171 Chapters
  Title Author Publisher Format Buy Remix
Medium 9780253015969

6 The Culture Wars, Then and Now

Jo B. Paoletti Indiana University Press ePub

It has been over fifty years since the confluence of youth culture, sexual revolution, and civil rights activism set the culture wars in motion. Judging by the present state of affairs, it may be another half century before the many questions raised in the 1960s are finally resolved. I wrote the bulk of this book in 2013, a year punctuated with important fiftieth-anniversary observations. The year 1963 was a watershed. It was the year that brought us the Beatles, The Feminine Mystique, the Great March on Washington, and the Kennedy assassination. The teenagers of 1963 are in their sixties now but still arguing about many of the same contentious issues that have occupied us since junior high. Commentators originally attributed the rifts in our society to the perennial conflict between youth and age, but the generation gap has faded with the passing of our own grandparents and parents. To paraphrase Pogo, we have met the culture warriors and they are us.

In the preceding chapters I have described the major battlegrounds as revealed through dress. In this chapter I use the same lens to examine what our current gender controversies and quandaries owe to the unfinished business of the sexual revolution. Finally, I ponder what may lie ahead.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781786392398

27: Effects of Catechins on Intestinal Flora

Hara, Y.; Yang, C.S.; Isemura, M. CABI PDF

27 

Effects of Catechins on Intestinal Flora

Yukihiko Hara*

Tea Solutions, Hara Office Inc. Tokyo, Japan

Abstract

A human intestine harbors 600 trillion viable bacteria of more than 1000 different species which form the intestinal flora. The condition of the intestinal flora influences many factors pertaining to the host’s health and vice versa. These factors include infection, immune response, cancer, aging, physiological function, and the effect of medicine, nutrition, and even obesity. In order to investigate the effects of tea catechin intake or the drinking of green tea on our health in relation to gut microbiota, the following experimental studies were conducted. First, experiments established the minimum inhibitory concentrations of tea catechins on our intestinal bacteria, and the fate of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in the intestinal tract in rats after oral intake of EGCG. Following this, fecal specimens were analyzed in pigs and chickens, after dosing with tea catechins. They showed a marked decrease of putrefactive, odorous compounds and the increase of organic acids in the feces. ­Finally experiments were conducted in humans, in which after several failed attempts (due, presumably, to the inconsistent diets of free-living subjects), we got remarkably favorable results on the benefits of tea catechin intake by analyzing the fecal specimens of those subjects on the same diet in nursing homes. Improvements in bowel movement by daily catechin intake were also confirmed in ordinary subjects.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780643960

16: Tuberculosis in Badgers (Meles meles)

Edited by H Mukundan, Los Alamos National Laboratory CAB International PDF

16 

Tuberculosis in Badgers

(Meles meles)

Mark A. Chambers,1* Eamonn Gormley,2 Leigh A.L. Corner,2

Graham C. Smith1 and Richard J. Delahay1

1

Animal and Plant Health Agency, UK; University of Surrey,

Guildford, UK; 2University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Badger Ecology

The European badger (Meles meles) is a social mustelid (related to stoats, otters and mink) within the Order Carnivora. It is distributed throughout Europe and parts of the Middle

East, but population density varies widely across its range. In Great Britain, where badgers have been associated with M. bovis for the last 40  years, they can achieve densities of up to 38 animals per km2. In the British

Isles badgers tend to live in social groups of between 2 and up to 23 adults (Neal and

Cheeseman, 1996). They are nocturnally active and spend most daylight hours in their underground burrows (setts) which can be extensive structures. Social groups typically defend a territory which usually contains a single main sett plus a number of less extensive and less frequently used outlier setts

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574413335

APPENDIX:

Kalena Cook, Margaret Christensen University of North Texas Press ePub

APPENDIX

Nutrition

Creating the best environment for your baby to grow and develop in pregnancy means committing to a healthy lifestyle and eating foods with the most nutrition.

Ideally, plan to get your body ready before conception, eliminate unhealthy habits, cleanse or detox, and nourish. Women need folic acid— through food or with quality supplements—early in conception to help the baby form a strong spine.

Since almost half of U.S. pregnancies are not planned, be sure you are not pregnant before cleansing or detoxing because your fetus needs extra nutrition.

If you are already pregnant, supplement with a quality prenatal vitamin and a daily pharmaceutical grade fish oil supplement which helps your baby’s brain to develop. DHA is very important. Also, take a high grade probiotic helps to prevent group B strep colonization and maintain optimal immune function of your gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781786392398

24: Effects of Theanine and Other Ingredients of Tea on Stress and Aging

Hara, Y.; Yang, C.S.; Isemura, M. CABI PDF

24 

Effects of Theanine and Other

Ingredients of Tea on Stress and Aging

Keiko Unno*

University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan

Abstract

Stress is one of the most potent environmental factors known to accelerate brain aging. Suppression or prevention of stress-induced alterations is a potential therapeutic strategy for healthy aging. To clarify the mechanism of stress-induced brain aging, a new experimental animal model of psychosocial stress using male animal’s territoriality has been developed. Theanine (γ-glutamylethylamide) is the most abundant amino acid in tea and an important sweet umami taste of green tea. Theanine intake suppressed stressderived adrenal hypertrophy, which is a sensitive stress-responsive phenomenon. In chronically stressed aged mice, theanine intake suppressed stress-induced disadvantages such as shortened lifespan, cerebral atrophy, cognitive dysfunction, and depression. The anti-stress effect of theanine was observed not only in mice but also in humans. However, the anti-stress effect of theanine was blocked by two other main components of tea, caffeine and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). On the other hand, epigallocatechin

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574412970

Secret 4: Don’t Take Labor Lying Down: Gravity Is Your Friend

Kalena Cook and Margaret Christensen, M.D. University of North Texas Press PDF

SECRET 4:

Don’t Take Labor Lying Down

Gravity Is Your Friend

Did you know that the most painful position in childbirth is lying on your back? Women in labor pain aren’t aware that lying supine restricts blood flow and makes contractions intolerable. Yet this is the position used in most U.S. labor and delivery hospitals.

Outside of pregnancy, women find themselves on their back with their feet in stirrups (known as the lithotomy position) only for their vaginal exams and pap smears.The main reason women are instructed to lie supine is because that position provides visibility for the caregiver during labor and for cutting an episiotomy. It provides hospital staff convenience for hooking the patient to a monitoring belt and an IV. Yet birthing supine hurts because the baby is actually born uphill. No wonder women want an epidural!

Before the advent of hospital births around 1900, women gave birth upright.The reason? Gravity is your friend.Ancient sculpture and art drawings depict women being upright for their labor and delivery.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780643960

18: Australian Brushtail Possum: A Highly Susceptible Host for Mycobacterium bovis

Edited by H Mukundan, Los Alamos National Laboratory CAB International PDF

18 

Australian Brushtail Possum:

A Highly Susceptible Host for

Mycobacterium bovis

Bryce M. Buddle,1* Geoffrey W. de Lisle2 and Leigh A.L. Corner3­

1

Hopkirk Research Institute, Palmerston North, New Zealand;

2

National Centre for Biosecurity and Infectious Disease, Upper Hutt,

New Zealand; 3University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

Introduction

The Australian brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) is highly susceptible to Mycobacterium bovis infection and serves as the principal wildlife reservoir for M. bovis infection in

New Zealand. Following their introduction from Australia in the mid-1800s to establish a fur trade, possums spread throughout New

Zealand and are now a noxious pest. It is now well recognized that possums cause extensive damage to crops, forests and native birdlife as well as serving a vector for the spread of ­bovine tuberculosis (TB) to both cattle and farmed deer. Epidemiological investigations have estimated that the majority of new breakdowns of TB in cattle and farmed deer herds in New Zealand can be attributed to direct or indirect contact with infected possums (Hutchings et al., 2013). The

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253015778

6 Art Costume and Collaboration on the Theater Stage

Pravina Shukla Indiana University Press ePub

THE EXAMPLES OF HALLOWEEN, CARNIVAL, FOLK DRESS, AND historic reenactment offer a clear correlation: as costumes become more elaborate and professional, so do the events and the performances of the people wearing them. We end our exploration of costume use with a consideration of performances in which costumes are made to convey specific stories to an audience while moving the spectators emotionally and transforming the actors psychologically.

The case studies in this book teach us about the roles of creation, of individual satisfaction in the midst of collaboration, of personal pleasure in a socially cooperative endeavor. As in organized sports, collaborating in costumed events allows people to become part of a team of specialists, to relax into their own roles knowing that all the other aspects of creation lie in the domains of other competent players. The division of labor does not necessarily hinder individuality, or inhibit freedom of expression. The collaborative nature of theater grants the stage director, the costume designer, and the actor great leeway in the execution of his or her creative work within a web of excellence. All instances of costume use entail a performative dimension, but the presentation of personal identity through collaboration is most obvious on the theater stage.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574413335

SECRET 8: MEET TRUE STAY-AT-HOME MOMS

Kalena Cook, Margaret Christensen University of North Texas Press ePub

SECRET 8:
Meet True Stay-at-Home Moms

A Doctor’s View of Home Births

Alex Bekker, M.D. and Homeopath* with wife July Bekker, from Peru

Dr. Bekker says his wife gave birth to their first baby at home right before he went to medical school.“I suppose that’s why I wasn’t against home birth. Going through medical school, I would have been more hesitant and afraid if we didn’t already have our first child. I became more aware of all the complications of childbirth. But it didn’t stop us from having two more babies at home with a midwife.”

“I had been training in Homeopathy for some years, so that’s why the idea of natural childbirth was not foreign. A good friend trained to become a midwife around that same time. When my wife, July [pronounced like Julie], became pregnant,we were going to have our child at home without question.”

July admits that she never witnessed birth happen before.“My mom gave birth to all of my brothers naturally at home in Peru except for my sister and I,” she says.“I was a footling breech [the baby’s foot presents first as the baby sits in a bottom down rather than head down position before birth] so she birthed me at a clinic.”

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574412970

Secret 1: Read Positive Stories

Kalena Cook and Margaret Christensen, M.D. University of North Texas Press PDF

SECRET 1:

Read Positive Stories

The women you’ll meet in this book, over fifty varied professionals, moms, executives, teachers, and even physicians—from Anglo, Black or

African American, Hispanic, and Native American to Asian cultures—chose natural birth. Why did they make that choice in this day of epidurals, inductions, and cesareans? Along with sharing what birth is like, these moms reveal key safety benefits you need to know for you and your baby.

Why Women Choose Natural Birth

After tabulating the results from several years of more than fifty revealing one-on-one interviews, four main influences emerged for why healthy women wanted natural birth.

1. Exposure to first-hand intimate stories,

2. Getting informed about labor,

3. Dislike of a medical environment or experience,

4. Faith in one’s own ability for the normal process of childbirth.

Exposure to First-hand Intimate Stories

A powerful incentive for some of the women interviewed was knowing that their mother birthed naturally.They grew up knowing their own birth was unmedicated: “I was born natural and my mother had good things to say about it. If Mom can do it, I can do it.”

See All Chapters
Medium 9781626560604

4 Dealing with Adversity: The Second Quarter

Blanchard, Ken Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

4

Ken: March went well as Mike and I continued my training at Tim’s facility. We even got in some Egoscue sessions. I didn’t have a big weight loss month, but I did shed a few more pounds.

My April schedule, which included several speaking engagements in Hawaii, was a nice interruption. I took Margie, our daughter Debbie, and her almost-six-year-old son Alec with me. I love Hawaii. In fact, I can never remember having a bad time there—particularly Maui, which is where we went. Knowing that it would be a challenge to keep up my program, I worked with a coach at the hotel three times on strength, flexibility, balance, and aerobics. I got on the bike a couple of additional times and we also did a lot of walking, so I was proud of myself. I also reconnected with Alison Miller, a family friend who is a life coach in Maui. Alison came to our hotel and spent some time with us. She also does massage.

After spending time with Alison and listening to her philosophies on health, I asked her if we could talk on the phone once in a while so I could seek her advice. She gave me a group of nine stretches to do every day when I woke up. I did them religiously when I got up in the morning and continued them after I returned home. Talking with her on the phone periodically was very helpful. Alison has a natural S2—Coaching leadership style and helped me analyze what was going well and what wasn’t. I realized that when I got into a busy week, unless I scheduled exercise time and said, “This is part of my schedule,” I tended not to get it done. So I was really getting a lot better about putting exercise into my schedule.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253355331

10 The Politics of Gender, Intimacy, and AIDS

Mark Hunter Indiana University Press ePub

“It is important that we all should recognize the fact that it was very deliberate that we chose this community of Mandeni,” Jacob Zuma told a Mandeni crowd in July 2001. “We do so to highlight our serious concern about the scale and ferocity that HIV/AIDS is engulfing our rural communities and youth in those communities.”1 Zuma, then the country’s deputy president, was speaking at the opening of Mandeni’s loveLife youth center, set up to stem the high HIV rates in the area. I stood next to the large function tent, admiring the pomp and ceremony. The center was a beaming, bright purple, postmodern building that couldn’t have contrasted more with the monotonous, apartheid-era, four-room houses in the adjacent Sundumbili township. That was precisely the aim: to create an island of positive sexuality and motivation in an area known to be badly affected by AIDS.

Established in 1999, loveLife quickly became the largest AIDS intervention program for youth in South Africa, and Mandeni’s youth center was one of sixteen it established. Running through loveLife’s institutional veins was a bold philosophy: it wanted to advance “a new lifestyle brand for young South Africans, promoting healthy living and positive sexuality.”2 In this spirit, loveLife argued that bland ABC programs (advocating abstinence, being faithful, and using condoms) had failed to appeal to its target group of twelve- to seventeen-year-olds.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781786392848

21 Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS): a Legacy for Food and Nutrition Security

Burlingame, B.; Dernini, S. CABI PDF

21 

Globally Important Agricultural

Heritage Systems (GIAHS): a Legacy for Food and Nutrition Security

Parviz Koohafkan

Abstract

In many countries specific agricultural systems and landscapes have been created, shaped and maintained by generations of farmers and herders based on diverse species and their interactions and using locally adapted, distinctive and often ingenious combinations of management practices and techniques. Globally important agricultural heritage systems (GIAHS) represent a unique sub-set of these agricultural systems, which exemplify customary use of globally significant agricultural biodiversity and merit to be recognized as a heritage of mankind.

Agricultural heritage systems throughout the world testify to the inventiveness and ingenuity of farmers in their use and management of the finite resources, biodiversity and interspecies dynamics, and the physical attributes of the landscape, codified in traditional but evolving knowledge, practices and technologies. However, GIAHS are rapidly shrinking victims of globalization, urbanization and unsustainable technological and economic changes.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781780643960

15: Mycobacterial Infections in Other Zoo Animals

Edited by H Mukundan, Los Alamos National Laboratory CAB International PDF

15 

Mycobacterial Infections in Other Zoo Animals

Michele A. Miller1* and Konstantin P. Lyashchenko2

Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; 2Chembio Diagnostic

Systems, Inc., Medford, USA

1

Introduction

Mycobacterial infections are historical and ongoing concerns in zoological collections worldwide. Due to the chronic nature of mycobacterial disease, individuals and populations can be affected for months to years, sometimes without detection. With the diversity of animal species in zoological collections, mycobacterial infections present diagnostic, epidemiological and other potential challenges for veterinarians, zoological managers, public health and regulatory officials. Tuberculosis

(TB) has been recorded as a cause of morbidity and mortality in zoo animals over the last century. This chapter will highlight the information available regarding these infections in zoological collections. Mycobacterial infections reported in zoological taxa are listed in

Table 15.1.

The host response to mycobacterial infection is dependent on a number of factors including genetic susceptibility (individual and species related), immune status, infectious dose, virulence of organism and additional confounders such as environment and co-­ infections (Davies and Grange, 2001). These factors can complicate the understanding of immunopathogenesis, available diagnostics

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253021311

Introduction: Things Unseen

Kathryn A. Rhine Indiana University Press ePub

Introduction: Things Unseen

2. The Unseen Things

Hope is in the tender hands that hold you.

Hope is in the embrace of the loving.

Hope is in the flesh touching flesh

to remind us of our human selves.

Hope is in the gentle nod of recognition,

hope is in the limping body still pushing

against the pain, the discomfort, still

laughing from so deep down it feels

like the rush of alcohol in the head

the full abandonment of all fear.

Hope is in the freedom to say

I long to be touched by a lover,

I long to feel the rush of desire

satisfied; hope is to embrace hunger

and find comfort in the sharing of needs.

Hope is in the hands we grasp,

the prayers we whisper,

the Amen, the Amen, the Amen.

Kwame Dawes, Faith

IN THE SPRING of 2003, I met with a young, widowed woman named Mary in an HIV clinic in the middle-belt city of Jos, Nigeria.1 It was a difficult interview, filled with many tearful pauses as she recounted her relationship history. Apart from the physicians and counselors in the hospital, I was the only person who knew she was infected with HIV. Mary’s narrative jumped back and forth in time. It was hard to understand. She was anxious and interrupted at numerous points to ask questions: about America, about her health, about the tape recorder. As Mary grew comfortable with me, more personal questions followed: Did I have a boyfriend? When would I marry? I stammered through my answers. Yet another interruption: “Katie,” she said, “I want your advice.” Mary paused. She then asked, “Can I get married?” I did not know what to say.

See All Chapters

Load more