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Medium 9781782203056

Chapter Two - Simone de Beauvoir and the Trauma of Sexism

Vivian B Pender Karnac Books ePub

Sargam Jain

Simone de Beauvoir's portrait of the ideal independent woman in The Second Sex offers a grim view of the emancipated woman's sexual choices in pre-war Europe. She could pursue her own career, engage in fleeting liaisons, and find lonely sexual disappointment: an intelligent woman, Beauvoir argued, could not authentically engage in the seduction narrative of the time, in which a virile, confident man sweeps away a charming, passive girl. A working woman simply interacted with men too much to maintain them in the idealized omnipotence necessary for a mutually gratifying sexual fantasy. In marriage, she could succumb to her social grooming and become man's diminished and resentful mirror, bearing his children, keeping his house, and lazily dismissing ambitions of her own. Or, the economically and intellectually independent woman who chooses to marry becomes burdened by the dual roles she believes she must play:

…she does not want her husband to be deprived of the advantages he would have had in marrying a “real woman”: she wants to be elegant, a good housekeeper and a devoted mother as wives traditionally are…. she insists…on fulfilling every aspect of her destiny as woman. She will be a double for her husband at the same time as being herself; she will take charge of his worries, she will participate in his successes just as much as taking care of her own lot…split between the desire to affirm herself and self-effacement, she is divided and torn…. independence won through work is not enough to abolish her desire for a glorious abdication…she needs a gaze from above to reveal and consecrate her worth. (de Beauvoir, 2011, p. 734)

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Medium 9781934989111

Chapter 55: Control of Thought

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
Medium 9781855758513

CHAPTER NINE: “Toxicomanic” passion for an object: the sexual relation exists

Yael Goldman Baldwin Karnac Books ePub

Gustavo Klurfan

I have been practicing in a Community “Mental Health” (as it is called) Clinic in the barrio of North Philadelphia for almost four years, most recently as clinical supervisor. North Philadelphia is one of the hot-spot scenarios of drug dealers, users, and sellers. One out of three patients upon admission has, or has had, problems with substances such as alcohol, cocaine, or heroin. Upon our acceptance of a patient with an addiction, we must immediately refer them to our Drug and Alcohol (D&A) programme, which is adjacent to the clinic. The patient must undergo both treatments because they are considered to have “dual diagnosis or co-occurring disorders” (as if, for the Managed Care system, someone’s “mental health” and their trouble with substances are completely separate dimensions of the subject). As I will discuss throughout the paper, a psychoanalytic approach to addiction is much different than this traditional mental health one.

In the D&A programme that belongs to our private, non-profit institution, the group therapy sessions are conducted by a counsellor. The patients are taught that they are “sick” and cannot ever be cured of their illness—even if they succeed in quitting the substance entirely. They are also told that there is a “Superior Power” who will help them to quit. From my point of view, such language creates an obstacle in the psychoanalytic path, an indelible mark of identification with being an addict: “I am an addict, and I will never be cured even if I stay clean.” This goes in a direction opposite to that of a psychoanalytic cure, in which the subject is driven to the point of finally abandoning such identifications, allowing desire to emerge. Every attempt to move the subject from this fixed signifier that names their being represents a drastic fall from an ideal. We have to be very careful with the transference, of course, because we have to manage this stabilizing identification with the jouissance of the symptom, which is incarnated in the subject. This allows the subject to go from “I am an addict” to “I have an addiction that I can rid myself of”, a phallic signification that can be exchanged with multiple others, creating the possibility for the subject to question their implication in the symptom.

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Medium 9781780645353

12: Does Agroholding Membership Increase Productivity and Efficiency in Russian Agriculture? Evidence from Agroholdings in the Belgorod Oblast

Schmitz, A. CABI PDF

12 

Does Agroholding Membership

Increase Productivity and Efficiency in

Russian Agriculture? Evidence from

Agroholdings in the Belgorod Oblast

Konstantin Hahlbrock1* and Heinrich Hockmann2

VitalFields.com, Hamburg, Germany; 2Leibniz Institute of

Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), Halle, Germany

1

Abstract

There has been little research on the effects of group membership on the productivity and efficiency of

­agricultural enterprises in Russia. This chapter analyses whether farms in the Belgorod Oblast of Russia that

­belong to agroholdings (entities composed of groups of agricultural enterprises) perform better than do independent farms (individual agricultural enterprises that are independent of agroholdings). We calculate partial land and labour productivity, total factor productivity and technical efficiency scores for these two categories of farms: ­agroholdings and independent farms. The results are used to decompose total factor productivity (TFP) into a scale effect, a technological change effect and a technical efficiency effect. Total factor productivity growth and efficiency for agroholdings exceeds that for independent farms.

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Medium 9781855752771

CHAPTER FOUR: The Family School

Eia Asen Karnac Books ePub

Twenty years ago, Brenda McHugh and Neil Dawson were employed in the Family School to teach the children of the families who attended the Family Day Unit. However, after these therapists had been immersed in systemic practice for a period of time and trained in family therapy both at the Marlborough and at the Institute of Family Therapy, London, it became clear that there was a chance to develop the therapeutic potential of the Family School in its own right. There was a unique opportunity to use children’s learning as a face-saving route to provide therapeutic help for families who might otherwise have shied away from the implied stigma or fears associated with therapy in its more usual format.

Originally, children attended the Family School on their own and rejoined their parents in the day unit after the teaching programme was finished. The first significant systemic initiative was an experiment in which a parent spent a session with his or her child in the Family School. This proved to be successful in promoting change, and so a process developed over the years of increasing the number of parents who would attend with their child at any one time. Today, the Family School is always full, with nine families taking part in the multi-family classroom every day (Dawson & McHugh, 1986a, 1986b, 1987, 1988,1994).

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Medium 9781855757608

8 Clinical example 1

James S. Grotstein Karnac Books ePub

I have previously dealt with some of the significant extensions that Bion has added to Kleinian as well as Freudian theory and technique. In what follows, when I present my own work and those of colleagues and supervisees, the reader may see the traditional Kleinian influence but wonder where Bion—or, for that matter, the London Contemporary (post)-Kleinian influence—may be. They are there, to be sure, but I on the basis of personal experience strongly believe that analysts and psychotherapists who are not well trained and disciplined in the Kleinian → Contemporary (post-)Kleinian → Bionian oeuvre do well to master the “Kleinian basics” before immersing themselves in their later, more sophisticated techniques. (I have it in mind to follow this present work with another that will focus on these techniques.)

However, in terms of technique, Bion’s main influence on me is in his right-hemispheric listening approach: container, reverie, alphafunction, wakeful dreaming. His other influences may go unnoticed: the suspension of memory, desire, preconceptions, and understanding (categorization: “this is the kind of patient who . . . “). Ultimately, Bion is the silent analytic coach on my shoulder, ever alerting me to be available for the unexpected, to respect the mystery that is buried in the obvious aspects of the session. In other words, to be “Bionic” (he would have hated that term) is to keep him in mind while listening to the patient.—NO! Don’t look for him. Allow him to incarnate you!

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Medium 9781847771346

The Red Tide

Julith Jedamus Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

The Red Tide

Look north, father, to the red tide sweeping the valley, the great red tide dyeing the ponderosas, father, flooding the escarpments where the North

Vrain forks from the South. Look north, as hawks cross the Cache la Poudre flowing red through red valleys, its cache of snow and ice rattling across black boulders. Look hard, as hawks look with agate eyes at the north wind leaping the Divide, sweeping granite cold across the Medicine Bow, sweeping red-tinged snow over the divide between Pacific and Atlantic. Look, as the leaping deer looks to the woods for safety as the wind wafts the scent of his pursuer to his flaring nostrils. Look, as tracks melt and the pursuer flares into flame, and all he sees with his melting eyes is fire, and the scent of fear smokes in him as he burns, and wafts south in advance of the red tide. Father, shut your eyes to it – let the tide reflect in my eyes, not yours: the red’s too strong, the fire’s too young, its advance too quick. Shut your eyes as cinders float south.

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Medium 9780253223180

3. Chordal Technique

Stanley Ritchie Indiana University Press ePub

In 1933, in an article in the Musical Times, Albert Schweitzer promoted the idea, originally conceived by musicologist Arnold Schering at the beginning of the twentieth century, that there had once been a bow that could play chords in the Bach solo sonatas and partitas with all the notes sustained. This prompted violinist Emil Telmányi to invent what became known as the “Vega” bow, whose frog was hinged to enable the player to slacken the hair when playing double-stops and chords, and to tighten it with thumb pressure when playing a single line. Recordings made using this device are notable for the way that each chord stands out from the texture. Without commenting further on the effect this produces, I shall simply point out that there is no historical evidence to support the existence of such a bow. Schweitzer, an organist, apparently conceived of chords literally, without arpeggiation; however, as string players, we should be thinking of them in the way a lutenist might, and, in polyphonic passages, always playing horizontally, not vertically.

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Medium 9781771870948

A Run On Hose

Altrows, Rona Thistledown Press ePub

A RUN ON HOSE

YOU KNOW WHAT I LIKE ABOUT SELLING LINGERIE? I can talk to strangers without getting strange looks. Thirty years it’s been now, here at Marjorie’s Lingerie. Half my life. A lot of women with a lot of stories.

When it’s slow, like now, I clean and sort and do displays and call my special order customers. But I can think too. That’s another great thing about this job. I get time to think.

People tell me, Irene, you could have been anything you wanted. You’ve got a good head on your shoulders. I say, hey, I am something. I help people make important choices. A bra that doesn’t fit right can kill your love of life. Wear the wrong panty and you’ll never enjoy that nice new suit. No, it’s useful work, my job.

Just a few weeks after I started, Henry proposed. Thank the Lord, he popped the question in January, our slowest month. I spent a lot of time thinking about it; I was pinning price tags on half slips when I decided for sure. On my afternoon break, I called his office and told him yes. I had to tell him that day. We were running an inventory clearance sale the next day, and I can’t think of anything else during sales.

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Medium 9781942496649

Chapter 7 Addressing Consensus and Conflict in a PLC

DuFour, Richard Solution Tree Press ePub

The PLC process works best when educators spend some time learning together about both the rationale for and key elements of the process. “Focus on why before how” is one of the mantras of the consensus-building process. Building consensus requires more than merely averaging opinions. It requires building shared knowledge among the entire staff on both the current reality of the school and the evidence of best practice in our field. Ask uninformed people to make decisions, and the end result is uninformed decisions. So the initial challenge in achieving consensus is building shared knowledge among the entire staff. We have found that when people of goodwill have access to the same information when making a decision, they are likely to arrive at similar conclusions. Building consensus does not eliminate conflict, but it offers a solid framework for dealing with conflict.

No. There is a difference between consensus and unanimity. The staff might strive for unanimity but will probably have to settle for consensus. If everyone on the staff must agree in order for the school to initiate change, if each person has veto power, the school is certain to languish in stagnation.

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Medium 9781936763009

Chapter 6 Delivering New Approaches to Assessment

Cassandra Erkens Solution Tree Press ePub

6

Delivering New Approaches to Assessment

For teachers to be able to develop new approaches to formative assessment and relate them to different theories of learning, they must be able to investigate and reflect upon their own classroom practices—particularly the way they question and give feedback to students.

Harry Torrance and John Pryor

The use of collaborative common formative assessments happens throughout the instructional process. When teams use small and frequent formative assessments, they can problem solve challenges along the way and reduce the number of students requiring re-engaged learning on the post-side of the summative assessment. During the formative phases of the journey, teams have entered their classrooms to launch instruction based on the diligent preplanning work they have done. In figure 6.1 (page 86), the smaller iterative cycle represents teachers responding directly to what is happening in their classroom.

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Medium 9781782204275

Chapter Six: The Birth of Subjectivity

Symington, Neville Karnac Books ePub

I had been posted as curate to a parish in the East End of London: the Church of Our Lady and St Catherine of Siena at No. 181a Bow Road. I arrived there on the evening of 2nd July 1964, the day before my twenty-seventh birthday. My parish priest was a tall sandy-haired man called Tony Beagle. This is where my conscious journey of suffering began. Here I ran up against emotional intensities the like of which I had not before imagined.

Tony Beagle had been born and brought up in Barking which is further to the east of Bow. He had trained as a priest at the English College in Rome some twenty-three years before. He had spent his priestly life at Edmonton in north London and had been posted as parish priest to Bow some four months before I arrived. He was a man of extreme kindness and courtesy and totally dedicated to his life as a parish priest. He loved his Catholic flock and devoted himself to the work of bringing them first into the bosom of the Church and then, once firmly there, to the sacraments. In him I encountered a sentimental piety that had been unmodified by his theological training. I spent two and a half years in this parish with him. I had breakfast, lunch, and dinner with him every day. There were not two things I found myself in agreement with. His mentality and mine were totally opposite. I could not bear him but, at that novice time of my life, I was unable to manage this discord between us. He was equally disabled in this respect.

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Medium 9781623490140

11. Eating Their Own Young: The Nader Nadir

Paul Walden Hansen Texas A&M University Press ePub

11

Eating Their Own Young

The Nader Nadir

In some ways, it is easier to be a dissident, for then one is without responsibility.

—Nelson Mandela

Strong and bitter words indicate a weak cause.

—Steve’s fortune cookie

REGARDLESS OF HOW YOU VIEW THE MOTIVATION, in outcome most radical environmentalism is effectively anti-environmental. It drives people away from an issue that is inherently in their best interests and that they are predisposed to support. People are yearning for a way to get their heads around conservation and ecology but don’t want to dress up in fish suits, wear funny hats, or be associated with people who come across as strident or unkind. Self-righteousness is not an attractive trait, no matter how vital the cause. Nothing dissuades engagement and support like righteousness, and some of the radical environmental community is full of it. Strategically, when the perfect becomes the enemy of the good, progress becomes impossible. This is an old problem. Infighting has hampered conservation groups for decades, as Aldo Leopold noted in A Sand County Almanac when he wrote, “Conservationists are notorious for their dissensions.” Today, the animosity and invective that is poisoning US politics has also infected some of the environmental movement.

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Medium 9781780490618

Chapter Sixteen - Holding it All Together: Integrating the MindBody Approach as a Breast Cancer Patient

Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER SIXTEEN

Holding it all together: integrating the MindBody approach as a breast cancer patient

Peta Joyce

The story

As soon as our family doctor phoned and asked that my husband and I come and see him immediately, I knew. “I'm sorry”, he said, “your biopsy shows breast cancer.” He paused, and looking directly at me he said, “We all have to contemplate our mortality some time, and now here is your opportunity.” I went immediately into what I now recognize as my “brave, coping self” and stepped up to his challenge, but I remember nothing of the rest of the interview; in truth I was in shock. I had no family history of cancer, and a supposedly clear mammogram one year before when I found a small lump in my right breast. Subsequently I could feel the lump was growing, and now the biopsy confirmed cancer.

The major and immediate emotional response to my diagnosis was fear; raw, chaotic, overwhelming fear. At the time this fear was hard to name, but later I recognized it as the fear of death, of the unknown, and of the medical system.

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Medium 9781855756748

CHAPTER FOUR: Empirical data evaluation on EDIG (Ethical Dilemmas due to Prenatal and Genetic Diagnostics)

EveMarie Engels Karnac Books ePub

Tamara Fischmann, Nicole Pfenning,Katrin Luise Läzer, Bernhard Rüger, Yair Tzivoni,Vassiliki Vassilopoulou, Konstantia Ladopoulou,Ilaria Bianchi, Diletta Fiandaca, and Filippo Sarchi

In this chapter we will be concentrating on Substudy A, a longitudinal investigation of women currently undergoing PND. In the following chapter, empirical results from this prospective part of the study are presented and discussed.

Part A: project aims, study design, and instruments

In this section (Part A), we first sketch the general project aims of EDIG, then describe the population investigated, and finally outline 1the study design.

The main aim of our study is to examine ethical conflicts and dilemmas in the context of genetic and prenatal diagnostics. For this purpose, two different subgroups of women and their partners were investigated:

Subgroup A was further divided:

As a first step the study population is defined and described by the socio-demographic data provided in the questionnaires (see p. 95).

A description of conflicts and dilemmas in the context of PND is then given for each group. Using the different measures applied, similarities and differences between each subgroup are discussed according to the original intentions of the study.

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