945 Chapters
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6. Conclusion: Illustrating the Perceived Economic Impact of Companion Animals

Hall, S.; Dolling, L.; Bristow, K. CABI PDF

Conclusion: Illustrating the

Perceived Economic Impact of Companion Animals

6

There is overwhelming evidence to suggest that companion animals have a significant economic impact on the UK economy; however, the scale of this remains uncertain in terms of both the range of mechanisms involved and the monetary value of these. This report has sought to highlight both of these matters with a view to increasing awareness of these issues and the need for further research in this area. We do not believe it is acceptable to simply dismiss the lack of high-quality evidence as demonstrating a lack of effect or importance of this topic. As mentioned earlier, from an economic perspective it is important to consider the cost of failing to act versus acting on what is suggested by the literature. In our opinion, at a time of fiscal constraints, there is a greater need to explore the potential saving that could be made through low-cost interventions such as the greater exploitation of the value of companion animals in society, and the cost of any legislation that potentially limits this should be appreciated.

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6 Contribution of Epidemiological Knowledge and Control Strategies in the Eradication of Rinderpest Virus

Munir, M. CABI PDF

6 

Contribution of Epidemiological

Knowledge and Control Strategies in the Eradication of Rinderpest Virus

Anke Brüning-Richardson1, Satya Parida2 and Ashley C. Banyard3

1

Leeds Institute of Cancer and Pathology, Leeds, UK;

2

The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, UK; 3Animal and

Plant Health Agency, Weybridge, UK

Abstract

Rinderpest was one of the most devastating veterinary diseases affecting even-toed ungulates until it was eradicated globally in 2011. Caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV), at its height rinderpest was prevalent in many parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. An ancient disease documented first by Roman and Greek authors, with more recent descriptions relating to the disease and its spread among susceptible hosts in the 16th and 17th centuries, it became the focus of a global rinderpest eradication programme

(GREP). In the first stages of the GREP, this was feasible due to the development of a vaccine giving lifelong immunity and the establishment of zoosanitary measures, which originated in the 18th century. Advances in the knowledge of RPV biology and virus transmission enabled scientists to identify susceptible hosts among livestock and wildlife and to predict virus spread, which supported the eradication efforts. In addition, improvements in diagnostics and disease surveillance and the application of control strategies based on the epidemiological understanding of viral spread drove the latter parts of the GREP to its final conclusion. This included the application of ELISA and pen-side strip test technologies, and genetic characterization of the virus by polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing, which allowed the establishment of distinct virus lineages and the identification of virus reservoirs in the field. Lessons learnt from the GREP may be applicable to the rinderpest-related disease peste des petits ruminants and its causative agent, peste des petits ruminants virus, with global eradication of this virus also a possibility.

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26 Development and Execution of Stewardship Interventions

LaPlante. K.; Cunha, C.; Morrill, H. CABI PDF

26

Development and Execution of

Stewardship Interventions

Amy Hanson and Christopher W. Crank*

Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, US

Introduction

Obtain Administrative Support Upfront

If the etymology of the word “stewardship” is examined, it is found that it is often used within a religious context and represents “doing in good faith” for others by giving back. It is also a concept that can be broadly applied to the environment, economics, health, property, information, theology, etc. Stewardship is generally recognized as the assignment of responsibility to shepherd and safeguard the valuables of others. This chapter discusses key stewardship concepts and principles that clinicians can use to improve antimicrobial utilization. We also discuss antimicrobial stewardship strategies that influence each step of antimicrobial prescribing, and have an impact at multiple levels

(Fig. 26.1).

The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) guidelines for developing an effective antimicrobial stewardship program

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CHAPTER SEVEN Caring and Nursing Economics

Jan J. Nyberg University Press of Colorado ePub

After a chapter that focuses on the health care system and current fiscal concerns, it is important for us to follow up with a chapter on economics so that we can understant more completely what is happening in our cost-conscious industry.My own background in economics includes business courses and reading business literature and the minimal material focusing on economics in nursing. Although I have become right-brained in relation to my caring ideals, I also have an active left-brained appreciation for the numbers, logic, and finite concepts of economics. I learned budgeting as most nurse administrators do: by going through the process. But I learned about the values and procedures of economic control from texts and teachers.Actually, after my first experience with the budget process, I was hooked. I enjoyed tallying the numbers and determining what they meant. It was clear to me that nursing’s power within the organization was directly related to performance in the budgeting process.

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3 Laying the Foundation for a Successful Search

Lisa Mauri Thomas Sigma Theta Tau International ePub

The voyage of discovery is not in looking for new landscapes, but in looking with new eyes.

Anonymous

You did a lot of work in the last chapter to identify and leverage your strengths, allow your weaknesses to fade into the background, and appreciate how everyone you work with also has a set of strengths to contribute to the cause. In job searching, a big piece to landing your next role has as much to do with your likeability as your nursing knowledge. This chapter shows you specific ways to apply what you learned in the last chapter for success in networking, interviewing, and more. In other words, you have strengthened the ongoing dialogue you have with yourself. Put that self-awareness to work with the people who can help you meet your job search goals. So, smile and jump in!

Now that you have taken the time to discover the professional YOU, turn your attention to your skills. Nursing skills fall into two categories: technical and universal. Technical nursing skills include taking vitals, charting, working with electronic health records, using medical equipment, and interpreting medical information such as physicians’ orders. Universal nursing skills include effective communication on the floor, organization and time management needed for timely patient care, and the critical thinking needed not only to spot errors but to note what is missing or not happening as it should.

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