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Chapter 4

McLeod, Scott; Graber, Julie Solution Tree Press PDF

Chapter 4

Redesigning Secondary

Lessons and Units

In this chapter, we present three examples that show how educators might use the protocol for secondary lesson and unit redesign. The previous chapter includes three elementary school redesign examples. The next chapter contains one elementary and one secondary unit that we designed from the beginning with the protocol.

Once again, we strongly encourage you to read every chapter, even if it doesn’t address your grade level or subject area, to see what ideas may transfer into your own instructional work.

High School Life Science

For our fourth example of lesson or unit redesign, let’s visit a tenth-grade science classroom. In this class, the teacher gives her students a few weeks to work on a project about bacteria, and they show their learning by creating posters.

Bacteria Poster

In this unit, each student creates a poster about a water-borne bacterium that can be harmful to humans, the bacterium’s effects, and disease prevention and treatment (see Larmer & Mergendoller, 2010). The teacher then displays the best posters in the hallway.

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Medium 9780253012722

Five Process, Not Outcome: Why Trusting Your Leader, Godfather, Ethnic Group, or Chief May Not Best Secure Your Advantage

Táíwò, Olúfémi Indiana University Press ePub

Having one’s day in court is more important than having one’s way there; rules are more important than outcomes and, in all this, only one thing is held to be certain: everyone bears equal risks of losing and winning in all the situations where rules rule.

IN THIS chapter, I would like to dilate on a different aspect of what it is to be modern: what I term the triumph of procedure over outcome. There are different ways in which this tenet is manifested in modern societies. The most popular form is that of the rule of law. Few doubt that the rule of law has not been domesticated in our polities. The only thing we can argue about is whether or not the failure of the rule of law to take root in Africa has to do with African culture or the nature of Africans or with the unfortunate legacy of colonialism in the continent. The option we adopt will affect our prescription for how to install the rule of law in Africa.

We can peremptorily rule out the option concerning the nature of Africans. It is the product of racial supremacist mischief making that some Africans unwittingly embrace when they insist on the quintessential difference of Africans from the rest of the world’s peoples. All too often, the adopted option is that African cultures and the rule of law and its entailments are incompatible. Those who subscribe to this view urge us to look inwards and seek indigenous equivalents for the idea of the rule of law and associated institutions, practices, and processes. On the other hand, colonial apologists are quick to point out and celebrate the claim that the rule of law along with its counterpart, liberal democracy, was the centrepiece of the legacy bequeathed to Africa by European colonialism. Africans are too quick to accept this claim and proceed to engage in futile soul searching respecting where the continent went wrong in its failure to safeguard and preserve the gains of this legacy. I differ with this standpoint. Colonialism and its peculiar characteristics in Africa were the principal reason for the failure of the rule of law and liberal democracy to be firmly rooted in Africa. The current situation in the continent represents the bitter harvest of the seeds of destruction sown by colonialism. Although this discussion will not extend to an expatiation of the reasons for my indictment of colonialism on this score, it is important to point it out because our focus in this chapter turns on our collective orientation to the philosophical foundations of both the rule of law and liberal democracy.

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Medium 9781855756649

V. Disturbed Geography of the Life-Space in Autism-Barry

Bremner, John; Hoxter, Shirley; Meltzer, Donald; Weddell, Doreen Harris Meltzer Trust ePub


The process of establishing an internal world, with internal good objects, through introjective identification, as revealed in the psycho-analytic treatment of an adolescent boy, with a severe psychotic character structure, subsequent to an autistic state.

An object to be available for helpful projective identification of a part in distress, relieving that part and returning it to the self for integration (Bion) has to be an object with sufficient strength and resilience to withstand invasive projective identification (Bick) and the parasitic ensconcement of that part within the object (Meltzer). The material that illustrates this thesis, is taken from the analysis of an adolescent, who at the age of twelve was referred for treatment as he was ineducable, incapable of going to school and totally unsociable. When disturbed he was virtually unmanageable at home. As a young child he had been autistic, but this appeared to have been relieved at the age of six following treatment at the Hampstead Clinic. Subsequently a grossly psychotic character structure seemed to have become manifest. Barry’s analysis was interrupted after nine years, when he was aged 21, at his own decision. It is material from the early stages of the analysis that will, I hope, illustrate how this child became able to establish an internal world that contained objects having functions and roles which allowed for the development of phantasy. This foundation allowed him ultimately to become healthier through introjective identification.

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Medium 9780253014221

4. Works for Children

Sofia Moshevich Indiana University Press ePub

Unlike Béla Bartók, Shostakovich never taught piano or showed any interest in pedagogical works. In fact, were it not for his young daughter Galina, who had turned eight and was just starting to play the piano, we would likely not have this beautiful set of seven easy piano pieces entitled Children’s Notebook. Shostakovich promised his daughter that as soon as she mastered one piece, he would compose another. Galina remembers that it took her a month or two to learn each piece, so the first six were written over a period of more than a year. The seventh piece—“Birthday,” a real birthday present—was written somewhat later.1 In 1945, Galina attempted to premiere the set at a children’s concert at the Composers’ Union, but she had a memory lapse, and her father finished the remaining pieces.

The first six pieces—“March,” “Valse,” “The Bear,” “Merry Tale,” “Sad Tale,” and “The Clockwork Doll”—were published in 1945, but “Birthday” was not published until 1983, when it appeared with the rest of the set in volume 39 of the Collected Works. Shostakovich recorded all seven pieces during the 1947 Prague Spring Festival.

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Medium 9781780643373

14: Gains and Losses in the European Mammal Fauna

Kirby, K.J.; Watkins, C. CABI PDF


Gains and Losses in the European

Mammal Fauna

Robert Hearn*

Laboratorio di Archeologia e Storia Ambientale, Università degli

Studi di Genova, Genoa, Italy

14.1  Introduction

Since 1970, global vertebrate populations have declined by around 30% (McRae et al., 2012), with mammals declining by 25% (Baillie et al.,

2010). In 2013, the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List (http:// www.iucnredlist.org/) categorized 25% of the assessed extant mammal species as threatened. Nevertheless, some species are reclaiming parts of their historic ranges across Europe

(Deinet et al., 2013).

We cannot track the gains and losses of most of the animals found in European woods and forests; for example, what changes in shrew distributions might there have been over the last 10,000 years? However, we have a considerable amount of information about such changes for the larger mammals. These larger mammals are important for the functioning of forests; and apart from the trees themselves, have been the species group most directly influenced by human activities, such as hunting.

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Medium 9780876111734


Francell, Lawrence J. Texas State Historical Assn Press ePub


ON AUGUST 20, 1855, one hundred and six men of Companies H and K of the First Infantry Regiment arrived at a preselected site on Live Oak Creek in West Texas. Their task was to establish Camp Lancaster, the newest link in a chain of forts providing protection for the southern overland route to California. Fort Lancaster would be occupied as a Federal post for less than six years. In large part it was a dreary and dull establishment staffed by infantry ill equipped to pursue hostile Indians. The main diversion was escort and patrol duty along a portion of the road from San Antonio to El Paso. The history of the fort was not one of great men and great events. It was more the story of the commonplace life of ordinary soldiers on the isolated frontier of the desert Southwest, during a time when communications relied upon horse and wagon and the road was the vital link to California and the gold fields.

The men who served at Fort Lancaster saw little action and their lives were filled with an unremarkable sameness and monotonous routine. They suffered the isolation of the frontier with each day being much like the one before, with the same companions, the same poor quarters and inadequate rations. There was a greater danger from disease and accidents than from Indians, and army discipline was as harsh as the environment. That these men of the First Infantry lived, and even thrived, under these circumstances makes the history of Fort Lancaster worth telling.

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Medium 9781855750128

CHAPTER EIGHT: Treating the trauma-organized system

Bentovim, Arnon Karnac Books ePub


A fundamental characteristic of the treatment of trauma-organized systems is the tremendous difficulty in breaking the taboo of silence and, once the taboo is broken, to maintain and develop the resulting conversations for the victim, the victimizes and other protective figures in the family. There is a tendency for disclosures to be disqualified, to disappear in a flurry of denial and blaming.

The first step of treatment is to explore the extent of violent action within the family context, to ensure that a victim is protected, and that through breaking the taboo of silence there can be an open acknowledgement by family members of what has happened within the family situation, what factors have initiated abusive action, and what factors are maintaining it

In this first phase one of the major decisions to be taken is how best to ensure the protection of a child—or an adult—victim of abuse. Is there a natural protector within the family, e.g. can a non-abusive parent understand and believe sufficiently to be able to protect against further abusive action? Does the abuser take sufficient responsibility for his or her action to enable appropriate statutory services to work with families on a voluntary basis? Is there a need for appropriate statutory action excluding an abusive partner or parent from the home, or does a child have to be removed for his or her own safety?

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Medium 9781855758629

CHAPTER FIVE: Malignant narcissism, psychopathy, and perversion

Keogh, Timothy Karnac Books ePub

“The human mind needs to relate to the other in order to develop”

(Ferro, 2005, p. 15)

Ihave previously noted how, as a result of disruptions to attachment and emotional development, some juvenile sex offenders relate to others through either sexualized or violently sexualized means. Indeed, what characterizes the psychopathic offender is his desire to hurt and coerce others. In this chapter, I explicate how narcissism, when it becomes “malignant”, links to the behaviours and attitudes which constitute what is described as psychopathy and to consider its connection to sexual perversion.

Malignant narcissism, as a term, has evolved over time. Eric Fromm (1964) in his book, The Heart of Man, described it as: “The most severe pathology and the root of the most vicious destructiveness and inhumanity” (p. 33).

Akhtar (2009) points to Weigert’s (1967) view of malignant narcissism as involving a regressive state, encompassing denial and a distortion of reality and coexisting with a benign narcissism, which she saw as a type of enhanced self-esteem linked to having survived adversity. Ahtkar notes that Weigert also felt that “there was no sharp division between the two forms of narcissism” (Akhtar, 2009, p. 163).

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Medium 9781574412314

16. Camp Under Fire

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 16

Camp Under Fire


he remains of Major Thornburgh and men [were] buried this morning, rather roughly, however, as at this time, the sharp rattle of musketry from our picket stations announced the approach of the enemy; positions were taken up without the loss of a moment, the long line of Infantry and dismounted cavalry commanding all the hills overlooking camp, producing a beautiful effect.

Being dismounted, I accompanied Col. Sumner’s command, climbing up one of the steepest acclivities and posting myself with Ferris’ and

Quinn’s men in a field of sage-brush. For a little while, the enemy was quite bold, coming up well within range and showing a disposition to make a determined fight. Fifteen of their warriors, mounted, had penetrated within less than 150 yards of where we were but as their presence was concealed by a couple of deep ravines they succeeded in escaping before we could fire a shot.

The Infantry rifles proved to be too powerful for the Utes who fell back like snow before the sun. Seeing that the game was ended

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Medium 9780253355058

8 The Geospatial Semantic Web, Pareto GIS, and the Humanities

David J Bodenhamer Indiana University Press ePub


The so-called spatial turn in the humanities represents a complexity of ideas and applications and the term is in dire need of unpacking. At the very base level the spatial turn represents an awareness of the significant role that space plays in human actions and events, and specifically the influence that space plays in humanities disciplines. Without question, the spatial turn has been heavily driven by the growing awareness and availability of Geographic Information Systems (GIS).1 There have long been exchanges between geography and the humanities that extend as far back as Carl Sauer’s inaugural work in cultural geography and his use of examples from history, archaeology, and cultural landscape studies.2 Historical geography has certainly been at the forefront of this symbiosis in seeking to explore geographies of the past through a blend of human geography and the historical method.3 It is not surprising then that the early usage of GIS in the humanities has been predominantly in historical GIS, which has drawn upon the primary strengths of GIS in the areas of mapping, gazetteers, and vector boundary delineation to support the geographies of major databases such as historical censuses and the production of atlases. Significantly there has been little demonstrated use of GIS in the humanities that draws upon the extensive spatial analytical sophistication of the technology. In the disparate, largely uncoordinated and application-driven foray of GIS into the humanities, mapping has been without question the dominant expression of the geospatial turn and in many ways the (re)discovery of the power of the map has become synonymous with the spatial turn.

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Medium 9781626566743

38 Your Friendly Banker as EHM

Perkins, John Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Over the next year, as Ecuador prepared to auction off its precious forests to oil companies, I wrote several blogs condemning Correa’s decision. Among the responses I received was one, in late 2011, from an executive at a Chase bank near where I lived in South Florida.

“You rant and rage,” he wrote, “about the horrible things happening in places like Ecuador. What about here, in your own country?” His e-mail ended with an invitation to an early dinner.

I joined him on the veranda of the River House in Palm Beach Gardens. Our table had a view of the Intracoastal Waterway and the parade of multimillion-dollar yachts heading south to spend the winter in the Keys.

“I read Confessions and I follow your blogs,” the banker said, while the waiter carefully poured wine into his glass, “and I have to wonder why you didn’t expose the things we bankers do right here at home. We use the same tools as you EHMs — on our own folks.” He proceeded to tell me that in recent years bankers had convinced clients to purchase houses that were beyond their means. “A young newlywed couple comes in,” he said, “and asks for a mortgage on a $300,000 home. We convince them to buy a $500,000 one.” He swished the wine in his glass and studied the residue. “We say, ‘You may have to tighten your belt a little, but soon your house will be worth a million dollars.’” He shook his head sadly. “They’ve been told to trust their banker. Used to be that people in my position would try to talk prospective debtors down, not up. We were supposed to do everything to avoid foreclosures. But that all changed.”

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5 Pragmatism: Corridor as “Latent” and “The Will to Believe”

William J. Gavin Indiana University Press ePub

Like many of his other texts, James’s Pragmatism (Prag) contains both a manifest and a latent image. On the surface level, it is a “method only.” James describes it as a corridor with various topics leading to different rooms by our asking “What difference does it make?” if a given theory is true. It is a way of resolving issues rather than dissolving them. James’s pragmatism differed from that of his colleague Charles Sanders Peirce who saw pragmatism as a way of dissolving issues, that is, explaining them away. In suggesting that “an idea is true if it makes a difference,” James offered a theory of truth fundamentally different from the paradigm offered by René Descartes, for whom knowledge was equated with certainty. Let us see how James develops his position.

To begin with, we should note what pragmatism was supposed to do. In an era that had become one of scientific positivism, the place of the romantic in a theory of truth was indeed a perilous one. The division existed in philosophy between those who were tenderhearted and those who were hard-nosed, with the understanding that these were mutually exclusive. With the rise of positivism, James laments,

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Medium 9780253009685

7. The Praxis of the Egyptian Revolution

Edited by David McMurray and Amanda Ufhe Indiana University Press ePub


If there was ever to be a popular uprising against autocratic rule, it should not have come in Egypt. The regime of President Husni Mubarak was the quintessential case of durable authoritarianism. “Our assessment is that the Egyptian government is stable and is looking for ways to respond to the legitimate needs and interests of the Egyptian people,” said Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on January 25, 2011.1 With these words, Clinton gave voice to a common understanding of Egypt under Mubarak. Government officials, pundits, and academics, foreign and domestic, thought the regime was resilient—not because it used brute force or Orwellian propaganda, but because it had shrewdly constructed a simulacrum of politics. Parties, elections, and civic associations were allowed but carefully controlled, providing space for just enough participatory politics to keep people busy without threatening regime dominance.

Mubarak’s own party was a cohesive machine, organizing intramural competition among elites. The media was relatively free, giving vent to popular frustrations. And even the wave of protest that began to swell in 2000 was interpreted as another index of the regime’s skill in managing, rather than suppressing, dissent. Fundamentally, Egypt’s rulers were smart authoritarians who had their house in order. Yet they were toppled by an eighteen-day popular revolt.

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Medium 9781574414684

Part 5: Journey’s End

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF



s noted in earlier volumes of this series, Bourke held many prejudices. He was contemptuous of blacks, and his comments on Jews sound chillingly like the dire predictions of

Joseph Goebbels in the twentieth century.1 In short, despite his

Irish heritage and Roman Catholicism, he was typical of mainstream white, Anglo-Saxon prejudices of his era. Some of his greatest vitriol was reserved for the Mormons. During a stopover in Salt Lake City in 1875, he went so far as to call Brigham Young’s wives “harlots” and “concubines,” and to question Young’s own faith. Believing that Mormonism could only exist in isolation and ignorance, he predicted that the Transcontinental Railroad would ultimately bring its downfall.2

Bourke’s route from the Hopi pueblos to Fort Apache carried him through Mormon settlements, where he and his party found it necessary to avail themselves of the hospitality of the Latter-day

Saints. In view of his earlier comments, his observations on these communities are remarkably mellow.

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Medium 9780253334114


Alfred C. Kinsey Indiana University Press ePub

The nocturnal sex dreams1 of males have been the subject of extensive literary, pornographic, scientific, and religious discussion. The male, projecting his own experience, frequently assumes that females have similar dreams, and in erotic literature as well as in actual life he not infrequently expresses the hope that the female in whom he is interested may be dreaming of him at night. He may think it inevitable that anyone who is in love should dream of having overt sexual relations with her lover.2 But relatively few records of female dreams have been available to establish such a thesis.3 Even some of the best of the statistical studies of sexual behavior have failed to recognize the existence of nocturnal dreams in the female.4

This is curious, for it has not proved difficult to secure data on these matters. Females who have had nocturnal sex dreams seem to have no more difficulty than males in recalling them, and do not seem to be hesitant in admitting their experience. Whether or not they reach orgasm in these dreams is a matter about which few of them have any doubt. Because the male may find tangible evidence that he has ejaculated during sleep, his record may be somewhat more accurate than the female’s; but vaginal secretions often bear similar testimony to the female’s arousal and/or orgasm during sleep. As with the male, the female is often awakened by the muscular spasms or convulsions which follow her orgasms. Consequently the record seems as trustworthy as her memory can make it, and the actual incidences and frequencies of nocturnal orgasms in the female are probably not much higher than the present calculations show. The violence of the female’s reactions in orgasm is frequently sufficient to awaken the sexual partner with whom she may be sleeping, and from some of these partners we have been able to obtain descriptions of her reactions in the dreams. There can be no question that a female’s responses in sleep are typical of those which she makes when she is awake.

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