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A Letter from Berlin

Stallworthy, Jon Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

A Letter from Berlin

My dear,

Today a letter from Berlin where snow – the first of ’38 – flew in, settled and shrivelled on the lamp last night, broke moth wings mobbing the window. Light woke me early, but the trams were late:

I had to run from the Brandenburg Gate skidding, groaning like a tram, and sodden to the knees. Von Neumann operates at 10 and would do if the sky fell in. They lock his theatre doors on the stroke of the clock – but today I was lucky: found a gap in the gallery next to a chap

I knew just as the doors were closing. Last, as expected, on Von Showmann’s list the new vaginal hysterectomy that brought me to Berlin.

Delicately he went to work, making from right to left a semi-circular incision. Deft dissection of the fascia. The bloodblossoming arteries nipped in the bud.

Speculum, scissors, clamps – the uterus cleanly delivered, the pouch of Douglas stripped to the rectum, and the cavity closed. Never have I seen such masterly technique. ‘And so little bleeding!’ I said half to myself, half to my neighbour.

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Medium 9781574412222

1 “Planting the Institutions of Freedom”

Juan Francisco Martinez University of North Texas Press PDF

“Planting the Institutions of Freedom”

7

Protestant Views on the Mexican-American War

The war with Mexico occurred during a time of growing tension in the United States. Slavery was dividing the country;

Westward migration was moving the center of power from East to West; settlement of the Oregon Territory and the annexation of Texas heightened the possibility of war with Great Britain.

All of these events were occurring in the midst of a broader debate about the identity of the United States.2 Each of these issues colored people’s attitudes toward the Mexican-American

War and, for many, seemed to overshadow it in importance. For many Protestants the relationship of the war to these other issues was as important as the actual hostilities.

Opposition to the Mexican-American War

The strongest Protestant statements opposing the war with

Mexico appear in denominational periodicals and published sermons. These critical and often scathing denunciations reflect a wide range of concerns about the conflict. Nonetheless, few denominations issued official pronouncements against the war.

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Medium 9780253355935

16 Uncommon Recessional, 1916–1930

Patrick J. Kelly Indiana University Press ePub

Tirpitz, upon leaving the RMA, moved from his grand official residence with his wife Marie and daughter Margot to a large flat in Berlin at von der Heydt Strasse 15. His salary as State Secretary had been 45,000 marks, plus 15,000 for office expenses. His pension would be half his salary (22,500 marks).1 His family’s financial situation appeared reasonably secure. The status of his holdings in Alghero, Sardinia, San Remo on the Italian Riviera, and a Paris apartment was uncertain. He also had invested a substantial amount in war bonds,2 and he retained the house at St. Blasien.

Tirpitz’s son, Wolfgang, was a prisoner of war in Britain and was later interned in Holland. Ulrich von Hassell, the husband of daughter Ilse, slowly recovered from the bullet in the heart he had received at the Marne in 1914. His convalescence took place at the Tirpitz home. Unable to resume his diplomatic career for health reasons, in January 1916 he took an administrative position for the government of Prussia at Stettin.3 From then on Hassell served Tirpitz as a political agent and surrogate in dealing with nationalist opposition figures, particularly Wolfgang Kapp.4

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Medium 9780870819285

CHAPTER TWO Policy and Production of WRAPS Photographs

Kenichiro Shimada University Press of Colorado ePub

From the beginning of the WRA’s program, plans were in place to photograph the mass removal, initial concentration, longer-term incarceration, and release of Japanese Americans. As early as 1942, the stated purpose of this record was to document every step of the process. Authorities in charge of the incarceration also realized early on that pictures were needed for public relations purposes.1

Our analysis of the archival records, along with the secondary literature, indicates that the photographic mission changed over time. It is thus convenient to divide WRA photo operations into two phases. What I am calling Phase One started in March 1942 and lasted through the end of that year. Phase Two was in place by 1943 and lasted until the WRA’s Photographic Section was closed in January 1946.

The available records indicate that photographers were on the payroll even as the WRA came into existence. As far as we have been able to determine, early WRA photographic work was done via short-term assignments given to select professional photographers, such as Clement Albers, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee, and Francis L. Stewart.2 These photographers were assigned (Lee) or hired (Albers, Lange, and Stewart) by federal agencies, including the Office of War Information and the War Relocation Authority. Although some of the four’s WRA pictures had to do with removal, most of their photographs detailed selected, typically noncontroversial aspects of Japanese Americans’ daily life in Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA) assembly centers as well as scenes from the first months in the ten more permanent WRA camps.3

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Medium 9780253008565

8: On the Matter of Return to Israel/Palestine: Autoethnographic Reflections

Fran Markowitz Indiana University Press ePub

Jasmin Habib

What the map cuts up, the story cuts across. In Greek, narration is called “diegesis”; it establishes an itinerary (it “guides”) and it passes through it (it “transgresses”). The space of operations in which it travels is made of movements: it is topological, concerning the deformations of figures, rather than topical, defining places. It is only ambivalently that the story circumscribes in this space. It plays a double game. It does the opposite of what it says. It hands the place over to the foreigner that gives the impression of throwing out. Or rather, when it marks a stopping place, the latter is not stable but follows the variations of encounters between programs. Boundaries are transportable limits and transportation of limits; they are also metaphorai

—de Certeau 1984: 129; also cited by Conley 2001: 491–92

Children of refugees inherit their parents’ knowledge of the fragility of place, their suspicion of the notion of home

—Hirsch and Spitzer 2003: 93

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Medium 9780253020888

1. The Returns on Mobile Mothers’ Work

Leyla J. Keough Indiana University Press ePub

I look around my house and I see my first trip to Turkey: the washing machine; the second: the gas line; the third: the kids’ new furnishings and the new entryway. The following trip was my first daughter’s university education. The next one will be for the kitchen.

—Tatya, October 2004

In many ways, the situation of women in Gagauz Yeri is structured by the same economic conditions that have affected poor women worldwide. According to the sociologist Saskia Sassen, women work abroad because they are poor and desperate, and as mothers under conditions of neoliberalism they will go to any length for their family’s survival (1998, 2000). Gagauz women’s explanations for their migrant labor generally uphold this “survivalist” theory. Without exception, all the women with whom I spoke said they worked abroad because they could not find work in the economic circumstances of post-Soviet Moldova, and they felt obligated as mothers to take care of their families, particularly their children. In the women’s narratives that make up the main substance of this chapter, joblessness, the lack of an income, and the relatively new need for cash for their children’s benefit caused migration to Turkey. These gendered explanations are clearly genuine and may even help women and children cope with separation (Parrenas 2005).

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Medium 9780253356338

1 Identification and Identity Formations around Shared Shrines in West Bank Palestine and Western Macedonia

Dionigi Albera Indiana University Press ePub

GLENN BOWMAN

The recent wars in Yugoslavia, in which religious identities were foregrounded in ethnonationalist confrontations, fixed the region’s reputation as a “fracture zone” between East and West (Islam and Christianity, Orthodoxy and Catholicism). Analogously, the “Holy Land”—already viewed as a setting for religious warfare—has become, with the establishment of a Jewish state in a demographically mixed territory, an icon of interreligious antagonism enduring since “time immemorial.” These developments support popular discourse, already legitimated by some academics, contending that persons’ religious identities are fundamental and fundamentally antagonistic to other religions. However, both regions, in living memory (and at some sites until the present day) have seen intensive intercommunal activities around both urban and rural religious sites. Such commingling was opposed by the religious authorities that “owned” some of these sites; it was encouraged at others by, for instance, the Sufic Bektashi. Although both regions were part of the Ottoman Empire, the different systems of religious and secular authority in the two areas during the Ottoman Empire, the different forms of religious activity fostered or suppressed by post-Ottoman states, and the development of ethnoreligious nationalisms provide grounds for comparative analysis of the development of religious communalisms in different contexts. This chapter will present beliefs and practices related to sites in southwestern regions of former Yugoslavia and along Israel-Palestine’s Jerusalem–Bethlehem–Hebron axis to assess the impact of such “cohabitation” on cultural and political identities and understand the forces that work to undermine it.

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Medium 9781574412239

21. The Lore of Retirement and Extended Care Facilities

Edited by Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF

21

THE LORE OF RETIREMENT

AND EXTENDED CARE FACILITIES by Kenneth W. Davis

Bumper sticker seen often on expensive SUVs and RVs:

WE ARE SPENDING OUR KIDS’ INHERITANCE!

Bumper sticker seen often on moderately priced family sedans:

REMEMBER! YOUR KIDS WILL PICK YOUR NURSING

HOME!

The evolution of terms used to describe what one informant called

“warehouses for the old and infirm” introduces locations in which a significant body of lore is growing actively. Many Texans remember

“poorhouse,” “county farm,” and “old folks’ home” as descriptors of residences for some elderly people. Now, thanks to mysterious processes of linguistic change brought about probably by different views of social welfare, there are fancy-Dan terms: Senior Retirement

Center, Sunshine City, Retirement Village, or Golden Year Refuge.

And to label facilities that are restricted to nursing care, there are other examples of linguistic subterfuge: “extended care facility,”

“assisted living center,” and “skilled nursing facility.” The terms are concocted by dedicated and determined marketing specialists to make the “warehouses for the old” seem like paradises on earth.

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Medium 9780253020864

6. The George H. W. Bush Years (1989–92): A New World Order

Lee H. Hamilton Indiana University Press ePub

I KNEW GEORGE H. W. BUSH WELL FOR SEVERAL YEARS, GOING BACK to the time when we both served in the House of Representatives in the late 1960s. He was a decent, honorable, positive person.

And, I might add, enjoyable to be around. I remember a relaxing Christmas Day I was spending at home with my family. We had just finished our holiday dinner when a phone call from the president came through. He wished me and Nancy happy holidays and then asked whether I could meet him in a few minutes in the House of Representatives gym for some games of paddleball, which is not something you look forward to after a large meal. I hesitated, pointing out that the House gym would be locked on Christmas. But he said that would be no problem, he’d take care of it—and as leader of the free world that was something he was able to handle.

Bush excelled at making and maintaining friendships. When he first came to Congress in 1967, he was elected president of the House freshman class. Throughout all his years of public service he was known for writing personal notes, staying in touch. His engaging personality made him popular among members of Congress.

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Medium 9780253007438

2 · A Conflict of Memories

Allen F. Roberts Indiana University Press ePub

One cannot do good history, not even contemporary history, without regard for ideas, actions, and ontologies that are not and never were our own.

MARSHALL SAHLINS, HOW “NATIVES” THINK

Storms’s account of Lusinga’s demise will be left here in order to turn to Tabwa narration of the same events. Such alternative histories can move our understanding of fraught political relations beyond nineteenth-century European “idiom[s] of doubt” that would deny agency to soon-to-be-colonized Africans. To the degree possible all these years later, we need to consider what Tabwa thought and think of these same events via tropes and historiologies of their own making. “Concept[s] of agency as embedded in narrative possibility” can result, as Premesh Lalu notes of somewhat similar circumstances in nineteenth-century southern Africa. Indeed, an approach sensitive to metaphors and esoteric references embedded in narratives “may yield a story unimagined and unanticipated by the perpetrators” of proto-colonial violence like Bwana Boma.1

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Medium 9781607321606

1 H. B. NICHOLSON AND THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL BUG

Brian D. Dillon University Press of Colorado ePub

Eloise Quiñones Keber

In an earlier tribute to the scholarly life and accomplishments of H. B. Nicholson (1925–2007), emeritus professor of anthropology at UCLA, I surveyed his major contributions to the various Mesoamerican subfields of anthropology, archaeology, ethnohistory, art, and iconography (Quiñones Keber 2007). The present chapter offers another appraisal of Nicholson’s scholarship in Mesoamerican, especially Aztec, studies. It highlights the seminal influence of archaeology in propelling his scholarly trajectory, in several cases recalling his own words as expressed in publications and conversations over the years.

Dr. Nicholson was especially renowned for his comprehensive knowledge of the Aztecs (Mexica, Nahua) of Central Mexico, who dominated this area of the late Precolumbian world in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. A thorough researcher and archivist; a prolific writer, moderator, and presenter of scholarly papers at numerous conferences in the United States, Mexico, and Europe; and a popular guest speaker, Nicholson was widely acknowledged as the most accomplished Aztec scholar of his time.

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Medium 9780253008152

14 What Paltry Learning in Dumb Books! Teaching the Power of Oral Narrative \ Caleb Corkery

Brandon D Lundy Indiana University Press ePub

The ancient kingdoms of West Africa thrived from the 4th to the 16th centuries, passing power from Ghana to Mali to Songhai for over a thousand years. Though these medieval empires were distinct, they oversaw a region of people with common ancestry and shared cultural practices. One role that runs through these various empires and centuries is the community historian or storyteller, the “griot” as the French generically labeled the many regional variants. The griot’s knowledge and skill provide cultural cohesion as they connect a community’s history to the present through narrative. Trained to memorize and perform stories, griots pass on these stories to educate and inspire their listeners. This position as storyteller, historian, and social critic makes griots both powerful and feared. Before going to battle, for instance, a warrior might pay to hear of the past glories of his ancestors.

When European explorers and missionaries encountered West Africans in the 16th century, they described griots as social pariahs: “disreputable,” “buffoons,” “gross and indecent,” “depraved,” and “sycophants” (Hale 1998:81–113). These terms were all used to describe a thousand-year-old profession that sustained social relations and cultural knowledge.

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Medium 9780253006318

2 Megalomania and Angst: The Nineteenth-Century Mythicization of Germany’s Eastern Borderlands

Omer Bartov Indiana University Press ePub

GREGOR THUM

The last German Emperor, Wilhelm II, was notorious for his offensive speeches. On 5 June 1902, Wilhelm delivered an address in the Marienburg Castle, the former seat of the Teutonic Order in the German-Polish borderlands of the Prussian east. In front of dignitaries of the Prussian-German state, the Austrian-based Teutonic Order, and the Order of St. John seated in Berlin, who had all convened to celebrate the historical reconstruction of the Marienburg, the German monarch declared:

In this castle, at this very place, I once took the opportunity to highlight how the old Marienburg, this former bulwark in the east, the starting point for the culture of the countries east of the river Vistula, should forever remain a symbol of the German tasks. Now it is time again. Polish presumption wants to challenge Germandom, and I am obliged to call on My people to preserve its national goods.

Wilhelm II closed his address with an appeal to Pan-German cooperation in order “to protect all that is German here and beyond the border.”1 According to the Imperial Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow, who claimed to have toned down the speech prior to its publication, the emperor’s actual address was far more aggressive. Wilhelm summoned the convened knights “to charge the Sarmatians with the Teutonic Order’s sword in the strong fist, to punish their impudence, to exterminate them.”2

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Medium 9781574412567

"Eden Cemetery”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF

EDEN CEMETERY by Margaret A. Cox

I grew up with a healthy respect for graveyards. My grandmother sold tombstones during the 1940s, and I have memories of visiting graveyards with her as a young child. She often took rubbings of monument designs to get ideas for her customers. When I first learned to read, I pronounced the word: “gravy-yard.” This was corrected very shortly. I remember my grandmother walking past graves, sighing and saying, “I love to walk among the bones of my ancestors.”

One grave in the Eden, Texas, cemetery has no headstone. The entire length and width of the grave is covered in a block of cement, about three feet high. I asked my grandmother about this grave, which looked like none of the others in the entire cemetery.

She said she thought the old judge had covered his wife so she couldn’t come out and haunt him later on. He said she had been a mean old thing in life, and he didn’t want to take any chances.

The cemetery in Eden was located near my grandmother’s home. We children could sit on the front porch and watch the funeral processions pass by. Some cousins warned us not to count the cars following the hearse, or we would be the next person to die. I always tried to avert my eyes when funerals were in progress after that.

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Apollinaire Trepanned

Stallworthy, Jon Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

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