391 Slices
Medium 9781607320944

CHAPTER EIGHT. The Spread of the Arawakan Languages: A View from Structural Phylogenetics

Alf Hornborg University Press of Colorado ePub

Swintha Danielsen, Michael Dunn, and Pieter Muysken

Over the last three decades the Arawakan language family has drawn increasing attention in a number of disciplines (cf. Hill and Santos-Granero 2002). The family is unique in South America in several respects. It has the widest geographical extension of a language family in the continent. Furthermore, the literature reports for many individual members of the language family considerable influence from other languages in their immediate surroundings. In this chapter we aim to accomplish four things. First, we present a first analysis of a database of structural (as opposed to lexical) features of the Arawakan languages (Dunn et al. 2008). Comparative linguistic work on Arawakan languages was generally based on lexical material, such as that by Payne (1991). Structural features have been compared, for example, by Aikhenvald (1999a), but not systematically. Second, we carry out an analysis of the structural database using isolation by distance measures. Our third objective is to present the outcomes of a statistical analysis of the distribution of the structural features, using the SplitsTree program (NeighborNet) to yield a classification of the language family. Discrepancies between the classifications on the basis of structural features and the traditional lexical features may give us insight into the role of spread as a second language, as in the case of pidgins and creoles. The data may support Hornborg’s hypothesis that the Arawakan diaspora was in part a relatively recent phenomenon and that languages did not spread successively in one big migration phase, but rather in waves (cf. Hornborg 2005:603). Finally, we survey the data on the role of contact in shaping Arawakan languages.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781538104118

Exploring the Concept of a “Legacy” Collection: A Study on German World War I Paper Textiles at the National Museum of American History

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Exploring the Concept of a “Legacy” Collection

A Study on German World War I Paper Textiles at the National Museum of American History

Kathleen King

Assistant Registrar, The George Washington University Museum and The Textile Museum, 701 21st NW, Washington, DC 20052; kking15@gwu.edu

Abstract  Using a collection of surplus German military objects composed of woven paper from World War I in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History as a case study, this article questions the value of keeping objects that no longer support the current mission statement of a museum, or if they ever did. It does not aim to answer definitively such a tough question, as a multitude of factors and stakeholders are involved with such a decision, but rather it seeks to bring this subject matter to the fore of collections and curatorial management, to explore best practices, and to examine if such best practices are being readily followed. The objects’ history, manufacturing processes, materiality, conservation concerns, and significance are explored in an effort to build context around the objects and to determine the appropriateness of their occupancy within the museum.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781538106235

The Special Collections Handbook, Second Edition

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub


Museums and Innovations

Edited by Zvjezdana Antos, Annette B. Fromm, and Viv Golding. New Castle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017. 249 pages. ISBN: 9781443812689.

Reviewed by Kirsten Belisle, Collections Manager, Dubois Museum & Wind River Historical Center, 909 W. Rams Horn St., Dubois, WY; kirsten.belisle.a@gmail.com

An aptly titled book, Museums and Innovations brings together 16 essays that unite theories with practical applications for exhibition construction as related to increasing meaning making in a globalized world. These essays discuss how demands placed on the museum field by ever-evolving societies have created the need for a new museology focused on moral activism and deeper community engagement. Each essay stresses the idea that museums must address each group of people in their communities—be they part of the majority, minority, resident, or migrant populations—through exhibitions. In addition, the constant theme of innovation and the critical approach to current museology make up for the occasional paragraph in this book overburdened by colloquial terms and jargon. Still, this book’s strength lies in the extremely detailed case studies included in each essay that provide extensive overviews of problems faced by these institutions and the ultimate solutions they created in their quest to serve their communities.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780874216424

3. Countering

Joseph Harris Utah State University Press ePub


Palin: Oh look, this isn’t an argument.
Cleese: Yes it is.
Palin: No it isn’t. It’s just contradiction.
Cleese: No it isn’t.
Palin: It is!
Cleese: It is not.
Palin: Look, you just contradicted me.
Cleese: I did not.
Palin: Oh you did!
Cleese: No, no, no.
Palin: You did just then.
Cleese: Nonsense!
Palin: Oh, this is futile!
Cleese: No it isn’t.
Palin: I came here for a good argument.
Cleese: No you didn’t; you came here for an argument.
Palin: An argument isn’t just contradiction.
Cleese: It can be.

Palin: No it can’t. An argument is a connected series of statements intended to establish a proposition.
Cleese: No it isn’t.
Palin: Yes it is! It’s not just contradiction.
Cleese: Look, if I argue with you, I must take up a contrary position.
Palin: Yes, but that’s not just saying, “No it isn’t.”
Cleese: Yes it is!
Palin: No it isn’t! Argument is an intellectual process. Contradiction is just the automatic gainsaying of any statement the other person makes.
(short pause)
Cleese: No it isn’t.

—Monty Python, “Argument Clinic”

See All Chapters
Medium 9781538106228

20th-Century Bronx Childhood

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

20th-Century Bronx Childhood

Recalling the Faces and Voices

Janet Butler Munch

Professor and Special Collections Librarian, Lehman College, City University of New York, Bronx, New York, janet.munch@lehman.cuny.edu

Abstract A popular photographic exhibit on childhood, originally featured in the Lehman College Art Gallery in the Bronx, New York, was brought to life two decades later through a library digitization grant. The website Childhood in the Bronx (http://www.lehman.edu/library/childhood-bronx/home.htm) features 61 photographs of boys and girls with family or friends, at play, on streets, and in parks, schools, shelters, hospitals, and other locales. Oral history sound excerpts about their childhood, not heard in the original exhibit, complement the 18 vintage photographs shown. The combination of images with the spoken word enhances the user’s sensory experience with deeper meaning and enjoyment. This article discusses how the project was accomplished and what can be learned from the Lehman digitization team’s experience.

See All Chapters

See All Slices