893 Chapters
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4: Fluid Therapy and Treatments

Scott, D.E. CABI PDF


Fluid Therapy and Treatments

There are many commonly performed treatments and procedures used in avian medicine. Raptors are very tolerant and usually cooperative, but it is important to become proficient. Practicing with cadavers is always a good idea before attempting to work with a live patient.

Learning Objectives

1. How to provide fluid therapy.

2. Various bandages including the figure-8 wrap.

3. Advanced procedures such as blood transfusions.

4. Humane euthanasia.

Fluid therapy: routes of administration

The maintenance requirement is 50 ml/kg/day and this volume can be administered in many ways including orally, subcutaneously, intravenously, or intraosseously. The route depends on many factors, the most important being the patient’s clinical condition.

Oral Fluids and Formula

Oral fluids and/or dietary supplementation are appropriate when the patient is able to stand, is able to keep its head elevated and when there is little chance of regurgitation or aspiration. The stomach volume can be roughly estimated as

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Medium 9780253014863

9 The Internationalization of Health in Southeast Asia / Sunil S. Amrith

Tim Harper Indiana University Press ePub

9   The Internationalization of Health in Southeast Asia

Sunil S. Amrith

Scholars of Southeast Asia have been more self-conscious than most about the arbitrary boundaries of the region they study. “Southeast Asia” as a term and a concept did not come into widespread use until World War II, when the Allies’ South East Asia Command was established to mirror the geography of Japanese military conquest. In the second half of the twentieth century, the region’s boundaries were defined politically: above all, by the membership of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), established in 1967. At the same time, the area studies tradition institutionalized the study of Southeast Asia as distinct from South Asia and East Asia.1 In the field of health, too, the emergence of Southeast Asia as a region of knowledge and intervention is closely connected with the development of transnational and international institutions in the twentieth century. However, a recent collection of essays by public health specialists has argued that Southeast Asia’s identity as a region in global health remains ambiguous, its unity obscured by “UN agency groupings of the region that do not take into account historical and geopolitical ties.”2

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Medium 9781786394583

The Personality of Dogs and Cats Living in the Same Household: A Multivariate Model Study

Denenberg, S. CABI PDF

The Personality of Dogs and Cats

Living in the Same Household:

A Multivariate Model Study

Laura Menchetti, Silvia Calipari and Silvana Diverio*

Laboratory of Ethology and Animal Welfare (LEBA) Department of

Veterinary Medicine, Perugia University, Italy

Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Keywords: personality traits, Five-Factor model, multi-pet households, multivariate analysis


Personality is the result of interactions between genes, environmental and experiential factors. Dogs and cats living in the same household are a valuable experimental model to evaluate the effect of factors affecting personality traits.

Material and Methods

A total of 1270 owners of dogs and cats in the same household answered to a multiple-choice questionnaire, collecting data on their pets’ personality, demographic features and management habits. Principal component analysis and multivariable regression models were used.

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Medium 9781855753723

CHAPTER THREE: The “best worst option”: three examples

Roger Kennedy Karnac Books ePub

It is rare to come away from a family assessment thinking that one has recommended an easy option. Decisions about a child’s future have to be made, and that usually means that someone is going to suffer, including the child. If a child is going to be reunited with their parents, then they will lose valuable foster parents; if the decision is to remove children from harmful parents, the children will still miss their parents, and will usually try to make contact with them when they become adolescent, however abusive they may have been. Siblings may have to be separated, one parent may lose the right for any direct contact, families in treatment will have to face difficult thoughts and feelings, a child placed with adopted parents may be abused by them. Hence the title of this chapter; there is no perfect answer in this work; there is no certainty. The examples given, taken from my own caseload, try to show something of the complexity of the issues that are addressed in the detail of these kinds of situation. While in each case clear recommendations came out of the assessment process, it took some time to reach them and there were no easy answers.

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Medium 9781937554996

5 The Infinite and Sacred Nature of Being

Lucia Thornton Sigma Theta Tau International ePub

“We are not human beings having a spiritual experience, rather we are spiritual beings having a human experience.”

–Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

Redefining who we are as human beings is a primary focus of the model of whole-person caring. Broadening our self-perception from biomedical entities to a perspective that acknowledges our spiritual nature is essential. The schism that took place more than 300 years ago between the body, mind, and spirit needs to be bridged. We have neglected our humanity and relegated those things that enliven us, such as love, caring, and compassion, to the backburner.

We are out of balance and need to recover that which we have lost. The dramatic rise in recent years in consumers seeking alternative care is related to a need to be touched and cared for at a more personal level. While today’s health care culture is one of brilliant intellectual achievements and remarkable technological advances, spirituality and the human soul have been largely overlooked. Redefining who we are as human beings will not immediately change the way we practice, but it is important that we begin the dialogue.

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