667 Chapters
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Medium 9781857547658

The Road Not Taken

Iain Bamforth Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

The Road Not Taken

F  S  C

Arriving at the former edge of the known world by plane almost entirely disqualifies me from writing from Santiago de

Compostela, although I can plead one mitigating circumstance for my aberrant choice of transport. My gazetteer – ‘in a new English translation, from the original Latin of the twelfth-century

Pilgrim’s Guide to Santiago de Compostela, the earliest account of the pilgrim routes through France and Spain to the shrine of

St James’ – is so bulky it couldn’t possibly fit into a knapsack.

Imagine the ignominy of collapsing somewhere under the weight of a book as big as a paving stone! Stones clutter the landscape for an exceedingly long time and don’t need to shorten the life of those beneath them.

Anyway I’m forgetting; this is a book not just about Santiago, but about the places where the trail originates in France: St-Denis,

Vézelay, Le Puy and Arles. These are the tributaries that converge like a reverse delta on Puenta la Reina to form the Camino de

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Medium 9780253017581

2 Speakerly Reading: Zora Neale Hurston

Lesley Larkin Indiana University Press ePub

Zora Neale Hurston

DESPITE THE SHARED FELICITY OF THEIR TRIPLED MONIKERS, James Weldon Johnson, the subject of the previous chapter, and Zora Neale Hurston had relatively little in common as artists. Although Johnson wrote a number of dialect songs and poems in his early career, he eventually rejected dialect and became known for works that appealed to the rising black middle class. Hurston, in contrast, was an ethnographer and folklorist whose best-known works celebrate vernacular black speech and culture. Despite significant differences in their approaches, and as predicted by the double bind of the double audience – Johnson’s description of the no-win situation facing black authors who write for a mixed, majority-white readership – both Johnson and Hurston have been criticized for their particular representations of black life. (Both have been praised extensively as well, but it is the critique I am interested in here.) It is possible to object to the middle-class, cosmopolitan protagonist of Johnson’s The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man for making black culture palatable to the white audience whom he resembles, just as it is possible to object to Hurston’s folksy Southern black characters for appearing untroubled by systemic racism and thus resembling characters on the minstrel stage.

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Medium 9780253018618

The Heat

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

The Heat

heat has its own inconsistencies

despite purist reputation, own

rag-mop toils steaming iron

blues veins to count before

the big sky’s water breaks;

gets all volcanic eyed, knows better than

still hopes, laughs down to the river

laundry on the head highest

reaches blue furthest point from

up on sweltering rocks evokes

before night rain raise the dead in

the middle black triplets heat cotton-

row conscience juju music spanish

tinge muted horn troubled head

balms mud red barefoot road issues

of tobacco heart old country visions

chewed down traditions tongue ear-

ring future sun-hurt hidden scars up

by the rocks scorching intuition

chain gang arms swing men for cry

before the big sky goes into labor;

tames the pounding heart trumpet

solo raging heat silent screaming

shame burning sugarcane notion

Miles let go of deadly

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Medium 9780253006257

9 - Sampling the Sonics of Sex (Funk) in Paul Beatty's Slumberland

Edited by Lovalerie King and Shirley Moo Indiana University Press ePub

L. H. STALLINGS

For the nigger, it niggereth everyday.

CHARLES SCHWA

Afro-German identity emerged as a relational concept where the construction of race/blackness and identity are constituted through a sense of community and relation both to those positioned in similar ways, as well as to the discourses and categories of racial difference and identity through which this process of positioning is enacted. Black German identity is thus the product and process of importing individual, social, and cultural meanings to blackness as a strategic form of self-definition and identification.

TINA CAMPT

Blackness. Even as historians and critics have attempted to articulate the historical beginning of blackness, as well as the modernity of it, who can say when or where this phenomenon of blackness, a force akin to the start of a world religion rather than the beginning of a racial identity, will end. Though in vastly different contexts, scholar Tina Campt and Charles Schwa—a minor but important character from Paul Beatty's novel Slumberland—provide insights as to how American and German black identity might be conceptualized, while also privileging the experience of being black over the debates that race is a false social construct. The question as to whether there is, in fact, an end to blackness is one of the major considerations of this essay, which examines how contemporary African American literary and cultural theories have grappled with and continue to grapple with this question. Through a close reading of Paul Beatty's Slumberland, and through an engagement with scholars' focus on periodizing African American literary and cultural traditions, I explore how black literary production and blackness itself resists moves to mark it. I suggest that critics must form new conceptualizations of time and space in order to change the trajectory of future discourses about race and racial identity. Standard, western, or straight time may be useful for charting the representations or performances of blackness, but they have often failed to fully delineate the experience of being black. In Slumberland, Beatty proposes that rhythmless constructs of time can never represent indeterminate blackness. Further, as he diagrams this blackness as the funkiest break beat1 in the world, his novel implores people of the African Diaspora to form complex identities that elide restrictions of time and space imposed on black bodies and communities by tradition, nation, and modernity.

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Medium 9781857547658

Bile with Style

Iain Bamforth Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

Bile with Style

‘How do you tell a true patriot?’ asked the cabarettist Helmut

Qualtinger a few years ago. ‘He’s ashamed of his countrymen.’ The remark goes further than Austria, but Thomas Bernhard’s writings, slabs of lyophilised bile from his first mature work Verstörung

() through the numerous novels and plays and six volumes of autobiography, are characteristic of a pronounced strain in

Austrian literature: the writer as malcontent and whinger. It is a love-hate relationship which precedes this century, it can be found simmering away in Grillparzer and Nestroy, for example; the age of the great coffee houses and newspapers refined it to exquisite parody, and Austria’s ignominious collapse in the First War envenomed it. Karl Kraus, something of a scold himself, even inserted a grumbling character called ‘Der Nörgler’ in his docudrama, The Last Days of Mankind. After the terrible disclosures of the

Second War, it was left to Bernhard to add his own withering definitions of ‘Austrian brainlessness, in all its subtle shades’.

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Medium 9780253356796

1. C. L. R. James Sees the World Steadily

Akinwumi Adesokan Indiana University Press ePub

Commenting on the writings of a cricket critic named Neville Cardus, C. L. R. James, the Trinidadian/black British writer, political activist, and theorist, makes a statement that is as true of James himself as it is of Cardus: “He says the same in more than one place” (James 1983, 195). This declaration that a piece of writing is only one instance of a vast and consistent reworking of themes and ideas also found elsewhere in his works is a succinct way of describing integration, the primary method in James’s writings, which I have taken as a model in this book. In this chapter I use the occasion of “Toward the Seventh: The Pan-African Congress—Past, Present and Future,” an essay James wrote in 1976, to elaborate on this method and to make three related claims. First, I claim that in spite of the diverse artistic, political, and cultural contexts of his literary output (in a career that spanned much of the twentieth century), James developed a style which he used to bring together ideas from different, often conflicting, political impulses and traditions. Second, given his personal and political choices, James’s work represents a promising, though not entirely successful, integration of the two putatively antagonistic processes of socialist tricontinentalism and neoliberal cosmopolitanism. Third, although “Toward the Seventh” apparently concerns itself specifically with African realities, James’s analysis and the topic’s historical context indicate that Pan-Africanism goes beyond Africa, pertaining to questions of social justice across the world. In the spirit of this Jamesian method, I read the thematic, stylistic, and theoretical aspects of the 1976 essay in conjunction with a number of texts that say the same thing in other places.

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Medium 9780253372048

11. A Quincuncial Projection of the Sphere

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

Quincuncial Projection, 1879

71

I.

Table of Rectangular Coordinates for Construction of the

^Quincuncial Projection." x (for longitudes in upper line).

LAI.

85°

80

75

70

65

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

y (for longitudes in lower line).

90

85

10°

80

15°

75

20°

70

'25°

(>5

•U)°

(>0

'55°

55

40°

50

45°

45

50°

40

55°

35

(>()°

30

05°

25

70°

20

75°

15

80°

10

85°

5

LAT.

.033

.067

.100

.135

.169

.205

.241

.278

.317

.357

.400

.446

.495

.548

.609

.681

.775

1.000

.033

.066

.100

.134

.169

.204

.240

.277

.316

.356

.398

.443

.492

.545

.604

.672

.752

.841

.033

.066

.099

.133

.167

.201

.237

.274

.312

.351

.393

.437

.484

.534

.589

.649

.713

.774

.032

.064

.097

.130

.163

.198

.232

.269

.306

.344

.384

.427

.471

.518

.568

.620

.673

.723

.031

.063

.094

.127

.159

.192

.226

.261

.297

.334

.373

.413

.455

.498

.544

.590

.635

.679

.030

.061

.091

.122

.154

.185

.218

.251

.286

.321

.358

.396

.435

.476

.517

.559

.600

.639

.029

.058

.087

.117

.147

.177

.208

.240

.273

.307

.341

.377

.414

.452

.490

.528

.566

.602

.027

.055

.082

.110

.139

.168

.197

.227

.258

.290

.322

.356

.391

.426

.461

.497

.532

.567

.025

.051

.077

.103

.130

.157

.184

.212

.241

.270

.301

.332

.365

.398

.432

.466

.500

.533

.024

.047

.071

.095

.120

.145

.170

.196

.223

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Medium 9780253211903

18. An Outline Classification of the Sciences

Edited by the Peirce Edition Project Indiana University Press ePub

 

MS 478. [Found in CP 1.180–202, this text is the first section of “A Syllabus of Certain Topics of Logic,” a large document composed mostly in October 1903 to supplement the Lowell Lectures. The original syllabus contains six sections, of which four are printed here (selections 18–21). Omitted are “Nomenclature and Divisions of Dyadic Relations” (MS 539; CP 3.571–608) and “Existential Graphs: The Conventions” (MS 508; CP 4.394–417). The first two sections and part of the sixth were printed for the audience by the Lowell Institute (Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, 1903); the selection below is found there pp. 5–9.] This first part of the “Syllabus” is literally, as proclaimed in its title, an outline. In its summary form, it provides an easy guide to Peirce’s mature classification of the sciences, with the normative sciences—esthetics, ethics, and logic—constituting the central branch of philosophy. Peirce defines logic as “the science of the general laws of signs,” and divides it, as he had in his first 1903 Lowell Lecture (previous selection) into three departments: speculative grammar, critic, and methodeutic. Peirce’s subsequent development of semiotics will be built on this classification.

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Medium 9780253012814

VI Starting Over

Larry Lockridge Indiana University Press ePub

Vernice Lockridge had never seen the sea, so Revere Beach was the first excursion after the young family was settled into 18D Shaler Lane, Cambridge. She and Ernest watched Ross in his three-piece suit skip stones on the water. From South Ferry in Boston Harbor they saw the old wharves and skyline. Cambridge, with its elegant gabled houses, its labyrinth of streets and mix of populations, made Vernice feel as if she were now living in a foreign country. And it was exciting to be alone with Ross and Ernest, after the two-year spell of domestic life with parents.

If their new environment seemed exotic to her, its revelations weren’t exactly proof of how an advanced eastern culture brings wide-eyed Midwesterners up short. At a party for Shaler Lane residents—married Harvard graduate students and younger married faculty—she and Ross found themselves the only Roosevelt supporters in the room. All others were voting for IU graduate Wendell Willkie (B.A. ’13, LL.B. ’16) in the upcoming election. When his good-humored arguments on behalf of the welfare state dumbfounded his peers, Ross decided he and Vernice had better sit on their politics if they were going to make friends.

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Medium 9780253203175

Engineer Menni: A Novel of Fantasy

Alexander Bogdanov Indiana University Press ePub

After the events which I described in the book Red Star, I am once again living among my Martian friends and working for the cherished cause of bringing our two worlds closer together. The Martians have decided for the immediate future to refrain from all direct or active interference in the affairs of Earth. For the time being they will restrict themselves to studying our humanity and gradually acquainting us with the more ancient civilization of Mars. I wholly agree with them that caution is of the essence, for if their discoveries on the structure of matter were at the present time to become known on Earth, the militaristic rulers of our mutually hostile nations would gain control over weapons of unprecedented might, and the entire planet would be devastated in a matter of months.

The Martians have established a special unit for the dissemination of the New Culture on Earth, affiliated with the Colonial Group. I have taken a position there as translator, that being the work for which I am best qualified; we hope in the near future to enlist other Earthlings of various nationalities for the same purpose. This is not at all as simple as it may appear at first glance. Translation from the single Martian language into those of Earth is much more difficult than translation from one Earthly language to another, and it is often even impossible to give a full and exact rendering of the content of the original.

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Medium 9780253003102

3 Voice of the Gutter: Comics in the Academy / Tanis MacDonald

PAUL BUDRA Indiana University Press ePub

TANIS MACDONALD

 

In none of the books on comics I have looked into . . . have I come on any real attempt to understand comic books: to define the form, midway between icon and story; to distinguish the subtypes. . . . It would not take someone with the talents of an Aristotle, but merely with his method, to ask the rewarding questions about this kind of literature that he once asked about an equally popular and bloody genre: what are its causes and its natural form?

LESLIE FIEDLER, “THE MIDDLE AGAINST BOTH ENDS”

 

[C]omics are a wandering variable, and can be approached from many perspectives. The restless, polysemiotic character of the form allows for the continual rewriting of its grammar; each succeeding page need not function in the exact same way as its predecessor. The relationship between the various elements of comics (images, words, symbols) resists easy formulation. The critical reading of comics . . . involves a tug-of-war between conflicting impulses: on the one hand, the nigh-on irresistible urge to codify the workings of the form; on the other, a continual delight in the form’s ability to frustrate any airtight analytical scheme.

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Medium 9780253372048

31. Methods of Reasoning

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

Methods of Reasoning, 1881

245

Methods of Reasoning

MS 397: Fall-Winter 1881

FIRST METHOD. The simple consequence.

By a p r o p o s i t i o n , is meant, in logic, anything which can be held for true, or which can be supposed to be so held. Thus, "all men are free and equal," is a proposition, and it is at the same time composed of two propositions, that all men are free and that all men are equal. It is plain that any compound of propositions forms a proposition.

R e a s o n i n g is accepting a proposition as true, while recognizing some other proposition as the reason for it. By recognizing a proposition as the reason for another, is meant recognizing that the belief in the former causes the belief in the latter in a way in which true propositions will not, (at least usually,) produce belief in such as are false.

A proposition accepted on account of a reason is called a e o n e l u s i o n , and is said to be i n f e r r e d from that reason. The reason, itself a proposition, is generally conceived as composed of several propositions, and these are termed the p r e m i s e s of the inference.

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Medium 9780253372024

[THE PEIRCE-HARRIS EXCHANGE ON HEGEL]

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

132

W R I T I N G S OF C H A R L E S S. P E I R C E , 1867-1871

Paul Janet and Hegel,' by W. T. Harris

Journal of Speculative Philosophy l(1867):250-56

[In the following article the passages quoted are turned into

English, and the original French is omitted for the sake of brevity and lucid arrangement. As the work reviewed is accessible to most readers, a reference to the pages from which we quote will answer all purposes.—EDITOR.]

Since the death of Hegel in 1831, his philosophy has been making a slow but regular progress into the world at large. At home in Germany it is spoken of as having a right wing, a left wing, and a centre; its disciples are very numerous when one counts such widely different philosophers as Rosenkrantz,

Michelet, Kuno Fischer, Erdmann, I. H. Fichte, Strauss, Feuerbach, and their numerous followers. Sometimes when one hears who constitute a "wing" of the Hegelian school, he is reminded of the "lucus a non " principle of naming, or rather of misnaming things. But Hegelianism has, as we said, made its way into other countries. In France we have the ^Esthetics "partly translated and partly analyzed," by Professor Benard; the logic of the small Encyclopaedia, translated with copious notes, by Professor Vera, who has gone bravely on, with what seems with him to be a work of love, and given us the Philosophy of Nature and the Philosophy of Spirit, and promises us the "Philosophy of

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Medium 9780253016300

7 Blacks, Jews, and Southerners in William Styron’s Sophie’s Choice

Emily Miller Budick Indiana University Press ePub

IN AN IMPORTANT article on Primo Levi that appeared in 1989 in Memory and Metaphor, Cynthia Ozick faulted Styron’s Sophie’s Choice primarily for giving us “as the central genocidal emblem of Lager policy . . . a victim who is not a Jew.” Ozick is quick to point out that “the suffering of no one victimized group or individual weighs more in human anguish than that of any other victimized group or individual.” Nonetheless, as Ozick observes, whereas Catholic Poland still exists, “European Jewish civilization was wiped out utterly” (“Primo Levi’s Suicide Note,” in Ozick 1989, 43). This is a point with which Alvin Rosenfeld, among other critics, adamantly agrees. To be sure, as Styron himself has put it, and as quoted by Rosenfeld, “To say that only Jews suffered is to tell a historical lie” (2011, 44). Nonetheless, Rosenfeld adds, “The crime was not spread out neatly and evenly among the Jews and Gentiles alike. Most of European Jewry was murdered, and the murderers were European Gentiles, some of whom also died. The extent of the dying and the motives behind the deaths were not equivalent, though, and it simply makes no sense to add up all the corpses without distinction and pile them on to some abstract slaughter heap called ‘mankind’” (2011, 44). Irving Saposnik (1982) has argued similarly.

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Medium 9780253018618

Retracing Nelson Mandela through the Lineage of Black Political Thought

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

from Walter Rubusana to Steve Biko

Xolela Mangcu

Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be carved.

—IMMANUEL KANT, 1895

Reclaiming the Vision

SOUTH AFRICAS TRANSITION to democracy still inspires the imagination of people all over the world, especially those in search of what too often seems like an elusive peace. Even when he lies sick in hospital Nelson Mandela remains the iconic embodiment of that historical transformation, and will remain so for decades to come. South Africans invoke his memory to protest the depredations of his successors, from Thabo Mbeki’s dalliance with HIV/AIDS denialists to the halo of corruption around Jacob Zuma’s head. Compounding the country’s challenges are unacceptably high levels of unemployment, poverty, and inequality and a failing school system. To overcome these challenges and return to the high road of Nelson Mandela and his generation, the country needs much more than technocratic policy solutions. It needs a self-awareness that can only come from a new public narrative that puts present and future generations back on Mandela’s path. The path itself was never straightforward but winding—and winding with too many proverbial forks in the road. The debates were oftentimes clamorous, but they also became the basis for political creativity against daunting odds.

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