbage exists in the human system but not more broadly in nature? Nature is a beautiful harmony of systems whereby every system’s output is a useful input for other systems. An acorn that falls from a tree is an important input for a squirrel that eats it. The by-product of that delicious meal—the squirrel’s poop—is an important input for the microbes that consume it. The output of the microbes—rich humus and soil—is in turn the very material from which a new oak tree may grow. Even the carbon dioxide that the squirrel exhales is what that tree may inhale. This cycle is the fundamental reason why life has thrived on our planet for millions of years. It’s like the Ouroboros—the ancient symbol depicting a serpent eating its own tail; in a way, nature truly is a constant cycle of consuming itself.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253000958

The Uses of Muscle

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

When I was a boy growing up on the country roads of Tennessee and Ohio, the men I knew all earned a hardscrabble living with the strength of their hands and arms and backs. They raised corn and cows, felled trees, split wood, butchered hogs, mortared bricks and blocks, built and wired and plumbed houses, dug ditches, hauled gravel, overhauled cars, drove bulldozers and backhoes, welded broken parts. They hunted game for the table in season, and sometimes out of season. Some of them had once mined coal in Appalachia or trawled for fish in the Great Lakes. Many had fought in Europe or Korea. They arm-wrestled at the volunteer fire department, smacked baseballs over fences at the schoolyard, and at the county fair they swung sledgehammers or hefted barrels to see who was the mightiest of the lot.

A brawny, joking, red-haired southern charmer who often won those contests was my father. He had grown up on a farm in Mississippi, had gone to college for a year on a boxing scholarship, had lost the cartilage in his nose during a brief Golden Gloves career. After moving north to Chicago, where he met the woman who would become my mother, he worked by turns as a carpenter, a tire builder, and a foreman in a munitions plant, until he eventually graduated to wearing a white shirt and sitting all day at a desk. He never liked the fit of a desk or a starched shirt, however, so as soon as he came home from the office he would put on overalls and go to work in the shop, garden, or barn. He could fix every machine we owned, from the car to the camera, and he needed to fix them, for we rarely had enough money to buy new ones. Although he grumbled when the tractor threw a belt or the furnace quit, as soon as he grabbed his tools he began to hum. He took pleasure in using his strength and skill, and I took pleasure in watching him. Around our house, whenever anything heavy needed lifting or anything stubborn needed loosening he was the one to do it. He could tame a maverick horse, hoist an oil-slick motor out of a car, balance a sack of oats on his shoulder, plow a straight furrow in stony ground, transplant a tree with its root-ball bundled in burlap, carry my sister and me both at once in his great freckled arms.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253355089

6. Reconstructing Body Volume and Surface Area of Dinosaurs Using Laser Scanning and Photogrammetry

Nicole Klein Indiana University Press ePub


Crucial baseline data in dinosaur paleobiology and for reconstructing dinosaurs as living animals are accurate measurements of one- to three-dimensional features such as length, surface area, and volume. Dinosaur skeletons mounted and on display in museums offer the opportunity to obtain such data and to create digital models of them. These models, in turn, serve as the basis for estimating physiological and other biological parameters. In this chapter, we provide an overview of data capture using laser scanning and photogrammetrical methods and describe the working steps from the captured point clouds of the skeleton to the final volume model. Because dinosaur skeletons are complex objects with irregular structures, laser scanning proved to be much more accurate for capturing their shape than previously used methods such as photogrammetry. The modeling of the body surface area and body volume with digital techniques is also more accurate than established methods that are based on scale models. Here, nonuniform rational B spline (NURBS) curves and CAD software are used to reconstruct the body surface and for surface area and volume calculations.

See All Chapters

See All Chapters