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2. Spectroscopic Studies

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF


W R I T I N G S O F C H A R L E S S . P E I R C E , 1879-1884

Spectroscopic Studies

P 163: Science News 1 (1 May 1879): 196-98

Two papers were presented by Mr. Peirce, entitled respectively,

"On Ghosts in Diffraction-Spectra" and "Comparison of WaveLengths with the Metre." It is well known to users of diffraction spectroscopes that ghosts of the lines appear in the images. For instance, on each side of the well-known sodium line, a ghost of it is seen. These attendants only appear in spectra produced by diffraction, and are not found in the spectrum from a prism. They are due to periodic inequality in the ruled lines of the glass. If we suppose that the screw which makes the ruling is somewhat eccentric, we shall find that this eccentricity—so to speak—winds down around the screw. But every diffraction-plate which Mr. Peirce examined was found to have a different eccentricity. In the higher orders of spectra, the first ghost of each line becomes relatively brighter. Mr. Peirce has investigated this subject from a mathematical point of view, and he presented to the Academy a series of calculations based on the conditions which call forth these ghosts, and concluding with formulae for determining their positions.

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Medium 9781855751224

CHAPTER THIRTEEN. How can we remember but be unable to recall? The complex functions of multi-modular memory

Karnac Books ePub

Mary Sue Moore

In this chapter, Mary Sue Moore reviews new research findings on multi-modular human memory systems which have important implications for understanding the impact of trauma on memory. She then focuses on procedural and declarative memory as shown in human-figure drawings.

Recent neurocognitive research has produced empirical findings regarding the non-linear organization and interactive complexity of all human brain functions. Previous methods used for measuring brain function—as state rather than dynamic process—have limited our conceptualization of the variability and overall capacity of the human mind. Theoretical formulations of these functions generally involved either cause-and-effect statements or attempted measurements of an “absolute” capacity. The most widely accepted methods of data analysis were linear. This chapter presents an invitation to the reader to consider the profound implications, for mental health treatment and human development, of non-linear, interactive formulations of human brain function which recognize physiological process and context as dynamically linked aspects of an irreducible whole. This understanding of brain function as a dynamic, interactive process, along with the concepts of neural plasticity and multi-modular organization, forms the basis of a revolutionary new theory of human memory. The conceptual frame described above is one that relies on a complex systems point of view, not just as an option, but as a necessity if we are to gather an accurate understanding of any brain function. It has become clear that to adopt a linear, isolated frame of reference when analysing human brain function—in this case, memory—is to distort that which we are studying to the point of gathering “false or erroneous” data (Grigsby & Schneiders, 1991; Grigsby, Schneiders, & Kaye, 1991). Grigsby and Schneiders (1991) describe the irreducible interactive whole—which is comprised of the organism and its environment—lucidly arguing for the abandonment of the well-practiced experimental approach in which a particular function is selected and experiments are carefully (and artificially) designed to study this “uncontaminated” by other human processes:

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Medium 9781855754133

CHAPTER TWENTY: Family bonds: parents’ experiences

Bill Goodyear Karnac Books ePub

Living with Asperger's is uncharted territory. No matter how many times you read this book, you will still be unsure what you should do next.

Many fathers leave the family. Others bury themselves in work and hand over parenting to the mother. Brothers and sisters very often feel overlooked, ignored and undervalued. Mothers can become traditional, co-dependent, overprotective and bitterly angry, able to bring social workers to their knees with a look. Yet the family is the strongest unit of support, and people with Asperger's tend to look to the stereotype to measure their normality, and attach themselves eagerly to the ongoing family pattern, sometimes becoming reluctant to let go.

Tip No 76: Moving beyond co-dependence

Get support and move forward

The realisation that your child has Asperger's often only comes gradually. The state of play in terms of professional understanding varies greatly, and a formal diagnosis may or may not arrive in childhood, or at all.

The point of contact with all services is the GP, who is unlikely to know about Asperger's and is likely to be an obstacle rather than an enabler. Budgets are tight, and there is none for Asperger's in any case. Getting a diagnosis often relies on the family pushing past the GP, perhaps finding the information themselves (giving a social imbalance to the entire scene, of course, as those with a better education generally push more effectively), but perhaps being supported by medical or education professionals. Getting an accurate, believable, high status diagnosis can involve several thousand pounds and a long waiting list, but it is an essential tool in fighting for appropriate support, especially in the education system, where there is at least a commitment to providing an appropriate and accessible curriculum for each individual child and meeting any special needs that obscure this target. GPs respond well to information, pressure and continued consistency. They respond much worse to combat, retreating and defending very efficiently.

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Medium 9781855755802

CHAPTER FOUR: Last, But Not Least

Iljon Foreman, Elaine; Van Gerwen, Lucas Karnac Books ePub

This section deals with ways in which a travelling companion can help another passenger who is afraid of flying.

Don t Think About It! ; Pull Yourself Together! ;

‘There's Nothing to be Scared Of!’; ‘You'll be All Right!’;

‘It's All in Your Mind!’; ‘Don't Be So Silly!’

These commonly employed exhortations are probably some of the most UNHELPFUL things that one person can say to another, even when said for the very best of intentions. They give no idea as to what the person with the problem can actually DO, and usually serve to damage further the already shaky self-confidence and self-esteem.

Many people say the very same thing to themselves when they feel uneasy or anxious. The problem is that a feeling does not go away or diminish just because we deny or condemn it. Just as a painful wound is not cured by not treating it, a painful feeling is not cured by simply ignoring it, or telling it to go away. Rule number one for a healthy relationship is to make it clear to the other person that you are trying to understand how they feel.

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Medium 9781576337981

Evolution/Classification: ACT Biology

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781855752450

CHAPTER ONE. Social constructionism and systemic thinking

Campbell, David Karnac Books ePub

Systemic thinking is a way to make sense of the relatedness of everything around us. In its broadest application, it is a way of thinking that gives practitioners the tools to observe the connectedness of people, things, and ideas: everything connected to everything else. Certainly, people from all walks of life—from the mystic to the medical practitioner, from the ecologist to the engineer—are “thinking systemically” when they address the in-terconnectedness within their field of vision, but within the social sciences, and particularly the field of family therapy, the discourse about the relatedness of people has been heavily influenced by general systems theory (von Bertalanffy, 1950; see also Ashby, 1956)

This body of theory has been advanced and applied to the social sciences over the past 30 years by such people as Anderson, Goolishian, and Winderman (1986), Bateson (1972), Boscolo, Cecchirt, Hoffman, and Penn (1986), Hoffman (1981,1993), Keeney (1983), and Von Foerster (1981), and readers should turn to these sources for a fuller unfolding of systemic thinking. General systems theory has given us all a language to organize the world in certain ways. Advocates speak about differences which constitute the mutual feedback that connects people and reveals a pattern of behaviour. They speak of behaviour acquiring meaning from the context in which it is observed by an active observer of one part of the larger system which represents the whole. And these tools have been applied to many different clinical and organizational settings, to such an extent that there is now a rich body of knowledge, or a discourse, that generates clinical practice, research methodologies, and, of course, dialogue amongst its adherents. Many of these concepts were developed in the field of family therapy, where practitioners found that thinking of the family as a system was a metaphor indispensable for their work.

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Medium 9781938901249

2. Lost Canyons

Susan Spano Roaring Forties Press ePub



From Glen Canyon Bridge on US Highway 89, you can see both sides of an argument. To the north is placid Lake Powell, a big, blue tropical cocktail in the arid no-man’s-land of southeastern Utah. It’s Exhibit A in the case for letting Glen Canyon Dam stand. To the south is the Colorado River, testily emerging from impoundment, cutting through sheer rock walls on its way to the Grand Canyon—wild and free, the way nature made it.

I stood there with my brother, John, one morning in early February, thinking about Seldom Seen Smith, the fictional mastermind of a plot to blow up the Glen Canyon Dam in Edward Abbey’s 1975 novel, The Monkey Wrench Gang.

Abbey wrote that Smith, “remembered the golden river flowing to the sea, . . . canyons called Hidden Passage and Salvation and Last Chance, . . . strange great amphitheaters called Music Temple and Cathedral in the Desert. All these things now lay beneath the dead water of the reservoir, slowly disappearing under layers of descending silt.”

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Medium 9780870819018

11. Usage—Non-affirmative Order

Andrew Cowell University Press of Colorado ePub

As seen in the chapter on verbal inflections (chapter 3), the non-affirmative order is used in negative statements and in questions. But the non-affirmative-order inflections are used in numerous other constructions besides the negative and yes/no interrogative. In this section, we look in detail at the various other uses. In most cases, a specific particle, proclitic, or preverb requires the use of the non-affirmative.

The most common use of the non-affirmative in addition to yes/no interrogation and negation is in wh- question constructions. Wh- questions are constructed using roots meaning ‘why?’, ‘how?’, ‘when?’, and so forth, in conjunction with the non-affirmative order. The question roots can occur as preverbs, in which case they occupy the same position as the negative preverb within the verb and take derivational /-i/ as with other preverbs; they can also occur as verb initials (as in examples 6 and 9). Note that the yes/no interrogative marker koo= is not used with these forms.

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Medium 9781574415322

Robert J. (Jack) Duncan - “Red Overton, Somervell County Cedar-Chopper"

Edited by Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF


CEDAR-CHOPPER by Robert J. (Jack) Duncan

If they made a film about Red Overton, I don’t know who they could get to play him—now that John Wayne and Robert

Mitchum are permanently unavailable. Maybe there’s a stuntman out there who could pull it off, but I really doubt it.

Red Overton was a larger-than-life backwoodsman who lived in Somervell County, Texas. He was a big, raw-boned man with big hands. Some called him “Bear Track” Overton because of the size of his feet. Red stood six-foot-two. And he was as tough and gnarled as the cedar (actually juniper) growing on those rocky

Somervell County hills.

Red was a quiet man. He didn’t have much formal education, but he was wise in the ways of the woods. In the 1920s and 1930s,

Overton was a post cutter: he cut cedar posts for barbed wire fencing and sold them for a few cents apiece at a nearby crossroads store. Sometimes he traded them for cans of Prince Albert pipe tobacco, from which he rolled his own cigarettes.

Red Overton’s full name was Ebra John Hardy Overton. He was born on January 12, 1893, in Randolph, Alabama. He moved to Texas as a very young child with his family. He died on

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Medium 9781591201731

3. Vitamins and Other Nutrients

Frank MD, Ken Basic Health Publications ePub

Vitamins and other supplemental nutrients can have tremendous impact on decreasing or preventing your pain. When added to a diet that contains the proper balance of fats, nutrient supplements can reduce inflammation and pain and prevent the development of degenerative diseases. A daily high-potency multivitamin/mineral formulation will contribute to pain reduction.

Judicious and educated use of vitamin supplements (and mineral, herb, and accessory nutrient supplements) is a good idea for just about anyone. Those who stand to benefit most are the ones who have long eaten Western processed-food diets, have lived hurried yet sedentary Western lives, have diseases, take medications, and live in a polluted Western environment. This describes almost everybody I know.

Although it is unwise to take supplements instead of improving your dietsupplements can never provide you the well-rounded orchestra of nutrients found in foodthe truth is that even if you eat poorly you can still experience dramatic results with supplements. Keep in mind that a good diet, an exercise program, and other lifestyle changes to reduce pain are integral parts of overall healing.

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Medium 9781607322023


Arthur A. Joyce University Press of Colorado ePub


The development of a regional polity in the Terminal Formative period (150 BC–AD 250) was inevitably a process that involved people throughout the lower Río Verde Valley (Figure 1.2). For those living in the many midsize and small sites that dotted the valley, the development and maintenance of regional political structures would have created new opportunities and challenges. The expansion of Río Viejo as a political center resulted in regional population movements (Joyce 2005, 2008; Joyce et al., Chapter 5); new economic demands were placed on populations valley-wide (Joyce 2010, 191; Levine, Chapter 8); social and political hierarchies changed as the political authority of Río Viejo’s elites expanded (Joyce 2005, 2008, 2010); and ceremonial activities and responsibilities would have shifted with the construction and use of monumental ritual spaces at Río Viejo (Barber and Joyce 2007; Joyce 2005, 2008; 2010, 186–195; Joyce and Barber 2011; Joyce et al., Chapter 5). The manner in which such social changes played out, however, was a result not simply of dictates emanating from Río Viejo, but rather emerged from negotiations between regional political authorities and local populations (Barber 2005; Barber and Joyce 2007; Joyce 2008, 2010).

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Medium 9781782200437

Chapter Eighteen - The Problematic Position of the Transference in the Psychotic State

De Masi, Franco Karnac Books ePub

“Delusional production positions itself in a space that is neither the inner space of the psyche, nor external space, and not even intermediate or transitional space…”

(Racamier, 2000, p. 873)

The psychotic transference results from a pre-existing delusion that invades the analytic setting and relationship: the analyst becomes an object of the delusion and his interpretative function vanishes. The psychotic part that has overcome the rest of the personality destroys the patient's intuitive and self-observation capacities and obstructs the analytic work.

This chapter discusses the onset of psychotic episodes during analysis and, in particular, the delusional transference which, once established, tends to bring the analytic process to a dangerous impasse.

This subject is not widely discussed in contemporary psychoanalytic literature, and neither do many recent papers deal with the analytic therapy of psychotic patients.

Past contributions

In earlier psychoanalytic literature, the onset of a psychotic state during therapy was often the object of close examination and produced many differing contributions.

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Medium 9781605099798

Chapter 18: Same Same but Different

Mehta, Pavithra Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Dr. V is known to pace the corridors of the Madurai hospital, gauging the crowd and monitoring the workflow. Now in his 80s, he has started using a walking stick on these excursions. But he still tires occasionally and has to stop abruptly, putting an arm out to the wall for support. On one such occasion, a concerned nurse rushed up to inquire if something was wrong. “Not at all,” said Dr. V. “I’m just holding up the hospital.” The quick-witted response was not a total exaggeration.

Without Dr. V, Aravind simply would not exist. “He is its core and driving force,” says Fred Munson. “He is the one who turned Aravind from a little made-over nursing home into the largest eye care system in the world.” Yet Dr. V knew that a charismatic leader at the center of a visionary organization could quickly become a liability.

In the mid-20th century, a highly reputed ophthalmologist established a flourishing eye hospital that was orbited by a network of 30 satellite clinics in northern India. Dr. V held him and his institution in high regard, often speaking of their work as something to emulate. But when the founder passed away, within the span of a single generation most of the clinics either shut down or fell into severe disrepair. Soon there was little trace of the progressive organization that had led the country in the community eye care movement.

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Medium 9781576336946

Perpendicular Lines: PSAT Geometry

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9780253016065

2 Sedimentary Geology of the Big Badlands

Rachel C. Benton Indiana University Press ePub

2.1. Stratigraphic units of the North Unit of Badlands National Park. The sequence in the west includes the rocks of the Red River paleovalley of Clark, Beerbower, and Kietzke (1967) and the rocks exposed on Sheep Mountain Table. The sequence in the east is a composite of features from the Dillon Pass area east to Norbeck Ridge.

THE ROCKS OF BADLANDS NATIONAL PARK RECORD THE end of the great Western Interior Seaway near the end of the age of dinosaurs (Mesozoic Era) and, after a 30-million-year gap, record some of the features on land during the greatest volcanic eruptive intervals and one of the greatest climatic changes in the age of mammals (Cenozoic Era). To understand the geologic history of the sedimentary rocks exposed in the South Dakota Badlands, we need to see how the rocks are distributed in space and time (stratigraphy) and how they were deposited (sedimentology). We start our story by building the framework of the rocks in space and time by discussing the stratigraphy of the Badlands. The rocks in the Badlands were deposited in the sea, in river deltas, by rivers, in lakes, and by the winds, and we will discuss the evidence for these depositional environments. To understand the ancient environments and how they changed through time, we need to start by understanding the origins of the sediments that now make up the 190 m thick sequence of rocks exposed in Badlands National Park (Fig. 2.1).

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