313 Chapters
Medium 9781902375014

7.4 Significance of quality costs in construction

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


A system for quantifying construction quality costs

7.1 Introduction

There are three components that make up quality costs: Prevention, Appraisal and Failure costs. The ISO 9000 standard introduces a quality management system that has been widely claimed would reduce the costs of business. One of the ways it does this is through a reduction in quality costs. The ISO 9000 quality management system establishes work procedures that reduce defects. Proper design and implementation of these work procedures lead to reduced wastage as more work would be done right the first time. Ultimately, the costs of operation would decrease. However, no study has been done based on the above premise. Although it has been widely claimed that ISO 9000 would reduce the costs of doing business, no studies have been undertaken within the context of ISO 9000 certified construction firms. Due to this vacuum, this chapter proposes a cost system to capture site quality costs. The aims of this chapter are to:

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Medium 9781457109737

Chapter 9 Fish and Wildlife Regulation

General, Conference of Western Attorneys University Press of Colorado ePub

P.389, n.42.      Delete the text of the footnote after the semi-colon in line 2 and add the following:

cf. State v. Cayenne, 195 P.3d 521 (Wash. 2008) (when sentencing a tribal member for an off-reservation crime, the trial court may impose conditions that apply on-reservation as well as off-reservation).

P.405, n.162.      Add the following to line 8 of the footnote before the semi-colon:

; State v. Roy, 761 N.W.2d 883 (Minn. Ct. App. 2009) (state law prohibiting felon from possessing firearms was a generally applicable criminal statute, not a hunting regulation, and could be enforced against member of tribe with hunting rights); State v. Jacobs, 735 N.W.2d 535 (Wis. Ct. App. 2007) (same)

P.409, n.192.      Add the following to the end of the footnote before the period:

, aff’d on other grounds, United States v. Washington, 573 F.3d 701 (9th Cir. 2009)

P.409.            Add the following to the text at the end of the first full paragraph:

The Ninth Circuit subsequently affirmed the district court but on somewhat different grounds, holding that intertribal claims for equitable allocation of fish are analogous to interstate claims for equitable apportionment of fish under the doctrine described in Idaho ex rel. Evans v. Oregon192.1 and that a tribe which seeks an equitable apportionment against another tribe thus must plead and prove by clear and convincing evidence some real and substantial injury or damage.192.2

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Medium 9781574413175

Chapter 4: The Gathering Storm

Bill Neal University of North Texas Press PDF



The Gathering Storm

The Killings Begin

WHILE THE WINNIPEG PRESS was whetting the voyeuristic appe-

tite of its readers with blow-by-blow accounts of John Beal Sneed’s windmill-tilting tactics with the Canadian immigration officials, the Fort Worth press carried an entirely different kind of story— different, but one that was equally fascinating to its subscribers. Colonel Boyce and his wife had come to Fort Worth to testify before the grand jury on behalf of Al. While in town they were interviewed by a

Fort Worth Star-Telegram reporter. The story he filed was not nearly as humorous as the Winnipeg musings, but it certainly was a lot more inflammatory. Colonel Boyce was quoted as saying this: “Nobody will believe that my son abducted Lena Sneed . . . She is as sane as anybody . . . I know that they sent Mrs. Sneed to the sanitarium to get her away from my son . . . She planned the whole thing, and I am going to see that my son’s name is cleared of this false charge.”1

But the quote attributed to Al’s mother topped that. Mrs. Annie

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Medium 9781574411522

12 Religion

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter twelve



f adversity draws one closer to the Lord, the skies over most prisons should be ringing with hymns and the fences humming with prayer. Most convicts were not religious people before coming to jail—that truth is evident in their reckless, hurtful, selfish actions. However, the Lord is active in Texas prisons. Inmates who wish to pursue a spiritual awakening are extended almost every opportunity to do so. TDCJ extends quite a bit of freedom to inmates for them to pursue individual beliefs and practices.

All inmates are encouraged to believe, worship, and to study their particular religion. Participation in any worship is voluntary, unless an inmate is assigned to one of the pre-release units that has a focus on spiritual fellowship as a foundation for rehabilitation, such as the Carol Vance Unit, which houses the Inner Change Faith-Based Treatment Program.

Many things contribute to the degree of religious freedom and array of religious activities on a particular unit: the dedication of the unit chaplains; the involvement of community volunteers; the religious beliefs of the warden. In any case, this is one area where what TDCJ practices often exceed what its policy requires.

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Medium 9781574414325

Chapter 5 – Work

Jorge Antonio Renaud The University of North Texas Press ePub



It comes as a shock to the mostly lazy, unskilled criminals who come into the Texas prison system that, unlike the federal system or most other state prisons, Texas inmates must work. And they do not get paid. Anything. (More on the financial situation in Chapter nine: Money.) Inside and outside, in snow and rain, day and night, whenever TDCJ needs something done, chances are that an inmate is assigned to do it.

Most inmates who are physically fit are first assigned to work in the fields, in what are called work squads, hoe squads, or sometimes just the Line. The Line is not actually considered a job. It is a way of indoctrinating inmates—especially younger, first-time inmates—to the system, and it is punishment for inmates losing other jobs through disciplinary infractions. Sometimes, it is just punishment for angering the wrong officer.

On most units, the Line does field work. Inmates in the fields plant, weed, thin, and harvest fruits and vegetables. Texas prison crops range from watermelons, peanuts, eggplants, and beets to the more traditional vegetables and, of course, King Cotton.

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