68395 Chapters
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Medium 9781847772381

Last Poem

Rebecca Goss Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF
Medium 9781847770684


Elizabeth Jennings Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

Our scratches on dark walls, our prints, our spoors,

Our persecuting wars,

Gentle spirits trust that they are made

Over and over, freshly every day,

Beasts die everywhere.

Over the sun clouds cross and change

In threadbare dark processions.

Insects move and men like insects. Why

Are we set here, frightened of our reflections,

Living in fear yet desperate not to die?


It will not be possible to be radiant with ripe age, to

Hold peace and prize the past as not your own.

The stars, skies, far seas and immediate will belong

To others’ arts and fancy, be inscribed

In margins and footnotes. I do not expect ever perhaps

To be quite cool when the South inquires of the North its message,

That cold code, that ritual always in Winter, always

Sung lightly and so remembered. All of this I shall be

Outside, digging away, sketching or standing still,

The past’s reflection in the present, and I shall hope

For a music of inquiry always, never cease to believe,

No matter what rife evidence to the contrary, that there are always

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Medium 9781742200491

Neighbourhoods Map

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub
Medium 9789381159194


Anil Kumar Shukla Laxmi Publications PDF



Learning Objectives


earning objectives are stated at the beginning of each chapter. These learning objectives serve as a preview of the information you are expected to learn in the chapter. The comprehensive check questions are based on the objectives. By successfully completing the NRTC, you indicate that you have met the objectives and have learned the information.

The learning objectives are listed below.

Upon completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

Describe the term fiber optics.

List the parts of a fiber optic data link.

Understand the function of each fiber optic data link part.

Outline the progress made in the history of fiber optic technology.

Describe the trade-offs in fiber properties and component selection in the design of fiber optic systems.

List the advantages and the disadvantages of fiber optic systems compared.










In the past 30 years, researchers have developed a new technology that offers greater data rates over longer distances at costs lower than copper wire systems. This new technology is fiber optics. Fiber optics uses light to send information (data). More formally, fiber optics is the branch of optical technology concerned with the transmission of radiant power (light energy) through fibers.

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Medium 9781576750629

Breaking Down, Breaking Through—or Both?

Abdullah, Sharif M. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

AS DISCUSSED IN Chapter 1, conditions can force us to change and can become the impetus for growth. But how can we tell the difference between negative conditions that are precursors of a positive new reality and those that are precursors of a major catastrophe?

While having lunch with Michael Dowd, the author of Earthspirit, I said something about “the problem.” He stopped me immediately. “Sharif, what if there is no problem? What if everything is just in process? A child who can’t tie her shoes or another child who can’t ride his bike doesn’t have a problem—they just haven’t grown up yet. Maybe our species just hasn’t grown up yet.”

There was much deep truth in what Michael said. My response came after a few moments of reflection.

“We are in agreement that the issue for a three-year-old trying to ride a two-wheeler is evolutionary. He will eventually develop both balance and strength to ride the bike.

“A sixteen-year-old on crack cocaine, a thirty-year-old exposed to nuclear radiation, or a society consuming resources faster than they can ever be replaced has different issues. They are not on a path of evolution but on a path of destruction. There is a difference.86

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Medium 9780749471484

6. Global or local?

Fons Van Dyck Kogan Page ePub


Global or local?

In light of the increasing globalization of the world economy, there is a strong trend towards global brands, with marketing and advertising campaigns to match. But is such a globalized marketing strategy possible for every company and brand? Are we all destined to become global consumers, who only buy big and powerful global brands? Or are we going to fall back on our own local products?

The idea is that global campaigns must also lead to significant cost-efficiency savings. On the other side of the coin, many companies have begun to notice that consumers, particularly in Western countries, continue to be loyal to their local, regional products and also to their local, regional retailers, who are closer to them and have a better understanding of their needs. In response to this, a third trend has developed, in which global brands place a heavy emphasis on local concerns in their marketing and advertising campaigns: the so-called glocal marketing.

Standardization vs adaptation

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Medium 9781475811445

Guest Editors’ Introduction: Innovative Practices in Educational Leadership Preparation

JOURNAL OF SCHOOL LEADERSHIP Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub


Guest Editors

Gini Doolittle

Bruce Barnett

Our purpose in creating this special issue of the Journal of School Leadership is to stimulate dialogue and action about promising approaches for preparing school leaders, especially the impact our programs have on aspiring administrators and the students they serve. We wanted to publish scholarly works that reveal how leaders are being prepared as well as the effects programs have on school administrators as they lead their organizations. Engaging in this type of scholarship is challenging for several reasons. For example, Malen (2002) cautions that many professors believe their instructional practices and structures are innovative; however, these approaches may actually represent prevalent practices, which have become generally accepted within the field. Cohorts, an approach utilized in all of the university preparation programs described in this special issue, are one such example. Mentoring for novice and aspiring principals, advocated in several articles, is another practice dominating the profession.

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Medium 9781574412024

Chapter 15. A Pecos Pilgrim’s Pilgrimage

Edited by Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF


he vast, rough stretches of the Pecos River region epitomize West Texas to many people. Despite its being sometimes labeled “the graveyard of many a cowman’s dreams” because of its droughts, it has produced a number of distinctive individuals. Paul Patterson is the son of this trans-Pecos region and knows its rough landscape, thorny flora, outlaw fauna, and strong and colorful people firsthand. Although perhaps best known as a cowboy poet and oral storyteller, Paul Patterson has produced a number of informative and humorous prose pieces detailing life in West Texas from early days to the present. Some of these tales deal with his experience with cowboys and livestock, but others are classic tales adapted to the West Texas scene.

Patterson’s prose efforts to communicate the life he has studied are marked by a distinct style. His quick wit and skillful use of double entendre and innuendo for comic effect rank alongside his use of outrageous comparison and hyperbole. His interjections are among his best comic devices. The rhythm and pattern of repetition of his speech growing out of his remarkable gift in oral language are as evident in the patterns of prose as they are in his poetry.

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Medium 9781574412871


Manuel F. Medrano University of North Texas Press ePub


During his time in Asia, Américo had taken correspondence courses in the Armed Forces through a program called USAFI (U. S. Armed Forces Institute) adding more to his college hours. He recalled, “I realized I didn’t want to go back to Brownsville with just a Junior College education… There wasn’t anything for me to do that I would want to do.”80 Paredes returned to Brownsville for a visit in 1950 a changed man. He wrote, “returning as I did in January to the becalmed anchorage. The old harbor resented the new shape of my sails. Klahn as well called me a snob and a pretender because I told him I have found beauties not only in free verse but in symphonic music and modern art. What a fool I was until I cast anchor… That I can see plainly now—after my trip home—My past was mirrored in the present of my old ex-friends.”81 The combination of these correspondence courses and previous college courses at Brownsville Junior College laid the foundation for further studies. However, the couple now faced a new challenge. They were informed at the consulate in Yokohama that because Amelia was from Japan, she could not live in the United States. At that time other Asians were allowed to immigrate, but not the Japanese. She was required to apply for a six-month visa with a stipulation that she violate no laws. Compliance would permit her to receive another six-month visa after which she would be allowed to immigrate. Meanwhile, her year would be spent in Matamoros, and once again the couple was apart.82 Lorenzo, Américo’s older brother, remembered that trying time,

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Medium 9781591200543

3. Whole-Person Health Care: A Starting Point for You and Your Physician

Meletis M.D., Chris Basic Health Publications ePub

By now you realize the importance of being as healthy as possible when trying to conceivefor your own well-being, in order to maximize your odds of conception, and to increase the likelihood of giving birth to a healthy baby. In earlier chapters, we helped lay the groundwork for a healthy foundation with diet and lifestyle tips. Another important way to ensure that you are in the best possible health is to undergo a series of medical tests with your healthcare practitioner. In this chapter well cover initial tests and physical exams that all couples should have prior to conception and tests recommended for couples who havent yet gotten pregnant after actively trying. Well also give some pointers to assist you in finding the right doctor, whether its a reproductive endocrinologist, a naturopathic physician, or both.


First and foremost, make sure you are in good general health before trying to get pregnant. The following tests are recommended for all health-conscious people on an annual basis, regardless of whether or not they want to become pregnant. A willingness to conceive makes these tests even more important. Both naturopathic doctors (N.D.s) and conventional medical doctors (M.D.s) can order these tests.

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Medium 9781574414608

2 The Hill of Angels

Gregory V. Short University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter Two

The Hill of Angels

“The glorification of sports is a nation’s first step towards preparing its youth for war.”

As a sergeant in Quang Tri explained it to me, Con Thien was the northernmost American outpost in South Vietnam. Situated a little over six thousand meters below the Ben Hai River, it overlooked the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and the southern panhandle of North Vietnam. By the end of February of 1967, the Marines had taken over responsibility of the hill from an Army Special Forces detachment. With Con Thien being the centerpiece, the idea behind our deployment there was to establish a string of outposts just below the 17th Parallel. Commonly known as McNamara’s Wall, the former Secretary of Defense had envisioned this wall as a sort of technological Maginot Line. During World War II, the Maginot Line was supposed to prevent the German armies from invading France, which ended up becoming a complete and costly failure. Of course, McNamara’s wall didn’t work either.

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Medium 9781475819144

Factors Associated With Postbaccalaureate Students’ Entry Into a Teacher Preparation Program

Teacher Education and Practice R&L Education ePub


ABSTRACT: Recent teacher shortages have led teacher preparation programs to more actively recruit postbaccalaureate students into teaching. The purpose of this exploratory study was to gain useful recruitment information by investigating why postbaccalaureate students are interested in teaching as a new career. A survey was constructed based on interview data obtained from two focus group discussions. Survey results indicated that low salary and concerns about their ability to teach were reasons the participants did not originally pursue teaching. Prospective elementary and secondary respondents indicated a desire to make a difference in children’s lives as the reason for wanting to teach. Prospective secondary teachers indicated that working with their content specialty was an important consideration in pursuing teacher certification. This exploratory study has potential implications for recruiting undergraduate and graduate students into teacher education and how to better serve postbaccalaureate students seeking teaching licensure.

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Medium 9781457109737

Chapter 1 Federal Indian Law Policy: Origins and Legal Development

General, Conference of Western Attorneys University Press of Colorado ePub

P.11, n.51.      Add the following to the end of the footnote before the period:

, rev’d, 559 F.3d 1228 (Fed. Cir. 2009)

P.14, n.71.      Delete that portion of the footnote from “On remand” in line 8 through the period at the end of line 21.

P.14.               Add the following to the text after footnote 71:

The Supreme Court applied the same analytical approach in a reversing the Federal Circuit’s determination following remand proceedings in the Navajo litigation that a combination of federal statutes, other than the IMLA, created a money-mandating trust obligation.71.1

71.1    United States v. Navajo Nation, 129 S. Ct. 1547 (2009). On remand, the tribe had been permitted to pursue another breach of trust theory premised on a “network” of treaties, statutes and regulations other than those before the Supreme Court. Its theory was rejected by the Federal Claims court but accepted by the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Navajo Nation v. United States, 68 Fed. Cl. 805 (2005), rev’d, 501 F.3d 1327 (Fed. Cir. 2007), rev’d, 129 S. Ct. 1547 (2009). The “network” claim was predicated on two treaties, an Executive Order and several statutes including the 1950 Navajo-Hopi Rehabilitation Act, the 1977 Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, the 1983 Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management Act, and regulations implementing the latter two laws. The Federal Circuit found the “network” to be money-mandating on the basis of five considerations: the existence of a trust relationship and trust language; federal control of coal resource planning; federal control of coal mining operations; federal control of the management and collection of coal mining royalties; and federal control of coal leasing and liabilities arising from the leasing arrangements. 501 F.3d at 1340–45; see generally Kimberly C. Perdue, Comment, The Changing Scope of the United States’ Trust Duties to American Indian Tribes: Navajo Nation v. United States, 80 U. Colo. L. Rev. 487, 520–21 (2009) (reasoning that “the Federal Circuit evaluated the network as an aggregate, considering the manner in which the network’s elements worked together to assign to the Secretary of the Interior control over coal resource planning, coal mining operations, the management and collection of coal mining royalties, and coal leasing” and that, in contrast to the Court of Federal Claims, “the Federal Circuit concluded that the network collectively established the Secretary of the Interior’s comprehensive control over all aspects of the Nation’s coal resources, and, according to the doctrine that the greater includes the lesser, likewise established the Secretary’s control over the renegotiation of . . . [the] royalty rate”). It thus held that assigning money-mandating status to the “network” was consistent with the involved laws’ purposes and rejected the United States’ argument that the tribe “must allege a violation of a specific rights-creating or duly-imposing statute or regulation and the common law of trusts cannot be applied.” 501 F.3d at 1345. Although the Supreme Court agreed as “[t]hreshold [m]atter” (129 S. Ct. at 1554) that the earlier decision had not analyzed the breach of trust claim under any statute other than the IMLA and thus was unable to “say that our mandate completely foreclosed the possibility that [another] statute might allow for the Tribe to succeed on remand[,]” the Court could say “that our reasoning in [the first Navajo decision]—in particular, our emphasis on the need for courts to ‘train on specific rights-creating or duty-imposing statutory or regulatory prescriptions[]’—left no room for that result based upon the sources of law that the Court of Appeals relied upon” (id. at 1555). It then addressed each of the non-IMLA statutes relied upon by the lower court and found none of them contained a rights-creating or duty-imposing prescription. Id. at 1557–58. The Supreme Court also rejected the Federal Circuit’s more generalized reliance on federal governmental control over Indian-land coal development as a basis for implying a compensable trust obligation, reiterating that the complainant must identify the requisite statutory prescription and explained that if such “prescription bears the hallmarks of a ‘conventional fiduciary relationship,’ . . . then trust principles (including any such principles premised on ‘control’) could play a role in ‘inferring that the trust obligation [is] enforceable by damages.’ ” Id. at 1558 (citation omitted). “Control” under this formulation constitutes “the second step of the analysis, not (as the Federal Circuit made it) the starting point.” Id. The second Navajo decision appears fatal to the “network” theory because it examined the money-mandating requirement on a statute-by-statute basis; i.e., complainants must be able to point to provisions in the relied-upon statute that give rise to a money-mandating trust obligation.

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Medium 9781855754447

2: A walk on the wild side: connecting “the void” with people

Paul W. Ashton Karnac Books ePub

There is a void outside of existence, which if entered into englobes itself and becomes a womb.

(William Blake)

There is a paucity of literature, especially Jungian literature, on the subject of the void and yet the experience of emptiness is endemic to the human condition. It has even be posited as being “at the root of the human psyche”. (Charles, 2000a, p. 5) Milner is quoted as writing of a “pregnant emptiness”, suggesting that the absence of something is what contains the potential for development. (ibid.) We need emptiness in order to take in something new. The emptiness of the pre-gravid womb is a potential space within matter. Void, being a condition of nothingness or a lack, implies the state before or the state after, a not having had or a loss of what has been had. It suggests too the act of getting rid of something, either emptying oneself in the Buddhist sense or getting rid of excrement. When we void shadow aspects from our consciousness only a persistent sense of inner emptiness remains. The feeling may be that if you are shit you will, like shit, be expelled; goodness though is kept inside and thus being good may keep you safe. Projection empties us of parts of our selves and repression and dissociation do something similar. We are emptied of the unacceptable. Emptiness may be a defence against the experience of our own hostile projections and a way of avoiding identifying with what has been projected onto or into us. When we do not feel like a “container contained” but like a “receptacle” with a “foreign-body” in it, as Gianna Williams calls this experience, we will attempt to rid ourselves of that foreign body leaving emptiness in its place. (Williams et al., 2003, p. xiv)

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Medium 9781742207551

Iraklio Ηράκλειο

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

Iraklio is Crete’s most dynamic region, home to almost half the island’s population and its top-rated tourist site, the Minoan Palace of Knossos. Priceless treasures unearthed here, and at the many other Minoan sites around Crete, have catapulted the archaeological museum in the capital city of Iraklio onto the world stage.

Admittedly, the coastal stretch east of Iraklio is one continuous band of hotels and resorts. But a few kilometres inland, villages sweetly lost in time provide a pleasing contrast. Taste the increasingly sophisticated tipple produced in the Iraklio Wine Country, walk in the footsteps of painter El Greco and writer Nikos Kazantzakis, and revel in the rustic grandeur of remote mountain villages such as Zaros.

On the quieter southern coast, the ex-hippie hang-out of Matala is the only developed resort, while in the charming villages the laid-back life unfolds much the way it has since time immemorial.

A Elia & Diosmos

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