1152 Slices
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10. The Role of Participation in Ecosystem-Based Management: Insight from the Usumacinta Watershed and Terminos Lagoon, Mexico

John W Day Texas A&M University Press ePub

Insight from the Usumacinta Watershed and Terminos Lagoon, Mexico

Bruce Currie-Alder

This volume argues that the future management in the Gulf of Mexico should be directed toward a combination of integrated coastal management with large marine ecosystem management, and the system approach for coastal ecosystem-based management (Yáñez-Arancibia and Day 2004a; Yáñez-Arancibia et al. Chapter 9 of this volume). Such a focus emphasizes ecosystem functioning, and the biophysical processes that give rise to ecological subregions, including the interactions of geomorphology, oceanography, climate, physical chemistry, wildlife, and fisheries. Yet, adopting such an approach risks neglecting the complex ways in which people relate to ecosystems and utilize ecosystem services. In calling for attention to collaborative efforts, the human factor can help to understand how the Gulf ecosystems are changing and enable people to participate in their future stewardship. Indeed, Article 157 of Mexico’s environmental protection law (Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y la Protección al Ambiente) states that “government must promote the co-responsible participation of society in . . . environmental policy and natural resources.” Legislation has opened the doors to various initiatives in Mexico that attempt to get people involved in managing ecosystems. Rather than building a system for ecosystem-based management from scratch, existing initiatives can offer insights into how to implement a new generation of efforts to steward the Gulf of Mexico.

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Medium 9781603449519

Appendix 2. Metric–English System Unit Equivalents

Timothy E. Fulbright Texas A&M University Press ePub
Medium 9781780647128

17: Impact of Grapevine Preharvest Treatments with Elicitor on the Occurrence and Toxigenesis of Ochratoxigenic Fungi

Compant, S.; Mathieu, F. CABI PDF

17

Impact of Grapevine Preharvest

Treatments with Elicitor on the

Occurrence and Toxigenesis of Ochratoxigenic Fungi

C. Dachoupakan, C. Strub, V. Martinez,

J.-C. Baccou and S. Schorr-Galindo*

Joint Research Unit on Integrated Approach to Food Quality – Food

Safety Team, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France

Introduction

Ochratoxin A (OTA), International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) name: l-phenylalanine-N-[(5-chloro-3,4-dihydro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-oxo-1H-2benzopyran-7-yl) carbonyl]-(R)-isocoumarin (Ringot et al., 2006), is a mycotoxin, a product of the secondary metabolism of moulds, and is one of the most common naturally occurring mycotoxins that contaminates a wide range of different plant products including cereals, coffee beans, cocoa, nuts, spices, dried fruits, beer and wine

(Miraglia et al., 2002). OTA is a compound with recognized nephrotoxic activity, which is possibly involved in Balkans endemic nephropathy (BEN) (Vrabcheva et al.,

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15: Plant-associated Endophytic Plethora as an Emerging Source of Antimicrobials

Ansari, A.; Gill, S.S.; Abbas, Z.K. CABI PDF

15

Plant-associated Endophytic

Plethora as an Emerging Source of Antimicrobials

Syed Baker1, P. Azmath1, H.C. Yashavantha Rao1,

D. Rakshith1, K.S. Kavitha1 and S. Satish1&2*

1

Herbal Drug Technological Laboratory, Department of Studies in Microbiology,

University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India;

2

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA

Abstract

An ongoing strategy to isolate unique metabolites with antimicrobial activity from myriad natural niches is one of the top research priorities among scientific communities, owing to rapid expansion of multi-drug-resistant microbes. Prospecting of medicinal plants for various biological activities can be traced back to the ancient era. Before scientific knowledge was widespread, plants served as an immortal resource of structurally diverse phytocomponents. A large number of antimicrobial metabolites have been successfully isolated from medicinal plants. But harvesting of endangered plant species may pose a risk and cause an imbalance in plant diversity; hence, finding an alternative feasible source of bioactive compounds has been an area of interest in recent decades. Among which the endophytic plethora has revealed the diverse chemistry of metabolites bearing therapeutic properties, resulting in the rapid expansion of research on endophytes across the globe, with various valuable compounds of pharmaceutical importance constantly being explored. Hence, this chapter envisages the antimicrobial potentials of endophytic origin which can give an insight into the isolation of potent antimicrobial agents to combat life-threatening infections caused by microbes.

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3. A Brief Introduction to the Meteorology of Tropical Cyclones

Philip B. Bedient Texas A&M University Press ePub

Jeffrey Lindner

Every year on average of 60–100 tropical waves emerge off the west coast of Africa and traverse the tropical Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico. Approximately 10–20 of these will develop into tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Basin. Tropical waves originating from Africa are the most common seedlings for tropical cyclone formation, but other types of weather disturbances can lead to their formation as well (fig. 3.1). On a global scale, tropical storm formation has been correlated with several climatic anomalies, including rainfall in West Africa in the prior year, the direction of the winds in the stratosphere, and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon.

El Niño is characterized by a warm phase associated with high sea surface temperatures off the coast of Peru, low atmospheric pressure over the eastern Pacific, and increased vertical wind shear over the Atlantic. La Niña, on the other hand, is characterized by a cold phase with low sea surface temperatures in the eastern Pacific, low atmospheric pressure over the western Pacific, and decreased vertical wind shear over the Atlantic (Bedient et al. 2008). As a result of this decrease in vertical wind shear, La Niña often corresponds with increased tropical cyclone activity in the Atlantic Basin. Although the opposite is true for El Niño, powerful storms have still been known to develop while it is in phase, sometimes bringing devastation to US coastal and inland communities.

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