1797 Slices
Medium 9781591201410

5.  NTS Anabolic Phase

Ivy Ph.D., John Basic Health Publications ePub

NTS Anabolic Phase

The Anabolic Phase is the most critical phase of the Nutrient Timing System. Following a workout, the muscle machinery is primarily in a catabolic mode. However, it is primed to switch into an anabolic mode if the right stimuli are provided.

The principles of nutrient optimization and metabolic sensitivity are particularly relevant during the forty-five-minute period postexercise. The switch that turns off the catabolic machinery and turns on the anabolic machinery is insulin. During this forty-five-minute period, muscle cells are acutely sensitive to the anabolic actions of insulin. Just providing the right nutrients will exploit this insulin sensitivity and cause a tremendous surge of anabolic activity.

First, let’s consider what happens once we stop exercising. Following exercise, the state of the muscle in many ways is similar to that seen during exercise; however, if recovery measures are not taken, this state can actually worsen. ATP and creatine phosphate (CP) levels are depleted, muscle glycogen levels are reduced, and the rise in cortisol seen during exercise continues in the postexercise period, which means that there is heightened catabolic activity. Other catabolic hormones, such as epinephrine and norepinephrine, remain elevated for thirty to sixty minutes and then return to pre-exercise levels. On the other hand, free radicals generated during exercise are present and will attack muscle cell structure, causing damage for many hours after exercise.

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Medium 9781591200239

8. Herbs for Asthma Relief

M.D., Jonathan M., Berkowitz Basic Health Publications, Inc. ePub

chapter 8

Herbs for Asthma Relief

MANY OF THE DRUGS WE USE to treat illness literally have their roots in the plant kingdom. Herbs (or botanicals) contain molecules that, when purified, we call a drug. So, it is important to treat herbs with the same respect—and caution—as our most powerful pharmaceuticals.

Through millions of years of trial and error, civilization has found that certain plants have medicinal properties. Only since the emergence of modern chemistry have we been able to isolate and synthesize the natural magic our ancestors discovered. But what do we really mean when we say something is “natural” versus “synthetic”? From a purist perspective, we could say that the only “natural” products are those that are used as they are found in nature. With respect to botanicals, this means ingesting or applying the unaltered, raw plant product. We may place this botanical in a pill or drink it as a tea, but the herb remains fundamentally unchanged. In contrast, the word “synthetic,” in conventional usage, means any material not found in nature. These definitions approximate the meanings of these complex and occasionally controversial words. Most people would agree that plastics are synthetic, since they do not occur in nature and only result from the manipulations of science. With respect to medicinal herbs, however, the line between natural and synthetic is less clear.

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Ivy Ph.D., John Basic Health Publications ePub

by Jeffrey Stout, Ph.D.

The young athlete in your family has a competition this morning. She starts the day with a breakfast of cereal and milk and washes it down with a glass of orange juice. Thats the last time she has anything to eat or drink until halftime, when she has some water or a sports drink. Afterward, the players celebrate the games completion (and possibly their victory) with a snack, such as potato chips and soda.

Well, the breakfast wasnt bad, but everything your young athlete did or didnt do in terms of in-game and postgame nutrition decreased her ability to play well, increased the likelihood of injuries, and greatly limited her ability to recover from the physical stresses of the game. Dont feel bad. Few parents think beyond breakfast when it comes to sports nutrition, and coaches, particularly at the youth level, are often too busy to worry about nutrition during the game.

The nutrition young athletes take in before, during, and after games or practices is critical to their performance. There are three factors you should consider when refueling a young athlete. Just think of the three Rs: Rehydrate, Replenish, Recover.

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7. Cinnamon

M.D., Ph.D., Georges M. Halpern Basic Health Publications, Inc. ePub


innamon is warming and invigorating. It seems to reach deep into the body to summon feelings of warmth and comfort. The spice and oil are made from the bark of the cinnamon tree; the oil can be made from the leaves and the roots of the tree, as well. Cinnamon oil is used in perfumes, food, soft drinks, liqueurs, and drugs.

The cinnamon produced in Madagascar comes from the bark, leaves, and roots of Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Blume, also known as Sri Lankan or Ceylon cinnamon (zeylanicum is the Latin word for Ceylon). Cinna momum zeylanicum also grows in Sri Lanka, China, Sumatra, Brazil, Mauritius, India, and Jamaica.

Cinnamon oil from Madagascar is aromatic, sweet, and warm. It has a lively, animated quality and exciting overtones not found in other cinnamon. As we explain shortly, cinnamon from Madagascar is quite different from the cassia variety that is sold in the United States. True cinnamon, in fact, is hard to come by in America.


The cinnamon tree, an evergreen tree of the Laurel family, is native to Sri Lanka, the Malabar coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma). The bushy tropical tree requires plenty of water and warm sunlight. It prefers sandy soil and grows in elevations below 1,000 feet (300 meters). The bark is smooth and yellowish.

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14. Gum Disease

Murray, Frank Basic Health Publications ePub

The gums are the soft tissue that cover the alveolar bone and are continuous with the mucous membrane of the mouth, lips, and cheeks, reported The Book of Health. Their blood supply comes from the vessels of the jaws and face. They respond to injury just as other mucous membranes of the body do.1

A weak place in the anatomical arrangement of these tissues is the line of junction of the gum margin around the back of the teeth, the publication said. During eruption, the tooth moves through the gum until it emerges into the mouth. As it comes through, the tooth loses its intact epithelial covering.

“The gingival tissues adapt closely to the necks of the teeth and form a working seal due to the strength of the connective tissue fibers in the edge of the gum,” the publication added. “Covering epithelium lines the tooth side of the gingiva for a short distance. As the mucous membranes secrete, tooth and gum are covered by mucoid substances that keep the surface slippery. These shiny secretions aid passage of foods during chewing and swallowing and they help to keep the mouth clean as they flow slowly from the tissues over the teeth and through the mouth into the throat.”

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