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Medium 9781574413496

Chapter 10. Police Officers Dick Howell & Oscar Montgomery (April 11, 1908)

Richard F. Selcer and Kevin S. Foster University of North Texas Press Denton, Texas ePub

CHAPTER 10

POLICE OFFICERS DICK HOWELL & OSCAR MONTGOMERY

April 11, 1908

Mamas, Don’t Let Your Babies Grow up to Be Lawmen

The deaths of most of the officers in these pages were the direct result of being assaulted in the performance of their duties. It is not that simple with Dick Howell and Oscar Montgomery. Both men were severely wounded in the line of duty and in fact given up to death, but they were too tough to die. Both recovered and lived many more years. It is at least arguable, however, that their lives were ultimately cut short by their wounds, and in Dick Howell’s case the medical evidence is so undeniable that the Fort Worth Police and Firefighters Memorial committee had no problem putting him on their monument. Oscar Montgomery did not make the monument, but his story is inseparably tied to Dick Howell’s, and but for fate he would have taken the devastating shotgun blast that permanently crippled Howell.

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Medium 9780253011572

5 The Costly Offensive in the West

Xiaobing Li Indiana University Press ePub

BETWEEN APRIL 22 AND APRIL 29, 1951, THE FIRST STEP OF THE Chinese Spring Offensive began sparking what Allan Millett has described as the “most widespread and intense fighting of the Korean War.”1 The CPVF launched its greatest offensive against the U.S. I Corps, along the western portion of the 38th Parallel. Peng Dehuai and his CPVF-NKPA Joint Command sent more than 700,000 men into battle in an attempt to cross the 38th Parallel, annihilate five divisions and two brigades of the U.S. I Corps, and retake Seoul. After eight days of fierce fighting, all three CPVF army groups had broken through defense lines of the UNF and either reached or crossed the 38th Parallel.

Although the CPVF’s Ninth Army Group achieved some of its operational goals by opening a gap near Kapyeong and separating the U.S. I Corps in the west from the U.S. Eighth Army’s IX Corps in the center and X Corps in the east, overall the offensive failed. The main CPVF armies were unable to penetrate deeply enough into UNF lines to encircle and destroy even a single division or brigade. The CPVF Third Army Group, fighting against the center of the U.S. I Corps, and the Nineteenth Army Group on the left of the I Corps, faced serious operational problems due to lack of preparedness and supplies and, worst of all, heavy casualties during the first week of the Spring Offensive.

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Medium 9780253014689

14. Returning to the Philippines (1945–1947)

Dean J. Kotlowski Indiana University Press PDF

14

RETUR NING TO THE PHILIPPINES

(1945–1947)

Nineteen fort y-fi v e was a nother year of change, for the United

States and for Paul V. McNutt. World War II ended, a new president entered the

White House, and McNutt returned to the Philippines as high commissioner and then as ambassador. “There is nothing complicated or devious about the

McNutt appointment,” one correspondent noted. “War Manpower is obviously due to fold . . . McNutt, a good and loyal Democrat but a little too ambitious to have around in peacetime, needs a job. He made a good record during his former service in the Philippines.”1 By going to Manila, McNutt was returning to the scene of past triumphs rather than attempting to revive his political career. Indeed, he accepted the post of high commissioner reluctantly, at President Harry S. Truman’s insistence. “I thought I was beyond draft age,” McNutt joked. “However, this was a draft.”2 McNutt no doubt sought to forsake the firing line of Washington politics for distant—and familiar—shores.3 A reporter noticed the toll that the manpower job had taken on McNutt: “His working day stretches to 18 hours. He looks a little tired . . . One senses a restlessness about him.”4 But McNutt retained a strong attachment to the Philippines, and he wanted to help Filipinos “return to normal life” following the war.5 And since he had firsthand knowledge of the Philippines, his recommendations with respect to U.S.-Philippine relations were likely to receive serious attention

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Medium 9780253018793

6 The Magic of Modern Pharmaceuticals

Kevin W. Martin Indiana University Press ePub

THERE WAS NO more prominent exponent of scientific progress in the Arab East than Sabri al-Qabbani (1908–1973), whose public advocacy of development and citizen-building through the application of modern science and medicine spanned the most turbulent and transformative period in independent Syria’s history, from the era of military dictators, the brief experiment with democracy, the abortive union with Egypt, and Syria’s eventual domination by the Ba‘th Party and Hafiz al-Asad.

Al-Qabbani explicitly stated his journalistic mission in the first issue of his magazine Tabibak (Your Doctor):

Our guiding principle when we decided to publish this journal, Your Doctor, was simply to disseminate scientific culture, and in particular, medical culture, to the largest number of Arab readers possible. We do this because scientific advance never ceases, not even for a moment. Every day, previously mysterious aspects of nature and of human life are revealed, yielding knowledge and understanding that prompt yet new discoveries. And the pioneers of science and civilization are all connected in a historical procession, one in which there is no break between those at the head and those following behind. These pioneers are constantly achieving the most astounding triumphs of human endeavor, opening ever wider a window onto the secrets and mysteries of nature.

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Medium 9781574410679

Praise God

Eddie Stimpson, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

Praise God

I think it would be very misleading to compare any religion service of today with a service during my growing up days or those year before my time. I hate to think about people of today that don't realize what a church service, funral service, or even a mid week pray meeting meaned in the days of the old. The hand clapping, the foot stomping, the shouting, and the Amen.

Whin you put these together with the emotion, it only mean one thing: freedom from struggling all the week.

The best I can remember is sitting in the chorus and some sister begins singing a song. The spirit may move some one to start clapping ther hand and stomping ther feet. It won't be long whin the feeling would fill the church. The song and prayer and stomping and clapping together would be so beautiful, one would only no that God had release a band of angel swooping over the little Shepton Church while God himself move into the church.

Being young, it was hard to no why I and the other kids would find ourself clapping our hand, patting our feet, and even crying. As I grew older I under stood why. I can remember thing like this: Some one would say, I've sweat all the week in that field for that white man. Now I'm going to enjoy God Day.

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Medium 9780253018557

Breaking the Chains of Stigma

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

For a decade, I have used photography to highlight human rights issues in Africa. Never before, though, have I come across a greater affront to human dignity than the treatment of people with mental disabilities in regions in crisis.

For people with mental disabilities in warzones, among displaced populations, and in regions wracked by corruption, life is dire. I didn’t know this before January 2011. While covering a story for a newspaper, I found a section of a prison in South Sudan where the inmates were naked and shackled to the floor: they had mental disabilities. They had committed no crime.

I had never thought about the long-term consequences of disasters. We cover wars, famines, natural disasters, and displacements of people on the continent. Once the peace treaty is signed, the emergency food relief delivered, or the flood waters have receeded, we leave. For the media, the story is finished. The suffering is not. Deep psychological scars remain, and when the dust settles, the facilities and staff to support the mentally disabled often no longer exist.

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Medium 9780253019318

Memoir 55 “Ch’ao-hsien”

Ssu-ma Ch'ien Indiana University Press ePub

Ch’ao-hsien, Memoir 551

translated by Chiu Ming Chan and William H. Nienhauser, Jr.

[115.2985] [Wei] Man [衛]滿 (ca. 220-ca. 130 BC),2 the King of Ch’ao-hsien 朝 鮮,3 was a native of old Yen 燕.4 Starting from the time when Yen was at its height, it overran and took control of Chen-fan 真番 and Ch’ao-hsien, it set up officials and built up border fortifications.5 After Ch’in annihilated Yen,6 it took control of the Liao-tung Commandery 遼東7 and its outermost regions.8 After the Han [dynasty] rose, [the Han court], considering it [the region] was far away and difficult to guard, rebuilt the old Liao-tung border fortifications up to the P’ei 浿 River9 as a [new] boundary, and put it under the control of the [Kingdom of] Yen.10 When Lu Wan 盧 綰 (256–194 BC), King of Yen (r. 202–195 BC), revolted and joined the Hsiung-nu,11 Wei Man fled from his local registry,12 gathered together a band of more than one thousand followers, and in a mallet-style hairdo13 and barbarian clothing, escaped east over the fortifications. After crossing the P’ei River, he occupied the lands formerly vacant under the Ch’in,14 and moving up and down the fortifications he gradually, subjugated and took control over the barbarians in Chen-fan and Ch’ao-hsien, as well as those who had fled from their local registries of old Yen and Ch’i 齊, made himself king,15 and established his capital at Wang-hsien 王險.16

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Medium 9781574412321

8. Task Force Iron

Stephen A. Bourque and John W. Burdan III University of North Texas Press PDF

8

Task Force Iron

T

he 1st Infantry Division’s 3rd Brigade, commanded by Colonel David Weisman, provided the headquarters for Task Force Iron.

Based in northern Germany near the ports of Hamburg and Bremen, it was a relic of the Cold War when planners feared that large armies from the Warsaw Pact would overrun NATO defenses before they could send reinforcements. Formally designated the 2nd Armored Division-Forward, it was now assigned to the 1st Infantry Division bringing the Big Red One up to the normal complement of three brigades. In its role as Task Force

Iron, it consisted of two ground battalions (1st Battalion, 41st Infantry and the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry). The 4th Battalion, 3rd

Field Artillery had the direct support role, backed by sixteen additional battalions of artillery prepared to provide indirect fire support and counter-battery fire. Attack helicopter support came from the 1st Battalion, 1st Aviation, and support for tearing down the berm came from the 317th Engineer Battalion.1

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Medium 9780253115560

27. The Roots of PBS

Herman B Wells Indiana University Press ePub

MY EDUCATIONAL activities on a national scale also included participating in the development of educational television. In the early days of television, there was little interest on the part of either the general public or the nation's educators in public or educational television. However, the officers of the American Council on Education (ACE) early believed that television could offer an important educational and cultural resource, and accordingly the Council invited six other national organizations to join with it in forming the National Committee on Educational Television. An executive director was appointed, and the committee began an effort to have channels set aside for noncommercial use. The committee was soon joined in its work by the National Citizens for Educational Television, and the two groups had the support of most of the professional organizations with any conceivable interest in the field, including the National Association of Educational Broadcasters, the National Education Association, and so on. Largely as a result of their efforts, the Federal Communications Commission was induced to reserve in April, 1952, 242 television channels, 80 in the VHF band and 162 in the UHF band, for noncommercial, educational use.

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Medium 9780253356161

4 Pinnacle The Winter Encampment of 1863 through the Gettysburg Campaign

Lawrence A.Jr. Kreiser Indiana University Press ePub

Morale soared in the Second Corps in late January 1863, when Major General Joseph Hooker replaced Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac.1 Couch’s men expressed mixed opinions about yet another command change, their third in nearly as many months, but they almost universally praised Hooker’s administrative reforms. Soldiers delighted that better food and full pay followed Hooker’s ascension to command. They also praised their new commander for making furloughs easier to obtain. “This was fair-dealing,” one soldier declared of the policies implemented by Hooker, “and appreciated by the men.”2

Soldiers of the Second Corps and the rest of the Union army experienced a surge in fighting spirit in the early spring for reasons beyond the reforms implemented by Hooker. In part, Couch’s men found time to turn their thoughts to activities other than war. The most colorful diversion occurred when soldiers of the Irish Brigade celebrated St. Patrick’s Day on March 17. According to one estimate, 20,000 soldiers, including Hooker, attended the festivities. The celebration was replete with horse racing and singing and dancing, as well as ample food and drink. In the words of one ecstatic Irishman, the ethnic revelry “ ‘took’ with all the soldiers.”3 Equally important to raising morale, soldiers in the Second Corps and the rest of the Union army closed ranks against the loud harangues of the Peace Democrats back at home. Couch’s men had only recently questioned the purpose of continuing the war, but they wanted nothing to do with Copperheads. The calls for a negotiated settlement with the Confederacy would make the Union blood spilled and treasure spent in vain. “Secesh sympathizers” at home seemed to forget that “our first great duty is to God, our second to our country.”4

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Medium 9780253203175

Red Star: A Utopia

Alexander Bogdanov Indiana University Press ePub

Letter from Dr. Werner to Mirsky

Dear Comrade Mirsky,

I am sending you Leonid’s notes. He wanted them published, and you, as a man of letters, can arrange that matter better than I. He himself has gone into hiding. I am leaving the clinic to try and trace him. I think I shall probably find him in the mountains, where the situation has lately become critical. By exposing himself to the dangers there he is evidently indirectly trying to commit suicide. He is obviously still unstable mentally, although he impressed me as being near complete recovery. I shall inform you the moment I learn of anything.

My warmest regards,

N. Werner

24 July 190? (illegible: 8 or 9)

 

 

It was early in that great upheaval* which continues to shake our country and which, I think, is now approaching its inevitable, fateful conclusion.

The public consciousness was so deeply impressed by the events of the first bloody days that everyone expected a quick and victorious end to the struggle. It seemed as though the worst had already occurred, that nothing more terrible could possibly happen. No one had realized how tenacious were the bony hands of the corpse that had crushed and still crushes the living in its convulsive embrace.

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Medium 9780876111970

5. Fort Worth’s “Forgotten” Builders (Women and Ethnic Minorities)

Selcer, Richard F. Texas State Historical Assn Press ePub

5.

FORT WORTH’S “FORGOTTEN” BUILDERS (WOMEN AND ETHNIC MINORITIES)

LIKE THE REST OF THE NATION, Fort Worth’s early history was dominated by white males of Anglo-Saxon heritage. Until very recently such men continued to hold the reins of economic and political power firmly in their neatly manicured hands. Times have changed, but they still deserve to be honored for their accomplishments even while we criticize their narrow, often bigoted behavior toward their fellow citizens.

At the beginning of the 1870s, when Fort Worth was poised to become a “city,” nearly three in ten persons in the West was foreign-born.1 Fort Worth, it is reasonable to assume, was no different than most other Western communities. Locally, the most prominent ethnic minorities were the Germans and the Irish. Two of the chief landmarks in town were Herman Kussatz’ Bismarck Saloon and St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, and Maifest, Oktoberfest, and St. Patrick’s Day rivaled the Fourth of July in their local popularity. St. Patrick’s Day every March was highlighted by a grand march through downtown, and Maifest and Oktoberfest were three-day extravaganzas of races, fireworks, and military drills, patronized by thousands of non-Irish and non-German citizens who simply enjoyed a good time.2 In the days before the N.A.A.C.P. and La Raza Unida, the Ancient Order of Hibernians and the Sons of Hermann protected the interests and provided a cultural outlet for Irish and Germans respectively. While those groups would experience some prejudice, their assimilation pains were as nothing to those experienced by nonwhite groups.

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Medium 9781574414875

Back to Jacksboro

B. W. Aston and Donathan Taylor The University of Chicago Press ePub

Back to Jacksboro

Fort Mason is the last of the forts on the Texas Forts Trail. From here the route travels north through central Texas to Jacksboro and roughly follows the military supply route to Forts Griffin and Richardson. Each of the communities along the way of the supply route benefited from the presence of military traffic as well as from the civilian supply trains traveling along the trail.

From Mason, head northeast along County Road 386 to Fredonia.

Fredonia was settled by W. L. and Samuel P. Hays in the late 1850s. After the Civil War the community began to grow as new settlers moved into the region. In 1879 a post office named Deerton was established, but the name was changed a year later to Fredonia.

The village of Voca was settled in 1879 by John Deans and named for his old home, Voca, Arkansas. Seven miles west of Voca is the site of old Camp San Saba, on the San Saba River.

From Fredonia, head back northwest along State Highway 71 which leads you by Voca in southwest McCulloch County.

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Medium 9780253342935

15 Women Prisoners

Yitzhak Arad Indiana University Press ePub

The permanent prisoner staff in the camps also included Jewish women. In Sobibor Jewish women prisoners were employed from the early stage of the camp’s activity. From a transport which arrived in Sobibor on June 2, 1942, three girls were taken by SS Oberscharführer Gustav Wagner and left there to work. Ada Lichtman, one of those girls, describes her first day in Sobibor:

We were ordered to clean thoroughly a villa where the Germans lived. After work we were taken to an area with some barracks, surrounded by a barbed-wire fence where we were given a room with three wooden beds, one over the other. Close to our room lived the skilled workers. . . . In the evening, two men brought two big boxes with dirty laundry, and a Ukrainian guard told us that it should be ready within two days. . . . The washing required many different kinds of work. The laundry was full of lice, so first of all it had to be disinfected. We had to raise the water from a deep well with heavy wooden buckets tied to a rope. The laundry had to be boiled at a distant place. The wet laundry was transported in a baby carriage.1

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Medium 9781574413588

Chapter 3: Hagar Tucker: Fort Worth’s First Black Policeman

Richard F. Selcer University Of North Texas Press ePub

CHAPTER 3

Hagar Tucker: Fort Worth’s First Black Policeman

Before I. M. Terrell and “Gooseneck Bill” McDonald there was Hagar Tucker, Fort Worth’s first black citizen of note. The first two were exemplary gentlemen, Terrell as an educator and McDonald as a businessman-politician. Tucker made his mark as a lawman, or more specifically, a “special policeman” with the Fort Worth Police Department (FWPD), the only person of color on an otherwise all-white force.

Hagar Tucker was born into slavery in Kentucky bluegrass country in July 1842. His parents were the chattel of William B. Tucker, which is how he came to get his surname. (During those days, black slaves typically took the name of their master’s family upon emancipation since slaves did not have last names.) Hagar had a proper, Old Testament given name, an adopted last name, and his freedom, but no education to ease his path through life. Even as an adult, he never learned to write his own name, another one of the legacies of slavery.1 He worked as a field hand and along with other members of his family accompanied the Tucker family to Texas in the mid-1850s.2 He was officially emancipated at the same time as other Texas slaves on June 19, 1865, after the Civil War ended. He enjoyed an extraordinarily good relationship with his former master, so he stayed on in Fort Worth after becoming a freedman. Local whites shortened his name to “Hague,” and that is how he was remembered decades later.

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