43532 Chapters
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Medium 9781855757295

CHAPTER SEVEN: Fay as freak

Stoller, Robert J. Karnac Books ePub

In addition to fitting Bill's criterion of “natural heat,” Fay had another quality of which he would have approved (had he known of it): she was at war with society. An essential of this state was her feeling she was a freak. (He says he was “a toad” when an adolescent/young adult.) She came for treatment to change from being a freak, but that identity theme was so fixed, so ancient in her, that, though she was glad and surprised that I was willing to try, she at first saw no hope it could be changed. Here she is at that point, early in treatment.

Let us let go of Fay at this point, as treatment was starting a few years ago. In the years since, I have not found that the facts she reported need revision. Yet, as we do between the first time we hear a piece of music and later, when it has entered our physiology, and as we do with other relationships that move along (such as with people), I see more on reviewing her words than I did then. She does too: simply by talking at length to someone else, for the first time and in depth, she sees herself differently—more globally, more multi-layered, more complex, more motivated, more interesting, more interested, more awful, less awful, more enraged, more sad, less doomed, freer, older: fearful.

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Medium 9781936764563

Chapter 5. Examining New Media Journalism: Global Perspectives and Possibilities

Heidi Hayes Jacobs Solution Tree Press ePub

By Mark Schulte and Jennie L. Johnson

News itself is new today. The manner in which most Americans obtain their information has been transformed by the Internet. It is fast-paced, with accelerated delivery systems creating a news cycle measured in minutes or even seconds, rather than by days. It is atomized, with a virtual cacophony of voices speaking with wildly varying levels of information and authority. It is mobile, reaching people in the most unlikely places at every moment of the day on their laptops and cell phones. It is opinion driven, with analysis, slant, and bias occupying ever more bandwidth. And it is radically democratized, allowing a student tapping away in her bedroom the same potential audience as a decorated journalist at a prominent professional news organization.

This readily available news and instant gratification for what is happening in the world is quite different as journalism has been struggling with the changing media scene and engagement of audiences with global news and issues.

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Medium 9781786394873

7 Resistance to Pesticides

Matthews, G.A. CABI PDF

7

Resistance to Pesticides

The occurrence of resistance in an insect pest was first reported in the literature in 1914, where treatments of lime sulfur had been carried out each year for 25 years in Washington State to control San José scale,

Quadraspidiotus pernicious, which had entered the USA about 50 years earlier. The scale insect was now more resistant to the lime sulfur

(Melander, 1914; Forgash, 1984). Melander predicted that entire populations would not become resistant as long as some non-resistant insects survived, because their non-resistant genes would be passed on to future generations. However, a pure resistant line might result after repeated sprayings, if only the resistant individuals survived to reproduce.

He found that after 11 years, 74% of the scales survived, despite using a higher dose of lime sulfur.

Babers (1949) reported that soon after Melander’s observations, the

California red scale, Aonidiella aurantii, became more difficult to control with hydrocyanic acid fumigation and that the dosage required to control resistant strains was so high that it was unsafe for the tree, except in the most favourable conditions. Ripper (1956) noted that studies in 1929 using lime sulfur on citrus trees increased the number of red scales compared with untreated trees, but when Debach and Bartlett (1951) sprayed

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Medium 9781782202462

Chapter Eight: The Book of Job

Mulhern, Alan Karnac Books ePub

Where was't thou at foundation's birth?
Declare, if thou dost know.
Who laid earth's corner stone thereof,
Who made the heat and snow?
Can'st thou ride the north wind sharp,
Or calm the wild bull's pride?
Or can'st create the light and dark,
Or stem the ocean's tide?
Whose hand was it that formed the earth,
When morning stars did sing?
And sons of God cried out for joy,
Such glory did it bring?

Adapted from Job 38
Yahweh reveals to Job the nature of the world before his consciousness.

This famous biblical story represents the ambivalence of the shift in consciousness from nature religions and the realm of the Great Mother to patriarchal religious domination. Yahweh reveals his dark and “feminine” side as a nature god that precedes the transcendent god of law and morality.

Figure 12. Fertility and power.

The Abrahamic religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, stemming from a single source, had a decisive influence on human consciousness. They constituted a religious concentration on one God, transcendent to creation, whose word was embodied in law, the focus of which was overwhelmingly moral—good and evil were split into two radically different camps. It was a revolutionary transformation of consciousness that gripped the religious imagination of significant parts of the human race from the second millennium BCE. This law was intended to embrace individuals and their rulers; its vision gave meaning to mankind's relation to the cosmos, its creator, to this life, and the hereafter. So powerful was this new paradigm that it also later formed the religious and ideological basis for the development of Europe in the Middle Ages and for the Islamic world after the seventh century AD. Its foundations lay in Judaism. It constituted a shift to patriarchal religious consciousness, since it was a break from the nature religions, the spiritual and religious way of thinking and behaving that had dominated mankind for millennia, in which fertility, magic, power, spirit world, sexuality, sacrifice, superstition, and shamanistic healing were dominant.

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Medium 9781855753501

CHAPTER TWO: Freud and female sexualities

Karnac Books ePub

Joyce McDougall

In the Victorian era, sexuality was more or less regarded as a masculine privilege, whereas women were relegated to “conjugal duty”, sacrifice, frigidity, or simulated pleasure. This was Freud’s epoch, and in this respect Freud was an eminent Victorian in that he tended to take the Victorian woman as the model of femininity.

Today’s woman would have astonished him and shaken many of his cherished beliefs concerning female sexuality. In point of fact the so-called sexual liberation has mostly concerned women, since in the past it was generally accepted that men could escape the constraints of conjugal life by having recourse to women who were, supposedly, exempt from the austerity of the Victorian pattern: prostitute or mistress. Woman’s sexual life today not only begins much earlier in adolescence—frequently with the complicity of the parents—than would have been considered proper in Freud’s day and age, but due to contraception and the legalization of abortion it is also released from the association of intercourse with pregnancy. Thus we are in the presence of a revolution in the social representations of sexuality and sexual relationships.

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Medium 9781780491059

Chapter Ten - A German trauma?: The Experience of the Second World War in Germany

Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER TEN

A German trauma?: the experience of the Second World War in Germany

Nicholas Stargardt

On Friday, 26 November 1943, Marie Vassiltchikov[a]—or “Missie”, as she was universally known—walked through the foreign embassy quarter in Berlin, just to the south of the Tiergarten:

We crossed over to Kurfürstenstrasse, where friends lived in almost every house; most of them had been hit too. The Oyarzabals' huge granite apartment building was a heap of stones. The corner of Nettelbeckstrasse (including our favourite little restaurant, the “Taverna”) had been literally pulverised, only small piles of rubble remaining. Wherever we looked, firemen and prisoners-of-war, most of them…Italians', were busy pumping air into the ruins, which meant that some people were still alive in the collapsed cellars.

In front of another wrecked building a crowd was watching a young girl aged about sixteen. She was standing atop a pile of rubble, picking up bricks one by one, dusting them carefully and throwing them away again. Apparently her entire family was dead, buried underneath, and she had gone mad.

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Medium 9781855755635

CHAPTER SIX: Psycho-social research: relating self, identity, and otherness

Karnac Books ePub

Simon Clarke

I n this chapter, I explore the nature of psycho-social research, its origins, development, and its importance in contemporary social science research, in particular when applied to areas such as cultural identities and Otherness. There is something quite distinct about a psycho-social approach to social research; it is more an attitude, a position towards the subject of study rather than one methodology (see Clarke, 2006). Psycho-social research can be seen to be part of a group of methodologies that point towards a distinct position. These may entail the analysis of group dynamics, observation, or a detailed reading of the co-construction of the research environment between participants (we are all participants) and researchers. For me, and this is very much my own personal journey, the most important element of psycho-social research is that it does not reduce to either social or psychic; there is no duality, the two are so related they are inseparable, or at least we cannot talk about one without the other.

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Medium 9781567263954

PART V: WHILE ON TRAVEL

Cox, Queen E. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The government may pay only those expenses essential to the transaction of official business. Individuals must be in a travel status as defined in the Per Diem section of Part IV, Before You Travel, to be entitled to allowances and expenses. While performing official travel, a federal employee is allowed to incur certain travel and travel-related expenses.

A contractor-issued government travel charge card is the government’s preferred method of paying travel expenses. To assist cardholders on how to use the travel charge card responsibly, this part provides information on cardholder responsibilities, the do’s and don’ts of using the travel charge card, and actions the agency may take against the cardholder for misuse or abuse of the travel charge card.

The role of an agency/organization program coordinator (A/OPC) is important. The A/OPC manages the agency’s travel charge card program and authorized cardholders. A/OPC responsibilities, helpful hints for reducing delinquency, and best practices for managing both the agency’s travel charge card program and cardholders are also provided in this part.

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Medium 9781626562202

Chapter 3 “Dependency Is Not Empowering”

Ashe, Jeffrey Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

It was the year 2000, and I was attending a microfinance conference at Brandeis University. After I gave my talk about a program in Burkina Faso that I had just evaluated, Marcia Odell, at the time the director of Pact’s Women’s Empowerment Program (WEP) in Nepal, walked up to the podium, and with a voice filled with passion told of a dramatically different approach to financial services for the poor. Pact’s WEP initiative made it possible for small groups of village women to pool regular savings into a usefully large fund they managed themselves. They could borrow from that growing fund as they needed. A better way to save and borrow was being delivered in a simple, low-cost, replicable, and (as I was to learn later) self-replicating package. Marcia’s talk was the beginning of my journey of transformation from microcredit to microsavings, and I never looked back.

I felt compelled to evaluate Marcia’s program to better understand its approach and impact. One hundred and thirty thousand women saving and borrowing in a year—how was this possible? I pulled all the networking strings I could, and with support from Pact, USAID,1 and Freedom from Hunger, I finally secured the funding I needed. I had been a consultant to Freedom from Hunger for years, and they, like me, were interested in savings. Lisa Parrott, Freedom from Hunger’s technical advisor in microfinance, also joined me in conducting an evaluation of WEP’s savings group model in Nepal. Lisa and I visited Nepal three times, devoting a year of our lives to learning about and critically understanding savings groups. I had found my calling.

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Medium 9781576751596

Chapter 5 Relationship Builder

Lengnick-Hall, Mark Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

“Everybody on this planet is separated by only six other people.”
—John Guarre

Organizations are networks of relationships. There are many internal relationships that affect organizations, such as supervisor-employee; union-management; line-staff; mentor-protégé; and co-worker–co-worker. There are also many external relationships that affect organizations, such as those with suppliers, customers, regulators, competitors, and other stakeholders. However, HRM has traditionally focused on individuals—hiring, training, evaluating, rewarding, and other activities have mostly centered around the individual employee (Uhl-Bien, Graen, & Scandura, 2000). This is sometimes described as “having the right people in the right place at the right time doing the right things.” To more accurately reflect organizational functioning, however, we might amend that statement to read “having the right people with the right relationships in the right place at the right time doing the right things” (Uhl-Bien, Graen, & Scandura, 2000).

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Medium 9781855756809

CHAPTER EIGHTEEN: The cheerleader

Steinman, Ira Karnac Books ePub

Tammy is a twenty-year-old woman who had a psychotic episode, partially related to psychedelic drug use. When I first saw her, she had been hospitalised for six and a half months, first in her home town for two months, then locally at the university hospital. After the transfer to San Francisco, she had regressed still further, requiring confinement to bed and forced feeding. After six and a half months in hospital, her diagnosis was acute and now chronic schizophrenia; psychedelic drug use was viewed as the factor that had tipped her over into psychosis. She came to my office for our first session obviously suffering severe muscular rigidity as a result of high antipsychotic drug use. This formerly pretty, vivacious cheerleader looked like a burnt out, dependent case.

Historically, Tammy was a bright first-year college student, a middle daughter living at home. She had lots of friends, loved to party, and did quite well at school. Her father was an aloof bureaucrat; her mother a very competent and concerned woman. Both parents valued the work ethic and were shocked that their daughters were so rebellious and (as it seemed to them) unmotivated.During our first session, I asked Tammy what was bothering her. She responded that she was afraid of leaving the hospital. “Anything else?” I asked.

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Medium 9780253018656

Part IV. Regional Manifestations

Alvin H Rosenfeld Indiana University Press ePub

SINA ARNOLD

THE CONTEMPORARY political Left has often been described as one of the central actors of the “New Antisemitism” in the United States. So far, however, little empirical research has been conducted to analyze this specific political milieu. Writing on the topic often focuses on the German context (e.g., Imhoff 2011, Knothe 2009, Stein 2011, Ullrich 2013), but works looking at the history of the U.S. Left’s uneasy relationship to antisemitism are few and far between (Liebman 1979, Norwood 2013). This lack of attention is surprising, since the current economic crisis has been met by various popular responses in the United States, including the emergence of the left-wing Occupy Wall Street (OWS) movement. Crises, however, are often times when antisemitic ideologies resurface, so the question of the relationship between antisemitism and the Left becomes even more relevant. Moreover, the success of the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement and the proliferation of pro-Palestinian groups opposing the Israeli occupation—particularly on college campuses—have in recent years renewed questions as to the fine line between critiques of Israel and antisemitism.

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Medium 9781855752818

Therapeutic Interlude

Herman, Nini Karnac Books ePub

I would have given almost anything for the opportunity to return to London there and then to start my new analysis. But D’s ‘O’ levels were by now just another year away, preventing any change of school until that hurdle had been cleared. Surely Cambridge had to have more resources than the one gloomy psychoanalyst who had discouraged me so much when I had consulted him?

Yes, a friend of mine replied, a retired therapist lived on the edges of the town and still took patients now and then, the more so if they were short-term.

Two charming whippets peered at me through a landing window when I arrived and rang the bell. The door was opened by a frail, bent man. The hand he gave me so readily felt like the warm nest of a tired bird and seemed to crumple in my own, yet the blue, seafaring eyes chased the weariness away as though one had imagined it. His much-adapted, well-worn house, was a comforting affair set in gardens that an old, gnarled man - the archetypal gardener - tended in the timeless way habitual to monasteries; his barrows, rakes and twiglike brooms appearing dreamlike here or there.

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Medium 9781576753491

Chapter Nine CUSTOMER CARE

Bourhis, Ray Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

WE HAD RESTED OUR CASE. THE DEFENSE WAS UP. FOR UNUMProvident’s first witness, Horace Green called Sandra Fryc. Fryc was finally going to get to answer questions from a friendly examiner. She testified that she began working with Paul Revere in 1987 as a claims examiner. She worked in that position for two years. Through various promotions she moved to the positions of development manager, claims manager, and claims quality performance consultant. Fryc said that as a claims manager, she was involved in the training of claims personnel and in mentoring them—helping adjusters with specific problems or questions involving claims.

She stated that Paul Revere’s philosophy concerning claims handling was to perform a “thorough, objective, and fair handling of every claim.”

After the merger between Paul Revere and Provident, Fryc noted no change in the company claims philosophy. She said that the merger was good because it increased the resources necessary to handle claims properly.

Fryc was asked about her company’s process for handling claims. She said that resources such as medical, financial, legal, vocational rehabilitation, and underwriting services were all available to the claims department. In addition to evaluating claims thoroughly before they were denied, Fryc insisted that the company would also consider any new information made available by a claimant after the denial. If appropriate, the claim denial would be reconsidered. She said that the reason for sometimes ordering surveillance was to ascertain whether a claimant was being accurate with what he or she told the company, “to substantiate what the claimant was telling us.”

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Medium 9780946439195

1. The model

Fordham, Michael Karnac Books ePub

In the history of analytical psychology, observations came first and then theoretical constructions. Thus Jung started by making association experiments on normal and pathological persons, went on to practise psychoanalysis and later gained knowledge from his own self-analysis. On the basis of experiences derived from these sources he developed generalizations about the structures and processes within the psyche.

In this book I shall give priority to the practice of analytical psychology as an experience. To begin with I started off with the idea of leaving out generalizations and abstractions, but this proved difficult and misleading. Though, in the discourse between patient and analytical therapist, theoretical ideas are for much of the time eschewed so that the patient may have full scope to develop his own feelings, thoughts, fantasies, dreams, memories and so forth that come to his mind without intervention on the part of the analyst, it cannot be said that an analyst has no model at the back of his mind comprising the sum of past experience and reflections upon it. So I found it inevitable, in developing my thesis, to make reference to theoretical concepts whether or not I liked the idea. This chapter is thus a concession that I have made in the hope that it will assist the reader to orientate himself with greater ease. It is not intended as a comprehensive statement but rather as notes by way of introduction to what follows, and so that terms used in the text may be defined and placed in the context of an abstract model.1

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