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Medium 9781597268769

Part Six - Ethics in Complex Systems

Peter G. Brown, Jeremy J. Schmidt Island Press ePub

[M]an must not revel either in the inventory of his qualities nor in his achievements; his freedom is unfathomable; he can be the author of the best and the worst; he has to reposition his being in relation to what caused him to emerge in the world and in relation to the life that supports him and whose sense he bears.

Dominique Janicaud1



SO FAR THIS BOOK HAS CONSIDERED some of the main ethical traditions influencing water use decisions, especially within the context of modern management concerns. This final section looks to the future of our relationship with water and our growing appreciation of the complexity of social and ecological systems. To do so it considers two ways forward:2 On the one hand, governing a complex system may be understood in terms of the need for more extensive and more effective management. On the other, complexity may lead us to a position of humility as we realize how little we understand of Earths systems or the effects of our actions on them. It is not necessary to see these two avenues as mutually exclusive. In a certain sense, they both point toward the same goal of making decisions regarding water under conditions of uncertainty. Here we introduce some of the basic elements necessary for understanding Earth as a complex system and outline how the essays in this section offer new perspectives for the future of water management.

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Medium 9781576751503

Chapter 11: The Lessons: Avoiding the Blunders and Traps

Paul Nutt Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

The Lessons: Avoiding the

Blunders and Traps

C

H A P T E R

11

D

ecision debacles follow from being caught by one or more of the seven traps set by making one of the three blunders. This book offers a path that avoids the blunders and sidesteps the traps. When you are able to do this, your chance of success increases by 50 percent. In this chapter, the lessons learned from successful decisions are summed up, providing a road map that points toward, but does not guarantee, a successful outcome. The chapter is organized around the moves you can make to avoid the blunders: stay issue-centered, use resources wisely, and adhere to best practices through each stage of the decision-making effort.

Stay Issue-Centered

In the debacles, decision makers made premature commitments by grabbing onto the first idea that popped up. These hot ideas that promised a quick fix were, at best, misguided, and at worst, wrongheaded. Recall

Smithburg’s disastrous beverage acquisition, the telescope partnership,

Wolf’s flower show, Nationwide’s try for a tax subsidy, Pena’s new airport, the delayed product recalls, and the Paris location for EuroDisney.

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Medium 9781576336397

Evaluating Formulas: GED Algebra

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781934009451

5 The Survivors

Anthony Muhammad Solution Tree Press ePub

During the course of this study, a small but important group of teachers emerged. This group was not large in number, and in most cases, leaders responded appropriately to their needs. I call this group the Survivors. A Survivor is an educator who has completely given up on practicing effective instruction and has focused his or her energy on a new mission: survival until the end of the school year—and in some cases, the end of the school day. The Survivors made up less than 2% of the educators observed in this study, but if gone unchecked, they can have an absolutely devastating impact on their students’ chances of receiving a quality education.

A comprehensive study conducted at the University of Tennessee showed that students assigned to ineffective teachers continue to show the effects of such teachers even when those students are subsequently assigned to very effective teachers (Sanders & Rivers, 1996). The residual effects of both very effective and ineffective teachers are measurable 2 years later, regardless of the effectiveness of teachers in later grades. The same study also found that students who have three effective teachers or three ineffective teachers in a row have vastly different achievement levels. Because of differences in teacher effectiveness, students whose achievement levels were similar in mathematics at the beginning of third grade scored 50 percentile points apart on fifth-grade achievement tests just 3 years later. Poor and ineffective instruction can completely undermine the fundamental mission of the school. This is why leaders must remove teachers who have become burnt out or depressed from the classroom and address their issues. It is what is best for the student as well as the teacher.

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Medium 9780856833656

Discussion by Marsilio of the Sixth Letter, Written to Hermias, Erastus, and Coriscus

Ficino Ficino Shepheard Walwyn (Publishers) Ltd ePub

THE DIVINE Plato exhorts Hermias, Erastus, and Coriscus, princes of lands with common borders, to live in true harmony,

prophesying that they will find safety solely in such harmony, by means of which, with the blessing of God, who delights in unity, they will acquire all good things and eventually reach that state in which, once all their affairs are properly settled, they will have the strength, as is only right, to pursue with whetted zeal that wisdom which is divine rather than human.

He states that lasting harmony can be established among them only by agreement that is lawful and is ratified by common consent through properly performed sacred ceremonies and through the taking of an oath, calling upon God Himself as their witness and praying to Him as the author and preserver of all unity: calling upon God and praying to Him, I say, with the uneven number in which, it is said, God delights. For in this letter Plato adduces the three principles of creation which he also touched upon in his first letter.

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Medium 9781442235618

The Apocalyptic Body of Christ?

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

The Apocalyptic Body of Christ?

Reflections on Yoder and Apocalyptic Theology by Way of David Foster Wallace

Chris K. Huebner

I have been asked to speak about John Howard Yoder and apocalyptic theology. I will do so by reflecting on Yoder’s understanding of the body and its capacity for speech or articulacy—in particular as these themes are reflected in his understanding of the body of Christ. These questions play out somewhat differently in Yoder’s work than they do in what we might call apocalyptic theology more generally (whatever that means—and I will admit here, as an aside, that one of my struggles in undertaking this assignment is to figure out just what counts as being representative of the so-called apocalyptic turn in recent theology). This difference would mean that any attempt to enlist Yoder as an ally in support of a program or movement called apocalyptic theology will be awkward at best. If it is appropriate to draw on Yoder in support of apocalyptic theology, it must equally be acknowledged that his work also pushes back against it in some significant ways. To draw attention to Yoder’s posture of ambivalence toward academic movements should hardly be necessary, for it has received plenty of attention in recent engagement with his work. I don’t want to rehash that ground here. So let us get one thing out of the way at the beginning. Yes, we can find texts in which Yoder emphasizes the category of apocalyptic. But it is also worth noting that he typically qualifies these references by insisting that the category of apocalyptic is only one among many and should not be elevated to become a sort of governing principle. As Yoder himself puts it, “Apocalypse is only one of many modes of discourse in the believing community. We should not prefer it; we should use them all.”1 Call it methodological non-Constantinianism or perhaps something more elegant. But that is not what I want to dwell on today. I am more interested in exploring how the question of apocalyptic theology relates to some of Yoder’s more substantive commitments about the body of Christ and its capacity for speech.

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Medium 9781742204253

Whitsunday Coast

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

Whitsunday Coast

Speckling the calm waters of the Coral Sea, the superlative Whitsunday Islands are one of Australia’s greatest natural attractions. Opal-jade waters and pure-white beaches fringe the forested domes of these ‘drowned mountains’, where you can camp in secluded bays, laze in resorts, snorkel, dive or island-hop through the archipelago. Beneath the shimmering seas, tropical fish swarm through the world’s largest coral garden in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The gateway to the islands, Airlie Beach, is a happening backpacker hub with a continuous parade of tanned, happy faces zinging between boats, beaches and banging nightclubs.

South of Airlie, Mackay is a typical coastal Queensland town with palm-lined streets framed by art deco buildings. There’s not a lot to do here, but Mackay is a handy base for trips to Finch Hatton Gorge and Eungella National Park – lush hinterland oases where platypuses cavort in the wild. To the north, Bowen has secret beaches and historical street art.

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Medium 9781475823875

Proactive Administrative Ecology: Assisting Superintendents With Board and Public Relations Through the Use of Career Counselors

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

AUGUSTUS C. MCGARITY III

RONALD A. STYRON

MIKE WARD

DAVID SCHOEN

ABSTRACT: This study examines the potential for educational services by career counselors within administrative relationship domains through a case example. It explores the usefulness of career counseling intervention to facilitate career progress through superintendent–school board relationship difficulties as the superintendent attempts to implement reforms and improve student achievement. Reflections and discussions are used at critical moments during the case study to examine factors that divert the superintendent’s attention from instructional matters and career goals by identifying effective community and board relationship strategies while addressing current contextually based relational perspectives facilitating career progress.

This study examines through a case example the potential for proactive services provided by career counselors within the administrative environment of superintendents. The usefulness of career counseling intervention to facilitate positive public relations as the superintendent attempts to implement reforms and improve student achievement while navigating superintendent–school board and superintendent–community relationship difficulties is evaluated. The focus is two pronged: first, to define pathways for career counselors to assist superintendents to function effectively with cumbersome political distractions by using positive public relational strategies; second, to provide superintendents with insight concerning the possible benefits of using a career counselor to proactively assist in public relations during career advancement. Even though all names have been changed within the study example, this case can be used through reflection and discussion to examine factors that divert the superintendent’s attention from instructional matters and career goals. Effective community and board relationship strategies are identified within current contextually based relational perspectives, thereby facilitating career progress and positive public relations for the superintendent.

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Medium 9780253332516

7 A Portrait of Ogun as Reflected in Ijala Chants

Sandra T Barnes Indiana University Press ePub

Adeboye Baballa

Ìjálá are Yoruba poetic chants used in entertaining and saluting Ògún. As those who are familiar with the Ògún tradition very well know, the oríkì Ògún (verbal salutes to Ògún) within ìjálá reveal, little by little, the nature of the deity. One of the most striking revelations of the ìjálá is the contradictions found in them. This paper addresses these contradictions and argues that Ògún symbolizes a universal contradiction: humans are strong and, at the same time, they are frail. The constant oppositions in the texts of ìjálá artists are therefore a necessary and explainable part of this poetic tradition.

The contradictions, and in some cases the variations, found in Ògún traditions as they are rendered by ìjálá chanters are of three kinds. First, the figure of Ògún displays opposing personality traits (e.g., he is fiery and cool) or symbolic traits (e.g., he represents death and healing). Second, the literary construction of the chants opposes metaphors and images thereby reinforcing, through structure, contradictions that occur in content and meaning. Third, the devotees of Ògún place him in a bewildering variety of contradictory mythical traditions. Ògún founds many towns, conquers many people, and pursues several occupations. The wide variation in traditions raises questions as to the authenticity or correctness of any of them. But this problem is resolved in the ìjálá verbal salutes to Ògún. As one ìjálá artist declares: “Ògún méje l’Ògún-ún mi” (The Òg ùn that I know are seven in number). Thus, many forms are attributed to the god Ògún. But what is important is the total picture that the many contradictions and variations eventually create. It is the sum of the parts that provides insight into what Ògún actually represents to the Yoruba.

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Medium 9781605092775

CHAPTER 12 The Possibility, Ownership, Dissent, Commitment, and Gifts Conversations

Peter Block Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

After the invitation, there are five other conversations for structuring belonging: possibility, ownership, dissent, commitment, and gifts. Since all the conversations lead to each other, sequence is not that critical. The context of the gathering will often determine which questions to deal with and at what depth. It’s important to understand, though, that some are more difficult than others, especially in communities where citizens are just beginning to engage with one another. I present them in ascending order of difficulty, with possibility generally an early conversation to have and gifts typically one of the more difficult.

We are using possibility here in a unique way. Possibility is not a goal or prediction, it is the statement of a future condition that is beyond reach. It works on us and evolves from a discussion of personal crossroads. It is an act of imagination of what we can create together, and it takes the form of a declaration, best made publicly.

The ownership conversation asks citizens to act as if they were creating what exists in the world. Confession is the religious and judicial version of ownership. The distinction is between ownership and blame. The questions for ownership are: “How valuable do you plan for this gathering to be, how have we each contributed to the current situation, and what is the story you hold about this community and your place in it?” It is important for people to see the limitation of their story, for each story has a payoff and a cost. Naming these is a precondition to creating an alternative future.

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Medium 9781626560659

Four: How to Listen for What to Say

Marcia Reynolds Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

“It has long been an axiom of mine that the little things are infinitely the most important.”

Sherlock Holmes in A Case of Identity

Because intuition is often perceived as unexplainable magic or unreliable hooey, it is left out of the list of essential leadership skills. I’ve seen explanations for intuitive insights ranging from messages from spirits, to a sixth sense available to psychics and wizards, or an evolutionary advantage women have over men. I don’t know of any research that confirms these characterizations, including the existence of a woman’s intuition though evidence suggests women have learned to heed their inner voice more than men for socially acceptable reasons.

On the other hand, Daniel Kahneman’s international bestseller, Thinking Fast and Slow, provides a great deal of proof that everyone, even the most concrete thinkers, relies on intuition to navigate daily life.1 Kahneman demonstrates repeatedly that we make few decisions without a dose of intuition injected into the mix no matter how logical and evidence-based you think you are. Some of our greatest minds, including Albert Einstein, praised intuition as a significant element of good decision making provided it is balanced with data. Intuition is the hallmark quality of the legendary demystifier Sherlock Holmes.

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Medium 9781576753927

Eight: Miami

Marisa Handler Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

133


Run, Marisa, run. Go. Go. Go. Faster. Keep running.

There is no other line of thought in my brain. The panic stretches so wide it exiles all but the nonessential. Run. Run. I am clutching my sign, my backpack is jogging hard against me, and it will be simply a matter of luck if I don’t slam into another runner. Sirens shriek. I am surrounded by choppy swells of black, a surging swarm of sprinters veering at manic angles. Cops at the jagged edges of the beast, prowling. Run. I’m not sure why, but I must keep running, can’t be left behind. Go. Faster. Move. Can’t see much in front: just bobbing heads. Behind: generous crescents of white around the eyes, pink Os of mouths.

Can’t—get—quite—enough—oxygen.

“Run!” someone is screaming, as if we weren’t already, as if hundreds of pairs of lungs weren’t already aflame. “Run!” Rape! Fire! Murder! they may as well be howling. Panic stabs through the crowd, and the pace picks up. Somewhere in the conjoined brain of this terrorized animal the primal impulse to flee has been slumbering; once aroused it is overwhelming, irresistible, familiar. A cheer arises from my left. On a window glints the strident black of a fresh-scrawled anarchy sign. Running through the streets of Miami with the Black Bloc: not what I pictured when I contemplated going to Miami to protest the FTAA.

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Medium 9781591202554

6. Fit Family, Smart Family, Happy Family

Keeling, Knute Basic Health Publications ePub

Most parents believe that academic achievement is important for success in life. Learning social skills and developing healthy relationships with family and friends are also held up as important aspects of well-being and all-around health and happiness. What’s less obvious is the link between fitness and good nutrition and these aspects of well-being.

In recent years, research has begun to emerge that suggests that fitness and nutrition are closely linked to a child’s social well-being and academic achievement. Researchers at the University of Illinois gave 259 third and fifth graders the standard physical fitness test: sit-and-reach, running, and sit-ups and push-ups against the clock. Once the results were tabulated, the researchers checked the children’s physical fitness test scores against their standardized math and reading test scores. The more fit the child, the better their academic scores were.

In other studies, scientists found that they could bring about the growth of new brain cells—something once believed to be impossible— simply by putting people on a regular three-month regimen of cardio exercise. High-intensity exercise was found to increase the connections between brain cells (nerve cells that are also known as neurons), which— as writer Mary Carmichael wrote in Newsweek magazine—“form[s] dense, interconnected webs that make the brain run faster and more efficiently” (“Stronger, Faster, Smarter,” March 26, 2007). So much for the stereotype of the dumb jock!

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Medium 9781934989111

Chapter 36: An Experience of Bliss

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9781780491974

UNHAPPY PILLS

Susan M. Fereday Karnac Books PDF

UNHAPPY PILLS

I

t’s a girl”, says the nurse. “She’s beautiful.”

And sure enough, she is. Dark hair, a pretty little rosebud mouth, and weighing just six pounds. I am elated, she will join her brother who is just two and a half years old, we will be a perfect family. I want everyone to be told that I have had a baby girl, especially my mother, but unfortunately, she has been very ill in hospital for several months now.

Two months before my daughter was born, I had set off as usual on my weekly visit to see mother, it was a three-mile walk with my two-year-old in his pushchair. I had found her alone, swaying precariously on the top stair, her speech unintelligible. She was repeating words of one syllable over and over again, her eyes and hands were pitifully imploring me to understand her meaning. Holding her around the waist,

I managed to slowly get her down the stairs and into the living room, and then I called for her doctor. When he arrived, he set down his black medical bag and gave mother a pen and a pad of paper, asking her to write down her name and address for him. Smiling up at him sweetly, she drew a small circle in the centre of the page, and then realising that this wasn’t enough, she struck a line straight through the centre.

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