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2: Transformation of Policy

Guadalupe San Miguel Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF



EDUCATION, 1968–1978


During the first decade of its existence, from 1968 to 1978, bilingual education policy was strengthened and transformed as it was implemented.

Federal court rulings, executive actions, and the political struggles of minority and non-minority group members contributed to its growth and strengthening.

The proponents of bilingual education constantly struggled for funds, created the administrative mechanisms for encouraging the establishment of bilingual education programs, provided definitions of and clashed over the goals and content of bilingual education, and developed a federal support system for its implementation. These developments led to a variety of programmatic, educational, and political changes and to the transformation in the goals, scope, and character of bilingual education. They also led to the emergence of an organized opposition to bilingual education policy.


Expand Scope of Legislation: From Categorical to

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Chapter 10 – And finally...

Dee Clayton M-Y Books Ltd ePub

Youve now successfully learnt how to tame your monkeys ten out of ten, congratulations! After reading the Tips and Tricks section even the few remaining Green monkeys that just needed a little advice and guidance are a lot happier. You dont need to remember all of the Tips and Tricks section - its always there to refer back to when you need it. I hope in the Goals section you really set yourself some motivating next steps to keep you moving forwards - so now would be a great time to re-grade yourself on the confidence scale between 1 to 10 where 1 =no confidence at all and 10 is very confident, relaxed and looking forward to the next presentation.

Your score may vary depending on whether youve actually been presenting as youve progressed through this book or whether youve been reading it first and are now planning to go and present.

If youve been presenting as youve been reading the book youll have experienced the improvement in practice or real life. Youll have noticed the feeling of things becoming easier and easier. You might have experienced a monkey-free presentation or only a few mini monkeys popping up occasionally but with almost no impact on you because you now have the confidence to manage the little fellas. Any mini monkeys are nowhere near the size you felt they were at the beginning when you were reading Chapter 1. Yay! Youve been Dee-monkeyfied!

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Medium 9781622500253

Mechanics: Proofreading

Emily Hutchinson Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

Basic Skills Practice

Mechanics: Proofreading

Error-free work makes a great impression. Take the time to check your manuscript for careless mistakes! Proofreading is one of the last steps in the writing process. When you proofread, you mark errors in your work so you can correct them in your final draft.

Study the standard editing marks in the chart below. editor’s mark




The the fish swam away.


four students got perfect scores.

use lowercase

The Ballerina wore a blue tutu.

insert a word

Doris has a cup coffee.


run-on sentence

The bell rang a child was at the door.


sentence fragment





Throughout the entire year.


spelling error

Barbara was embarassed.

transpose letters or words

Marna wroet stories four for the magazine.

add a period

Jack gave Georgia a bracelet

add a comma

We grow oranges lemons, and peaches.

add an apostrophe

Saras favorite color is pink.

add quotation marks

Erin replied, I’d love to!

begin a new paragraph

“Welcome to our home!” said

Marie. “Thanks for inviting us,” said Carl.

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Medium 9781936757114

Appendix 6: Suggested Best Practices

Brian O'Leary Book Industry Study Group ePub
Medium 9781622500253

The Writing Process: Paraphrasing and Summarizing/ Final Project: Essay

Emily Hutchinson Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

Basic Skills Practice

The Writing Process:

Paraphrasing and Summarizing

Paraphrasing and summarizing—what’s the difference between the two?

Read these definitions:

Paraphrasing is the act of restating an author’s idea in different words.

The purpose of paraphrasing is to clarify the author’s meaning for the reader.

Summarizing is the act of briefly stating the main ideas and supporting details presented in a longer piece of writing.

Here is an example of an author’s original words followed by a paraphrase:

“Down the mountain, moving beyond a curtain of quivering air, she saw the stage coming, perhaps with letters.” (Wallace Stegner, Angle of Repose) paraphrase: She saw the stage coming from below, possibly carrying mail.

Here is the entire original paragraph and a summary of it:

“Down the mountain, moving beyond a curtain of quivering air, she saw the stage coming, perhaps with letters. If she started in five minutes, she would arrive at the

Cornish Camp post office at about the same time as the stage. But the post office was in the company store, where there were always loiterers—teamsters, drifters, men hunting work—whom Oliver did not want her to encounter alone. And Ewing, the manager of the store, was a man she thought insolent. She must wait another two hours, till Oliver came home, to know whether there was mail. If the truth were known, these days she always looked at his hands, for the gleam of paper, before she looked at his face.” summary: She saw the stage coming, possibly with mail. She could go to the Cornish

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