5617 Chapters
Medium 9780253345677

15. The Darkest Dawn

Thomas Goodrich Indiana University Press ePub

AS JAMES TANNER NEARED THE STREET his boarding house sat on, he found his steps increasingly slowed. Several hundred yards from the building itself, the twenty-one-year-old former soldier found his path blocked entirely. In contrast to the riotous mobs elsewhere, a ghostly silence pervaded the dense crowd that stood outside the Petersen house. Dismayed, yet determined to reach his room, Tanner edged and slid his way forward on his shaky artificial legs. At length, he reached the military cordon encircling the Petersen home. After some intense explanation, Tanner eventually convinced the officers in charge that his quarters were indeed in the adjoining boarding house, and he was permitted to enter the building. Upon reaching his room, however, the exhausted young man was in for another surprise.1

“There was a balcony in front,” he said, “and I found my rooms and the balcony thronged by other occupants of the house.”2

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4 Remembering Ocean Island

Katerina Martina Teaiwa Indiana University Press ePub

Stories are told, and should be told, simply because storytelling is a good thing to do—but particular stories are never innocent of wider agendas.

—Nicholas Thomas, In Oceania

THERE IS A significant and growing interdisciplinary literature on storied landscapes, places, spaces, and memories with scholars engaging and weaving a variety of textual genres from memoir and autobiography to film and interview. The motivation for much of this work stems from a critique of the metanarratives of the nation-state and of prominent and privileged actors who have erased or submerged the lives and voices of everyday people, including women, workers, children, slaves, and indigenous communities, often described in postcolonial studies as constituting the “subaltern.”1

Jennifer Shennan and Makin Corrie Tekenimatang’s One and a Half Pacific Islands is this kind of important project. Inspired by Adam Manterys’s collection of 101 stories from among 733 children who arrived in New Zealand in 1944 as orphans from Poland,2 Shennan and Tekenimatang’s book gathers the stories and memories of 68 individuals—children, elders, teenagers, scholars, elected leaders—who speak of two home islands and of Banaban life in Fiji on the sixtieth anniversary of their landing on Rabi. These views are complemented by those of a select number of Banaban elders and colonial and Company officials and their families.

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Medium 9780253355621

6 What has Ever become of my Presus little girl: The Traumas and Tragedies of Slave Children and Youth

Wilma King Indiana University Press ePub

THE TRAUMAS AND TRAGEDIES
OF SLAVE CHILDREN AND YOUTH

Children have their sorrows as well as men and women; and it would be well to remember this in our dealings with them. SLAVE-children are children, and prove no exceptions to the general rule.

Frederick Douglas

During the 1970s a number of historical studies attempted to shift the attention away from slavery as the dismal abyss of “bull whip days” to a new analysis of the community slaves in which they worked from sundown to sunup to mitigate the worst abuses of bondage. These studies provided a better understanding of how enslaved males and females faced tragedy and survived. But there is no denying that slavery generated enough traumas to adversely affect unfree persons of all ages. Corporal punishment, sexual abuse, and separation of loved ones were common. In the autobiographical Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Harriet Jacobs wrote, “I have not exaggerated the wrongs inflicted by Slavery, on the contrary, my descriptions fall far short of the fact.” Similarly, Henry Bibb, a contemporary of Jacobs who was born in Shelby County, Kentucky, and who also spent his formative years in slavery, wrote, “No tongue nor pen ever has or can express the horrors of American Slavery.”1

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3. Mexico or Kansas?

Chuck Parsons and Norman Wayne Brown University of North Texas Press PDF

“As he was only a boy they did not watch him closely, and at night lay down to sleep. Hardin arose in the night and killed every one of them.”

Dallas Herald, August 25, 1877

ith the advent of the Texas State Police many men, some former slaves, applied for a commission. Those who were accepted were sworn in for a period of not less than four years—“unless sooner removed.” Policemen also would earn what some considered an inordinate amount for services: a private would receive $60 per month, each sergeant $75, each lieutenant $100, and each captain would receive

$125. In addition, if a policeman captured a fugitive for whom there was a reward offered, he could claim the reward as well as draw his regular salary.1

Although Hardin had a sizable reputation, his image had not yet appeared on any wanted posters, and his physical description could have fit many young Texans. But the work of the police would make his existence more dangerous. Each police captain was to inspect the criminal dockets of the various counties in their assigned district, and in addition, was to

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Medium 9780253016706

3 The Depopulated Villages as Viewed by Jewish Inhabitants

Noga Kadman Indiana University Press ePub

Families came from a house of ‘Olim [new Jewish immigrants] / to the abandoned village—true pioneers / demolished the houses, repaired the wrecks / cut paths through the prickly pear cacti growth.

—Segal, Kerem Maharal 1949–1979: 30 Years to the Moshav

IN THE FIRST few years of its existence, Israel carried out a large-scale settlement project, establishing hundreds of Jewish communities on lands of depopulated Palestinian villages, dozens of them in the built-up area of the villages. Research done for this book suggests that the previously built-up area of 108 depopulated villages—over a quarter of the total number of villages—is partly or completely located within Jewish communities nowadays. In 25 villages, Jewish agricultural communities were established within the built-up area of the villages, some using the actual village homes and buildings and some built on top of the ruins. In 19 other villages, Jewish agricultural communities occupy part of the villages’ built-up area. Some were originally established on parts of the village site, and others have been expanded to include it over the year; an additional 64 depopulated villages lie today within Jewish towns or cities. In addition, 23 depopulated villages border on Jewish agricultural communities, of which 19 were built after the villages were depopulated. The lists of all those villages and the Jewish communities that include them can be found in appendix A, along with a map presenting their locations across the country.

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