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Medium 9781574412680

Chapter 15 “But such is life in the far west”

Bob Alexander University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 15

“But such is life in the far west”

The early 1890s may have been a period when Company D Texas

Rangers were compelled to do some killing, but as time ticked toward an upcoming century mark gunfire would still be a constant reminder lawmen ever walked a tightrope precariously stretched between complacency and calamity. Aside from Company D’s tragic losses of Fusselman, Garvis, and Jones, two other Texas Rangers, these from Company E, had made the ultimate sacrifice during a

1890–1893 bracket. Ranger R. E. Doaty had been killed during a resurgence of the “Garza Troubles,” and Private J. W. Woods fell off the face of the earth in Menard County while working a case on ruthless cow thieves, his undercover identify somehow compromised.

Others, too, had given up the ghost in the hard law enforcing game; two county constables, five city policemen, and ten sheriffs or their deputies had been killed.1 Company D’s Private Oden was the first for 1894 to hear the booming report of ignited gunpowder and feel a piercing pain in his foot. He had accidentally shot himself on New

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Medium 9780253019318

Memoir 55 “Ch’ao-hsien”

Ssu-ma Ch'ien Indiana University Press ePub

Ch’ao-hsien, Memoir 551

translated by Chiu Ming Chan and William H. Nienhauser, Jr.

[115.2985] [Wei] Man [衛]滿 (ca. 220-ca. 130 BC),2 the King of Ch’ao-hsien 朝 鮮,3 was a native of old Yen 燕.4 Starting from the time when Yen was at its height, it overran and took control of Chen-fan 真番 and Ch’ao-hsien, it set up officials and built up border fortifications.5 After Ch’in annihilated Yen,6 it took control of the Liao-tung Commandery 遼東7 and its outermost regions.8 After the Han [dynasty] rose, [the Han court], considering it [the region] was far away and difficult to guard, rebuilt the old Liao-tung border fortifications up to the P’ei 浿 River9 as a [new] boundary, and put it under the control of the [Kingdom of] Yen.10 When Lu Wan 盧 綰 (256–194 BC), King of Yen (r. 202–195 BC), revolted and joined the Hsiung-nu,11 Wei Man fled from his local registry,12 gathered together a band of more than one thousand followers, and in a mallet-style hairdo13 and barbarian clothing, escaped east over the fortifications. After crossing the P’ei River, he occupied the lands formerly vacant under the Ch’in,14 and moving up and down the fortifications he gradually, subjugated and took control over the barbarians in Chen-fan and Ch’ao-hsien, as well as those who had fled from their local registries of old Yen and Ch’i 齊, made himself king,15 and established his capital at Wang-hsien 王險.16

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Medium 9781574414820

Chapter 6. Murder Was In the Air

Mitchel P. Roth and Tom Kennedy University of North Texas Press ePub



On August 22, 1910, Houston Police Chief George Ellis resigned, ending an eight-year reign as Houston’s top cop. His resignation was unexpected to say the least. By all accounts, Ellis was a popular chief held in high regard by the rank and file. But when he showed up at the police station wearing citizen’s clothes that morning, his staff knew something was up. Ellis calmly took off his badge and handed it to Night Chief James Ray, who was on duty conducting morning roll call at the end of his shift. Mayor Rice promptly appointed Assistant Chief Ray to replace Ellis.

Ellis’s resignation was not publicly announced until the next day, which one reporter claimed was to forestall a rush on the part of applicants for the position. Mayor Rice was overwhelmed with applications nonetheless. However, reflecting the political climate of the day, the mayor said in response, “There were a good many applicants for the position, none of them being considered. An efficient public service can only be maintained by merited promotions [from within].”1

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Medium 9780253018632

Ipanema · Poetry

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

after Catarina Paraguaçu (d. 1586)

All birth begins with names The owner of one name conducts electricity with the owner of another name A new name is born like stentorian stanza Bred from the borrowed tongue of its speakers

You bear the name ‘dangerous waters’ for what the Tupinambá called their coast before Dom João fled Bonaparte and issued lexicon by royal decree

A tiny wave born under the sun’s aegis Struggling in these depths The two of you You and your name

I remember my uncle painting blue and yellow geometries on the kashi (If I am not a Muslim then why does a Muslim face stare back at me from the turquoise sheen of these tiles?)

Je ne suis pas musulmane (Turquoise, noun, from feminine turqueise, ‘brought to western Europe through Turkey’)

You are the isthmus of Prospero (‘Gentle breath of yours my sails Must fill, or else my project fails’) The isthmus of Iansã for whom the women in white bathe church steps The isthmus of Gaza whose gate lies as an awning above your head and a grave beneath your feet

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Medium 9780253000972

4. Industrialization and Urbanization, 1855—1914

Barbara Evans Clements Indiana University Press ePub

From 1855 to 1914, the Russian economy grew rapidly and so did the cities. Peasants freed from serfdom crowded into factories; merchants and shopkeepers expanded their businesses; apartment blocks went up, as did tenements. Between 1811 and 1914, the percentage of Russia’s people living in urban areas rose from 6.6 to 15 percent, with much of this increase concentrated in the metropolises. Moscow had swelled to more than a million inhabitants by 1902; St. Petersburg was home to more than 2 million in 1914.1 Now women of all ranks of life had to cope with the problems and the possibilities created by the Industrial Revolution in its Russian incarnation.

Women’s experiences of and participation in the economic and social developments of the last decades of imperial Russia depended on their social position, ethnicity, religion, place of residence, and individual experience. The standard of living rose for some women in the middle ranks of urban society, and the cities filled with new amenities, such as opera houses, theaters, and, by the early twentieth century, electric lighting. Influential noblewomen organized a feminist movement that set up charities and persuaded the government to admit women to higher education. Although, as in the past, improvements in education benefited the nobles first, they now spread to more girls from the middle ranks of Russian society, the working class, and the peasantry. Female graduates of the new schools then established a women’s presence in the growing professions, particularly teaching and medicine

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Medium 9781574415193

31. Between Two Forces

Sherry Robinson University of North Texas Press ePub


Between Two Forces

The Lipans are very bold and desperate, and these people [the Mexicans] are afraid of them.

—General E. O. C. Ord, 1878

Historians like a tidy date to mark a rise or fall, and it would be easy to say the Lipan decline began July 1870, when the first Black Seminole scouts began arriving at American forts. Or we could say Mackenzie’s Raid on May 18, 1873, was the beginning. We could name any single major conflict and conclude, as American or Mexican officers often did, that the Lipans would rise no more. Despite loss of life, horses and provisions, the Lipans were not only unwilling to give up, they continued stubbornly independent. They would re-establish themselves in new strongholds, rekindle old friendships, and reappear in different locations. If they couldn’t trade for guns, their traditional weapons would do. They could draw on the superior numbers of the Llaneros and other Apaches of the plains, who were largely unknown until they came in to the Mescalero reservation.

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Medium 9780253007896

Duneland’s Industrial Belt

Kenneth J. Schoon Quarry Books ePub

A ship loaded with windmill blades arrives at the port. (above) Ports of Indiana

Today, the Port of Indiana—Burns Harbor is one of the most modern of all the Great Lakes ports and is home to about thirty companies. The port handles more ocean-going cargo than any other US port on the Great Lakes. Flanked by United States Steel to the west and ArcelorMittal Steel to the east, it handles 15 percent of all US steel trade with Europe. The port has ten steel processing mills on site. In addition to shipping its steel-related cargo, the port supports local farmers by shipping out grains and soybeans while shipping in both liquid and dry fertilizers. The port also handles paper, lumber, salt, limestone, and vehicles. Port officials are quick to remind the public that water-borne transportation is environmentally sound and keeps costs down.

Midwest Plant

United States Steel Corporation’s Midwest Plant. United States Steel Corporation

United States Steel Corporation’s Midwest Plant was built beginning in 1959 by the Midwest Steel Company, a subsidiary of National Steel. In 2003, when National Steel declared bankruptcy, the company’s assets were purchased by United States Steel.

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Medium 9780253011510

1 The Shtetl: A Historical Landscape

Jeffrey Veidlinger Indiana University Press ePub

Reading Yiddish literature as a child, I used to imagine the shtetl as a Smurf village, an oasis fantasyland populated with peaceful, joyous, and simple Jews, singing Yiddish songs and humming Hasidic tunes. This blissful flow of life would only be interrupted sporadically by the marauding Cossacks, who, I imagined, lived in the outskirts of the village, plotting like the Smurf’s nemesis Gargamel against the Jews. My images were probably influenced by the likes of Maurice Samuel, who did much to bring the idea of the shtetl to American audiences in the 1960s, although I only encountered his writings much later. In 1963, he described the shtetl as an “impregnable citadel of Jewishness.” “The Shtetlach!” he continued, “Those forlorn little settlements in a vast and hostile wilderness, isolated alike from Jewish and non-Jewish centers of civilization, their tenure precarious, their structure ramshackle, their spirit squalid.”1 In one of the first academic articles published on the shtetl as a sociological phenomenon, Natalie Joffe referred to the shtetl as “a culture island.”2 To Elie Wiesel, the Shtetl (spelled occasionally in his rendition with a capital S) is a “small colorful Jewish kingdom so rich in memories.”3 In Wiesel’s imagination, “No matter where it is located on the map, the shtetl has few geographical frontiers. . . . In its broad outlines, the shtetl is one and same everywhere.”4 It has become customary to write about the shtetl as an ur-space located outside of any particular time or place. Countless “composite-collective” portraits of “the Shtetl” have emerged in the Jewish imagination, as though no further geographic distinction is necessary. Some refrain from naming individual shtetls and instead write of an imagined “Shtetlland.”5 Wiesel’s portrait purposefully exemplifies the duality of this tragic and nostalgic image:

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Medium 9781574410297


Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub

The Soldier and the Teacher


After basic training, Charlie was stationed at what was then one of the most troubled spots in the world—Guantanamo Naval Base, Cuba—beginning on 9 December 1959. At least one of his marine buddies believed that, above and beyond being in the marines, being at Guantanamo Bay placed a strain on Charlie.1 Most likely, Charlie's desperation to free himself from his father's support and control made everything else secondary—even Cuba's drift toward Communism. Yet he had entered another life of regimentation; he would still have to take orders. He may have been drawn to another form of strict authority after becoming conditioned to taking orders. More likely, a hitch in the marines resulted from an attempt at a dramatic, irrefutable rite of passage into adulthood. No one, not even C. A. Whitman, could seriously argue that a United States Marine was anything less than a man. For Charlie Whitman, taking orders probably seemed like a small price to pay.

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Medium 9780253336910

9 Johnson’s War, III: Moving toward Defeat, 1966–1967

Larry H. Addington Indiana University Press ePub

After the failure of his “smash and grab” strategy in 1965, General Thanh adopted General Giap’s preferred strategy of protracted war, the communist version of attrition warfare but one that aimed at wearing away the enemy’s will to continue the conflict rather than at winning a straight mathematical competition in inflicting the most casualties. As in the earlier Indochina War, the communists placed their faith in the remarkable Vietnamese ability to endure heavy losses and deprivations until they achieved final victory through wearing down the will of the enemy, or until the communists had the strength to wage grand war, as they had done against the French in the battle for Dienbienphu. And in order to cope with Westmoreland’s strategy of attrition and his search-and-destroy tactics, Thanh’s weaker forces tried to avoid contact with Allied forces except when their enemies were vulnerable to surprise attack or ambushes or where they could be drawn into storming well-fortified positions at great cost to themselves.

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Medium 9781574413168

7. May 1943

Phil Scearce University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 7

May 1943

There was a different feel to Honolulu now. Oahu was the same, and familiar, but it wasn’t as exciting and novel as it had been in February when the Air Transport Command navigator so capably guided the nameless B-24 number “two one four” to Hickam Field. It was strange to think that it had been just weeks since then, and the island hadn’t changed, except that the men of Dogpatch Express saw how clean and fresh the new arrivals from the States appeared, and it dawned on them that they had looked that way just a couple of months before. New crews, giddy as tourists, stood out until they realized, self consciously, that it wasn’t good to be so obviously inexperienced and untested.

After just one mission, after shooting and being shot at, witnessing death and losing friends, the men of Dogpatch Express were veterans.

They understood that the price of a single combat mission could be quite high, and they knew firsthand that the Japanese were skilled, capable adversaries. They felt the prickling awareness of being spared in a very close brush with their own mortality, realizing that tomorrow, or next week, or next month, they could be less fortunate. Al Marston, veteran of the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl, had already been changed by such an experience.

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Medium 9781574414707

Chapter 17

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press PDF


The Tipton Train Robbery


n August 1900, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were sighted in the region of Baggs and Dixon, Wyoming.1 They and other Wild

Bunch members had many friends among the residents in the Little

Snake River Valley area of southern Wyoming and northern Colorado.

These included Mike Dunbar, John P. “Jack” Ryan, Jim Hanson, Bert

Charter, Jim Ferguson, Chippy Reid, Sam Green, Charles F. Tucker, and

Robert McIntosh. Consequently, they were all under surveillance from agents of the Pinkerton Detective Agency.2 Ferguson and Ryan both played important parts in helping the gang prepare for the strike on the

Union Pacific near the small railroad town of Tipton, Wyoming. Jack

Ryan owned a saloon in Rawlins, while Jim Ferguson had a ranch on the

Little Snake River near Dixon.3 Bert Charter tended bar for Ryan, and was a good friend of “Harry Alonzo,” the Sundance Kid. They had both ridden for Ora Haley’s Two Bar and A. R. Reader, and Charter said that

“Harry was an extra good cowboy with a wonderful personality.” Charter was probably introduced to Cassidy through Sundance.4

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Medium 9781574415735

Shopping Was an Art

Joyce Gibson Roach University of North Texas Press PDF

Shopping Was an Art


Shopping was a female “thing” complete with rules of conduct, safety, proper attire, and etiquette in the city. There was an unwritten code of shopping, sort of like the Ten

Commandments or Roberts Rules of Order, because you only went to the big city to shop—in my case, Fort Worth.

We came to Fort Worth only a few times during a year, but the most important trip was at Christmas. And it is the remembrance of Christmas, which brings the event called shopping into sharp detail for a child whose babyhood encompassed the Great Depression, and whose girlhood spanned World War II.

Leaving the car that had been parallel parked in only two attempts in front of a parking meter needing nickels and dimes every two hours, I received final safety reminders, the schedule, a dollar bill, and the Great Commission—

“Go ye therefore in confidence, remembering whatsoever things I have commanded you.” Mother checked her watch.

At straight-up-noon I was to be at the door of

Leonard’s cafeteria to partake of big town manna—hot rolls and pies with mysterious meringue six inches high.

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Medium 9781574412314


Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF



Atlanta, Battle of, 286, 287

Augur, Jacob, 39, 40, 298, 309,

344, 421

Austin, Albert, 121, 148, 155,

329, 421

Ayers, James C., 173, 174


Babcock, John Breckinridge,

309, 323, 325, 344, 422

Bachiller de Salamanca

(book), 328, 328 n5

Bailey, Edward Lyon, 306,

330, 345, 422

Bainbridge, Augustus Hudson,

42–43, 47, 349, 422

Bainbridge, Mrs. Augustus

Hudson, 348

Baker, James (Old Jim), 326,


Bancroft, Hubert Howe, 129,

129 n19

Bannock Indians (see also

Bannock Uprising), 1,

35–37, 43, 45, 51, 57, 91 n17, 126, 216, 348; farming among, 44, 52

Bannock Uprising, 35–36, 35 n2, 43ff., 199

Barrett, Lawrence, 412, 480

Barnett, Richards, 282, 385,


Barry, William F., 249, 249 n2,


Barstow, O. C., 353, 353 n11,


Baxter, Lieutenant, 167–68

Beaconsfield, Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of (see Disraeli,


Beecher’s Island Fight, 292

Belknap, William Worth,

186–87 n10, 480

Bell, Alexander Graham, 19 n1–2

Bell, Chidchester, 19 n2

Benét, Stephen Vincent, 337,


Benét, Mrs. Stephen Vincent,


Bennett, James Gordon, 353

Bennett, L.M., 415, 417

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Medium 9780253352422

11 “Just scored a big flare on 1 of them!”

Anthony P. Tully Indiana University Press ePub

While Sections 6, 9, and 8 of the PTs were attacking, Oldendorf had been tracking Force C and plotting its advance as best he could from the jumbled reports of the PT skippers. Now his first echelon of DDs was moving down-strait on both sides to launch the first attack. This was Captain Jesse G. Coward’s Desron 54. Its five ships were divided in two flanking groups: on the west were McDermut and Monssen, with Coward’s flagship, Remey, leading McGowan and Melvin on the east.

Captain Coward increased speed to 25 knots as the opposing forces closed rapidly almost head-on. The pips on radar gradually separated until at least seven were visible on the screens. At 0258—the same moment the Japanese were visually sighted—the Eastern group was suddenly illuminated by an enemy searchlight. It stayed on for about ten seconds; Coward immediately assigned targets and increased speed to 30 knots.

At nearly exactly 0300 the three DDs commenced firing twenty-seven torpedoes, range about 11,500 yards, barely inside the intermediate setting used. The moment the fish were away Coward swung hard left and made smoke to retire northeast along the Dinagat coast. None too soon. One of Remey’s tubes made a powder flash, and Japanese searchlights snaked out. Starshells burst abruptly overhead. Heavy gunfire began falling. Splashes were drenching the decks, and Eastern Group stepped up to 33 knots. At 0309, when the torpedoes should have reached their targets, two explosions were seen and three to five heard. Coward’s DDs had suffered no hits, and never used their own guns.1

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