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11. [Notes on the First Issue of the Monist]

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

11

[Notes on the First Issue of the Monist]

23 October 1890

The Nation

—Many minds nowadays are turning towards high philosophy with expectations such as wide-awake men have not indulged during fifty years of Hamiltonianism, Millism, and Spencerianism; so that the establishment of a new philosophical quarterly which may prove a focus for all the agitation of thought that struggles today to illuminate the deepest problems with light from modern science, is an event worthy of particular notice. The first number of the Monist (Open Court

Publishing Company) opens with good promise, in articles by two

Americans, one Englishman, three Germans, two Frenchmen. Mr. A.

Binet, student of infusorial psychology, treats of the alleged physical immortality of some of these organisms. In the opening paper, Dr.

Romanes defends against Wallace his segregation supplement to the

Darwinian theory, i.e., that the divergence of forms is aided by varieties becoming incapable of crossing, as, for instance, by blossoming at different seasons. Prof. Cope, who, if he sometimes abandons the English language for the jargon of biology, is always distinguished by a clear style, ever at his command in impersonal matters, gives an analysis of marriage, not particularly original, and introduces a slight apology for his former recommendation of temporary unions. Prof. Ernst Mach has an “anti-metaphysical” article characteristic of the class of ingenious psychologists, if not perhaps quite accurate thinkers, to which he belongs. Mr. Max Dessoir recounts exceedingly interesting things about magic mirrors considered as hypnotizing apparatus. Mr. W. M.

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5. On a method of swinging Pendulums for the determination of Gravity, proposed by M. Faye

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

12

W R I T I N G S OF C H A R L E S S. P E I R C E , 1879-1884

On a method of swinging

Pendulums for the determination of

Gravity, proposed by M. Faye

P 137: American Journal of Science and Arts,

3rd ser. 18 (August 1879): 112-19

At the Stuttgart, 1877, meeting of the International Geodetic

Association, M. Faye suggested a method of avoiding the flexure of a pendulum-support, which promises important advantages. The proposal was that two similar pendulums should be oscillated on the same support with equal amplitudes and opposite phases. If the pendulums could be made precisely alike, the amplitudes precisely equal, and the phases precisely opposite, it is obvious that the support would be continually solicited by two equal and opposite forces and would undergo no horizontal flexure, except from the distortion of the parts between the two edges. But since none of these three elements can be made equal, it is necessary to inquire what would be the effect of such slight imperfections in their equalization as would have to be expected, in practice.

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7 Reading “Beur” Film Production Otherwise: The Poetics of the Human and the Transcultural

Edited by Frieda Ekotto and Kenneth W H Indiana University Press ePub

Safoi Babana-Hampton

IN HIS ANALYSIS of the cinema verité of the 1960s both in Europe and Quebec, especially as practiced by French filmmaker and ethnologist Jean Rouch, Italian filmmaker Paolo Pasolini, and Quebecois filmmaker Pierre Perrault, Gilles Deleuze proposes a new viewpoint from which to understand the distinction of fiction versus truth or subjective versus objective: “Objective and subjective images lose their distinction, but also their identification, in favor of a new circuit where they are wholly replaced, or contaminate each other, or are decomposed and recomposed” (149). As a consequence, Deleuze continues, “the cinema can call itself cinéma-vérité, all the more so because it will have destroyed every model of the true so as to become creator and producer of truth: this will not be a cinema of truth but the truth of cinema” (151, my emphasis). As Deleuze’s lines suggest, the conventional boundaries governing our understanding of the two notions of “truth” and “fiction” collapse and disappear in favor of a new notion of “truth” as being primarily a construct, or a situated act of formalizing human experience. This act characterizes the very essence and raison d’être of the cinematic enterprise, whose field of application Deleuze extends even to works traditionally defined as documentary reportages or ethnographic investigations, such as those produced by Rouch and Perrault (149). Deleuze thus develops a view of the cinematic work as a visual field within which the poetic, the lyrical, and the aesthetic as well as the documentary and ethnographic elements are intertwined and interdependent and cross-fertilize each other in order to depict a multilayered reality or lived experience. All these considerations of the cinematic work are deeply inscribed in his conception of the artist, of whom he offers the following definition: “What the artist is, is creator of truth, because truth is not to be achieved, formed, or reproduced; it has to be created. There is no other truth than the creation of the New” (146–47).

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7. Review of Jevons’s Pure Logic

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

7

Review of Jevons’s Pure Logic

3 July 1890

The Nation

Pure Logic, and Other Minor Works. By W. Stanley Jevons.

Edited by Robert Adamson and Harriet A. Jevons. Macmillan &

Co. 1890.

Though called Minor, these are scientifically Jevons’s most important writings. As when they first appeared, they impress us by their clearness of thought, but not with any great power. The first piece,

“Pure Logic,” followed by four years De Morgan’s Syllabus of Logic, a dynamically luminous and perfect presentation of an idea. In comparison with that, Jevons’s work seemed, and still seems, feeble enough. Its leading idea amounts to saying that existence can be asserted indirectly by denying the existence of something else. But among errors thick as autumn leaves in Vallambrosa, the tract contains a valuable suggestion, a certain modification of Boole’s use of the symbol ϩ in logic. This idea, directly suggested by De Morgan’s work, soon presented itself independently to half-a-dozen writers. But Jevons was first in the field, and the idea has come to stay. Mr. Venn is alone in his dissent.

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3. Tunde Kelani’s Nollywood: Aesthetics of Exhortation

Akinwumi Adesokan Indiana University Press ePub

Of the three directors whose works are the main focus of this book, the Nigerian Tunde Kelani is perhaps the least well known to an international audience, even one familiar with African films. However, having made sixteen full-length films in less than twenty years (1993–2010), he is perhaps the most prolific of African filmmakers, surpassing even the late Ousmane Sembene, who had completed fourteen films by his death in June 2007. Debates over who has produced more may not always count in artistic and intellectual matters, art being more about what than about how much. Nonetheless, Kelani’s output is a function of a particular context, that of the cinematic phenomenon called Nollywood, and for this reason it matters a great deal. Nollywood is now widely acknowledged as the third largest film industry in the world, after the United States (Hollywood) and India (Bollywood). In fact, Nigeria produced 872 feature-length films in 2006, in comparison with 1,091 in India and 485 in the United States (UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2010). Kelani, a producer-director and the founder of Mainframe Productions, a film and television production company, is the most consistently active of the Nollywood directors, with an average of a film every year. He emerged as a filmmaker in the mid-1990s, alongside other talented figures like Amaka Igwe, Tade Ogidan, Zeb Ejiro, Opa Williams, Kenneth Nnebue, and Tunde Alabi-Hundeyin. Most of these directors are still active, but Kelani is now clearly in his own class. He is also among the most sought-after, appearing at conferences and film festivals both locally and internationally. What is it about him or his work that draws this kind of attention and enters him in the annals of global filmmaking, despite the relative youth of Nollywood as a cinematic phenomenon? This chapter sets out to address this question in all its ramifications through an extended discussion of Thunderbolt: Magun (2001), his first English-language film.

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2 A Mean Street in a Mean City

Ray E. Boomhower Indiana University Press ePub

FOR MORE THAN A DECADE, AS THEY STRODE ALONG THE sidewalks on the Circle, the center of Indianapolis’s original Mile Square plat, people craned their necks to peer over a high wooden fence plastered with posters advertising theater offerings, hoping to catch a glimpse of a structure destined to dominate the city’s skyline for years to come. On May 15, 1902, the city’s citizens, along with visitors from all over the state and nation, crammed downtown streets for the formal dedication of the Soldiers and Sailors Monument. Built of gray oolitic limestone from Owen County, Indiana, at a cost of approximately $600,000 and standing 284 feet tall, the edifice honored “Indiana’s Silent Victors,” the average Hoosier soldiers who had given their lives in the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, and the Spanish-American War. “They are my best beloved,” intoned Civil War veteran Lew Wallace, presiding officer for the dedication ceremonies, “who, in every instance of danger to the nation, discover a glorious chance to serve their fellow-men and dare the chance, though in so doing they suffer and sometimes die.”1

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THE LOGIC OF SCIENCE; OR, INDUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS [LOWELL LECTURES OF 1866]

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

358

W R I T I N G S OF P E I R C E , 1857-1866

Lecture I

MS 122; September-October 1866

Ladies and Gentlemen

I address you upon an exceedingly dry subject which I cannot hope to make entertaining; but the great importance of which to everyone who is to use his mind at all ought to render it interesting. I shall be obliged to call upon you for an exertion of intellect which is unnecessary in a popular lecture upon any subject which presents less unity or depends less upon long trains of thought; but I think that for the sake of the object to be gained you will be willing to make the effort, and

I refuse to believe that a people as subtile as any under the sun and who promise to eclipse every nation since the Greeks in their genius for abstract studies should be generally unable to follow the necessarily complicated arguments of the Logician.

Logic is a much abused science. Like Medicine, Law, and in short any branch of knowledge which has important practical bearings, it is brought by its applications to an ordeal which is sure to make its shortcomings manifest. It is no more perfect than any other product of humanity and we have the same right to be dissatisfied with its present state that we have with everything else that we are in a condition to improve. But many persons not resting here, go so far as to say that it is utterly useless,—and since they do so while unacquainted with the present state of the science—they ought consistently to maintain that it never can be improved so as to be of any use.

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ON THE LOGIC OF SCIENCE [HARVARD LECTURES OF 1865]

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

162

W R I T I N G S OF P E I R C E , 1857-1866

Lecture I

MS 94: February-March 1865

Though I ask your attention to one of the studies of the ancient

Trivium—a study therefore according both to etymology and long prejudice, trivial—I trust I need not at this day defend it from the charge of piddling. It is now pretty plain that though modern science has scorned the scholastic terminology it has either continued to employ or has been forced to relearn the ideas that terminology conveyed, having simply thrown away the advantage of exact expressions. Logic in itself, however, has never been contemned by profound minds. It was a particular scheme of logic and not the science itself against which Bacon protested (see Aphorism XI); hence, he proceeds at once to substitute for that scheme another of his own,—and that intended to be a strictly logical one as I shall hereafter show. In the same way the reform of

Ramus, the reform of Kant and all the reforms of science have been logical reforms. The Ramists sneered at the scholastics, the modern natural theorists sneer at both, and certain persons are now beginning to sneer at the natural theorists. Another reform seems to be coming: it is in the air. Several logical questions are already under discussion by scientific men. Naturalists are divided into two classes, more according to Lyell upon a logical question than anything else. An eminent mathem/aticjian has proposed a reform of the most important part of the theory of probabilities on logical grounds. And physicists ought not to feel too secure of the logical character of the hypothesis of impenetrability and its consequences which has already been attacked by men of high standing. On this account, I believe that there are not now many thoughtful men of science who will think that the investigation of the logical character of scientific reasoning is a needless or unimportant inquiry.

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2. Legends of Authenticity: Das Buch von den polnischen Juden (1916) by S. J. Agnon and Ahron Eliasberg / Sylvia Jaworski

Edited by Andreas Kilcher and Gabriella Indiana University Press ePub

Das Buch von den polnischen Juden (1916)
by S. J. Agnon and Ahron Eliasberg

SYLVIA JAWORSKI

In his article “Deutsche und polnische Juden” (German and Polish Jews, 1897), Nathan Birnbaum (1864–1937) describes the German Jew’s perception of the so-called “Polish Jew” as follows:

When a German Jew crosses the eastern border of his fatherland, he immediately feels like he is being transferred into a new world. It is strange and significant that nothing in this new world attracts his attention more than the Jews. It is mostly them who make him shake his head. Well, no! We are better people than that, he thinks. We dress and speak like the world does, and we are polite and modest. We do not wave about that much with our hands, we do not scream as intolerably, we do not creep, hop, or walk in such a ridiculous way. It is a real blemish for . . . for . . . for—he thinks a while about what for exactly—for Judaism. . . . Since they [the German Jews] wear a white collar, these people think that they may look down on Polish Jews to the extent that, for instance, Dr. Peters does on his colored fosterlings.1

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Around the State

Edited and with an Introduction by Owen Indiana University Press ePub

Indiana preacher earns 101 Boy Scout merit badges, and
now he’s out to get the only two that are left

CLINTON, Ind.—His name is the Rev. Clyde Covington Pearce, but all the kids in Clinton call him “Pearce.” He’s the only preacher I’ve ever known that a kid could walk up to and call by his last name, just as though he were another kid.

He must be a good preacher, because he doesn’t act like a preacher at all. He’s about 6 foot 3, and athletic looking, and speaks not in mournful language. He’s in his 40s, I’d say.

I’m writing about him, not because he’s a preacher, but because he has the very great distinction of possessing more Boy Scout merits than anybody in America. Probably more than anybody in the world.

Under the Boy Scout setup, 103 merits are available. Pearce has 101 of them. The two he lacks now are “canoeing” and “citrus fruit raising.” He’s going to get the canoeing one this summer, and the fruit one as soon as he can save enough money to go to Florida.

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26. The Law of Mind [Excursus on the Idea of Time]

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

26

The Law of Mind

[Excursus on the Idea of Time] early May 1892

Houghton Library

Events seem to flow in time. Before inquiring how far this seeming is true, we have to analyze the idea of time it presents.

Time is a system among certain relations. Anything that dures has its time-relations not completely determined in one way; that is to say, for example, Monday is in part a whole day subsequent to Sunday noon and in part not. But every space of time is separated from others by two instants, or temporal individuals; and every instant is wholly determinate in its time-relations to every other. The properties of time may conveniently be stated as properties of instants, as follows:

1. There is a determinate general relation of time between any two different instants, this relation being distinct from its converse. Of two different instants, the one is previous to the other, the latter subsequent to the former; and no instant is both previous and subsequent to the same instant.

2. This general temporal relation is a transitive one. Any instant previous to a second instant that is previous to a third is itself previous to that third.

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1. Familiar Letters about the Art of Reasoning

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

1

Familiar Letters about the

Art of Reasoning

15 May 1890

Houghton Library

Stagira, May 15, 1890.

My dear Barbara:

The University of Cracow once conferred upon a very good fellow a degree for having taught the philosophical faculty to play cards. I cannot tell you in what year this happened,—perhaps it was 1499. The graduate was Thomas Murner, of whose writings Lessing said that they illustrated all the qualities of the German language; and so they do if those qualities are energy, rudeness, indecency, and a wealth of words suited to unbridled satire and unmannered invective. The diploma of the university is given in his book called Chartiludium, one of the numerous illustrations to which is copied to form the title page of the second book of a renowned encyclopaedia, the Margarita Philosoph1 ica. Murner’s pack contained 51 cards. There were seven unequal suits; 3 hearts, 4 clubs (or acorns), 8 diamonds (or bells), 8 crowns, 7 scorpions, 8 fish, 6 crabs. The remaining seven cards were jokers, or unattached to suits; for such cards formed a feature of all old packs. The object of Murner’s cards was to teach the art of reasoning, and a very successful pedagogical instrument they no doubt proved.

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Detailed Contents

David Bleich Indiana University Press ePub

Acknowledgments

Introduction: The Contested Subject

PART ONE: THE MATERIALITY OF LANGUAGE

Chapter 1: Premises and Backgrounds

I.

The Materiality of Language and the Sacralization of Texts

II.

Access to Language

III.

Limited Access in Education and Total Mediation in Society

IV.

Nominalism

Chapter 2: Received Standards in the Study of Language

I.

Language as a Contested Subject Matter

II.

Lorenzo Valla’s Challenges

III.

The Humanistic Study of Language

IV.

Language and Knowledge

V.

Condillac’s Search for Origins

VI.

Many Languages and the Enlightened University

VII.

Modern Standards

Chapter 3: Materiality and Genre

I.

Materiality from Nominalism

II.

Genre as a Language Function

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Chapter Twenty

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

Phoenix knew better than to hope Teeg would change her mind. Might as well hope Salt Creek Falls would change its direction and tumble uphill. No sooner get my feet under me here, he thought, than she’s itching to go somewhere else. Portland, ye gods. What could be left of the place, twenty years after its dismantling? Moss-covered rubble and tons of plastic. Maybe it was all cinders, like Zuni’s village, like the hundreds of blackened townsites he had viewed in satellite photos.

“I have a concern to make a trip,” Teeg announced in the stillness following that night’s ingathering. “I am moved to seek my mother, to find out how she died. Or if she died.”

Everyone let that soak in for a while. The ingathering, Zuni’s first, had been the clearest since the landing, so there was a good deal to absorb. Phoenix sat on his mat in a clairvoyant stupor. Each of Teeg’s words, as she explained her mission, drifted before him like a tiny glass animal.

Surely they would say no, you can’t go, it’s a crack-brained scheme. But no sooner had Teeg finished speaking than everyone was agreeing to her plan. “It would be good for you to wait until the crops are established,” Marie was saying. “And the ribs will take another four weeks to mend,” Hinta cautioned. “And of course you won’t go alone,” said Jurgen.

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8 - Bad Brother Man: Black Folk Figure Narratives in Comics

Edited by Lovalerie King and Shirley Moo Indiana University Press ePub

JAMES BRAXTON PETERSON

Recent scholarship in Africana Studies has revisited the “badman” folk figure in African American culture. Much of this scholarship (Perry 2004, Cobb 2006, and Ogbar 2007) has reengaged this classic black folk figure in order to explicate similar characters emerging in the lyrics and music videos of Hip Hop culture. In this essay I will extend these new theoretical analyses to interpret the figure of the “badman” in comics and graphic novels. Mat Johnson and Warren Pleece's Incognegro: A Graphic Mystery, Derek McCulloch and Shepherd Hendrix's Stagger Lee, and Kyle Baker's Nat Turner all depict either fictional or historical outlaw figures derived directly from the rich reservoir of African American oral and folk culture. Incognegro, Stagger Lee, and Nat Turner each have intriguing and integral relationships with history, mythology, and the legendary narratives of black “badmen,” but also of interest here is the interstitial relationship between these comic (anti)heroes and the American justice system. Each of them is either an outlaw, a fugitive, or a vigilante at specific points in their narratives and each in turn emerges from a narratological set of experiences that embolden them as culturally aspirational outlaws.1 These Bad-Brother-Men narratives depict a complex twenty-first-century portrait of the black heroic outlaw; visually dense and verbally articulated as historic essays, each of these narratives suggest the untapped potential for comics to engage American history and the politics of identity.

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