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Stephen L. Moore University of North Texas Press PDF


“Bravo Too Much”

August 1841

Chandler–Erath Expedition: August 1841

Captain George Erath apparently bought into the philosophy that the best defense is a good offense. Involved with the Texas

Rangers since 1835, he had learned early the value of keeping mounted patrols in the field.

My policy was to penetrate the Indian country and to keep a few men continually in the territory occupied by the Indians, by those means harassing them and compelling them to retire for fear of having the camps discovered and being attacked by larger numbers.1

Erath’s Milam County Minutemen operated from Fort Bryant during the summer of 1841. Home of San Jacinto veteran

Benjamin Franklin Bryant, Bryant’s Station included the fortified blockhouse and was located on Little River in extreme western present Milam County. The site is designated by a marker six miles west of present Buckholts.2

Erath’s minutemen had already made three expeditions since their organization on April 11, 1841. Making preparations to set out on his fourth expedition on July 16, Erath found plenty of volunteers. He allowed a number of them to volunteer into his company as temporary substitutes for some of his regulars. Each man would be paid six dollars per day for the expedition.

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Recipe for a Birthday Cake

Joyce Gibson Roach University of North Texas Press PDF

Recipe for a

Birthday Cake


I, my own self, can’t give you one of the best chocolate cakes ever made without telling you of the circumstances surrounding the event—and it was an event.

You see, I was born on December 18, 1935, just a week before Christmas during the Great Depression. (I might add that I have lived long enough to claim the Great Recession. No wonder that the GD seems a sweet memory from childhood.) World War II followed and the two events, combined with my being born so near the Lord’s birthday, heightened the specialness of it all.

I am not, however, able to write a straightforward account and memory of my childhood birthday cake.

Therefore, only “A Recipe for a Birthday Cake and a Short

Play in One Scene” will do.

Narrator: Three significant, portentous, historical events rife with worldwide implications marked my early life and are responsible for all that I am today—a peaceful, satisfied, calm, optimistic individual. The events were the

Great Depression in the 1930s, World War II in the 1940s, and My Birthday Cake, which first appeared in 1936.

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2 World War I and the Interwar Years

Jeffrey J. Smith Indiana University Press ePub


The day has passed when armies on the ground or navies on the sea can be the arbiter of a nation’s destiny in war. The main power of defense and the power of initiative against an enemy has passed to the air.



The two timeframes presented in the foregoing historical overview both share a missing ingredient in terms of forces that drive institutional change: they lack any significant external event. Although the time frame from 1911 to 1915 did show some change from limited external events, the first major external event for airpower in this period is World War I. As this chapter will show, the cultural and leadership changes emerging from the newly formed airpower group within the Army would now be confronted by the measurable and empirical realities of war.

Although the Army failed to procure technology that would have enabled aircraft to drop bombs more accurately, airmen continued to argue for airpower operations to expand beyond just reconnaissance.1 During the years from 1915 to 1917, a number of advances and experiments took place that showed airpower’s ability to strafe troops (attack enemy ground troops from the air) and drop bombs. However, airpower supporters continued to call for more autonomous authority, greater flexibility to use airpower in new ways, and expanded operations outside of traditional ground strategies.2 One of the more enlightened debates emerging among airpower supporters was the idea that aircraft could over-fly enemy positions and bomb industry and war-making factories. Rather than being directly and continuously tied to a ground assault, airmen began to see the potential of airpower to target important enemy positions that the traditional Army would not normally be capable of targeting. Unfortunately, the airpower supporters “had trouble making converts among officers never exposed to [such] enthusiasm.” Furthermore, “the high command of the U.S. Army continued to believe that aviation should gain control of the air over the battlefield and assist the ground forces. …”3 Unfortunately, the dominant Army perspective still maintained and guaranteed that pilots and airpower would be subservient to ground operations. In fact, on reconnaissance sorties where the pilot was accompanied by another “observer” officer, the observer held the position of supervisor for the mission and the pilot was seen as the observer’s “aerial chauffeur.”4

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On The Trail to Washington July 27–November, 1861

Sandra Ailey Petree Utah State University Press ePub

[W]e left camp Floyd1 ceder Valley the 27th day of July 18 [ink blot] 1861 . about noon it was alovely day our first days march was to the Jorden river we campt there for the night we arived there early in the afternoon2 as So many of the cattle was So whild and the teemsters was inexperenced driving cattle thay had aterrable time with there teems and was late geting into camp and some did not come in untill the next morning the QuarterMaster had been to Lehi to buy hay for the aniMels and some man came to camp with aload of hay and an old friend of Mine Mrs Simmons3 came on the load of hay to see me and she invited me to go back home with her and stay all Night as the company was campt there for the night she said we thought it would be nice for me to go and spend the evening with my old friends and go back to camp in the Morning I ask My husband if he was willing that I should go and stay with Mrs Simmons all night and came back in the Morning he said if I wanted to go he was willing so after the Man had unloaded his hay I got on the wagon with my friend Mrs Simmons bid good Night to my husband and we started to her home and when we got alittle way from camp she commenced talking to me she said now you are away from camp I daresay you will Not go back there again but stay with us I ask her what she ment by talking to me in that way she said I mean just what I say if I was in your place I would never go back there to Mr Rozsa again and if he wants you let him desert and came back here to you4 she tryed hard to prevale on me to take her advice I told her it was no use what ever for her to try to enduce me to leave my dear husband in no such away and that it was none of her business we was Marred and he had prooved to be one of the best and kindst of husband to me and what more can awoman wish for we was happey and comfortable together and I had promised to go with him as far as I could go and that I would never proove myself falce and untrue but that I intended to go with him all the way to Washington . . . and further if I was alowed to go so you can nevr perwaid me to leave My husband and stay with the folks here and to think of him deserting in the time of War is death for a soldier to desert and I told her that there was Men in Utah that for the sake of Money was Mean enough to report that Sargant Rozsa had deserted and was here in Utah with his wife and then he would be arested and sentenced to be shot to death then what would have been my feelings know that I would have been the cause of his death I said I would rather go with him than cause all this trouble to come on him of cours we boath fealt bad having to go away from my folks well Mrs . Simmons seeing she could not prevale on me to take her advice she left me that evening at Mr Nails ranch with his family and she went home she never came to See me in the Morning to help me back to camp and I had to walk two Miles and carrey my baby I got up early and we had breakfast then My ^old^ friend Mrs_ Ball came with her daughter to bid me good bye thay was feeling sorrey to see Me go away from all my friends Mrs . Ball said I told Mrs Simmons that I knew that she could Never prevale on you to leave your husband for that you and your husband loved each other to much for her ever to think that she could enduce you to come away with her and not go back to him again but she said that she would go and try it but she found that could not acomplish her desiers5 then she left me to get back to my husband the best way I could My dear old friend Mrs Ball sent her daughter with me to help carrey my baby and we had not gone more than half Mile before I was meet by one of the men of the company My husband had sent him for me as he had been told that I was not going back to camp again Captain Duddley told My husband that he never ought to have let his wife and child gone away with that woman he said ^he^ beleive that she came on pupose of geting Mrs Rozsa away and will try to perswaid your wife not to go with you he told him that it was impossable for him to leave camp himself to go for me but that he had better send one of the Men for me . My husband told the captain that he did6 beleive for amoment that his wife would ever Yeald to any perswaidsions of that kind he told the Captain that he had greater confidence in his wife than . that she ever would leave him in any such away : at the same time he confessed to me after that he did not feel very good about it after I had gone with Mrs Simmons but he never thought at the time that she ask him if he was willing to let Mrs Rozsa go back with her and stay the Night that she was going to try to get me to leave him . not untill the Captain came to him and talked with him . then he thought if that was her Motive for coming to see me before I left . he took the captains advice and sent one of the Men for me and . when I arived in camp the Captain and Men all came around me and congratulated me on my safe return to my husband saying we all was afraid we would not see you again when you went of with that woman but we are all glad to see you again7 :

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11 America’s Finest

Gregory V. Short University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter Eleven

America’s Finest

“Fundamentally, wars are an economic struggle between the ruling classes of nations. But it’s the common people that have to pay the terrible price for their avarice.”

One of the truisms that I learned in Vietnam was that a grunt shouldn’t hang around his company’s rear area while he is awaiting orders. The spit-and-polish NCOs would seek him out and put him to work at the first opportunity whether he is in dire need of rest or not. To my absolute disgust, it took about ten minutes after I had landed in Quang Tri before some sergeant stuck his head into the tent and ordered me to collect my gear in order to stand watch on the perimeter. But instead of blindly following his orders, I began to argue with the guy. I had lost all patience with the REMFs (Rear Echelon Mother Fuckers). As far as I was concerned, they didn’t give a damn about our welfare and they sure as hell couldn’t have cared less about what we had been through. It was obvious that many of them enjoyed screwing with the grunts. Whether it was from some deep-seated resentment on their part or from some inbred anger they had acquired as a kid, I had no idea. But at this point of the war, I was getting extremely tired of being harassed by every lame NCO who had spent his entire tour surrounded by rows of barbed-wire fences while living in air-conditioned hooches.

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