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Medium 9780253020475

Postscript: Balancing Accounts: Commemoration and Commensuration

Edited by Michal KravelTovi and Deborah Indiana University Press ePub

Theodore M. Porter

IS THERE SOMETHING special about the relationship of numbers to Jews and Jewish scholarship? Anyone out there who still reads books from front to back will realize that this one does not make the results of addition depend on culture or religion. It does, however, call attention to limits of comparability that may turn arithmetic results to nonsense. A birth neutralizes a death in the population registers, but morally it is quite another matter. Enumeration in the context of group life may transgress the factual to evoke solidarity or futility, dispassion or melodrama. The focus in these chapters is on the meanings, often symbolic, attributed to numbers, and in this regard Jewish experience in the modern period presents an abundance of distinctive issues and problems, subjects of impassioned discussion and debate. Included among them are the vast and terrifying organized murders and mass emigration of the 1930s and 1940s; the quandaries of assimilation in the postwar world, and a growing uncertainty about what it means to be Jewish; the establishment of a Jewish state of settlers in a diversely peopled region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea; and an inescapable sense that demographic numbers have implications for political legitimacy as well as power.

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Medium 9781623490386

7. Beaches of Alabama

Richard A. Davis Texas A&M University Press ePub

Beaches of Alabama

THE coast of Alabama is not very long, but its beaches are almost all well developed. It extends from a portion of Perdido Key on the east through Dauphin Island across the mouth of Mobile Bay (figure 7.1). Like most of the northern Gulf Coast, the Alabama beaches have been severely eroded by tropical storms and hurricanes. Two recent hurricanes have resulted in major erosion of the beaches and destruction of built property: Ivan in 2004 and Katrina in 2005. These took place on a coast that was experiencing tremendous growth and development for the tourist industry. Obviously, good beaches are an integral part of this development, and these storms caused considerable loss of beach sand and tourism dollars.

Hurricanes are very destructive to beaches as well as the built environment. Nourishment is the primary way that beaches can recover from these storms. On the Alabama coast, nourishment took place along both Gulf Shores and Orange Beach in 2001 to mitigate the erosion of Hurricane Danny in 1997. The erosion from Hurricane Katrina required considerable nourishment to bring the beaches back for tourism. In 2006, what is one of the largest nourishment projects on the Gulf Coast was constructed with more than 7 million cubic meters of sand distributed along about 22 km of beach at a cost of $28 million.

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Medium 9781574412161

Thanks, But No Thanks

Lynn Marie Cuny University of North Texas Press PDF

Thanks, But No Thanks

If we were asked, most of us would say that we have a favorite animal or at least a favorite species of animal. Some of us favor raccoons, some of us armadillos; some prefer eagles or feel a certain fondness for monkeys. It is often the case that the animals we feel most connected to are animals whom we have read about or had the opportunity to see or even care for. Perhaps this is why dogs and cats are often the first creatures we think of when we say the word “animal.”

Wildlife Rescue has, through the many years, done its best to care for an incredibly wide range of wild animals. It has usually been easy to tell their stories and to evoke sympathy and understanding for these amazing creatures. For the most part, all of us have seen a raccoon, opossum, or skunk; we have watched mockingbirds and cardinals flitting about in the trees in our yards and city parks. It seems that the human experience is one that encourages us to feel for what and who we know or are familiar with. But there is an entire population of silent, night-dwelling birds whom few of us have the privilege to ever see, much less really get to know. There was however, a couple in Marion, Texas, who did have the unique opportunity to not only observe but actually save an entire family of these seldom-seen birds.

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Medium 9781576753569

Chapter 2: What is Appreciative Inquiry?

Cooperrider, David; Whitney, Diana D. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Ap-pre’ci-ate, v., 1. Valuing; the act of recognizing the best in people or the world around us; affirming past and present strengths, successes, and potentials; to perceive those things that give life (health, vitality, excellence) to living systems. 2. To increase in value, e.g., the economy has appreciated in value. Synonyms: value, prize, esteem, and honor.

In-quire’, v., 1. The act of exploration and discovery. 2. To ask questions; to be open to seeing new potentials and possibilities. Synonyms: discover, search, systematically explore, and study.

The term AI has been described in a myriad of ways: as a radically affirmative approach to change that completely lets go of problem-based management and in so doing vitally transforms strategic planning, survey methods, culture change, merger integration methods . . . measurement systems;7 as a paradigm of conscious evolution geared for the realities of the new century;8 as the most important advance in action research in the past decade;9 as offspring and heir to Maslow’s vision of a positive social science;10 and as a methodology that takes the idea of the social construction of reality to its positive extreme, especially with its emphasis on metaphor and narrative, relational ways of knowing, on language, and on its potential as a source of generative theory.11

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Medium 9781855758285

Chapter Eleven: Working with adolescents: a pragmatic view

Brafman, A.H. Karnac Books ePub

Some definitions of adolescence

From a socio-biological point of view, we have childhood and adulthood: adolescence is the time in between the two. Biology considers hormones and other physical features to characterize the stage of development of each individual, and society has adopted yardsticks that have varied over the years and in different cultures to determine the rights and duties of each person according to his chronological age.

In the psychoanalytic world, following Freud’s instinct theory, we speak of childhood, latency, adolescence, and adulthood. Latency is seen as a period of quiescence, when instinctual drives that dominated the child’s development through the oral, anal, phallic, and genital phases of childhood subside and we find a child who appears not to be under pressure from his instinctual urges. Puberty marks the resurgence of instinctual drives and leads to a growing individual who struggles with his unconscious instinctual impulses and tries to accommodate the pressures from his environment and from his developing physical endowment. In other words, his early identifications with his parents and his present dependence on them produce child-like feelings and urges, while his widening horizons and growing independence lead him to rebel against them. Adulthood signifies the achievement of some balance between instinctual drives and the forces of reason, that is, a sense of becoming a responsible social being.

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Medium 9781912573318

Thirty-One

Ogden, Thomas ePub

Erin stood by himself on the far side of the refreshment table, trying to look busy, sipping a cup of coffee. He had watched Margaret talking with Catherine, and had seen Catherine being escorted by the young man to the chair where she was now sitting. The last family event that they had all attended was his wedding six years earlier. He had not mentioned to anyone in the family the end of that short-lived marriage.

Erin had hoped that Damien would forgive him in the course of the seventeen years that had passed since he'd left for college, but clearly that had not happened. He knew that it was he who had caused the rift. He had given his solemn word to Damien that he would stay in close contact with him during his freshman year at university, and that Damien would join him the following fall. But everything changed the day he arrived at school. Erin remembered the physical sensation of exhilaration he'd felt during those first weeks away from home. He was responsible for no one but himself for the first time in his life. He had dutifully called on Sundays for the first month or two, but the calls became more sporadic after that, he remembered, and as they became less frequent, he was met with increasing coldness at the other end of the line. Eventually, he stopped calling altogether.

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Medium 9781780491356

2. Revisiting Freud from the standpoint of his writings on aphasia

Rosenfeld, David Karnac Books ePub

2

In his work on aphasia, Freud interprets mental space through language and representation levels (Freud, 1891, 1911; Grubrich-Simitis, 2003).

Although the loss of language in the autistic child is not exactly a neurological aphasia, it is possible to formulate a hypothesis according to which the therapist achieves the recuperation of words via sensory stimulus by naming each object as the subject touches it with his or her hand or tongue.

Ricardo Avenburg (1974, 1995) considers that aphasias reproduce a state that existed in the normal course of learning to speak: when the child learns to read and to write, he tries to appropriate for himself the visual image of the word, evoking all the other acoustic and kinaesthetic images associated to that image (Avenburg, personal communication, 2010).

I personally emphasize, with Tustin (1986, 1990), the sensory contact with the lips and the mouth’s mucosa, as can be seen in the video, Now I Am a Real Kid.

Our task as psychoanalysts is to recreate the mental apparatus and language. We know today that brain functions and the connections of neural den-drites can be amplifed and recreated, as is shown in the research of Dr Levy Montalcini (2009), winner of the 1986 Nobel Prize for Medicine. It is interesting to rethink aphasias as an interruption of associations; in the autistic child, there is also an interruption of language.

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Medium 9781942496939

Chapter 7

Wink, John R. Solution Tree Press PDF

CHAPTER 7

Leading for Excellence:

Creative Strategies for

Individual Students

Modern classrooms are teeming with students of varying interests, backgrounds, abilities and learning needs. To engage these students, learning must be every bit as diverse as they are.

—Dale E. Basye

In the preceding chapter, we examined the critically important and challenging process of bringing rigorous learning to all students in order to move them beyond merely knowing lesson content and on toward deep content understanding and mastery. Now, we look at the next natural phase of development for excellent teachers, the development of skills necessary to keep every student, no matter what his or her level of academic achievement, engaged in ongoing learning growth. I call this area of a teacher’s professional development creative strategies for individual students.

As the sixth area of professional growth in the Hierarchy of Instructional Excellence, the skills involved in identifying and implementing creative strategies for individual students rests on a firm foundation of knowledge about students, knowledge about content, and instructional expertise. Defined as individualized instruction, with this approach, “learning strategies are based on student readiness, learning styles, interests, and best practices” designed to “help each student master the skills they will need as defined by established academic standards” (Basye, 2014).

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Medium 9780946439225

8 - On Teaching Psychotherapy

Foulkes, S.H. Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER 8

On Teaching Psychotherapy

A. TEACHING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

These are related processes; better perhaps to say they are overlapping and have their fundamental mechanisms in common. Simple facts or skills may be taught by a teacher to a pupil in more-or-less didactic form and by example. Even in this case, as we know, the personal relationship which forms between pupil and teacher is of paramount importance. As soon as we are concerned with teaching or learning quite new perspectives, the situation becomes different because to learn quite new facts or aspects in regard to any subject we have to change our attitude beyond the facts under consideration themselves. We are then, as Mrs. Abercrombie has so convincingly demonstrated, up against old notions and attitudes. The teaching/learning process is one and the same. The teacher must in turn be a good learner in understanding the pupils' difficulties. Vice versa we understand from this point of view that undergoing psychotherapy of a more intensive kind, especially of course of an analytic type, can be also described as a learning process, even more as an unlearning process. This in more conventional analytic language would correspond to the analytic resolution of defences and resistances, and in structural language it would be the modification by analysis of unconscious ego and super-ego functions. Both psychotherapy and teaching are therefore ultimately concerned with the question of change of attitude in the whole person.

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Medium 9781786391445

11 The Responsible Development of Nanoproducts – Lessons from the Past

Singh, H.B.; Mishra, S.; Fraceto, L.F. CABI PDF

11

The Responsible Development of Nanoproducts – Lessons from the Past

Ankit Srivastava1* and Arohi Srivastava2

UCB Pharma Ltd, Slough, Berkshire, UK; 2University of Hertfordshire,

Hatfield, UK

1

11.1  Highlights of Nanotechnology Development across the Globe

Ever since Richard Feynman talked about molecular building with atomic precision in 1959, there has been no setback for nanotechnology. Soon after that, in 1974, Professor Norio Taniguchi coined the term ‘nanotechnology’. Although evidence suggests that nano-based techniques have been used unwittingly for centuries (Walter et al., 2006; Wittstock, 2012; Schaming and Remita, 2015), the first use of a nanomaterial in an industrial application was titanium dioxide, which was first accepted for cosmetic sunscreen in 1988. Since then, many research institutes have started working towards the development of nanotech products. In the 1990s Japan, China and the US were the pioneers in initiating regulations in nanotech research. Following them, several countries created government agencies to fund and regulate the development and application of nanotechnology. By the end of 1991, Dr Sumio Ijiima had invented carbon nanotubes, which became the base materials for many nanotech products (Iijima, 1991). In 1999, safety guidelines for nanotech were released for the first time by the Foresight institute in the US, the basic objective of which was to provide guidelines for the responsible development of nanotechnology. This guideline has been updated six times since then; the current version was last updated in April 2006. In 2000, the UK government published a White paper entitled ‘Excellence and Opportunity: A Science and

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Medium 9781943874903

8 Varied Voice

Angela B. Peery Solution Tree Press ePub

8

Varied Voice

We teachers often bemoan the words that our students use—the slang that creeps in, the text message–like writing, the basic words that are used repetitively. In this chapter, the lessons will support you as you encourage your students to break out of the ordinary word rut and use more sophisticated, accurate words in both writing and speaking. First, we address perhaps the most tired word in all student writing, the ubiquitous said. Then we cover replacements for another tired and vague word, nice.

Words to Replace the Overused Verb Said

Students use common and unspecific words in much of their normal everyday conversation, and this lack of imagination and diversity often carries over to their writing. These first few lessons help students distinguish among various shades of meaning and choose better words for said.

Lesson W1: announced, blurted, ordered, complained

In this minilesson, teachers will teach words to use in place of said, such as the words announced, blurted, ordered, and complained.

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Medium 9781855750463

5. Fidelity as a moral achievement

Karnac Books ePub

Warren Colman

It is a curious fact that while attitudes towards pre-marital sex and divorce have become far more liberal over the past fifty years or so, attitudes towards extra-marital sex have, if anything, hardened. While most people now accept that marriage will not be the only sexual relationship they have in their lives, and even that the marital relationship itself may not last for ever, around 90% still appear to believe that marriage, at least while it lasts, should be sexually exclusive. One may have more than one partner, but not more than one at a time. Strictures against infidelity may therefore be considered as the last bastion of the monogamous ideal.

Yet it is an even more curious fact that these attitudes are not at all matched by behaviour. The taboo against infidelity is one more honoured in the breach than the observance. It is, of course, notoriously difficult to acquire reliable statistics on a matter of this sort, not least when it is still the subject of considerable moral disapproval. Nevertheless, research evidence indicates that a reasonable, and probably conservative, guess would be that some infidelity takes place in around half of all married couples (Lawson, 1988). This is certainly the case amongst those couples coming to the Tavistock Institute of Marital Studies, where an affair is by far the most common presenting problem, often being the precipitating factor that leads couples who have been unhappy for some time to seek help (Clulow, 1984),

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Medium 9781780490670

CHAPTER EIGHT: Growing in relation to money

Murdin, Lesley Karnac Books ePub

This chapter will describe a development in the infant’s relation to the world and to others which correlates to his relationship to money, as he moves from a system of gifts to barter and then to a system of trust and symbolic transaction. In therapy too, the adult progresses through a developmental trajectory towards greater trust and faith in his or her own humanity. She can allow herself to be in another’s debt and becomes able to treat her own debtors with generosity. The new-born infant opens her eyes to a blinding light, noise, and sensations all over her body that are all entirely new. Modern birthing processes allow for a little shielding of the baby from the shock of the first experience of the world outside the relative safety of the womb. Whatever the birth experience, the new-born has more to learn than any adult can imagine. Seeing a child change from the innocence of this first minute to become the standing, walking, individual who is beginning to begin to talk at the end of the first year is one of the most moving experiences of the miraculous that anyone can have.

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Medium 9780253015709

Conclusion: Imagining Jewish Authenticity in Every Generation

Ken Koltun-Fromm Indiana University Press ePub

Conclusion

Imagining Jewish Authenticity in Every Generation

This book has presented an extended argument for recognizing visual images and rhetorical discourse as performative utterances. Images do more than refer to or describe things: they produce claims to Jewish authenticity, and so do languages that deploy visual idioms. I have been tracing this narrative thread within American Jewish thought, tethering visual language to articulations of authenticity. In the first section of this book, those expressive claims expose discrete instances of images working with and against textual arguments (as illustrated in Rosenblatt’s Social Zionism), or images mimicking textual dilemmas (Heschel’s The Sabbath), and images staging cultural practices (Fishbein’s Kosher by Design; Greenberg’s and Silverman’s The Jewish Home Beautiful). In the second section I turned to rhetorical modes of persuasion that embody visual authenticity in Jewish (Wyschogrod’s The Body of Faith), gendered (Adler’s Engendering Judaism), and racial subjects (Kaye/Kantrowitz’s The Colors of Jews). All of these texts reveal how, in rhetoric and image, the language of authenticity works as a visual discourse in American Jewish thought. This concern for visual legitimacy also uncovers a parallel discursive thread: the underlying anxiety of inauthenticity. In Heschel’s The Sabbath, Schor’s images might fail as signifiers to the ineffable, or the decorative and elaborate photographs in Fishbein’s Kosher by Design might witness instead to an ornate façade rather than to hearty substance. The food, we might say, looks too good to eat. Greenberg and Silverman locate their aesthetic tastes within a pageantry of beauty, yet compare their homemaker’s designs to God’s natural creations—an appeal to continuity that belies the anxiety of new beginnings. This anxiety of (in)authenticity weaves its way into Wyschogrod’s concern that while non-Jewish bodies may not convert to Jewish ones, by some miraculous and invisible mutation they become one with Israel. Yet only God can see this. For Wyschogrod, the taint of inauthenticity stains conversion precisely because the converted body lacks visual presence and authority. Adler located the inauthentic gaze in the sexual look that focuses on female genitalia, whereas Yavilah McCoy wanted to deflect the inauthentic entirely, and so live and simply “BE” a Jewish person of color.

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Medium 9781780645087

6. Accidents of history: The role of chance events in domestication: Strawberries, Wheats, Bananas, Citrus, Rhubarb

Warren, J. CABI PDF

6

Accidents of history

Some crops seem just too good to be true. How on earth did our ancestors manage to develop bananas that don’t contain seeds? Or hybridize unrelated species to produce totally novel crops? This chapter covers a number of crops that have been created by our habit of growing related plants together and thus enabling them to unintentionally cross-pollinate each other. We also discover that although mutations are incredibly rare in nature, if you grow enough plants generation after generation, this random process can hit the jackpot and be responsible for the creation of new crops.

Humans have been domesticating crops for around 10,000 years. But not until 1900 and the rediscovery of Gregor Mendel’s experiments with breeding peas, did we have any real understanding of the laws of inheritance. In fact, it was as late as 1676 when plant anatomist, Nehemiah

Grew addressed the Royal Society that we started to appreciate that plants actually indulge in sex. In other words, for the vast majority of agricultural history we have not really had much of a clue about what we have been doing. The process of domestication has been one of simply identifying the most desirable or just unusual plants and propagating them.

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