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8 The Travelling Favela: Cosmopolitanisms from Above and from Below

Reisinger, Y. CAB International PDF

8

The Travelling Favela:

Cosmopolitanisms from Above and from Below

Bianca Freire-Medeiros and Gabriel Cohen

Getulio Vargas Foundation, Brazil

Introduction

The present chapter reflects upon the potentialities and limits of tourism on transforming local residents and their worldviews in a context of economic inequality and social segregation. We do so by confronting two notions, one that is widely used – ‘cosmopolitanism’, and another

– ‘travelling favela’ (Freire-Medeiros, 2013), which intends to be an unassuming contribution to the New Mobilities Paradigm (Sheller and Urry, 2006; Urry, 2007). This paradigmatic shift helps us to rethink understandings of place, power and politics within relational ontologies that highlight openness and change rather than boundedness and permanence. We are especially interested on the idea that mobilities are always complex and never restricted to a mere dislocation between two points and need to be considered in differential and relational ways.

The combined use of the notions of cosmopolitanism and travelling favela in this chapter, therefore, attempts to highlight that mobilities carry a co-relationality between material and symbolic issues involved in the very act of moving.

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Introduction

Richard F. Selcer and Kevin S. Foster University of North Texas Press PDF

Introduction

THE SO-CALLED PROGRESSIVE YEARS of the early twentieth century witnessed a mass movement to make the country a better all-around place to live. By the second decade, the movement was in full swing with reformers lambasting political corruption and social evils with equal zeal. Progressives approached crime with the same idealism and scientific thinking that they brought to other social problems.

They believed that man is basically good; it is only his environment and social institutions that make him otherwise. Prostitution is not a woman’s personal choice; it is “white slavery.” This same line of thinking gave a pass to the gambler, the drunk, and the radical, blaming the saloon, the liquor industry, and the political machine for making them what they were. Progressives created the fields of criminology and penology, invented forensics, and persuaded most state legislatures to replace the gallows with the electric chair.

Progressive thinking often clashed with old-fashioned Western values, but Fort Worth had its share of reformers who battled the same demons as countless other municipalities; the Big Three according to the Reverend O. P. Kiker of the Missouri Avenue Baptist Church were “anarchism, intemperance, and gambling.” He singled these out as the greatest threats to the nation, and though

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4. Notes on placental symbolism

Ploye, Philippe Karnac Books ePub

Almost from the moment when psychoanalysis started to take shape as a therapeutic procedure, the possibility that the womb, the umbilical cord, and intra-uterine life generally, could sometimes be alluded to in patients’ material by means of the appropriate symbols seems to have been taken almost for granted in the writings of most analysts; but the possibility that the placenta, too, could sometimes be alluded to or communicated about by means of objects susceptible of evoking its configuration, structure, and functions does not seem even now to have received the kind of attention accorded to the symbologenicity of, say, the womb or the umbilical cord. Is the loss at birth of that part of our erstwhile prenatal self that has enabled us to live off the mother’s body before birth more difficult to think about than the loss of the mother herself?

The earliest reference to the possible existence of placental symbols seems to have been made by Lietaert Peerbolte in a paper published in the Psychoanalytic Quarterly in 1951. Roheim mentioned the placenta in his book The Gates of the Dream (1952, p. 483), but more from an anthropological point of view than a psychoanalytic one. Mott gave several instances of what he thought to be placental symbols, both in his book on mythology (1960, pp. 6, 54–56) and in his extensive study of dreams (1964, pp. 309–316, 692–693, 727–729, 788).

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Chapter Ten - Courage and Sincerity as a Base for Reverie and Interpretation

Karnac Books ePub

Clara Nemas

I would like to present in this chapter some ideas about matters that have been occupying my mind in recent years that relate to the subject at hand.

I am concerned at the moment with the qualities needed to be, and to go on being, a psychoanalyst in this era of uncertainties. Long-term contact with patients, personal questioning at this point in my life, and my interest in thinking about certain issues in psychoanalysis that lie at the frontier between clinical practice and ethical problems, led me to consider courage and sincerity as necessary—not sufficient but necessary—qualities of the psychoanalyst's mind and of the psychoanalytic part of the personality. I don't think of them as given or crystallised attributes but as a constant work in process.

As psychoanalysts, we think of the analytic process as a road, a search meant to bring us nearer a truth, mainly truth in relation to ourselves; as Betty Joseph says: Be prepared to know how things are hitting you. Because only that is going to enable you really to face what is going on in other people. This aspiration is what leads us to be concerned about our motivations, to think about our emotions, and to examine our ethical position, as well as to question the authenticity with which we fight for our passions. However, the supposition that we have achieved these aims is a function of our arrogance. Keeping up the struggle to hold these aspirations, above and beyond the achievements, is a function of our courage.

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CENTRAL CUBA

Michelin Travel & Lifestyle ePub

DISCOVERING

CENTRAL CUBA

A trip through Cuba’s central provinces takes in landscapes ranging from marshlands abundant with bird life and sweeping savannas to uplands and lakes teeming with trout. Central Cuba is the region where modern Cuba meets the colonial past along with stunning coastal beauty. Among the major towns are Cienfuegos, with its hints of French influences, revolutionary Santa Clara, maze-like Camagüey, and above all, the colonial-era jewel of Trinidad with its cobbled streets and pastel-colored homes.

Set on the beautiful Jagua Bay, Cienfuegos is a mecca for sailors and all types of water sports. The city is reminiscent of France, with much of the architecture and street formation similar to the old streets of Paris. Founded in 1819 by French immigrants from Bordeaux and Louisiana, the city was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2005. El Nicho, a spectacular waterfall in the Escambray Mountains is a draw for both tourists and locals alike.

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