43532 Chapters
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Medium 9781855758087

Chapter Ten: Sexual addiction

Allez, Glyn Hudson Karnac Books ePub

Gordon and Rachel have been living together for a year now, and the intensity of their sexual relationship is reducing. He finds her neediness overwhelming at times, so he lashes out at her in rage. For a time this precipitates a distance between them that feels more comfortable to him. Then he reclu-sively stays in his study for hours, compulsively masturbating to the memories of previous sexual encounters. At times, he goes out to visit prostitutes, as he used to before he and Rachel met. Unlike the dominant and sometimes aggressive role he takes with Rachel, with the sex workers he adopts a passive role, where they seduce him and take what they want. Sometimes, he pays for two at once, and watches them having sex with each other before they turn on him. He plans each encounter in great detail, taking them outfits to wear, and extra sex toys. He enjoys the intensity, and the secrecy makes it even more intense. It is a dimension of sex that he knows Rachel could not participate in. And, in a way, he would not want her to be like that. This is his fun, and Rachel would spoil it for him.

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Medium 9781782200550

5 - The Waning of Screen Memories: From the Age of Neuroses to an Autistoid Age

Karnac Books ePub

Jorge L. Ahumada

Upon receiving the kind invitation of Drs Gail S. Reed and Howard B. Levine to contribute to this book on “Screen memories” two diverse trains of thought crossed my mind.

The first was realising that my earliest, and yet fairly well remembered, recollection is, no doubt, a screen memory, to which I steadfastly clung—I might have been three or four years old at the time. It vividly depicted what I assumed to be my paternal grandfather on his deathbed, with a long white beard, reclining gravely and peacefully in his final adieu. I recalled insisting time and again, to the surprise and hilarity of whoever in the family happened to listen, that I remembered my grandfather—who died when I was eight months old. Only when slightly older, most likely at five years of age, while contemplating the portraits of my two grandfathers that hung beside each other, did it dawn upon me that not only had I conflated and confused my grandfathers in my mind—the dignified bearded image in my vivid memory was that of my maternal grandfather who had died nearly two decades before I was born—but it was this portrait that was the source of the visual image in my purported memory. From that moment on I discreetly dropped the subject of my remembering my grandfather. Such contact in my childhood with the illusory nature of screen memories brought a shocked awareness of the tricky powers of psychic processes quite beyond my ken: an insight that likely nourished my later interest in the workings of the mind and may have helped lead me to a career in psychoanalysis.

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Medium 9781603442015

Hooked on Rivers

Ken W Kramer Texas A&M University Press ePub

Myron J. Hess

I LOVE being outdoors. Those rare times when I am able to step back from the frenzied pace of everyday life and feel in rhythm with nature give me an incredible sense of peace, of calmness. And, if you throw in a flowing river or stream, I can get close to achieving a state of nirvana. The love of nature came early. The appreciation of the special role of flowing streams developed a bit later.

As the youngest of seven children growing up in Cooke County in rural North Texas near the Oklahoma border at a time when TV watching was still an occasional event and computer games were science fiction material, I spent the bulk of my early childhood outside. When my siblings were home, I followed them around as much as they would let me. When they had all started school and I was still at home, the yard became my preschool and kindergarten classroom. Fortunately for me, farmyards can be incredibly interesting places: chickens and ducks to observe, ground squirrels and lizards to stalk, insects and toads to catch, and bird and mouse nests to discover. I think my dad was relieved to see me start school so he didn’t have to spend so much of his time answering my questions about what I had found or seen, and he could get back to farming full time.

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Medium 9781780490243

CHAPTER EIGHT:The socio-cultural level

Bacciagaluppi, Marco Karnac Books ePub

This paradigm addresses a systemic level higher than the family: the socio-cultural level. This includes several relevant areas: social psychology, social psychiatry, and ethno-psychiatry.

Social psychology

A standard textbook of social psychology that has been cited in Chapter Three is Brown (1965).

In this section, I shall focus on Fromm’s psychoanalytic social psychology. At this level, Fromm made a most important contribution with his concept of the social character. Although this might be viewed as Fromm’s main single contribution, his wide-ranging work spans many paradigms and is relevant to many issues. He is now seldom mentioned in the literature, so it may be expedient to remember here his manifold contributions. When, together with Sullivan, he co-founded the William Alanson White Institute in New York in 1943, he was instrumental in giving rise to the interpersonal–cultural approach in psychoanalysis, which later became the relational school (Chapter Six). In The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness (Fromm, 1973) he distinguished between defensive and destructive aggressiveness. This corresponds to Bowlby’s distinction between the anger of hope and the anger of despair, or functional and dysfunctional anger (Chapter Three). In that same book, Fromm challenges Freud’s and Lorenz’s view of destructive aggressiveness as an innate human drive. “The picture of innate destructiveness fits history much better than prehistory” (Fromm, 1973, p. 25 of the 1975 edition). This is an important contribution to paradigm 9.

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Medium 9780861967254

Chapter 19

Tony Grey John Libbey Publishing ePub

The day of the hearing arrives. Marcus is led into the Great Hall which is not full as it was before. In fact it is cavernously empty. This is not a public hearing, but one held in camera by Gan who acts in the capacity of a magistrate. Colonel Chen, and four senior officers are there too. The Protector-General alone will make the decision, but he’s astute enough to know that he should have the support of the others, or if not, at least not their active opposition.

Gan and his colleagues are sitting cross-legged on the wooden dais, passive and pyramidal in their draping silks. Gan is in the middle, not on the rostrum this time. A spectral silence heightens the anxiety Marcus can’t help feeling. These men are so remote, so obdurate, that making a positive impression on them seems virtually impossible. His advocate is the only hope. He and Kang take a chair in front, at a lower level, facing the tribunal. Gan opens the proceedings.

“Marcus Velinius Agricola,” his pronunciation is incomprehensible, “we are here to consider your actions on the day of the victory celebration. Since we were all there and know what you did, a prosecutor will not be required.

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Medium 9781782201656

Chapter Five: The Baby is a Person

Dethiville, Laura Karnac Books ePub

The inherited potential of the newborn

“The infant comes into the world with inherited potential provided always that it is accepted that the inherited potential of an infant cannot become an infant unless linked to maternal care” (Winnicott, 1960a, p. 37).

This phrase of Winnicott’s, so often quoted, was not always evident to him. He recounted how, at the start of his career as paediatric consultant, he had “great difficulty in seeing a baby as a human at all” (Winnicott, 1967c, p. 569).

It is his later work as analyst with “borderline” and psychotic patients, which led him—quite unexpectedly and, as he said, “whether I like it or not”—to explore the very first stage in the life of the individual.

The preceding chapter tried to show how, for Winnicott, the essential role was played by the environment, a role he insisted on all his life. The question that follows on from the phrase quoted above could be the following: what is this famous “inherited potential” which has caused so much confusion?

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Medium 9781780648378

5: Sour Cherry Varieties and Improvement

Quero-Garcia, J.; Iezzoni, A.; Pulawska, J. CABI PDF

5 

Sour Cherry Varieties and Improvement

Mirko Schuster,1* Janos Apostol,2 Amy Iezzoni,3 Martin Jensen4 and Dragan ­Milatović5

1

Julius Kühn-Institut, Dresden, Germany; 2NARIC Fruitculture Research Institute,

Budapest, Hungary; 3Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA;

4

Aarhus University, Årslev, Denmark; 5University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

5.1  History of Improvement

The variability in tree morphology and fruit characteristics is very high in sour cherry, especially in germplasm from the native

­regions in Eastern Europe and Asia Minor

(Faust and Surányi, 1997). In these regions, sour cherry is not reproductively isolated from its progenitor species, and this continual gene flow has contributed to this high level of diversity. For example, sour cherry individuals with more sweet cherry- or ground cherry-like traits occur and probably represent individuals that have resulted from a ‘backcross’ to one of the two progenitor species (Hillig and Iezzoni, 1988). From this rich genetic diversity, human selection has resulted in the ­ proliferation of many local landraces. For e­xample, local landraces were selected in Hungary (‘Pándy’

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Medium 9782067182042

Long Beach Peninsula

Michelin Michelin ePub

Open year-round daily. Visitor center at 3029 Spirit Lake Hwy., Toutle; t 360-274-0962; www.parks.wa.gov/stewardship/mountsthelens; open May–mid-Sept daily 9am–5pm, rest of the year 4pm; closed major holidays. t 360-449-7800. www.fs.usda.gov/mountsthelens. $5.

One of the world’s most famous volcanoes, Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980 with the intensity of 500 atomic bombs, destroying its northern flank and blasting away more than 1,300ft of elevation. In 1982 the US Congress declared Mount St. Helens a National Volcanic Monument. Today the eviscerated mountain, surrounded by a 172sq-mi preserve, is a leading visitor attraction.

Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument
©MountStHelens.com

Practical Information

When to Go

July is the best time to see flower-filled alpine meadows at Mt. Rainier, but any summer day through September offers the best opportunity for clear weather and great views at both Rainier and Mount St. Helens. Summertime frequently brings fog to the Washington coast, so the best times to visit are the shoulder seasons or winter-storm season.

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Medium 9781855759817

Chapter 7. Formulating Interpretations in Clinical Psychoanalysis

Klauber, John Karnac Books ePub

This paper complements the description of the difficulties in “The Identity of the Psychoanalyst” (chapter 10) by describing the mode of operation of the analyst who has achieved a secure identity. It emphasizes the importance of spontaneity in addition to intellectual control. Spontaneity introduces an artistic element which enlarges the area in which preconscious communication between patient and analyst can take place. It is through this communication that the analyst understands the patient as an individual and the patient forms a freer relationship with the analyst. This is a central area for therapeutic change which has been neglected because it is the area which corresponds most closely with the ordinary methods by which people understand one another and less with the revolutionary discoveries which characterize psychoanalysis.

* * *

We have long- and short-term aims in psychoanalysis. The short-term aim is to relieve the anxieties and conflicts which the patient keeps in the forefront of the analysis. The long-term aim is to foster his development by means of a process, started in the consulting room, which will help him in the much longer period of his life after he has left the consulting room for the last time. The interpretations which we direct at the resolution of immediate anxieties must be consistent with achieving the long-term developmental aims. In these the sort of clearing-up process which can conveniently be called cure is a very desirable but not an invariable stage.

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Medium 9781782200192

Chapter Two: Fanaticism in Psychoanalysis

Utrilla Robles, Manuela Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER TWO

Fanaticism in psychoanalysis4

Comparing fanaticism to psychoanalysis seems to be an impossible task, because both are in complete contraposition and as far apart from each other as one can imagine. We should then wonder: how is it possible for persons who have gone through the personal experience of psychoanalytic treatment, and pursued a long and rigorous analytic training, to be able to embrace fanatic processes and mechanisms? Is not psychoanalysis ultimately a song to freedom that, as pointed out earlier, is radically opposed to fanaticism?

To these two questions even more considerations may be added: psychoanalysis has its limits, and no matter how many years of psychoanalytic treatment a person has gone through, he or she will not be “completely” analysed.

However, every person—psychoanalysed or not—can experience regressions, depending on the situations he is confronted with, and mainly within group activities, and since, in some regressions, a fanatic functioning might be present, we can, therefore, find psychoanalysts who unconsciously act in a way that shows all the components of the fanatic behaviour.

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Medium 9781626566774

Chapter 5: Mobilize

Chandler, M. Tamra Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

OUR FIRST STEP IS ALL ABOUT GETTING OURSELVES ORGANIZED AND READY. The success of any journey depends on building a plan and inviting the right people along, especially when you want to be sure that you have the support of those who are funding the trip. And that’s where we’re going to begin: by ensuring that our leaders are with us, building our plan, and inviting the other travelers we want to accompany us on the adventure.

Let me tell you a memorable story that a client shared with me. As the chief human resources officer (CHRO), she had tasked her team with creating a vision piece about a new approach to performance to present to the executives. Her team excitedly built their recommendations. Bear in mind that this was high level; they were simply trying to gain support in order to move ahead with designing a new approach. The team came to the executive meeting inspired by their ideas and ready to roll. The speaker for the group, the CHRO’s second-in-command, walked the executives through their proposal. The CHRO was thrilled; it was an excellent piece of work, and she was proud of her team and their creative boldness. As the presentation wrapped up, she started clapping with enthusiasm. None of the other executives joined in. In the awkward silence, the CEO turned to her and asked, “Why are you clapping?” And with that, their dreams to rethink their performance management program died, at least for the near term. Despite all the great prep work, they hadn’t correctly calculated where the CEO and the executives were in their views, knowledge, and insight on this topic, and those leaders obviously weren’t ready to hear the team’s proposal. This kind of disconnect is not uncommon, so I recommend that you get your arms around it sooner rather than later.

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Medium 9781936763337

Chapter 1 Prioritized Content in Mathematics

Chris Weber Solution Tree Press ePub

There is, perhaps, no greater obstacle to all students learning at the levels of depth and complexity necessary to graduate from high school ready for college or a skilled career than the overwhelmingly and inappropriately large number of standards that students are expected to master—so numerous, in fact, that teachers cannot even adequately cover them, let alone effectively teach them to mastery. Moreover, students are too often diagnosed with a learning disability because we have proceeded through the curriculum (or pacing guide or textbook) too quickly; we do not build in time for the remediation and reteaching that we know some students require. We do not focus our efforts on the most highly prioritized standards and ensure that students learn deeply, enduringly, and meaningfully (Lyon et al., 2011). In short, we move too quickly trying to cover too much.

We distinguish between prioritized standards and supporting standards. We must focus our content and curriculum, collaboratively determining which standards are must-knows (prioritized) and which standards are nice-to-knows (supporting). This does not mean that we won’t teach all standards; rather, it guarantees that all students will learn the prioritized, must-know standards. To those who suggest that all standards are important or that nonteachers can and should prioritize standards, we respectfully ask, “Have teachers not been prioritizing their favorite standards in isolation for decades? Has prioritization of content not clumsily occurred as school years conclude without reaching the ends of textbooks?” Other colleagues contend that curricular frameworks and district curriculum maps should suffice. But we ask, “Will teachers feel a sense of ownership if they do not participate in this process? Will they understand why standards were prioritized? Will they stay faithful to first ensuring that all students master the must-knows, or will teachers continue, as they have for decades, to determine their own priorities and preferences regarding what is taught in the privacy of their classrooms?”

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Medium 9780253009302

7 Jane, in the Flesh: The State of Life-Reconstruction in Paleoart

RALPH MOLNAR Indiana University Press ePub

Tyler Keillor

7.1. Tyler Keillor’s flesh model of Jane.

My goal in creating a flesh reconstruction of an extinct animal is to provide the museum visitor with a sense of what the real live animal was all about. I don’t want to give the exhibit viewer a cliché, a toy, a Hollywood prop, or something that’s been seen in every kid’s dinosaur book. I want the observer to see a restoration that is unique, that shows a creature, frozen in time, that endured various life processes, and that might challenge preconceived notions about the animal and elicit questions or thought. A reconstruction requires not just artistry and imagination but also the input of the latest scientific opinions and comparative observations of extant animals. A life reconstruction is, by nature, highly speculative, and being so is of less value scientifically than artistically (as an exhibit piece for the layperson). Nevertheless, a rigorously executed reconstruction may, through its very creation, yield new insight into paleontological questions and so can be a working model and an aid to scientific understanding. I’ll let the task of bringing the Burpee Museum’s juvenile tyrannosaur “Jane”(BMR P2002.4.1) back to “life” provide a glimpse into the behind-the-scenes aspects of paleoart (the depiction of ancient beasts; see Fig. 7.1). In this reconstruction, in particular, observations of extant reptiles yielded new insights into the external appearance of Jane’s oral margin.

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Medium 9781780643373

7: High Forest Management and the Rise of Even-aged Stands

Kirby, K.J.; Watkins, C. CABI PDF

7 

High Forest Management and the

Rise of Even-aged Stands

Peter Savill*

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

7 .1  Introduction

In most of pre-industrial Europe, local supplies of wood were indispensable for everyday life, as necessary to a population as food.

Forests provided the raw material for buildings, furniture, ploughs, carts and wheels.

More importantly, gigantic quantities were also required for domestic heating and cooking (Williams, 2002). To meet these needs, broadleaved woodland was generally managed in the medieval period as coppice or forms of wood-pasture (Hartel et al., Chapter 5;

Buckley and Mills, Chapter 6). High forest was rare except in the boreal zone, whereas now it is the commonest structure for forests across the whole Continent. This chapter explores how and why this change happened and the systems of management developed to cope with a land use whose timescale exceeds human generations.

7 .2  Changing from Coppice to High Forest Systems

Before canals, modern roads and railways, the movement of heavy loads, such as timber,

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Medium 9781782200079

Chapter Twenty-Nine - Two Pioneers in the History of Infant Mental Health: Winnicott and Bowlby

Karnac Books ePub

Eric Rayner

This is an informal talk giving the author's personal memories and character sketches of two pioneers of infant mental health. It attempts to describe something of the nature of their very different forms of greatness.

I have very little claim to speak to you, I am only an adult psychoanalyst, from London, with no expertise in infant or family work. But from nearly forty years ago I did know both Donald Winnicott and John Bowlby. I did not work intimately with them much but had many personal encounters with both, so that I still have their particular rhythms buzzing inside me. I am going to draw on these to say something about their characters as I saw them. Both were English gentlemen who, unusually, devoted their lives to mothers and children. But in some ways they were as different as chalk and cheese, and this may have shaped their remarkable contributions to infant mental health.

I will start with the older of the two. I first saw Donald Winnicott nearly forty years ago when I was a student at the Institute of Psychoanalysis in London. He was a man of medium height, wiry-looking with no very striking features until he started talking, then you were soon entranced. With marvellous charm he would bubble out with joking throw-away lines; listeners would soon be falling about laughing. But his words would be deeply felt, kind and serious. Though mock-innocent his joking contained breathtaking insights that came from the middle of him.

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