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Medium 9781576754993

CHAPTER 11 Collaborating at the Verge of Differences

Kennedy, Debbe Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

“New paradigms almost always come from the edge.”

—Joel A. Barker Futurist, filmmaker, and author

Have you ever thought about how opposites work well paired together? When it comes to taste, as an example, sweet and salty is a great combination; or consider the pairing of fruit and savory meats in French cooking, or spicy Thai peanut sauce served with cool cucumber. When it comes to color, one goes to the opposite side of the color wheel to find the color that is most complementary, like blue and orange. When it comes to great collaboration, think about the depth of coverage that comes in pairing men and women, an academic with a practitioner, or a left-brain thinker with a right-brain thinker. Rumi, the thirteenth-century Persian poet, saw the great potential in the meeting of opposite ideas when he said, “Beyond the ideas of right-doing and wrong-doing there is a field. I’ll meet you there.” Joel Barker, the futurist who popularized the concept of paradigm shifts, has been looking for Rumi’s field. He thinks he has found it, but if he is right, it is not a field but the intersection between fields that are different from one another. As described in the previous chapter, he uses the term verge to describe this kind of intersection. He believes that the verge will be this century’s most important territory for innovation.

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Medium 9781576753415

13. Detailing Procedural Tasks

Swanson, Richard Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

164 Documenting Workplace Expertise

The seminar group followed the instructions carefully and got thoroughly lost. It’s ironic that the first topic on the seminar agenda was communication skills!

The explanation for the mix-up seemed simple. Years ago, northsouth Park Street had been bisected by the new east-west Route 28. Because no overpass had been provided for, Park Street was curved to parallel Route 28 until it joined Grand Avenue. The few blocks that parallel Route 28 are called Frontage Road. Yet, the hotel staff call it

Park Avenue—which to them it is.

Sometimes the “obvious” is not obvious. You, too, have probably given or received concise, confident, and wrong directions capped with a “You can’t miss it!”

Later that day, the seminar leader asked whether the hotel clerk could show her how to get to the Holly Hotel from the airport. She wanted to prevent future embarrassments, and he agreed. The seminar leader hopped into the car with the volunteer expert at the wheel, and off they went. The seminar leader–turned–analyst asked questions and watched landmarks pass by as they traveled. She asked questions such as the following: “Why did you turn here?” “What is the name of this street?” “Is this road heading due north?” “Have you ever gotten lost?” The expert responded and drove while the analyst listened, observed, questioned, and wrote. One result of this exercise was an accurate map. Another was an awareness of the value of having the expert actually perform the work as the analyst asked key questions. It is impossible to accurately detail a work task without directly observing and engaging in the details of the task.

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Medium 9781855754867

2. Signs of autism in infancy: sensitivity for rhythms of expression in communication

Karnac Books ePub

Catherine St Clair, Laurent Danon-Boileau, Colwyn Trevarthen

The complex nature of the problem

There is no biological test and no single reliable measure with which to confirm a diagnosis of autism. Its relative “invisibility” (Midence &O’Neill, 1999) means that diagnosis does not usually occur until well after language has failed to develop—usually when the child is 3 or 4 years old. However, research suggests that parents are often aware of differences much earlier than this, to the extent that “50% of parents with autism report that they suspected a problem before their child was one year of age” (Werner, Dawson, Osterling, &Dinno, 2000, p. 157). What do these parents notice in the first twelve months that evaluation tools and practitioners cannot? Parents often have an instinctive understanding of what is normal and what is not, and they are an invaluable resource for practitioners. Gaining a better sense of what it is that triggers their concern seems to be a logical and fundamental way to maximize our ability to identify children who are likely to develop autism, and it should also give valuable information on how to help the parents and the child.

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Medium 9781475817188

Collaboration: Getting All Hands on Deck Facilitates School Change

JOURNAL OF SCHOOL LEADERSHIP Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

HENRY A. PEEL1

BRADFORD L. WALKER2

ABSTRACT: Collaboration, a powerful tool for school reform, facilitates school improvement efforts and minimizes the overwhelming dimensions of change. A collaborative change process underway in North Carolina emphasizes using input from teachers, as well as supporting the notion of school leaders working collaboratively with many others who are interested in improving schools: higher education, the state agency for public education, colleagues from other schools, and consultants. Principals are encouraged to take an “all hands on deck” approach to problemsolving and change efforts. This article discusses the successes and frustrations of school leaders involved in this collaborative reform project.

Collaboration, a management process being used by leaders in business and education, is a powerful tool for school change. Successful school change processes include involving teachers in decision making, encouraging participation in the determination of school goals and policies, and supporting the exercise of professional judgment about the context of curriculum and the means of instruction. These processes, which have led to improved schools (Erlandson and Bifano, 1987; Dutt-weiler, 1989; Bolin, 1989), are enhanced through collaboration. Collaboration may lead to involving teachers in school governance, granting new respect to teachers, enhancing work conditions, or supporting teachers in breaking administrator dominance (Bolin, 1989).

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Medium 9780861966967

Chapter 6 The Aesthetic Idealist as Efficiency Engineer: Hugo Münsterberg’s Theories of Perception, Psychotechnics and Cinema

Klaus Kreimeier John Libbey Publishing ePub

Hugo Münsterberg’s book The Photoplay (1915/16) is justly regarded as the first major film theory by an academic. On first reading, one is struck by two interwoven, but contradictory tendencies. On the one hand, we encounter an advanced, modern understanding of the psychology of perception and film viewing, but on the other hand, we find a rather traditional concept of art, drawing upon ideas of nineteenth century idealist aesthetics. This inherent contradiction is heightened by the fact that as a psychologist Münsterberg not only worked in the field of perception, but was also one of the founders of applied psychology, specifically of so-called Psychotechnik (‘psychotechnics’). He was full of optimism about the logic of the mechanised modern world and wanted to provide psychological services for the capitalist demands of his time. This background should be kept in mind when reading The Photoplay. Hence, in the following analysis, I will look into these three characteristic features – psychology of perception, psychotechnics and idealist aesthetics – of Münsterberg’s theory and their interrelations, in order to explore the basis for his understanding of contemporary media change and perception. I will argue that his rather conservative stance regarding aesthetics in the specific combination with the two other aspects was not merely reactionary. In the cultural upheaval around 1900, where continuity and discontinuity reigned simultaneously, he was a Versöhnungsgestalt (‘a figure of reconciliation’), who emphasised continuity.1

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Medium 9781574411362

Sweetbrush

Mary Faulk Koock University of North Texas Press ePub

SWEETBRUSH

Standing at the front door of Sweetbrush is like looking through a stereoscope where many beautiful pictures become as one with deep multiple dimension. The wide doors at the opposite end of this spacious hall frame a magnificent view, opening out to the formal gardens and on to the grassy slope with giant live oak trees which border the peaceful blue Lake Austin and the green hills beyond. Sweetbrush is the picturesque home of Dr. and Mrs. Z. T. Scott. It is indeed synonymous with Southern hospitality in the truest form. Dr. Scott, great in Texas Medical heritage, came from Virginia, and Mrs. Scott was one of the four Masterson girls, whose family for several generations has played an important role in developing the Panhandle and other parts of Texas. Probably because of the distinctive lives their three children have chosen, as well as their own diversified interests, the Scotts entertain with a great deal of versatility. It may be for a screen or stage star friend of son Zachary; or members of the Cattle Raising Association, which has always been dear to the Scotts’ heart and life and which is vitalized by their daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Dick Kleberg, Jr., of the King Ranch. Then, of course, there is always a party when popular Ann Scott Hearon comes home for a visit.

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Medium 9781855758261

Chapter One: The way we “story” our experiences

Karnac Books ePub

Reflective writing is a term used for writing for the purpose of “making sense of ourselves and the world” (Bolton, 2005, p. 4). Rather than storing experiences like computers, we “story” them, asserts Bolton. Bolton, Field, and Thomson (2006, p. 2) contend that, “Writing is different from talking; it has a power all of its own … It can allow an exploration of cognitive, emotional and spiritual areas otherwise not accessible”.

Reflective writing involves “examining our story making processes critically, to create and recreate fresh accounts of our lives from different perspectives, different points of view and to elicit and listen to the responses of peers” (Bolton, 2005, p. 3). To question our “story making” involves “deconstructing” (Pease & Fook, 1999) and examining the narratives that we hold about ourselves and our world, in this case about ourselves as professional helper. In Chapter Two, helping is referred to as being anything from “sparkling” moments to “psychological cannibalism”.

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Medium 9781855759954

2. What Narrative?

Karnac Books ePub

Sebastian Kraemer

Therapists like talking about therapy, about their own kind and about other kinds. Whatever the task, human groups have to reinforce their identity by defining their own special ideas and skills and contrasting them with those of other groups. This tribal process is necessary in any enterprise which demands courage and skill and where there are in the end no right answers. Psychoanalysis and systems are the two tribes I know most about and the differences between them are compulsively interesting to those involved. But there are similarities too. The overriding effort to make sense of psychological or behavioural problems through observation and understanding is common to both practices, even if the techniques are different. Furthermore, there is inevitably a story to be unravelled in either of these kinds of therapy. The original work of psychoanalysis was to discover the nature of past events that had so disturbed the patient that she forgot them and developed psychological symptoms instead.1 The debt owed to psychoanalysis by all subsequent psychotherapies is immense, but rarely acknowledged.

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Medium 9781605093444

Chapter 9 What Is the Context? Fostering Entrepreneurial Leaders’ Social Awareness

Greenberg, Danna Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Stephen Deets and Lisa DiCarlo

We don’t see things as they are, we see them as we are.

—Anaïs Nin

BY THE END OF CAITLYN’S FIRST EVENING IN THE COUNTRY, THE Ghanaian fishmongers had reduced her to tears. Caitlyn had traveled to Ghana excited about the opportunity to advise Ghanaians on how to improve their businesses. During her first evening of consultations, however, the women in her small group openly mocked her. Whenever she offered a new idea, the women laughed, “What do you think this is— America?”

The next day Caitlyn took a different approach. She asked questions and listened intently. The women slowly opened up and explained the entire process—from how fish are caught to how they are sold at the market. More importantly, they helped Caitlyn understand how the community operates and the social relations and practices that surround the fishing industry. Although Caitlyn did not solve these business owners’ problems, by listening and learning about the Ghanaian context she was able to advise the group in a way that was consistent with the social processes that make the Ghanaian fishing industry work.

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Medium 9781855759350

13: Kinship care: family stories, loyalties, and binds

Karnac Books ePub

Sara Barratt & Julia Granville

There has been a marked change over the last few years in the number of referrals to our team for children placed with relatives and friends. These have come to represent between 12.5% and 26% of our total referrals over the three years to 2005. In most of the kinship cases we see, the major issue that has led to the children needing an alternative placement has been parental drug and/or alcohol misuse. There are often accompanying issues of adult mental health difficulties, domestic violence, child abuse, and neglect. Some kinship arrangements have come about because of forced migration due to war, conflicts, and persecution that have split families apart. The families who come to our service are drawn from a wide ethnic, racial, and class background. This picture reflects the American experience (McFadden, 1998). There is a body of research into kinship care from both the United States and the United Kingdom confirming that kinship carers overall are older, less well off, have poorer health, and are less supported than other foster carers (Broad, 2001; McFadden, 1998; Sykes, Sinclair, Gibbs, & Wilson, 2002).

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Medium 9781576753101

2 Performance Appraisal: Like a Trip to the Dentist

Allen, Doug Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Pauline had trouble falling asleep that night. She kept tossing and turning as her thoughts about performance appraisals churned around in her head.

Might as well get up and make some notes, she thought as she threw the bed covers aside.

She turned on the light in her home office and booted up her laptop. The first words she entered were “Annual PAs: About as much fun as a trip to the dentist.”

This could help both me and the company, she thought as she began to collect and enter her ideas. It was clear to her that there were several reasons for her disdain of annual performance appraisals.

First, they were time consuming. Pauline resented all the time she spent filling out forms. Each form asked for a lot of repetitive information that she had to copy laboriously from the previous year’s form, followed by forty performance items she had to evaluate.

The meetings themselves were time consuming, too. She had to sit down with each employee for a half hour, an hour, or more and talk with him or her. The meetings seemed to go on forever and often ended on a sour note, even though that was never her intention. It somehow just “happened.”

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Medium 9781574414615

Dad

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

Dad

I’m sitting here with my Dad in the California convalescent hospital where he is spending the last days of his life. This is the man who had been a college All-American and professional football hero, was an Olympic-class track man, and had been the sparring partner for Freddy Steele, the middleweight boxing champion of the world. This is the dynamic, strong-minded giant who dominated my early years and who, in some ways, still does. Now he sits in a wheelchair, hooked up to a feeding tube inserted in a hole they cut in his stomach because he can’t swallow. He makes choking noises. He’s not wearing his teeth because they hurt, and his mouth is shriveled up into what you might expect on the face of a 91-year-old man.

It takes enormous effort for him to move any part of his body, and he clutches a rolled-up towel they put in each of his immobile hands. I have no idea why. They’ve put one of his old baseball caps on his head, probably to make him look more like a human being, but it’s on crooked and I feel stupid trying to straighten it out. Will that make him look more alive? It looks ridiculous.

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Medium 9781855757820

Chapter Twelve - Roots, Identity, and Loss in the Work of Two Émigré Artists

Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER TWELVE

Roots, identity, and loss in the work of two émigré artists

Jeremy Lewison

In the twentieth century, few events had as great an impact on the lives of European artists as the two global conflicts of 1914–1918 and 1939–1945. The upheavals resulting from those conflicts led to trauma and emigration. The lives and work of Max Beckmann, Oskar Kokoschka, Georg Grosz, Lucian Freud, Frank Auerbach, to name only five artists directly affected by one or both wars, testifies to the far-reaching consequences of emigration. The enforced emigration through slavery in earlier centuries continues to have an impact on the work of black artists, while the flight from present-day tyrannous regimes feeds the work of many Asian and African artists. All these artists bear a sense of loss, a need to seek roots in order to come to terms with rootlessness. Some have an urge to repeat themes and motifs in an effort to integrate their traumatic experiences, whether they be direct or handed down through the generations. Barnett Newman's paintings, where a vertical stripe bisects a field of colour in countless paintings, may be interpreted in relation to his response to the Holocaust. Although he did not experience it at first hand, like any Jew, he would have felt its impact.

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Medium 9781855753075

III - Review

Piontelli, Alessandra Harris Meltzer Trust ePub

III

Review

Backwards in time

Since I did not observe these two babies from birth I shall never know how they were right from the start. Martin was already fifteen days old when I saw him properly for the first time, and my first observation of Jack took place around the time when he should have been born had he not been premature; he was then one month old. A fortnight – and even more, a month – is a long time for a baby. Neither had I any means of knowing anything about the nine crucial months of pregnancy. One can only speculate about their life inside the womb. I was, however, in a position to observe the impact that their environment seemed to have on them from very early days and to see some of the means and mechanisms each employed to cope with the impact on them of their post-natal world. Clearly, however, I was not in any position to tell their ‘whole’ story even over the time when I knew them.

A marked retreat seemed evident in Martin from the beginning: in his closing his eyes to the world, in his obsessive and constant movements, in his resisting novelties and pushing them away with his tongue. Jack seemed to have been born more open although also very vulnerable, and in a sense probably not yet ready to be born. It is impossible to know what kind of influences and experiences they may have felt inside the womb. Yet both babies had come out of the womb at least physically fit for post-natal life and in this respect pre-natal life had proved safe for them. That stage, however, had ended suddenly, and presumably unexpectedly, as their births were traumatic: Martin was born through Caesarean section and Jack was born prematurely. The relative security and protection of the womb was then abruptly replaced by the harsh impact of other human beings and of a world in which they were bombarded by confusion, bewilderment, disappointment, and in Martin's case by humiliation, and in Jack's by absent-mindedness and emotional poverty.

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Medium 9781576752302

Choice 5: Feel Your Feelings

Manz, Charles C. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The more you try to avoid suffering the more you suffer because smaller and more insignificant things begin to torture you in proportion to your fear of being hurt.

—Thomas Merton3164

I must confess that the ideas in this chapter were the most difficult for me to work on. Why? Because the day I began to ponder them was September 11, 2001. I realize that 9/11 has been talked about and written about far and wide, and one more treatise about its place in history would not contribute much. Nevertheless, I believe it should be acknowledged, partly because of its vast impact on the emotional state of millions of people around the world, but perhaps even more so because of the dark challenge it poses regarding the idea that we can choose how we feel. What follows are some excerpts from what I originally wrote on 9/11.

As I sat down to begin work on these ideas I was confronted with a wave of difficult feelings to grapple with. Multiple U.S. planes had just been hijacked and turned into deadly weapons… on CNN I saw footage of an American jetliner crashing into one of the gigantic twin towers of the World Trade Center creating a huge explosion. The other tower had been hit in similar fashion just a few minutes earlier and was in flames. A little while later the huge twin towers,… housing thousands of civilian workers and visitors, both collapsed.

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