6502 Chapters
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18 “In God’s name, where’s the doctor?”

Anthony P. Tully Indiana University Press ePub

Not only Japanese ships were crippled and trying to limp to safety. To the north one of the burning wrecks Shima had sighted was American: the roughly handled A. W. Grant. It was down by the bow and listing noticeably to port. On the bridge, the reports coming in painted an equally dismaying picture: “Repair party No. 2 all wiped out . . . Fire in 40 mm gun Four . . . Several men trapped in one of the fire rooms . . . Compartment flooded with live steam . . . Ten men dead on the port side amidships . . . Man with both legs shot away back aft . . . Man with an arm gone on the superstructure deck.”

Particularly rending were the desperate calls now coming in: “Where’s the doctor, bridge?” and ever more urgent “In God’s name, where’s the doctor, bridge?!” The human tragedy was all the greater for the fact that the doctor—Lieutenant (jg) Charles A. Mathieu, USNR—was among the slain, along with a corpsman. In fact, only pharmacist’s mate 2nd class W. H. Swaim Jr. was left of the medical section. With breathtaking valor, Swaim immediately set to work arranging an emergency battle dressing station and directing rescue efforts for the wounded. “A boy of 20 handling a job big enough for a score of doctors.”1

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9 Dancing for Ogun in Yorubaland and in Brazil

SANDRA T BARNES Indiana University Press ePub

Margaret Thompson Drewal

Dance is an integral part of African ritual.1 Addressing metaphysical beings or powers, it is a poetic, nonverbal expression continually created and re-created by countless performer/interpreters over generations. In its formulations of time, space, and dynamics, dance transmits a people’s philosophy and values; it is thought embodied in human action. A primary vehicle for communicating with the spirit realm, it is at the same time perceived to be an instrument of the gods through which they communicate with the phenomenal world. As such, ritual dance is an unspoken essay on the nature and quality of metaphysical power. Indeed, for the Yoruba, dance—in certain contexts—is metaphysical force actualized in the phenomenal world.2

In western Yorubaland this is dramatically illustrated in ritual dances associated with Òguń, the deity whose quick, aggressive actions may bring violent death and destruction or, by contrast, may bring the birth of children. It is also evident in dances of Candomblé in Bahia, Brazil, where during the early nineteenth-century Yoruba captives were sold into slavery (Pierson 1942:35) and where, as a result, the influence of Yoruba culture, and of Òguń, is strong (Bastide 1978:66, 205–206, and 253–55). To place these ideas about dance into a broader Yoruba philosophical context, the following discussion considers the Yoruba concept of metaphysical power and its more well known relation to utterances.

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Medium 9781607320661


Dian Olson Belanger University Press of Colorado ePub

I don’t think you ever get over a winter in Antarctica and unless
you did winter over you don’t
know the Antarctic.

—William E. Lowe, RM1, 19571

However the tour went for them individually—and for most IGY participants, civilian and military, it was positive overall (at least in remembrance)—their time on the ice was a unique and powerful experience. Appreciating that they were living under conditions light years removed from those of the historic heroes who preceded them by half a century, they knew that they, too, were making history. It would matter how well they met the challenges—more so when it became clear that the International Geophysical Year would not simply go away at the end of 1958, as originally conceived. The flavor of life at each station was distinctly its own, yet a number of factors could be seen to influence the overall level of contentment and productivity.

Antarcticans of the 1950s had much in common. They complained of overcrowding in summer, “tourists” who got in the way and needed special attention (especially politicians and reporters), their mates’ musical tastes, the lack of fresh tomatoes, the unalterable distance between themselves and a kiss. They endured the tedium of housekeeping (even a station in a snowfield got “very dirty and dusty in no time at all”), air so dry their noses bled and fingers split, winter insomnia (“the Big Eye”), and each other’s annoying little habits. They thrilled to the prolonged glories of multihued sunsets, stars so brilliant and “close” they could almost be touched, the stark grandeur and crystalline purity of their surroundings, the kept promise of sunrise after months of darkness.2

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Medium 9781574412239

7. Madame Blackley: Seer of South Texas

Edited by Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF



SEER OF SOUTH TEXAS by Henry Wolff, Jr.

Madame Blackley could see things that other people couldn’t see.

During her time, the Victoria, Texas, clairvoyant was the “Seer of

South Texas” and was particularly adept at finding lost and stolen horses and other livestock. Ranchers and cowboys from throughout the region sought her services, and their stories have become legend.

I first heard of Madame Blackley in 1981, when Oscar Roemer of Port Lavaca1 got to telling me one day about how she had helped his father find a horse. Roemer said it was about 1914, and his dad had never seen the woman before, but that when he walked up on her porch she invited him in by name. “You think someone stole your horse,” she said, “but they didn’t.” She then began to draw some landmarks on a piece of paper to show him where the body of the horse could be found in a pasture on the old Thomas

Ranch, and sure enough it was there. “The brand was still readable,” according to Roemer. He told another story of how

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Medium 9781574415735

Scriptures, Philosophy, and Common Sense Make a Sage

Joyce Gibson Roach University of North Texas Press PDF


Philosophy, and

Common Sense

Make a Sage


In the novel Tom Sawyer, Tom gets himself in a heap of trouble when he obtains through fraudulent means certain tickets at church in order to get a free Bible. The trouble is that once he gets the colored pieces of paper—some two thousand of them, indicating that he has learned two thousand scriptures—Tom is called upon to recite “by heart” before he can receive the Good Book. Called upon to stand and deliver, Tom, rather than say he has lied about knowing Holy Writ, stands forth and proves the lie.

“Now, no doubt you know the names of all the twelve disciples. Won’t you tell us the names of the first two that were appointed?” says the Judge. Tom is struck dumb, but finally blurts out, “David and Goliath!”

Giving wrong answers is one thing, but interpreting

Hebrew texts through a Christian perspective is another.

It’s nothing new, of course, especially from those who declare, often, down through the ages, that this or that is not scriptural, according to their own understanding of the scriptures. “Lean not to thine own understanding,”

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Medium 9780253356833

11. Meanwhile, the Democrats

David M. Jordan Indiana University Press ePub

For the Democrats, their concern began and pretty much ended with Franklin Delano Roosevelt. They felt fairly confident of victory if FDR headed their ticket in 1944, and they hated to think of what would happen if he did not.

As far back as December 1942, presidential secretary Marvin McIntyre, in a conversation in the White House with Jonathan Daniels, said that “nobody but the President or someone on whom the President put his finger could be elected in 1944.” Daniels responded that he “doubted if anybody but the President could be elected in 1944.” But he said that FDR just had to build somebody else up.1

One problem, of course, was that Roosevelt had not built anyone else up, so that the question seemed to come down to Roosevelt or nobody. The President was keeping his intentions very much to himself, but he had a frank discussion at lunch with Frank Walker in December 1943. He told Walker, his postmaster-general (and at the time also Democratic national chairman), “that if they nominate Bricker or even Dewey we should try to get Willkie on our side.” When Walker asked him whom he wanted as his vice presidential candidate, Roosevelt replied, “We have three candidates—Sam R[ayburn], Jimmie Byrnes and Wallace.” He went on, “We could give Wallace some international assignment—Sam would be all right but I don't know whether he would be helpful politically.” Then the President told Walker, “We have to talk politics once a week from now on.”2

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Medium 9781574412284


Stephen L. Moore University of North Texas Press PDF


“Active and Energetic


June 1841

Edward Tarrant was not satisfied with the result of the Village

Creek expedition. Immediately upon returning to the settlements, he began working to raise another, larger force to return to the area of the Cross Timbers near present Fort Worth.

General James Smith, a gallant warrior of the Creek War under General Andrew Jackson, was commander of the Third

Brigade of the Texas Militia in the Nacogdoches area. He had previously commanded ranger battalions in 1836 and in 1839.

By early June 1841, Smith was also busily organizing volunteers from the Nacogdoches area for an expedition into the Cross

Timbers area.

As he was writing a report to President Lamar on June 13 in Nacogdoches, Smith was handed intelligence from Captain

David Gage out in the field. Gage had taken his Nacogdoches

County Minutemen out to pursue Indians near Nacogdoches.1

Captain Gage’s Nacogdoches County Minutemen had been organized in early April. When the unit formed on April 4, Gage’s muster roll shows that he initially recruited thirty minutemen.

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Medium 9781574416015

13. “The Shooting Was Promiscuous and Lively”

Bob Alexander, Chief Kirby W. Dendy and Texas Rangers University of North Texas Press PDF







“The Shooting Was Promiscuous and Lively” cognizant of the necessity for maintaining a Ranger presence in La Salle County the adjutant general ordered J. A. Brooks, since promoted to captain, to move his Company F to Cotulla, replacing Company D. Following an exchange of letters between Captain

Jones and Ranger headquarters regarding the pros and cons, principally economic issues, it was determined to move Company D to Marfa by rail rather than the time consuming overland route.

Although they arrived in Presidio County on June 4, 1890, a permanent camp for Company D two miles outside Marfa was not officially sited until the twenty-sixth day of the month.1

While in transit, other forces that would impact Company D were in the works. In the end, years later, a great deal of heroic blathering would attach to the running down of at least one of

Charley Fusselman’s killers, primarily from secondary sources.

Closer in, time-wise and closer to consciousness of the contemporary Company D Rangers, another revealing chapter was unfolding—long before any overly pumped mythology overrode the hard truths of Texas Ranger history were corrupted for a twentieth-century marketplace. But halfway through 1890, however, the indisputable—irrefutable—identity of the murderers was yet a mystery.

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Medium 9781574416244

Chapter 10: The Final Year

Tom Killebrew UNT Press PDF

Chapter 10

The Final Year

British and American citizens followed the course of the war on their radios and in newspapers and national magazines, which regularly published situation maps depicting the positions of the Allied forces on the various war fronts. By late 1944 Allied armies that had landed in Normandy six months earlier were now advancing across northern

France toward Germany. Allied forces that had landed in southern France were rapidly moving northward, while other Allied armies battled up the mountainous spine of Italy. Numerous massive Soviet armies steadily drove German troops back all along the broad eastern front. The situation maps graphically depicted a relentless tightening of the noose around

Nazi Germany, which would lead to ultimate Allied victory.

The only exception to this unremitting advance came with a German counteroffensive through the Ardennes Forest toward the Belgian port of

Antwerp, which was eerily reminiscent of the first German advance into

France in the spring of 1940. Caught off guard by Hitler’s last gamble,

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Medium 9781574415858

3. Removal of Cattle from their Accustomed Range

Chuck Parsons and Donaly E. Brice University of North Texas Press ePub



“I sent Sergeant N. O. Reynolds . . . to quell the intended riot.”

—Captain C. R. Perry, October 24, 1874.

Governor Coke received many reports of Indian sightings in the months prior to the organization of the Frontier Battalion. The settlers were pleased at the prospect of the protection of Rangers when they saw Captain Perry establishing his first permanent camp at Celery Springs, six miles northwest of Menardville (now Menard) in Menard County. He was to operate generally north to the Colorado River and south to the mouth of Bear Creek on the North Llano River.

Captain Perry and the men of Company D experienced numerous engagements with hostiles during 1874 although the company saw no action during the month of June. Daniel Webster Roberts, now promoted to the rank of 2nd lieutenant after George Freeman declined the appointment,1 was absent from camp with a squad from June 14 to 19. He returned after a 120-mile march on the South Llano and its tributaries but reported finding no recent sign of Indian activity. During the same period Lt. William H. Ledbetter and a squad were scouting on Brady Creek; after a march of 118 miles they gave up on finding any recent Indian sign.2

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Medium 9780253009289

Introduction: Making Value and U.S.-Mexican Space

Elizabeth Emma Ferry Indiana University Press ePub


This book traces the movements of minerals—discrete bits of the earth’s crust like the ones commemorated in two series of postage stamps issued in the United States and Mexico (figures 0.1 and 0.2)—as they circulate from Mexican mines through markets and museums in Mexico and the United States. These objects are valued in many different ways: as scientific artifacts, collectibles, religious offerings, commodities (some cheap, some very pricy), and gifts. This book explores the range of things that people in Mexico and the United States think about and do with minerals, as well as what minerals do as actors in their own right. These practices surrounding minerals depend on mining, museum and private collecting, and scientific research, all crucial areas in the relationship between Mexico and the United States over the past 150 years. I look at the transactions through which minerals are created as valuable, and further, at how people and minerals create value together and thus create many other things: objects, knowledge, people, places, markets, and so on. This attention to value gives us a new perspective on the United States and Mexico and the connections between them. But to begin thinking about these bigger questions, we need some idea of what kind of things we are talking about. What do I mean by “minerals?”

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Medium 9781576337608

Colonial: Praxis US History

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781574412864

Appendix C. Inventory, December 1847

James C. Kearney University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix C:

Inventory, December 1847

(Fayette County Complete Records C, 28, 29)

“3 Cots and 2 Bed Steads, 8 Mattresses, 9 Pillows, 3 German Blankets, 4 Pine Tables, 2 pr And Irons, 1 Looking Glass, 1 Candle Stick, 1 pr Snuffers, 1 Candle Shade, 2 Ewers, 4 Bowls, 2 Chamber [pots?], 2

Small Tumblers, 1 French Coffee Pot, 4 Small Glass Jars, 6 Dishes—6

Bowls, 2 Tea Pots, 3 Sauce Dishes, 1 large Dish, 1 Doz. Cup Plates, 1

Sugar Dish, 1 Cream Pitcher, 1 Sprinkler, Lot Empty Bottles, 2 Small

Demijohns, 1 lot wire, 1 pr Small Scales, 1 Box window Glass, 1 Pistols, 3 Skillets, 1 Oven, 1 Frying Pan, 1 pr Waffle Irons, 1 Tea Kettle,

4 Water Buckets, 1 Churn, 7 Stone Jars, 3 Tin Pans, 3 Glass Tumblers,

3 Dishes, 1 Tea Pot, 1 Sugar Bowl, 6 Tea Spoons, 3 Kitchen, 3 Spoons,

1/2 Set knives & Forks, 1 pr Candle Moulds, 1 pr Shovel & Tongs, 2

Wash Tubs, 1 Water Barrel, 1 Grind Stone, 1 Keg Nails, 9 Carpenters’ Planes, 7 Wood Clamps, 15 lbs. Tobacco (damaged), 30 lbs. Steel,

1,000 lbs. Iron, 100 chickens, 28 Ducks, 15 Turkeys, 12 Geese, 11

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Medium 9780253015402

4 Hunger on the Highway in the Cotton South

Ann Folino White Indiana University Press ePub

The 1939 Missouri Sharecroppers’ Demonstration



On January 19, 1939, the Sikeston Herald offered its readers the silver lining to the recent damage to their reputation: “The wave of patriotism and cooperation aroused by the unjust condemnation of Southeast Missouri last week is one of the most interesting and worthwhile results of the demonstration. The people of this section are ’riled up’ over the untrue stories that have been reported and the unjust criticism that has been made of the people of Southeast Missouri.” The hyperbolic language, invoking an image of the populace standing against a grave injustice, signals the depth of these Missourians’ concern for their public image following the sharecroppers’ demonstration.1

For five days through January snow and rain, in thirteen camps along thirty-eight miles of Missouri highway U.S. 60 and seventy miles of Missouri’s U.S. 61, thirteen hundred women, men, and children squatted in protest of their unlawful evictions from the cotton plantations on which they farmed. These sharecropper families, the majority of whom were African Americans, were surrounded by what appeared to be all their worldly possessions. The few makeshift shelters that they had assembled protected some belongings and individuals. However, most sharecroppers, along with their domestic objects—dolls, furniture, pans—incongruously occupied the same open space as trucks, chickens, and campfires. The scene constituted both their meager households and their dire poverty. From January 10–15, 1939, the sharecroppers simply lived on the roadsides, engaging in the activities of daily life. They cooked the little food they had and shared it; they prayed together; the adults tended to the children; they entertained themselves by singing and talking. While this protest bore little resemblance to other radical activity of the era, its very public display of what everyday life was like for sharecroppers was an audacious performance in the midst of a Missouri society that believed propertied white men had the cultural right to control the lives of their white and African American workers and, even more, knew “what was necessary in ‘handling niggers.’”2

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Medium 9781574412864

Appendix E. Proclamation Concerning Slavery

James C. Kearney University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix E:

Proclamation Concerning Slavery

(Frankfurter Journal, No. 196, July 17, 1844, reproduced in SolmsBraunfels Archives (transcripts) V, 207, 208.)

“The rejection by the Senate and House of Representatives of the

United States of North America of the bill to annex Texas confers to the Society for the Protection of German Emigrants in Texas a greater hope for a favorable prospect . . . [discussion of England and France’s efforts to abolish slavery] . . . From this fact alone it is therefore no more than natural to expect complete support in every respect from the English as well as the French governments as the society undertakes to establish a colony of free German farmers in Texas with the complete exclusion of slavery, and we can document from authentic sources that we have received firm assurances in this matter.

“If Texas remains an independent country, then the abolition of slavery depends solely on the prospect of large numbers of free citizens being settled therein, who in heart and soul are opposed to slavery and who through the nature of their obligations bind themselves to not tolerate slavery in their settlements. The exclusion of all forms of labor based on slavery will be the guiding principle of the society, which is well aware, that it would dishonor itself in the eyes

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