5617 Chapters
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7 Twined Scalps

Raymond W.Jr. Thorp Indiana University Press ePub


Twined Scalps

Now the lands of the Crows, in mid-nineteenth century, were much as the fur trader LaRoque had reported them fifty years before. As described in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851, the boundaries ran thus:

Commencing at the mouth of Powder River, on the Yellowstone; thence up Powder River to its source; thence along the main range of the Black Hills and Wind River mountains to the head waters of the Yellowstone; thence down the Yellowstone to the mouth of Twenty-five Yard Creek; thence to the head waters of the Musselshell River; thence down the Musselshell to its mouth; thence to the head waters of Big Dry Creek; and thence to its mouth.

But Crows had ridden far from tribal lands to seek out and kill The Swan. The Crow Killer would pursue them, likewise, on these “their” lands or wherever they might ride.

Far away to the west, even beyond Fort Benton and the headwaters of the Missouri, there lay a country wild and primeval, its great mountains alive with wild game: the country of the Bitter Root Mountains. Here, each spring, came the Crows. This was Flathead country now; these fabled hunting grounds of many tribes, these green valleys and tortuous streams beneath looming peaks that had seen the wars of so many peoples, were not open to Crow hunters except as they came for war or on specified business.

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Medium 9781574412413

Chapter 6: Wanted: Ferry Pilots

Sarah Byrn Rickman University of North Texas Press PDF


Wanted: Ferry Pilots

fter the attack on Pearl Harbor, all airfields within fifty miles of the U.S. coastline were shut down. That included East Boston Airport and, consequently, Inter

City Aviation. Bob Love was ordered to Washington, D.C., as part of General Olds’s Ferrying Command. The Loves prepared to move to the D.C. area to accommodate his new job.

Maj. Robert H. Baker arrived at Logan Field, Dundalk, Maryland, near Baltimore, January 5, 1942. His orders were to set up the Northeast Sector, Domestic Wing of the Ferrying Command. Baker had been a flying officer in World War I and prior to assignment to the Ferrying Command was with the 154th

Observation Squadron of the Arkansas National Guard.1

On March 11, 1942, with General Olds’s recommendation,

Nancy Love went to work for Baker in the Operations Office of the Northeast Sector, located in the Martin Plant (where the

B-26 bomber was built) in Baltimore.2 Her job included mapping ferry flights and routes, learning military procedures, and helping find sources for pilots. Since gas for the family automobile was hard to get, Nancy commuted to work in the Loves’

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Medium 9781574412772


Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF


At the forty-first meeting of the Texas Folklore Society in Nacogdoches in 1967, John Q. Anderson, a past-president of the organization, read a paper titled “Magical Transference of Disease in

Texas Folk Medicine.” What Anderson presented was a series of remedies he had collected. At the evening banquet, William A.

Owens delivered a full-blown attack on Anderson’s paper in his

“Texas Folklore: A Challenge to the Creative Artist.” The main focus of his excoriation of Anderson’s work was that the paper was merely a compilation of remedies. Nothing more. No analysis. No attempt to make sense in some large context. No transference from collection to art. It was an uncomfortable thirty minutes, and all eyes kept turning to John Q., who was visibly shaken and angered.

As vice-president and program chairman, I was embarrassed that I had put together a program that lent itself to such vituperation. My only escape was that the banquet speaker was chosen by the local arrangements committee or the secretary-editor or some entity that could pay travel expenses. Nevertheless, I was most uncomfortable.

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Medium 9780253001764

18. Petr Badmaev (1851–1920)

Edited by Stephen M Norris and Willard Indiana University Press ePub



As much as any other figure of his time, Petr Aleksandrovich Badmaev embodied the conflicting notes of ambition, ambivalence, optimism, and suspicion that marked Russia’s career as an imperial power in East Asia during the last decades of Romanov rule. Historians know him best as the author of an elaborate 1893 memorandum advocating Russia’s historic mission to extend the “white tsar’s” sway over eastern China and Tibet. Contemporary observers and posterity alike also regarded him as a symbol of the autocracy’s decadence or disarray during its final years under Nicholas II, one of those shadowy figures like his sometime associate Rasputin who played an unsavory role “behind the scenes of tsarism.”1 While these perspectives certainly offer useful approaches to understanding Badmaev as a “personality of empire,” they also downplay or submerge two other salient facts—his visible exoticness as a Buriat who made his livelihood in the imperial metropolis, and the degree to which his improbable career, and historical notoriety, themselves resulted from the same forces that propelled Russia into East Asia during the years after 1855.

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5 Religion and Politics after Partition: The Ahmadi Jihad for Kashmir

Adil Hussain Khan Indiana University Press ePub

5  Religion and Politics after Partition

The Ahmadi Jihad for Kashmir

Partition and Kashmir

With the presidency of the All-India Kashmir Committee behind him, Mirza Bashir al-Din Mahmud Ahmad continued his campaign in Kashmir as head of Jama῾at-i Ahmadiyya. This involved a temporary transformation of his image to that of a less political khalīfa. Despite attempts to maintain his affiliation with the All-India Kashmir Committee, the relationship proved to be irreconcilable. Internal support from Jama῾at-i Ahmadiyya was nonetheless enough to provide Mahmud Ahmad with a sufficient platform to continue working towards Kashmir’s independence on his own. As this transition unfolded in subsequent years, Jama῾at-i Ahmadiyya began moving in a different direction from the All-India Kashmir Committee, while other changes beyond Mahmud Ahmad’s control continued to take place on the Kashmiri front. By 1939, Sheikh Abdullah had shifted the discourse away from sharp communal polemics that highlighted internal differences, towards an inclusive Kashmiri nationalist movement intended to unite the people of Kashmir. This may be illustrated by the name change of his All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference to the All Jammu and Kashmir National Conference, as noted by Mridu Rai. The new platform incorporated Hindus and Sikhs, in addition to Muslims, as victims of the Dogra government’s oppression of its people and marked a new approach to both Kashmiri politics and identity.1

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Medium 9780253010452

Part 1. The Creation of a Colonial Culture

NoContributor Indiana University Press ePub



French Colonization: An Inaudible History

Marc Ferro

This foreword is based on a 2005 interview conducted with the historian Marc Ferro, a specialist on the issue of colonization and the reception of this past in French society, namely in books such as L’Histoire des colonisations (1994), Les tabous de l’Histoire (2002), and Le Livre noir du colonialisme (2003).1 He has described the current situation—a situation in which the French public has turned its back on the work of historians—as a form of “self-censorship by citizens,” paired with a “censorship by the governing authorities.” This sort of postcolonial posture, which characterizes France at the beginning of the twenty-first century, cannot and does not want to accept that “the Republic betrayed its core values” because to do so would be to question the “Republic” itself.

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Medium 9780253011367

7 “To Eliminate the Ghostly Element Between People”: The Call as Exorcism

Emilio Spadola Indiana University Press ePub

Written kisses never arrive at their destination; the ghosts drink them up along the way. . . . In order to eliminate as far as possible the ghostly element between people and create natural communication, the peace of souls, [humanity] has invented the railway, the motorcar, the aeroplane.

—Kafka, Letters to Milena

LET US RETURN to the Islamic exorcisms with which I opened this book and to the cultural politics of communication and piety it embodies. I began with Islamic exorcisms, with one of Aisha in particular, because the practice vividly captures the social currents and political conflicts around the competing calls of Islam, from the dominant national influences of sharifian Sufism, to an opposing Islamist call. While this book has focused largely on dominant forms of Sufism, Islamic exorcism, grounded in the logics of globally circulating Islamic revivalism, shifts our perspective away from older popular Sufi authorities—the scholars and seers—of Fez, away from the struggling middle classes drawn to their informal economy and occult cures, and away from privileged middle classes who receive and transmit the nation’s call in new mass-mediated trance rites. Instead, we see Fez and urban Morocco more broadly from the different marginal perspective of young, educated, and struggling men who neither benefit from sharifian logics, nor explicitly aspire to sharifian authority, small or large. Seeking a pious community grounded in (for them) pious norms of responsibility to God’s call, they give voice to it through a practice of exorcism meant to cure not only individual bodies but also, explicitly, the body social and body politic.

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Medium 9781574412383

“Gone to (South) Texas”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF

GONE TO (SOUTH) TEXAS by Janet McCannon Simonds

The lore of the nineteenth century Texas frontier includes many stories of pioneers leaving their homes in the North to seek new homes in Texas, and of their difficult journeys and more difficult lives after arrival. Regardless of the motivation, it took great courage to leave the known—families, friends, homes, businesses, and their very ways of life—for the unknown, which was often full of discomfort and privation. This pioneer spirit and courage, however, did not stop at the end of the nineteenth century. In the early twentieth century, vast areas of Texas were yet unsettled, and there were still people in the northern United States with the same courage, adventurous spirit, and desire to make a new start that characterized their predecessors. The Rio Grande Valley of Texas was one of those last twentieth-century frontiers, and a destination of many such pioneers.

The area of South Texas between the Rio Grande and Nueces

Rivers was for many years after the Texas Revolution a contested area called the Nueces Strip, maintaining a virtual dual nationality even after the 1836 Texas Revolution when Mexican President

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Medium 9781574416244

Chapter 5: New Schools

Tom Killebrew UNT Press PDF


The Royal Air Force in American Skies

On the platform to greet the British students were the two Royal

Air Force officers assigned to the new school, Wing Commander

Fredrick Hilton, the chief flying instructor, and Squadron Leader Andrew

Beveridge, the chief ground instructor. The two RAF officers looked as much out of place as the students because they too wore similar gray civilian suits in accordance with United States neutrality laws. Also at the station to greet the British students were several local newspaper reporters, which not only surprised the RAF officers, but would prove to be a harbinger of things to come.

The reporters departed after eliciting several newsworthy tidbits from the British arrivals such as surprise at finding no cattle on the railroad tracks and no cowboys at the Dallas station. Also, the students had not been overly happy about training in Texas while their traveling companions were destined for glamorous California, that is, until someone on the train mentioned that Texas had the prettiest girls in the nation.1

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Medium 9781574415025

9. The Battle of Poison Spring, Arkansas

Robert W. Lull University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Nine

The Battle of Poison Spring,



teele soon discovered that the ideal base at Camden was as much a trap as a resource. As his corps flowed into Camden, he received word that the Confederate army in Louisiana defeated General Banks’ large Union command, forcing Banks to withdraw back down the Red River. Steele had to hold tight in Camden to determine what would be the future course of the overall campaign to Shreveport.1

There was nothing available in Camden to sustain Steele’s corps. The departing Confederate soldiers had left behind a welcoming gift of water wells contaminated with the corpses of dead animals.2 The region around Camden for many miles was devoid of forage and rations. Confederate soldiers based in Camden before the Yankee incursion had picked the countryside bare.3

The wagon train of supplies he so urgently ordered from Little Rock a week earlier was not coming to Camden. To his dismay, an untimely riverboat collision would delay the shipment indefinitely.4

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Medium 9781574412321

10. The Breach

Stephen A. Bourque and John W. Burdan III University of North Texas Press PDF


The Breach


e now know to what extent the Big Red

One out-classed its Iraqi opponent. The few thousand poorly armed, deployed, and equipped soldiers of the Iraqi 26th Infantry Division were simply not prepared for what was to come. Operating the most sophisticated and lethal weapons in the world, and backed by the largest concentration of artillery the United States had employed since the Battle of the Bulge over forty-five years earlier, the 26,000 soldiers of the 1st Infantry Division could not be stopped by the paltry Iraqi defenses. But, we know this today.

At the time the division’s soldiers looked back to previous assaults at Catigny, France (1917), Omaha Beach (1944), and Junction City (Vietnam, 1967) as indicators of how bloody battle could be.

The largest attack the United States Army had conducted in almost fifty years began on a rainy, overcast morning. The showers continued until about 1000 hours, but the visibility continued to decrease as fog and blowing sand dominated the soldiers’ view. Winds were fairly strong with gusts up to twenty-five knots during the day. The horizon began showing traces of light in the eastern sky at 0531 hours and sunset was to come at 1753 hours.1

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9 Stagnation and Segregation: Northern Ireland, 1971 to 2001

Ian N. Gregory Indiana University Press ePub


The late twentieth century saw a stark contrast between the experiences of the Republic of Ireland, described in the previous chapter, and those of Northern Ireland over the same period. While the Republic saw rapid economic progress and a decline in religious divisions, the situation in Northern Ireland was almost the reverse. Between 1971 and 2001 Northern Ireland saw rapid economic change as its traditional industries declined. At the same time it experienced a prolonged sectarian conflict in the form of the Troubles, during which more than three thousand people died. The complexity of the situation means that the next three chapters will be devoted to covering Northern Ireland over this period. chapter 9 looks at demographic, economic, and social change, stressing that in many ways Northern Ireland’s experience was typical of declining heavy industrial regions, albeit with a unique spatioreligious undertone. chapter 10 then moves to exploring the patterns of violence that occurred during the Troubles, which started in the late 1960s and ended with the various ceasefires of the late 1990s. chapter 11 draws these two threads together, focusing on Belfast, the area in which these themes had their largest impacts.

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Medium 9781574411591

CHAPTER 12 Deputy U. S. Marshal

Paul N. Spellman University of North Texas Press PDF

C H A P T E R 12

Deputy U. S. Marshal

Perform, in conjunction with the military forces stationed along the Mexican border, such patrol duty as may be necessary to prevent violations of the neutrality laws, and in proper cases to arrest persons caught in the act of violating such laws. . . It is proper for your deputies and the military forces to make appropriate inquiry in connection with the arrest of persons engaged in violating the law, or where it is believed that the law is being violated at or near the place where such deputies or military forces are operating.

This February 21, 1911, directive from the U. S. attorney general’s office instructed the marshals along the Texas-Mexican border to be pro-active in their watch over the escalating border troubles. It granted them broader powers than they had before, but still the protection of the 2,000-mile line was nearly impossible. Even with the addition of customs inspectors and armed forces, and deputies like former Ranger

John H. Rogers who knew the territory so intimately, the challenge was formidable to keep the peace, stop the smuggling, and intervene in the coming revolution.1

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Medium 9781574414769

Chapter 16: Death of the Rustler King

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press ePub


Death of the Rustler King

Flatnose George Currie did not accompany Sundance and Kid Curry to southern Colorado after the Wilcox train robbery, but it was too risky to remain in the area of Hole-in-the-Wall. By December 1899 he was rustling cattle in the Green River country of Utah, and had thrown in with rustler Tom Dilley. While working for the Webster Cattle Company on Hill Creek above Thompson, Dilley had got into a fight with the manager named Fullerton, and Sam Jenkins, a cowboy. All that winter Dilley and Currie built up a herd by blotching brands, particularly on Webster cattle. In April 1900 Currie was caught in the act by an employee and ordered off the ranch. The man went for the authorities after Currie warned him off with his six-gun.1

Grand County Sheriff Jesse M. Tyler and Uintah County Sheriff William Preece combined posses, and set out to capture the rustler or rustlers. They discovered a deserted camp not far from the McPherson Ranch on the Green River. The posse searched through the hills until, about noon the next day, they came upon Currie on foot, looking for some stray horses. He answered the command to surrender by firing at the posse with his Winchester and retreating toward the Green River. He reached the river by dark, and either swam across or built a crude raft for the purpose. The morning of April 17 found Currie settled among some boulders on a hill near the river, ready for a siege. Sheriff Preece and his men tried to pick off the outlaw from across the river, while Sheriff Tyler’s posse had crossed over and was coming up behind Currie. Some time in the afternoon the answering fire from Currie had ceased. He was found dead with a bullet in the back of his head, leaning against a rock with his cocked rifle across his knees. Another bullet had gone through his cartridge belt and exited his back.2

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Medium 9781574411911

Chapter 3 - Amador and Asisara’s Views of Life in California During the Mexican Republic

Translated and edited by Gregorio Mora-Torres University of North Texas Press PDF





Me acuerdo de cuando en el año de 1821 se enarboló la bandera de la independa. en Cal. Vino un comisionado especial de la regencia del imperio de México a efectuar el cambio. Era Gobr. todavía Dn. Pablo Vicente de Solá quien juró la independencia, y la hizo jurar a las tropas y al pueblo. Yo me hallaba a la sazón sirviendo en la campa. de cuera de San Francisco, cuando llegó la orden de Monterey de hacer la pira del nuevo orden de cosas. Recibió la orden el Capn. Argüello quien desde luego le dio cumplimto. Se reunió la tropa como a las 9 de la mañana, y también en la tarde después de las 3. Se hicieron las evoluciones correspondtes. y descargas de fusilería, y en el castillo, arreglado a ordenanza se dispararon 21 cañonazos al tiempo de enarbolar la bandera nueva. Cuando Solá vino a la visita, como un mes más tarde, se repitió todo el ceremonial. Solá quiso mandar en persona las evoluciones y no pudo hacerlo, y tuvo el Capn. Argüello que dar las órdenes. La verdad es que nosotros estabamos hechos a Argüello y no a Solá.

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