43654 Chapters
Medium 9781855752788

CHAPTER TWO: System

Krause, Inga-Britt Karnac Books ePub

The transition from modern to postmodern practices in family therapy has been described in different ways—first-order/second order, objective/constructionist, systemic/ narrative (Anderson, 1999; Bertrando, 2000; Combs & Freedman, 1998; Dallos, 1997; Dallos & Urry, 1999; Falicov, 1998; Gower, 1999; Hoffman, 1998; Minuchin, 1998, 1999; Pocock, 1995, 1999; Wein-garten, 1998). Another way of describing this is to say that there has been a shift in the use of the idea of “the system”. Early systemic ideas were influenced by cybernetics as applied to mechanical systems: steam engines, pistons, and central-heating systems, and so on (Watzlawick, Beavin, & Jackson, 1967). In contrast, in postmodern thinking about systems in family therapy, a system is unmistakably a social system. Of course, social bonds between people have been considered before. Family therapists such as Murray Bowen, Salvador Minuchin, and the early Milan team based much of their practice on the emotional connectedness between family members and in this way implicitly acknowledged the influence of social systems. Gregory Bateson too had a social system in mind when he applied cybernetics to the Iatmul Naven ritual (Bateson, 1958). His analysis of this ritual was a milestone in the attempt to incorporate the two models into a theory about human communication which could unite physical and social phenomena (Bateson, 1973, 1979). The important synthesis of Bateson’s work was not, however, fully recognized at that time, and when Paul Watzlawick published Pragmatics of Human Communication (Watzlawick et al., 1967), a classic family therapy text, Bateson was hurt and angered that his close colleague should independently have published work that did not, in as far as it considered communication in isolation from cultural communication, adequately reflect the complexity of the issues on which they had both been working together (Harries-Jones, 1995, p. 28).

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Medium 9780253018021

12. Eschatology in the Theology of Paul Tillich and the Toronto Blessing: The Ontological and Relational Implications of Love

Edited by Nimi Wariboko and Amos Yong Indiana University Press ePub

Pentecostal theologians seldom select Paul Tillich as a dialogue partner in their discussions of eschatology. Tillich’s eschatology is an ontological theology in which the rhythm of life passes from essence through estranged existence to essentialization in New Being (ST 3.421).1 Spiritual Presence, Kingdom of God, and Eternal Life are symbolic indicators that point to possibilities for essential fulfillment as the kairos moments of eternity impinge on the historical process. Alternatively, pentecostalism is a multidimensional movement that has a variety of eschatological positions, including latter rain eschatology, dispensational millennialism, as well as different kinds of inaugural and realized eschatologies. In this chapter, I will discuss the stream of pentecostalism known as the Toronto Blessing, recently branded Catch the Fire, in relation to Tillich’s kairos eschatology. Specifically, Tillich’s eschatological symbols of Spiritual Presence, Kingdom of God, and Eternal Life offer a theological framework for understanding the eschatological developments in Catch the Fire. Conversely, Catch the Fire’s emphasis on relational love as the sign of the manifestation of the kingdom of God in ecstatic “signs and wonders” suggests avenues for the realization of divine presence in the concreteness of human existence.

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Medium 9781782201557

Chapter Nine: Script Therapy

Tangolo, Anna Emanuela Karnac Books ePub

What is the script?

Am I a human being free to decide my destiny or is my path heavily determined from the outside? Is my life an original story or does it repeat patterns and choices others have made in my place?

Such questions are indeed inevitable when, with the inexorable passing of time, we stop to think near a river. We may ask questions that are simpler, but just as relevant: Was it really me who wanted to have children? Did I really intend to take over the family firm, or be a doctor, or quit studying and start working so early? People usually ask themselves these questions when some external event acts as a stimulus and provokes them, as if their personal certainties were safely closed in a fortress that is being besieged.

I remember a young woman who got married when she was about twenty. She worked as a clerk, had a beautiful house, her life seemed to be well-balanced and harmonious, she had lots of friends, belonged to a religious community, and was considered a good family girl.

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Medium 9780946439362

5. Psycho-Analysis and Philosophy

John D. Sutherland Karnac Books ePub

By R. MONEY-KYRLE, M.A., PH.D.

MOST sciences have their roots in philosophy, and academic psychology is no exception to this rule. It was, in fact, the last to break away and become an independent discipline. But psycho-analysis—that new science created by Freud— sprang from medicine rather than from academic psychology. Probably for this reason, philosophers and psychoanalysts have so far taken little interest in each other’s work. And what interest there was at the beginning tended to be more hostile than co-operative. Of course there were always exceptions; but, on the whole, philosophers, so far as they took notice of psycho-analysis at all, condemned its basic concepts as muddled and self-contradictory. And analysts silently responded by dismissing philosophy, or at least classical philosophy, as a symptom of obsessional neurosis. I think both criticisms exaggerate an element of truth which each side has gradually become more able to admit. If so, perhaps the time is ripe for more co-operation. I believe philosophy can be useful to the analyst—particularly in his attempts to reconstruct the development of the child’s picture of the world. And a psycho-analytic approach to some problems of classical philosophy could be of interest to the philosopher. So I should like to say something— if only tentatively—about both, beginning with the second.

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Medium 9781782201014

Chapter Six - Module 2: Health Management

Gurr, Birgit Karnac Books ePub

This module is intended to gently encourage and focus participants on self-management. This part can be successfully introduced to small groups of between two and six participants. It is meant to be delivered as a health information and stress-reduction programme. The core ingredient is the relaxation practice.

Patients would benefit from having their own copy of this book (or an e-book version). Therapist and patients can together refer to the relevant theoretical sections (e.g., pain gate theory or stress models).

Content and aims

Introduction to the holistic headache programme.

Facilitation of engagement with health self-management.

Introduction to stress management by providing health information and teaching coping skills.

Introduction to and practice of relaxation.

Introduction to health-related personal efficacy.

Exploration of responsibilities, choices, and interactions in relation to stress.

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