43532 Chapters
Medium 9781626561403

Chapter 3 Stakeholder and Issues Management Approaches

Joseph W. Weiss Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

3.1 Stakeholder Theory and the Stakeholder Management Approach Defined

3.2 Why Use a Stakeholder Management Approach for Business Ethics?

3.3 How to Execute a Stakeholder Analysis

3.4 Negotiation Methods: Resolving Stakeholder Disputes

3.5 Stakeholder Management Approach: Using Ethical Principles and Reasoning

3.6 Moral Responsibilities of Cross-Functional Area Professionals

3.7 Issues Management, Integrating a Stakeholder Framework

Ethical Insight 3.1

3.8 Managing Crises

Chapter Summary

Questions

Exercises

Real-Time Ethical Dilemma

Cases

6. The BP Deepwater Horizon Explosion and Oil Spill: Crisis and Aftermath

7. Mattel Toy Recalls

8. Genetic Discrimination

Notes

OPENING CASE

The oil company BP (formerly British Petroleum) leased/licensed the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, operated by Transocean and contracted by Halliburton, that exploded in flames in the Gulf of Mexico on the night of April 20, 2010.1, 2 The result was 11 deaths, 17 injured, and hundreds of miles of beaches soiled. A “blowout preventer” (specialized valve) designed to prevent crude oil releases failed to activate.3

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Medium 9780253001764

29. Olzhas Suleimenov (1936–)

Edited by Stephen M Norris and Willard Indiana University Press ePub

 

MARLÈNE LARUELLE

Olzhas Suleimenov has been a key representative of Kazakh culture since the 1960s. A Russian language writer and poet impassioned by history, he expressed during Soviet times a Kazakh national feeling within the framework then set by “peoples’ friendship,” which implied the superiority of the Russian “big brother.” Since Kazakhstan’s independence in 1991, his adopted aim has been to rehabilitate the Turkic cultures of the steppes by proving their ancient status and their major role in world history. His life, but his thought even more so, on the history and identity of the Eurasian steppes, reflect the multiple intersections of faiths, geographies, and ways of life that have characterized Russia and its empire for several centuries.

Suleimenov’s commitment in literature is revealing of the inspiration that has followed him throughout his life: to give meaning to humanity in its totality. A geologist by training, in April 1961, Suleimenov proposed to the editor in chief of Kazakhstanskaia pravda a poem written for the glory of Yuri Gagarin, who had only just undertaken the first inhabited space flight in the history of humanity. The poem enjoyed such success that it rapidly propelled Suleimenov to the status of representative of Kazakh literature. He was employed by Kazakhstanskaia pravda the following year, and was sent to the famous Moscow Institute for Literature, where he associated with the great Soviet writers of the time, such as Mikhail Sholokhov, Vsevolod Ivanov, Ilia Ehrenburg, and Yevgeny Evtushenko. The atmosphere of the shestidesiatniki, the 1960s liberals who, in the wake of de-Stalinization, challenged the Soviet ideological stranglehold on arts and letters, had a decisive influence on his intellectual and political development. He then accumulated prestigious prizes and honors, including the Komsomol Prize for Kazakhstan, State Prize of the Kazakh Soviet Republic, and National Poet of Kazakhstan.

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Medium 9781576751527

4 The Connection Conundrum

Dinnocenzo, Debra Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Based on our research, there appears to be a growing backlash against the tyranny of 24/7 accessibility. With the exception of a handful of people who say, “I don’t” in response to the question of how they limit accessibility, the majority of our research responses indicate people do limit, or try to limit, their accessibility to others. We describe this as a backlash because more than three-quarters of our contributors report their action to limit accessibility is a recent change for them. The exception to this seems to exist at very high levels of the organization, where people feel the need to be accessible constantly. Even at that level, however, there are many who try to limit access based on personal beliefs and values, or because they feel the need to model the behavior for the rest of the organization.

I do not initiate or set up meetings, conference calls, etc., with people on evenings or weekends, and I discourage people from doing so. I try to model balance and reinforce balance. I leverage my travel time and do my late night paperwork, e-mail, and phone calls while I’m on the road.

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Medium 9781780643731

3: Ethylene, Nitric Oxide and Haemoglobin sin Plant Tolerance to Flooding

Chakraborty, U., Editor CAB International PDF

3 

Ethylene, Nitric Oxide and Haemoglobins in Plant Tolerance to Flooding

Luis A.J. Mur,1* Kapuganti J. Gupta,2 Usha Chakraborty,3

Bishwanath Chakraborty3 and Kim H. Hebelstrup4

1

Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth

University, UK; 2Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, UK;

3

Department of Botany, University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India; 4Department of

Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Slagelse, Denmark

Abstract

As much as 12% of the world’s soils may suffer excess water so that flooding is a major limiting factor on crop production in many areas. Plants attempt to deal with submergence by forming root aerenchyma to facilitate oxygen diffusion from the shoot to the root, initiating a hyponastic response where petiole elongation facilitates access to atmospheric oxygen or initiating a bio-energetically conserving quiescence phase.

Ethylene has well established roles in the initiation of programmed cell death (PCD) to form air-spaces in aerenchyma and in the hyponastic responses in petioles. The flooding-tolerant species Rumex palustris and the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana have been extensively exploited to reveal some key molecular events.

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Medium 9780253020871

8. Theories of Reception in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

Alistair Fox Indiana University Press ePub

When one surveys the history of efforts to explain how a fictive work produces an effect in a reader/spectator, several things become apparent. First, the diachronic sequence of theories of reception shows the same pattern or reaction and counter-reaction that one sees in the history of conceptualizations of the nature of fiction itself–in other words, a pendulum swing between antithetical possibilities. Second, the way theorists construe the dynamics and outcomes of reception have depended on their assumptions about three crucial components intrinsically involved in it: the nature of the human self, the way the mind works, and the status of a text with regard to meaning. In this chapter, after tracing the evolution of theories of reception to the present day, I propose that recent findings concerning the neurological functioning of the brain require us to rethink certain tenets that have held sway during the past fifty years: specifically, the view that meaning is wholly a subjective construction by the reader/spectator; the view that the text exists independently of the author, together with the idea that authorial intention is a “fallacy”; the view that the recipient’s perception of meaning is largely, if not exclusively, the outcome of a cognitive act; and a recent assumption that reception involves a form of hypnosis induced by the fictive representation whereby a recipient is manipulated, without independent agency, by the materiality of the specific form of representation. What is needed, I argue, is a more inclusive sense of the multiple emotional, psychological, and material factors involved in reception, without limiting reception to the confines posited by any one of the schools of thought that have tried to explain the phenomenon during the past few decades.

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