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Medium 9781574414615

The Eight-Week Syndrome

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

The Eight-Week Syndrome

I’ve been shoeing horses for a lot of years and I think I’m beginning to learn some lessons about life from my customers. Horse owners come in all kinds of shapes and all kinds of attitudes and philosophies, and you can never really guess what they’ll do. I’ve developed a respect for this. But, regardless of what they do or don’t do, I’ve learned from them that life moves on. Especially in an eight-week cycle.

Let me explain. Typically, horses need to have their feet done every eight weeks. There are some bizarre exceptions to this, but generally the horseshoer shows up every eight weeks. My usual greeting to my customers has always been something like, “How’s it going?” or “How have you been?” These are not rhetorical questions. A lot of horse owners, who trust the care of their horse to the shoer, also trust the shoer with the details of their lives. Horseshoers frequently take on the role of lay therapist, sometimes just being a good listener, sometimes offering advice, sometimes strongly recommending certain actions. I’m becoming more of a listener because I’m slowly learning that advice isn’t really needed. Listening is.

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Medium 9781603448147

8. October—Elk of Buffalo River

Gary W. Vequist Texas A&M University Press ePub

8. October

Elk of Buffalo River

In terms of photographic appeal there may be no animal in North America more sought after and more impressive than the North American elk in autumn. The adult males, known as bulls, carry their massive antlers proudly and regally. They use the enormous antlers to thrash small trees and to send clods of earth flying, all in an effort to demonstrate their fitness. Then they tilt the antlers back, extend their head forward, and emit a loud buglelike call that carries for miles, as their breath turns to vapor in the crisp autumn air. And when two evenly matched bulls meet, an epic battle may ensue. For the photographer and wildlife observer it gets no better than elk in the fall. When most people think of elk they think of the Rocky Mountains, but surprisingly, there are many national parks outside of the Rocky Mountains where elk can be viewed. One of the better places to see these majestic animals in their fall glory is at Buffalo National River in the Ozarks of north-central Arkansas.

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Medium 9781623490386

7. Beaches of Alabama

Richard A. Davis Texas A&M University Press ePub

Beaches of Alabama

THE coast of Alabama is not very long, but its beaches are almost all well developed. It extends from a portion of Perdido Key on the east through Dauphin Island across the mouth of Mobile Bay (figure 7.1). Like most of the northern Gulf Coast, the Alabama beaches have been severely eroded by tropical storms and hurricanes. Two recent hurricanes have resulted in major erosion of the beaches and destruction of built property: Ivan in 2004 and Katrina in 2005. These took place on a coast that was experiencing tremendous growth and development for the tourist industry. Obviously, good beaches are an integral part of this development, and these storms caused considerable loss of beach sand and tourism dollars.

Hurricanes are very destructive to beaches as well as the built environment. Nourishment is the primary way that beaches can recover from these storms. On the Alabama coast, nourishment took place along both Gulf Shores and Orange Beach in 2001 to mitigate the erosion of Hurricane Danny in 1997. The erosion from Hurricane Katrina required considerable nourishment to bring the beaches back for tourism. In 2006, what is one of the largest nourishment projects on the Gulf Coast was constructed with more than 7 million cubic meters of sand distributed along about 22 km of beach at a cost of $28 million.

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Medium 9781780647128

15: A Model for Biological Control Studies of Grapevine Trunk Diseases Under Laboratory Conditions

Compant, S. CABI PDF


A Model for Biological Control

Studies of Grapevine Trunk

Diseases Under Laboratory


R.J.G. Pierron, J. Pouzoulet, A. Meziane,

N. Mailhac and A. Jacques*

Equipe Agrophysiologie et Agromolécules, Département des ­

Sciences Agronomiques et Agroalimentaires, Université de Toulouse,

Toulouse, France


The aetiology of grapevine trunk diseases (GTD) is poorly understood (Mugnai et al.,

1999; Surico, 2001; Larignon et al., 2009; Lecomte et al., 2012; Bertsch et al., 2013).

Several fungal species are associated with decay in or discoloration of the wood of grapevine trunks (Mugnai et al., 1999; Lecomte et al., 2012). Nevertheless, esca-associated fungi are also present in healthy wood, independently of the expression of foliar symptoms (Bruez et al., 2014). To date, there is no resistant cultivar, although tolerance has been observed according to the expression of foliar symptoms under field conditions (Grosman and Doublet, 2012). This cultivar tolerance may be related to the dimensions of xylem vessels (Pouzoulet et al., 2014), which seems to condition grapevine–microbe interactions. These interactions are poorly described (Bertsch et al.,

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Medium 9781780646947

13: Diversity of Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Pulses

Ansari, A. CABI PDF


Diversity of Plant Parasitic

Nematodes in Pulses

Tarique Hassan Askary*

Division of Entomology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and

Technology, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India


Pulses, such as chickpea (Cicer arietinum), pigeonpea (cajanus cajan), common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), mung bean

(Vigna radiata), urd bean (Vigna mungo) and lentil (Lens culinaris), are an excellent source of dietary protein as well as forming part of a cholesterol-free diet for millions of people around the world. Numerous plant parasitic nematodes attack pulse crops and the prominent among them are Meloidogyne spp., Heterodera spp. and Paratylenchus spp., the endoparasites, Rotylenchulus spp., the semi-endoparasites, and Tylenchorhynchus spp. and Helicotylenchus spp., the ectoparasites.

These nematodes have diverse methods of attack. Meloidogyne causes galling on roots, accompanied by a change in cell morphology, leading to the formation of giant cells in the cortical region of root upon which they feed; Heterodera form syncytia in the steler region and have a pearly appearance on the root; Pratylenchus form necrotic lesions on the root;

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Medium 9780874212341

14 High Jinks, 1965

Richard Westwood Utah State University Press ePub

The Grand Canyon was Georgie’s special place, and she began to spend more and more of her trip time there. In 1965 her schedule called for two Havasu Canyon hikes, one Cataract Canyon run, five trips through the Grand Canyon, one on the Nahanni River in Canada, and one on the Usumacinta along the border of Mexico and Guatemala.1

Georgie was a champion of animal rights, even though she didn’t spend much active time in the movement. In the spring of 1965 she wrote to California State Senator John G. Schmitz in support of a bill for the protection of poultry and rabbits presented to youngsters for pets at Easter. In a reply dated March 4, 1965, the Senator agreed with her that “many of these children are too young to understand their responsibility toward pets of this type and lack the maturity of control which should be exercised in handling them.”2

Whitey continued to have severe drinking problems. He would be on the wagon for a while and then try to catch up when he fell off. During his drinking binges he was not always reliable. Georgie tried to be a stabilizing force for Whitey, but that in itself may have contributed to the problem. The rafting company was now Georgie’s, and she controlled the purse strings.

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Medium 9780253006820

1. Climate Change Impacts, Risks, Vulnerability, and Adaptation: An Introduction

Sara C Pryor Indiana University Press ePub


There is an overwhelming preponderance of evidence to suggest that human activities have, and are, modifying the global atmospheric composition sufficiently that anthropogenic climate change is already being experienced (Bernstein et al. 2007). Further, it is now inevitable that the global climate system will continue to change as a consequence of both past and future emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) (Bernstein et al. 2007) and may achieve conditions that lie outside the range of climate states that humans have experienced (Solomon et al. 2009). Although “No-one can predict the consequences of climate change with complete certainty; . . . we now know enough to understand the risks” (Stern 2007). Substantiating evidence for these assertions may be drawn from the following major findings from the Fourth Assessment Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (see Table 1.1 for information regarding the IPCC definitions used to articulate confidence or likelihood):

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Medium 9781780646947

12: Gymnosperm Diversity of the Kashmir Himalayas

Ansari, A. CABI PDF


Gymnosperm Diversity of the

Kashmir Himalayas

Mohd Irfan Naikoo1*, Mudasir Irfan Dar1, Fareed Ahmad

Khan1, Abid Ali Ansari2, Farha Rehman1 and Fouzia



Environmental Botany Laboratory, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh,

Uttar Pradesh, India; 2Department of Biology, ­Faculty of Science, University of

Tabuk,Tabuk, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Botany, Women’s College, Aligarh

Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India


The Kashmir is rich in biodiversity and is known as the biomass state of India (Lawrence, 1895). Phytogeographically located at the Holarctic and Paleotropical intersection in the North-Western Himalaya, this bio-region harbours luxurious treasures of plant diversity. The Kashmir region is rich in gymnosperm diversity, which forms an important component, floristically, ecologically and socio-economically: it is known as the green gold of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Gymnosperms harbour a rich diversity of flora and fauna under their canopies. They are the rich source of diverse economic and medicinal products, providing innumerable products, including timber, fuel, gums, resins, medicines and many more useful products, besides acting as effective wind-breaks, especially the evergreen species, which also slow soil erosion and protect watersheds. The single giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), the state tree of California, which grows at Yarikhah Drug Farm (Tangmarg) in Kashmir Valley is the lone representative in the India subcontinent. Due to their immense importance, the gymnosperms have been overexploited by the human population. Sustainable management and conservation of these gymnosperms is urgently required. Anthropogenic activities should be checked and the stake holders educated about the proper harvesting of gymnosperm flora for different uses.

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Medium 9781780643373

12: The Changing Fortunes of Woodland Birds in Temperate Europe

Kirby, K.J. CABI PDF


The Changing Fortunes of Woodland

Birds in Temperate Europe

Shelley A. Hinsley,1* Robert J. Fuller2 and Peter N. Ferns3

Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, UK; 2British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, UK; 3School of Biosciences,

Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK


12.1  Introduction

We explore what is known of the history of woodland birds in Europe and how they have responded to changes in woodland extent, composition and management. Beyond the simple availability of habitat, woodland structure is a critical factor in species survival and distribution. Despite the huge transformation of postglacial forests, no woodland bird species has actually become extinct, and with forest cover now increasing, as long as diverse habitat structures can be maintained across a range of scales, forest birds should not only survive, but also thrive.

12.2  The Birds of the Early


Our knowledge of the bird fauna of postglacial woodlands (from about 13,000 years ago) is based mainly on bone fragments left by predators and found in cave deposits. Additional information can be inferred from the present bird fauna of sites where the climate is similar today, and from molecular evidence indicating if, and when, species divergence

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Medium 9780892727834


Duchesne, Bob Down East Books ePub

A visit to Campobello Island in New Brunswick is a natural extension of any visit to the Down East Maine coast. Because the island is Canadian, it is on Atlantic Time

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The Newspaper Reporter

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

The Newspaper Reporter

After I had been shoeing about twelve years, a newspaper reporter in Northern California who had heard about me from someone, called to set up an interview. He was interested in my background prior to taking up horseshoeing, and wanted to write an article about that. That was all right with me, and we set up a time when I could be doing a horse so he could observe the process.

I had already started working on the horse when the reporter showed up in his big blue news truck and walked over to the horse and me in his fancy loafers and his reporter’s hat. He had no notepad or pencil, no tape recorder or any other note-taking device. We shook hands. “Is this the horse?” he asked. I looked at him a moment. “Yes.” “Oh,” he said, and just stood there. I said nothing and continued working. Silence. After awhile he asked, “Do you like your work?” I said yes I did. More silence. After a few more minutes he asked, “Is this a hard job?” Once again I stopped. I put my tools down and looked directly at him. “Yes, it is,” I announced. We looked at each other for a moment, and I went back to work, telling myself that this was the poorest excuse for a reporter I had ever seen, and as far as I was concerned, the interview was over.

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Medium 9780253007896

The Beach

Kenneth J. Schoon Quarry Books ePub

Marram grass at Porter Beach. Ron Trigg

Alex Rettker empties sand from his shoes. At the dunes, this is often the last activity of the day. (below) Photo by his grandfather Jim Rettker

Digging for digging’s sake. (left) Dunes Learning Center

Glassy Shores. (above) Pete Doherty, Doherty Images

People have been going to the beach to relax, to swim, and to get away from the daily grind for more than a hundred years. On hot summer days, the beach is cooler and breezier than the city. The water is refreshing. Before people owned their own bathing suits, they could rent them at the beach.

Miller Beach, 1917. The bathing suits and the houses on shore could be rented from the Carr family. (right) Calumet Regional Archives

Having fun on shore and surf

The ever-popular beach at Dunes State Park. (above)

Playing in the surf. (left) Dunes Learning Center

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Medium 9780253007896

2009 BioBlitz

Kenneth J. Schoon Quarry Books ePub

A BioBlitz is a well-organized, fast-paced twenty-four-hour event in which students, teachers, and other community members team up with park rangers and volunteer scientists to find and identify as many species of living plants, animals, and other organisms as they can.

The National Geographic Society decided to hold a BioBlitz at a different national park each year from 2007 up until the National Park Service’s centennial in 2016. The 2009 Blitz was at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, where in spite of heavy rains more than 1,200 species were identified.

Superintendent Constantine Dillon welcomed and thanked the volunteers. (facing left) NPS, Lee Traynham

Volunteers, including hundreds of students from area schools, came ready to work. (facing right) NPS, Jeff Manuszak

Volunteers planned the operation on land. (facing below) NPS, James Beversdorf

On May 15 and 16, the park hosted more than two thousand students and thousands of additional volunteers, who spread out in small groups and surveyed the park looking for every available living species they could find. The tally at the end of the search period was 890, but it grew to more than 1,200 after biologists had time to examine some species in their labs, confirm IDs, and compare notes.

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Medium 9780892727834


Duchesne, Bob Down East Books ePub

The North Maine Woods provides a unique birding experience. The region west of Baxter State Park and north of Moosehead Lake is comprised of 3,500,000 acres, owned or managed by 25 different entities, including several private family ownerships, institutional investors, private conservation organizations, and some protected by the State of Maine as Public Reserved Lands. North Maine Woods, Inc. (NMW) is a non-profit association of these owners and managers formed in 1972 to oversee recreational use of these properties. Birders who venture into this region are participating in a centuries old tradition of public access on private lands and must recognize that this is an industrial forest, and respect its rules. The association charges small fees for day and overnight use to fund recreation management and campsite maintenance.

Trip planning: www.northmainewoods.org or 207-435-6213

The pleasures awaiting adventurous birders in the North Maine Woods are innumerable. Lakes, ponds, and rivers are undeveloped. Moose, coyotes, and bears roam at will. Populations of the rare Canada Lynx have increased. Forestry practices have defined the habitat for some bird populations. This is an area that has been logged repeatedly over 200 years and the species that reside here are those that have adapted to it. All of Maine

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Medium 9780892726301

chapter four GENTLE GIANTS

Silliker, Bill, Jr. Down East Books ePub

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