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Medium 9781591201427

2. The A-to-Z Guide to Headaches

Berkowitz MD, Jonathan M Basic Health Publications ePub



The International Headache Society Classification of Headache lists more than sixty different types of headaches. Mercifully, we are only going to review the most common types that afflict most people.

Cluster Headache

Cluster headaches are a vascular type of headache that is characterized by brief but intense periods of pain, and that occurs above or below the eyes. Most of these attacks are short-lived but can occur frequently, up to three times daily for one to two months. This disorder is found in men more frequently than in women and tends to occur either chronically or episodically, with most cluster headaches occurring in a regular or circadian pattern. Attacks are commonly characterized by intense nighttime pain.

The most dramatic feature of a cluster headache is the pain, which is often sharp, intense, and persistent, reaching a peak typically in three to five minutes. The pain can be so sudden and intense that some people say that it’s as if a bomb went off in their head. Cluster headache pain tends to affect only one side of the head with the typical attack lasting from a half hour to two hours. Stuffy nose, red eye, nausea, and tearing are often seen with cluster headaches. What often distinguishes a cluster headache from a migraine is the response to it: someone with a migraine tends to lie on a bed and remain still, whereas a cluster-attack sufferer often walks around the room. In the episodic form, there is a period of intense attacks that can last for two months. This is typically followed by a period of remission, or absence of attacks. In the chronic form, the attacks are more persistent without prolonged periods of remission. In about 70 percent of those affected, alcohol is identified as a precipitant. Additionally, many patients report that their attacks often happen at the same time each day. While many cluster attacks start during the day, about half occur at night, waking the victim up and disturbing his or her sleep.

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Medium 9781591202196

6. The Mediterranean Diet and Health

Carder Ph.D., Brooks Basic Health Publications ePub

The Mediterranean Diet and Health

WHILE A CLEAR PURPOSE of the Laguna Beach Diet is to enable people to lose weight, the ultimate objective is better health. It is worth noting that the healthiest weight may not be cosmetically ideal. You may think you would look better if you were thinner, but if your body mass index (BMI) is around 25, the process I recommend will probably not enable you to lose much weight. (To determine your BMI, see Chapter 2.)

If you want a short, vivid, and entertaining demonstration of the powerful and immediate influence of diet on health, I suggest you watch the movie Supersize Me. It depicts the dramatic deterioration in the health of a young man, Morgan Spurlock, who ate only at McDonald’s for one month. His body mass index went from 23.9 to 27.0. His cholesterol increased by 50 percent. His liver became so fatty that his physicians were concerned about long-term damage. He also experienced depression and sexual dysfunction.

Remember that this is entertainment, not a scientific experiment. There have been numerous individuals who claim to have lost weight eating at McDonald’s. However, they chose salads, not the burgers, fries, and large sodas that represent the bulk of McDonald’s sales. Spurlock ate the burgers and fries, which were full of saturated fat, and the large sodas, which contained substantial quantities of high-fructose corn syrup. He did not try to limit calories, and apparently ate even if he was not hungry. It is predictable that this diet would have the effects it did. The only surprise is how quickly the effect developed.

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Medium 9781591201564

5. Pro-inflammatory Dietary Shifts

Ron Hunninghake Basic Health Publications, Inc. ePub



Ithought about the changes I had made in my diet. It reminded me of a lecture I had given on the demise of our ancestral diet and how it related to the rise in inflammation in modern times. Our ancestral diet is not really a diet per se; rather it is a description of how our ancient ancestors used to eat. It stretches back before the advent of agriculture, several thousands of years ago.

In my lecture I defined the nutritional structure of the ancestral diet with four measurable characteristics:

• Wholeness—foods eaten as they once grew, without significant change to their cellular content.

• Omega-6/Omega-3—the ratio of omega-6 fats to omega-3 fats consumed, with a 1:1 ratio being the norm for that period.

• Glycemic Index—a measure of a food’s tendency to stimulate the release of insulin.

• ORAC Score—a measurement of the free-radical scavengering power of a food; its antioxidant strength.

The ancestral diet itself was 100 percent whole, with an ideal omega-6/omega-3 ratio of 1:1; it had a very low glycemic index, and a high ORAC score. How do we know that these are the characteristics of the way our ancestors ate? We know them thanks to the outstanding work of Dr. S. Boyd Eaton.

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Medium 9781591201182

3. Alcohol Abuse/Alcoholism

R.Ph., Ph.D, Earl L.. Mindell Basic Health Publications, Inc. ePub

An occasional alcoholic beverage is enjoyed by many adults. However, when indulging in alcohol becomes a frequent occurrence or when alcohol is consumed to excess even only occasionally, it constitutes alcohol abuse. Alcohol abuse can lead to alcoholism in susceptible people. Both alcohol abuse and alcoholism can interfere with work, relationships, and socialization. Willpower, along with natural remedies, can start anyone with this destructive problem on the road to sobriety.


•  Calcium: 5001,000 mg daily (older women: 1,5002,000 mg).

•  Glutathione: 50 mg, one to three times daily.

•  MSM: 1,000 mg, one to three times daily.

•  Vitamin B complex: 2550 mg daily.

•  Vitamin B1 (thiamin): 50500 mg daily.

•  Vitamin C: 5001,000 mg daily.


•  Chamomile: as directed on label.

•  Ginger root extract: as directed on label.

•  Kudzu capsules: 5001,500 mg daily (as capsules).

•  Milk thistle (silymarin): 140 mg, one to three times daily (as capules).

•  Turmeric: as directed on label.


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Medium 9781591200598

3. Form and Function: The Body Knows Best

Roseboro, Ken Basic Health Publications ePub

Anton van Leeuwenhoek, a seventeenth-century Dutch scientist, was astonished by what he saw through a microscope when viewing red corpuscles, body tissues, and various animalculahis term for tiny organisms. By using sophisticated techniques and instruments, the modern counterparts of van Leeuwenhoek can measure various substances at extremely low levels. These substances may be small but are often powerful and may enlarge our understanding of many disciplines, including nutrition, physiology, biochemistry, agriculture, and food science.

Nutrition. A substance in humans, if present in amounts less than 0.01 percent of the body, is considered to be a trace element. Intake of nutrients such as trace minerals and vitamins is vital to our well-being in amounts sometimes as low as micrograms (millionths of grams).

In the case of the trace mineral iodine, the difference between a normal and a severely retarded child may depend on 70 micrograms (mcg) or fewer daily (about two millionths of an ounce). To appreciate how small this amount really is, consider that the same child consumes a billion mcg of food and water daily.

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Medium 9781591200956

10. Sexual Vitality after Menopause

Watson MD, Cynthia M Basic Health Publications ePub



Sex is an important part of a relationship. With sexual intimacy, we connect with our partner in a loving way. Sex relaxes us and produces endorphins that help us reduce the effects of stress on our body. A twenty-five-year follow-up study on aging published in 1982 found that women who had regular sex and enjoyed it lived longer. In that same study, the men who had increased frequency of sexual intercourse also enjoyed greater longevity.

When women enter into premenopause and menopause, their hormone levels fall. As this happens, there will often be a change in libido and the quality of sex. Many women can have difficulty with lubrication or achieving orgasm. They often lose their interest in sex, even in happy relationships.

As many ways as women are different, there will be differences in how women adjust to these lower levels in their sex drive. There used to be a belief in the medical community that when women went into menopause, they would have a better sex life since they wouldn’t have to worry about birth control. Now with more awareness, we are finding out that many women have problems. They need and want help.

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Medium 9781591200420

6. The Risk Factors for High Homocysteine

Braly M.D., James Basic Health Publications ePub

Chapter 6

The Risk Factors for High Homocysteine

Our strong, unequivocal recommendation is to regularly have a homocysteine blood test. It is the only surefire way to know where you stand. We’ll tell you how to go about doing this in the next chapter. In this chapter, you’ll learn what kind of people, diets, and lifestyles generally indicate the greatest risk for having high H score—you may be surprised!


If you check five or more of the symptoms listed below, it’s almost certain that your homocysteine is moderately to very high (9 to 15, if not higher).

 Are you tired a lot of the time?

 Is your stamina, or ability to keep going, noticeably decreasing?

 Are you having a hard time keeping your weight stable?

 Do you often experience physical pain, be it arthritis, muscle aches, or migraines?

 Do you get frequent colds?

 Is your eyesight deteriorating?

 Is your mental clarity or concentration decreasing?

 Are you experiencing more sleeping problems?

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Medium 9781591201694

3 ► Fat Fighter

Antonio Ph.D., Jose Basic Health Publications ePub


Fat Fighter

Perhaps one of the most ridiculous things we’ve ever heard—by a personal trainer in a gym, no less—is that drinking coffee with caffeine will make you fat. That’s right up there with spontaneous human combustion and body levitation. All you need to do is read the scientific literature to clear this up. To wit: Coffee/caffeine consumption is thermogenic—increases the metabolic rate—and promotes fat burning (oxidation).

One study looked at the thermic effect of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee ingested with breakfast. A higher increase in metabolic rate was observed after consuming breakfast with caffeinated coffee than after eating breakfast with decaffeinated coffee.1 This isn’t rocket science. Basically, if you eat breakfast (and you should because it’s the most important meal of the day) with a cup of caffeinated coffee, your metabolic rate (the number of calories you burn) is higher than it is if you drink decaffeinated coffee with breakfast.

There is plenty of science that shows that the general effect of caffeine throughout the entire body is to cause central nervous-system arousal (your brain is awake and alert), mobilize free fatty acids and other metabolites (you burn more fat), and possibly enhance the contractile status of muscle (your muscles work better).2 See Figure 3.1 below for a graphic representation of how much caffeine elevates metabolism.

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Medium 9781591201977

48. Hormone Health for Men: Testosterone

Klatz M.D. D.O., Ronald Basic Health Publications ePub

Known best as the “sex drive” hormone in men, testosterone levels in men decrease gradually over time, due to factors such as reduced activity, nutritional deficiency, diabetes, and HGH deficiency. This phenomenon is sometimes referred to as andropause. By age sixty, many men have less than half the level of testosterone as they did when they were in their teens.

While testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) can improve erectile function and libido, testosterone is one of the most important anti-aging medications because it has a multitude of additional and noteworthy benefits, including the ability to:

• Increase lean body mass

• Decrease fat mass

• Improve cholesterol profile, including to decrease “bad” cholesterol (LDL)

• Reduce bone fractures

• Improve cognitive functions, including visual spatial perception

• Improve mood, including remission of depression

Visit the World Health Network at www.worldhealth.net, the website of the A4M, and use the interactive directory to locate a qualified anti-aging physician and/or clinic in your geographic area.

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Medium 9781591202660

1. The Benefits of Vegetarianism

Hogan Ph.D., Joan Brookhyser Basic Health Publications ePub

The benefits of vegetarianism in chronic kidney disease begin with prevention of the disease itself. Vegetarianism is one of many lifestyle components that can help prevent complications that lead to a decline in kidney function. High blood pressure places more pressure on the kidney’s vascular system and can cause damage to the kidney. High lipid levels in the blood can lead to blood-vessel narrowing, heart disease, and kidney problems. Plant-based eating is low in fat and high in the nutrients that can prevent these diseases or delay their complications, leading the way to preserving the health of your kidneys.

If you have just found out you have kidney disease, a plant-based diet can slow down its progression and possibly help other problems associated with that disease. Research suggests the amino acids that make up plant-based proteins may be less stressful on the kidneys than animal-based proteins and, in turn, may slow down the progression of kidney damage. This slowing of the damage happens by decreasing pressure on the glomeruli, or filters, of the kidney, which can help control blood pressure and decreased proteinuria (protein in the urine).

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Medium 9781780643960

10: Vaccination of Cattle Against Tuberculosis

Edited by H Mukundan, Los Alamos National Laboratory CAB International PDF


Vaccination of Cattle Against


H. Martin Vordermeier,1* Bryce M. Buddle,2 Bernardo Villarreal-Ramos,1

Gareth J. Jones,1 R. Glyn Hewinson1 and W. Ray Waters3


Animal and Plant Health Agency, Addlestone, UK; 2Hopkirk Research

Institute, Palmerston North, New Zealand; 3USDA-ARS-NADC, Ames, USA


Bovine TB (bTB), mainly caused by Mycobacterium bovis, is a significant economic burden to agricultural industries worldwide. It has been estimated that 50 million cattle are infected with M. bovis worldwide resulting in around US$3 bn losses annually and this is despite attempts to control the disease. For example, over the last two decades the (tuberculin) test and slaughter strategy failed to prevent a dramatic rise in the incidence of bTB in cattle in England and Wales (https://www. gov.uk/government/statistics/incidence-of-­ tuberculosis-tb-in-cattle-in-great-britain). Development of new and improved cattle vaccines and diagnostic reagents for cattle as well as other domestic animal species and wildlife has therefore emerged as a research area that could contribute to improved disease control. However, a number of challenges need to be overcome, some scientific, others legal or regulatory.

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Medium 9781591200598

2. Special Food and Health Concerns throughout Life

Roseboro, Ken Basic Health Publications ePub

What we now know about human milk is just the tip of the iceberg, remarked Dr. W. Allan Walker, a researcher at Massachusetts General Hospital, in 1979. By the late 1970s, researchers had discovered that human milk is far more complex than formerly appreciated. To date, more than 100 components have been identified in human milk. And surprising findings continue to be made.

For instance, there is growing recognition that, in addition to meeting the human infants specific nutritional needs, human milk provides other subtle but important factors for growth and developmentfactors that could provide for well-being into the adult years.

A Lifetime of Health Benefits. The newborn goes from a sterile womb into a world filled with infectious microorganisms. Immune responses in the infant are, however, incompletely developed. Human milk contains many antibodies, lymphocytes and certain proteins that help protect the newborn from immunologic and infectious complications.

One such antibody, termed IgA, protects against intestinal infections. Infants are unable to produce their own IgA antibodies until months after birth. It is found in abundance in mothers milk. The lymphocyte found in breast milk can prevent necrotizing enterocolitis (see page 39), the prime killer of babies in need of blood transfusions.

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Medium 9781591203568

PERK #85: Cancer Made Me Feel Like the Six Million Dollar Man

Strang BA BEd MEd, Florence Basic Health Publications ePub

Perk #85

Cancer Made Me Feel Like the Six Million Dollar Man

If you are old enough to remember the TV program The Six Million Dollar Man, you will probably recall the line: “Better than he was before: Better, Stronger, Faster.” When I consider some of the changes that cancer brought into my life, I sometimes feel like the Six Million Dollar Man.

Better: I am definitely better than I was before cancer, in many ways. I take much better care of my body. I have learned to better cope with stress. I have also come to realize what is really important in life, and I no longer sweat the small stuff. Most important, I have learned to love and approve of myself just as I am. While I would never want to relive my cancer experience (and I would never wish it on anyone!), I can honestly say that it made a better person of me.

Stronger: Friedrich Nietzsche said, “That which does not kill you makes you stronger.” There is nothing like a spar with cancer to prove to yourself how strong you really are. Years ago, if someone had told me that at age forty-four I would be divorced, have a child with autism, and be facing cancer, I would have doubted my ability to survive. Not only did I survive my battle, but I experienced some of the most joyful moments of my life while doing so. Cancer may have weakened my body, but my spirit has never been stronger.

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Medium 9781591203568

PERK #16: Cancer Boosted My Self-Esteem

Strang BA BEd MEd, Florence Basic Health Publications ePub

Perk #16

Cancer Boosted My Self-Esteem

As a child, I was the poster child for low self-esteem. I was painfully shy, anxious, and could not shake the feeling that I was just not quite good enough. This feeling continued into my early adulthood. Even in my first job as a teacher, I was desperately lacking confidence despite having graduated from university with honors degrees. Over the years, my self-confidence and self-esteem slowly improved; however, never have they been better than since my diagnosis of cancer.

You must be wondering, how can cancer possibly boost my self-esteem? Well, since facing this challenge, I have gotten so many words of encouragement and praise from people I know (and even some I don’t know), such as:

• “You are such an inspiration.”

• “You are the strongest woman I’ve ever met.”

• “You are the most positive person I know.”

• “If anyone can beat this thing, it is YOU.”

It kind of took me by surprise to learn that other people perceive me in this way. I really did not see myself as being strong, inspirational, or more positive than the next person. Hearing these words of encouragement made me see myself in a whole new light. (Good thing I have two teenagers to keep my ego in check.)

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Medium 9781591200420

18. Foods and Beverages to Avoidz

Braly M.D., James Basic Health Publications ePub

Chapter 18

Foods and Beverages to Avoid


Salt brings out the flavor in food … but the bitter truth is that, in excess, salt can be highly dangerous. For instance, one in ten Americans is “salt sensitive,” meaning that their blood pressure goes up when they eat food high in salt. This increases their risk for heart disease and strokes.

However, all of us may be vulnerable to a hidden danger in salted foods. Recent research in animals has shown that if you have both a high homocysteine level and a high salt intake, the inner lining of the arteries becomes much more damaged, indicating the first stages of heart disease.15 Very interestingly, this damage to the arteries was not seen in those who had low homocysteine levels while consuming a lot of salt.

So, unless you have an H score below 6, we strongly recommend that you cut back on salt—by not adding it to food, by choosing food without added salt, and by being aware of how much sodium is contained in the foods you eat (see Table 18.1 on page 140). Or, since sodium chloride, or table salt, is the culprit here, you could go for a special salt with beneficial properties. This is Solo Salt, a natural sea salt with 46 percent less sodium and instead a lot more of the essential minerals magnesium and potassium, which are not often available in sufficient amounts. This type of salt has been shown to lower, not raise, blood pressure.16

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