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10. Lincoln and the Gettysburg Awakening

Glenn W. LaFantasie Indiana University Press ePub

All of our roads lead to Gettysburg. Tragedy and eloquence draw us back to that special place, that crossroads town, and much of what it means to be an American seems to intersect there. We are drawn back by the distant call of trumpets and by the echoes of noble purpose. It is where our greatest gods of war clashed for three days and decided the nation’s fate; it is where our most revered president set forth both the promise and the hope of the nation’s future. Gettysburg is by any measure America’s most hallowed ground. But while we are repeatedly drawn back to those broad fields and rolling hills and to the story they have to tell, and no matter how often we may try to satisfy our longing to understand the meaning of Gettysburg, we are left mostly listening to those distant trumpets and far-off echoes, and we are never quite sure why we should feel an almost spiritual attachment to the bloody battle that was fought there and to the rather spare words that were spoken there.

One reason for that spiritual attachment is obvious. The fierce fighting that occurred at Gettysburg for three days in July 1863, when the Union Army of the Potomac collided with the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, resulted in more than fifty-one thousand casualties. The soldiers who died there gave the ultimate sacrifice of their lives, the “last full measure of devotion” as Lincoln aptly called it, and it is difficult not to see that act of sacrifice as something precious, something holy, something grandly divine. Thousands of lives were lost on every battlefield in that great and terrible war, and yet Gettysburg resonates with the deepest spiritual connections, hearkening the soul back to the bowers, forging a tangible link with the past that can, for many people, be felt and not just seen. Gettysburg, wrote Bruce Catton, “was, and is, preeminently the great American symbol, and it is not to be touched lightly. It has overtones.”1

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5 A Jewish History of Blocked Mourning and Love

Emily Miller Budick Indiana University Press ePub

ROTHS THE PRAGUE ORGY has everything to do with the same problematic idolization of art and of dead (especially Jewish) writers. This is Roth’s subject in The Ghost Writer as well. For the American Jewish public in The Ghost Writer, the idol that needed to be served (and, from Roth’s point of view, seen through) is Anne Frank, whom Zuckerman (but also Roth) resurrects from the dead in order to authorize or legitimate (to pick up the language of The Messiah of Stockholm) his own Jewish loyalty (Anne is another female messiah in this gender-crossing tradition). The idolization of Anne is repeated in the young Zuckerman’s similar reverence for the Jewish writer Lonoff (read: Babel, Malamud, and I. B. Singer). Zuckerman’s reverence for Lonoff itself emulates Lonoff’s reverence (which is also Roth’s, not to mention Ozick’s as well) for Henry James. This possibility of self-serving idolization of the great authors of the past is exposed in its full folly toward the end of The Prague Orgy, in which Anne Frank once again figures, albeit this time as the character in the play. Through playing the role of Anne, the non-Jewish actress who is one of the major female protagonists of The Prague Orgy acquires a pseudo-Jewish identity that subjects her to prejudice and finally to exile. Even the vicarious inhabitation by a non-Jew of the dead Jewish soul can signal disaster.

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Medium 9781576753491

Chapter Three SO SUE ME

Bourhis, Ray Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

DEPOSITIONS ARE SOMETIMES HELD IN EXPENSIVE HOTEL CONFERence rooms, with sumptuous buffets featuring freshly squeezed orange juice and croissants, linen napkins, and fragrant floral arrangements.

Someone in my office, perhaps in a misplaced effort to save the firm from profligacy, had instead scheduled this deposition in a court reporter’s office located twenty minutes and two light-years west of the Four Seasons on Boston Common. It was obvious that no one from that hotel’s housekeeping staff was moonlighting cleaning this unpleasant little conference room. It was dirty and damp and exuded the distinct odor of wet, day-old cigarette butts and leftover pizza.

I was there to question several UnumProvident witnesses in the Hangarter case. The company was engaged in the seven-veils dance of termination: if this reason doesn’t work, peel off that veil and move to the next one. The company was now claiming that Joan could still perform the bookkeeping part of her job and therefore was not disabled. Why the company thought there would be any bookkeeping if there were no patients shall forever remain a mystery.

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Medium 9781780644837

12: Abiotic Stresses with Emphasis on Brassica juncea



Abiotic Stresses with Emphasis on Brassica juncea

D.K. Sharma,1* D. Kumar2 and P.C. Sharma1

ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India;


ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India



Agricultural productivity is affected by a number of abiotic stresses. These may include deficit or excess water availability, flash floods, high salt levels in soil as well as in irrigation water and extreme temperatures.

In addition, mineral deficiency or toxicity is frequently encountered by plants in agricultural systems. In many cases, different abiotic stresses challenge plants in combination. For example, high temperatures and scarcity of water are commonly encountered in periods of drought and can be exacerbated by mineral toxicities that constrain root growth. Further, plants are also exposed to salinity, drought and frost-like conditions in combination in some of the cases. Higher plants have evolved multiple, interconnected strategies that enable them to survive abiotic stresses. However, these strategies are not well developed in most agricultural crops. Across a range of cropping systems around the world, abiotic stresses are estimated to reduce yields to less than half of that possible under ideal growing conditions. Traditional approaches to breeding crop plants with improved stress tolerance have so far met with limited success, in part because of the difficulty of breeding for

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Medium 9781780643595

17 Statistical Emulators of Simulation Models to Inform Surveillance and Response to New Biological Invasions

Jarrad, F., Editor; Low-Choy, S., Editor CAB International PDF


Statistical Emulators of

Simulation Models to Inform

Surveillance and Response to

New Biological Invasions

Michael Renton* and David Savage

The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia


When a new biosecurity incursion is detected, rapid response is critical to maximize the chance of containment and eradication and minimize the threat to important industries. However, inappropriate response can be extremely costly. For example, we might waste resources on trying to eradicate a pest that has already spread too far to be contained, or use a management strategy that has a lower chance of success than another possibility, and thus allow the pest to escape and establish permanently. Simulation modelling is a tool that can be used to evaluate different management options in the light of available knowledge about the pest’s dispersal and population dynamics and its new environment, but simulation models typically take a long time to develop, parameterize, test, run and analyse. How can modelling be used to provide valuable predictions when rapid response is critical?

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