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The Southwest


The Southwest

 Black Forest

 Karlsruhe

 Baden-Baden

 Baden Wine Route

 Europa-Park

 Freiburg im Breisgau

 Constance

 Lake Constance

 Lindau im Bodensee

 Stuttgart

 Bad Wimpfen

 Schwäbisch Hall

 Tübingen

 Swabian Jura

 Upper Swabian Plateau

 Ulm

Augustinermuseum - Städtische Museen Freiburg

© Thomas Eicken

The Southwest

Germany’s southwest covers the Land (state) of Baden-Württemberg and embraces one of Europe’s top-ranked holiday regions, the Black Forest. Its romantic valleys, fir-clad highlands, crystal-clear lakes and rushing waterfalls weave a magical alchemy of natural beauty. This is great hiking and cycling terrain, of course, punctuated by half-timbered villages, traditional farmhouses and vibrant towns like Baden-Baden and Freiburg. East of here, Lake Constance beckons with a storybook setting characterised by expansive views, a warm climate and stunningly elaborate Baroque churches. Stuttgart, the state capital, exudes cosmopolitan flair and is also the gateway to the thinly populated Swabian Jura region traversed by the Neckar River.

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Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.

—Albert Einstein

The need is not really for more brains, the need is now for a gentler, a more tolerant people than those who won for us against the ice, the tiger, and the bear. The hand that hefted the ax, out of some old blind allegiance to the past, fondles the machine gun as lovingly. It is a habit that man will have to break to survive, but the roots go very deep.

—Loren Eiseley, The Immense Journey

EARLY IN MY CAREER, after one of my young-person rants, an older and more experienced conservationist asked me, “Paul do you want to make a point or make progress?” The question became a driving motivator for me during three decades in conservation leadership.

I want progress. I want success.

Ask any environmentalist, and they will tell you that we need to do much more to protect the Earth and that there is a great deal of independent science to support that view. Ask what the solutions are, and the answer gets shorter. Ask what is the most effective strategy for implementing those solutions and you might not get any answer at all.

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14 Conflict and Resistance in Southern Punjab: a Political Ecology of the 2010 Floods in Pakistan



Conflict and Resistance in Southern

Punjab: a Political Ecology of the 2010

Floods in Pakistan

Ali Nobil Ahmad*

Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin, Germany


Classical historical materialist studies of rural

South Asia addressed the relationship between agricultural modernization and social change – the ‘agrarian question’ – in a rich body of work dating to the 1970s concerned with transitions to capitalism in subsistence economies, modes of production and peasant class struggles (e.g. Gough et al., 1973; Byres and Mukhia, 1985). In line with more recent scholarship, this chapter approaches the agrarian question in environmental terms, building upon the work of authors such as

Nancy Peluso, Michael Watts and others associated with the ‘ecological agrarian question’ (AQ7, within the typology outlined by Bahn and ­Zurayk,

Chapter 1, this volume). Whereas the basic premise of AQ7 relates conflict to the ‘biophysical contradictions’ of capitalism, my own approach encompasses the wider process of natural resource development through science, technology and infrastructure. Irrigation in particular mediates and underpins logics of accumulation and profiteering in ‘hydraulic’ societies such as rural Punjab, Pakistan, where class frictions are predicated upon who benefits from a given hydro-­social order through access to land, water, capital and technology. In addition to the socio-­ economic inequality resulting from unequal

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The following schedule for the 2010 International Gar Conference is provided to show an overview of the cutting-edge gar research currently going on in the global gar community, and to credit some of the lead researchers in Lepisosteid research directly with their work. This information was taken from the URL www.nicholls.edu/bayousphere/workinggroup/Program.pdf. Stay tuned to this website for information on the next international gar conference. Printed with permission from the International Network for Lepisosteid Fish Research and Management.



MAY 25–28, 2010


TUESDAY MAY 25, 2010: Room 201 Gouaux Hall, Nicholls State University (NSU)

10:00-4:00 Gar Aging Workshop (Lunch Provided; Pre-registration required)

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5 Wrestling with Goliath


We use “Goliath” as shorthand for the things we face in business that seem overwhelming and impossible. We may feel like no matter what size our companies become, someone or something is always bigger. Perhaps a key employee who provides a knowledge base you don’t have threatens to quit or a big customer says she’ll drop your services unless you drop your price (even when you have grown your business to accommodate her company and it represents 30 percent of your volume). This is the chapter about those big things that wake you up in the middle of the night. You lie in bed worried about your family and how to provide for them, the eighty or so other families who count on your company for their livable wages and health insurance coverage, the community programs that depend on your sponsorship, and whether your business can keep going for the long term or even until next week.

You are not the only one who has been there. Lisa starts us out with a story about her largest distributor getting into financial trouble that spilled over into her business and put the entire company at risk. Margot remembers how her largest customer dropped her entire line after she had ramped up to meet the projected orders for the next year. Joe tells us how a previous client called him and claimed he’d stolen an idea and had no right to use it. In times like these, adrenaline courses through your body. You feel like you’ve been punched in the stomach, and you fear that everything you have built is a house of cards that can come tumbling down. These times feel like the toughest of the tough stuff. At the end of this chapter, we distill a few reminders that have helped us when we faced our own Goliaths.

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3. Insight: Seeing or Telling?


Our everyday language and our psychological and philosophical language are saturated with visual-spatial metaphors for thinking, rethinking, understanding, and sometimes even communicating, For example, we say, “I see what you mean, ” “In this perspective, ” “Introspect, ” “Think deeply about it, ” “Reflect on it, ” “Get your point across, ” and “A colorful account of the incident. ” These are not dead metaphors. I will try to show that this is so by giving an account of the influential role they continue to play in psychoanalytic theorizing and clinical interpretation. I will lay out some theoretical implications of our using the term insight to refer to psychoanalytic understanding of our “inner ” and “deeper ” selves and those of other human beings. Additionally, I will detail some of the technical consequences, both advantageous and problematic, of our formulating interpretations in ocular terms.

Here, we are concerned particularly with the metaphor insight. It is so deeply embedded in ordinary language that it may be said to have been naturalized, that is, to be no longer regarded as figurative speech but only as a way of talking plain talk. Now, when modes of discourse have received so much critical attention, it no longer seems self-evident that analysts must continue to depend on metaphors of looking and seeing when discussing psychoanalytic understanding. This being so, one must ask, “What accounts for the lasting appeal of these metaphors? ”

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Cathedral Santa Maria Maggiore.

Bergamo is a city of two distinct characters. The ancient Città Alta is a beautiful medieval and Renaissance town perched on a green hill. Città Bassa, mostly built in the 19th and 20th century, sits at the feet of the upper town and concerns itself with getting on with 21st-century life. Visitors tend to focus on the historic upper town, which is largely a place for wandering, soaking in its rarified atmosphere, and enjoying the lovely vistas from its belvederes.


Getting There    Trains arrive from and depart for Milan Stazione Centrale hourly (50 min.; 5.50€).

47km (29 miles) northeast of Milan.

Bus services to and from Milan are run by Nord Est Trasporti (www.nordesttrasporti.it;  800-905-150) and run at least hourly, with more services at commuter times; journey time is an hour and fares are 5.65€. The Z301 bus leaves from the Beltrami-Cairoli stop near Piazza Cadorna.

If you are driving, Bergamo is linked to Milan via the A4. The trip takes under an hour if traffic is good. Note: It’s difficult to park in the largely pedestrianized Città Alta—park instead in Città Bassa and take the funicular (see p. 84) up to the historic area.

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6 Navigating Wormholes: Integrative Learning in a First-Year Field Course


Integrative Learning in a First-Year Field Course

Bettie Higgs

Students often talk of lecturers who are “very good in the field.” One day I had the opportunity to assist one such lecturer in leading a group for an afternoon of geological fieldwork. He talked knowledgeably for the duration of the activity, while the students listened. By the end of the day the students had enjoyed the story, questioned nothing, and not recorded anything in notes or sketches. Some time later these students reported that they did not feel confident in the integrative skills associated with scientific fieldwork.

One year later, at the end of a long but rewarding geological field course, I chatted to my first-year students as we set off for home. I was pleased with their comments on how much they had enjoyed the day. I thought I had helped them, with my leading questions, to unfold a clear geological story. So when Mary added, “but I didn’t really understand what we were doing,” it came as a shock. How many more students “didn’t get it”? As it turned out, I had no way of knowing. When I later assessed their field notebooks, they had all written down more or less what I had said. They had sketched what I asked them to sketch. But there was nothing more. Was this my intention? It seems so; the students who had done this well received good marks. But Mary’s simple comment has haunted me ever since, and reminds me that understanding is about more than content knowledge, with some associated activity. Both stories suggest that not all activity equates to learning, understanding, and integration. There has to be something more to geoscience field work. What are the secret ingredients and what is worth rewarding?

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Is Melanie Klein the one who knows
who you really are?

Noreen O’Connor

Any social theory whether focussed on a group or an individual inevitably embodies value judgements. This is also true of different psychoanalytic theories, notwithstanding claims for truth based on the “explanation” of psychic “facts”. In this chapter I raise the question of the normative character of Kleinian psychoanalysis. Melanie Klein’s genius was to have charted the desolate hinterland of psychosis; going beyond discrete conceptions of the life and death instinct she explores the soma/psychic territory of anxieties, persecution, splitting, loss, disintegration, phantasy. By thematising psychotic states or “positions” Klein developed psychoanalytic technique such that it has seriously challenged psychiatry’s pretension to total “expertise” in this area and she also challenges the primacy of pharmacological treatments of psychosis. Her work also calls psychoanalysts from resting in a false sense of being at home in the world with our patients, that is, from the security of making facile transference interpretations, towards a greater sensitivity to the depth of phantasies and of the symbolisation of pain and suffering.

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Chapter 4. Welito: A Mexican-American Family in Southwest Texas




FAMILY IN SOUTHWEST TEXAS by Bertha Dominguez of Del Rio

[Bertha Dominguez (1941–1997) was a student of Elton Miles in his

Southwestern Literature class at Sul Ross State College in 1972. She and Elton sent me her paper to consider for publication the following year. This was during my earliest spasm of activity with the idea of a family saga book. I did not use it, for some reason, but I did like it and filed it away for future use. “Future use” arrived with our decision to include a separate collection of Texas-Mexican papers in this

2004 miscellany. After all these years, I was able to locate Bertha’s mother and sister, Luisa and Estela Dominguez of Del Rio. From them I learned that Bertha Dominguez received a degree in English and P. E. from Sul Ross and that she taught high school classes from

1970 until her death in 1997. Bertha taught Greek and Roman mythology, and in 1997 she and her sister Estela made the grand tour to the classical hearthstones of Greece and Rome. That pilgrimage, I feel, is a most fitting conclusion to an academic life.—Abernethy]

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6. The complex psychoanalytic parenthood of Melanie Klein’s London baby


Let us now see whether it is possible to say something about the British Zeit- and Ortgeist that contributed to the shaping of what I have called the “London” psychoanalytic baby. I have placed the word “London” in the title of this chapter into quotation marks, and I have also referred to “the complex parenthood” of this baby, for this is a rather more complicated case than that of the Viennese baby. As the reader will soon become aware from the paragraphs that follow, one will be forced to asked oneself: how many London babies were there, exactly?! Was there just one, or were there several? With this question in mind, let us begin with the issues relating to Melanie Klein’s London baby, whose origins are rather complicated per se. Indeed, it is impossible to deny that this baby originally came from Vienna, from Budapest and Berlin, and that at a certain point, in order to find a more suitable environment in which to grow, it had to emigrate to England where, as Pearl King (1983a) has remarked, a certain amount of interest in the psychoanalysis of small children had begun to be expressed even before Klein’s arrival in the mid-1920s. It goes without saying that when we talk of Klein and her work, we cannot fail to consider certain aspects of the psychoanalytical and cultural Zeit- and Ortgeist in those central European cities where she grew up, received her training, and began to observe and treat her small patients. However, as we have seen with the Viennese baby, matters are not that clear-cut: to be aware of this, we need only cast our mind back to the way in which Darwin’s work filtered through to Preyer and others and the influence that, in one way or another, these and other extra-analytical sources had on the Viennese.

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2 Partnering to Do What You Can’t Do Alone


In which partnering, collaboration, and teaming are reimagined on a global scale.

Microsoft Kinect was introduced in December of 2010. Within days of its release, it was hacked. Even worse for Microsoft, a new website came alive that solicited and shared illegal Kinect hacks globally.

Stunned Microsoft lawyers let these intellectual property violations happen for a few days and then announced that they would sue anyone who hacked the Kinect platform. In defiance of Microsoft’s legal threat, a prize was offered for the best hack of the Kinect platform.

Two months later, Microsoft opened the Kinect platform with an act of involuntary reciprocity that was truly remarkable and even inspiring. Microsoft discovered its reciprocity advantage after its right-of-way was exposed and forced open. A bunch of hackers discovered Microsoft’s underutilized right-of-way for them. The Kinect was not just a new gaming platform. The Microsoft right-of-way embedded in Kinect was much broader: 3D motion-sensing hardware and software—a new way to interact with computers. The Microsoft Kinect right-of-way now reaches far beyond video gaming. Kinect was the first general-purpose, low-cost gestural interface for computers. Microsoft showed great agility in response to this attack on its intellectual property by flipping the negatives into positives. Microsoft eventually embraced the hackers and uncovered a wider right-of-way that was not visible until the hackers broke into it.

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Chapter 8: First-World Problems in Third-World Countries


Trolling for Tropical Gar

So I lit off for Nicaragua to investigate the most mysterious gar: Atractosteus tropicus, alias the tropical gar. Compared to other gars, there's just not much literal knowledge about this fish. For instance, the Gar Anglers Sporting Society (GASS) website notes, “The Truth is still murky…. Maximum size? Unknown. Clearly they get as big as their close cousins, our alligator gar. Alligator gar of over 300 pounds have been documented.” But according to our limited info, the heaviest known tropical gar on record is 6.4 pounds, and they rarely exceed 1.25 meters in the wild—so clearly, they don't get as big as gator gar.

Anyway, since my wife wasn't about to let me go off alone on such an exotic adventure, she was along for the ride—to the Rio San Juan, which marks Nicaragua's border with Costa Rica, as well as the southernmost known population of tropical gar in the country. The GASS website recommended the guide service San Carlos Sport Fishing, and since they were accredited with the International Game and Fish Association (IGFA), we had purchased an all-inclusive fishing trip based out of the Jungle River Lodge on Lake Nicaragua. This five-night six-day package included air-transportation from Managua, fishing licenses, guides, bait, boat, tackle, accommodations, three meals a day, and beer.

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Girl with a Playbill


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