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Medium 9781782200079

CHAPTER THIRTEEN Seeing and being seen: the psychodynamics of pornography through the lens of Winnicott’s thought

Margaret Boyle Spelman Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

Seeing and being seen: the psychodynamics of pornography through the lens of Winnicott’s thought

John Woods

T

he excessive use of Internet pornography, so easily available now, with increasingly extreme images, can cause young people to become isolated from others, alienated from reality, and psychologically harmed. In the worst cases, seen clinically, a compulsive form of voyeurism means that the young person cannot bear to be seen and becomes painfully alone with his violent masturbation fantasies. Something has happened to their psychosexual development which may be elucidated by the ideas of Winnicott. For instance, he described how the ability to be in a sexual relationship that is “ego-related”, that is, one in which two people have the possibility of love, depends, paradoxically upon a maturational process leading to

“the capacity to be alone”. The process, in his view, flows from feelings aroused by the primal scene: “the excited relationship between the parents … is accepted by the child who is healthy and able to master the hate” (1958, p. 31). He went on to discuss the consequent development of a good internal object as dependent on the acquisition of genital potency, the corresponding female role, and the ability of the child to identify with each of the parents. What we find in cases of psychological damage by excessive pornography is the destruction of this process of personality development.

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Medium 9789351380504

Ch_10_F

A.J. Sebastian SDB Laxmi Publications PDF

10

Love and Conflict in Easterine Kire’s

Life on Hold

The anonymous adage, “Sacrificing your happiness for the happiness of the one you love is by far the truest type of love,” is central to the emotional relationship between the protagonists in Easterine Kire’s (1959 - ) Life on Hold. The story surrounds the life of childhood friends Roko and Nime during the most critical years of insurgency in

Nagaland during the 1980s.

The opening of the novel referring to the children wrestling is central to the various movements in the story which is ultimately a continuous wrestling to establish relationships. “They tumbled over and over in the short grassy slope, sky and earth revolving round them until it was all just a whirr. Roko came to a stop first, and then

Setuo and finally Nime. She usually wound up last” (Kire 1). As the story concludes, it is Nime who winds up her emotional life, kept on hold for about two decades. When

Nime, Roko and Setuo were seven years old, it used to be a regular game among them to wrestle in the neighbouring woods. Since Setuo was bigger in size, the match used to be between Nime and Roko. Roko being very quick and agile used to dash the girl down most of the time. However, on some occasions she had the upper hand which made Roko fume with rage to push her down. Once it happened that she had downed him badly, making him very sullen and mum. Roko refused to talk to her while at school the following day. Setuo brought message to Nime that Roko wanted to wrestle with her that evening to patch up his ego problem. The message was clear : “I’ll meet you two in the wood” (3). They met at the usual place in the wood where they wrestled.

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Medium 9781855753228

1. Assessing Children with Communication Disorders

Emanuela Quagliata Karnac Books ePub

Maria Rhode

The children I shall discuss in this chapter suffer from autistic spectrum disorder, mutism, or a learning disability arising from a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD). I shall not be considering children who stammer, or the psychotic or borderline children discussed by Anne Alvarez (this volume) who may use words in idiosyncratic ways for purposes other than communication. However, some of the points Alvarez makes are highly relevant to the kind of child I shall discuss, such as the importance of assessing the symbolic level at which the child is operating at any moment. This is essential if we are not to misunderstand him, and if we are to be able to phrase our own communications in ways that he can hear.

Autistic spectrum disorder includes children with autism proper and with Asperger’s Syndrome. Children with autism may be completely mute, or may produce language ranging from single words to complete sentences. Sometimes their words are their own; often they are quotations from stories, songs and videos, or they may be echolalic reflections of someone else’s speech (Rhode, 1999). In Asperger’s Syndrome, language is well-developed though it is often used idiosyncratically (see Rustin, 1997; Youell, 1999). According to the criteria of DSM-IV, children with autism must demonstrate Kanner’s (1943) classic triad of impairments: affective, cognitive, and social, which must have been manifest by the age of three. Children with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) satisfy some of these criteria, but not enough for a diagnosis of autism.

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Medium 9781601323224

Session - Poster Papers

Hamid R. Arabnia, Leonidas Deligiannidis, George Jandieri, Ashu M. G. Solo, Fernando G. Tinetti CSREA Press PDF
Medium 9781780490809

CHAPTER TWO

Michael Eigen Karnac Books ePub

Last time, I began by saying the essence of Kabbalah is loving God with all your heart and soul and might. The essence of Torah and the essence of Kabbalah in that respect are the same. That is the essence: love God with all your heart and soul and might. I mentioned that it sounds like a commandment. You should, you will, you have to. But it is more: you are. To love God with all you are defines you. You are this love and in relation to this love.

It is a discovery. If you make this discovery, if it happens, if it comes to you that, oh, my God, I love You with all my heart and soul and might, it is a fact. It is a fact not from the outside but from the deepest inside. Schopenhauer says music is the deepest dream of the world. You could also say this dream, this music, expresses this love. Last time I talked about my favourite historical and also fabled rabbi, Rabbi Akiva, and I will not be saying much about him today, but we talked about his kavannah, his devotion, and his awareness, his feeling at the end of his life when his skin was being taken off by the Romans that at last he was able to give God everything, love God with all his might, all that was in him, all that he was. In another part in the Bible it says love God with all your heart and soul and mind. So, there is a change from might to mind. They are both important and it is a challenge. How can one do that? What is “all”? What would “all” be? Rabbis say with the good inclination and the bad inclination. Love God with good and evil inclinations. And what would that look like?

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Medium 9781780491936

Chapter Four - Are we Losing the Group in the Study of Group Dynamics? Three Illustrations

Leopold Vansina Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER FOUR

Are we losing the group in the study of group dynamics? Three illustrations

Sandra G. L. Schruijer

Introduction

The systematic study of groups and their dynamics was stimulated by the Second World War and its aftermath. Kurt Lewin, an émigré from Nazi Germany, was a main factor in these developments (Marrow, 1969). He founded the Research Center of Group Dynamics at MIT that became very active in group research. Programmes in social psychology and group dynamics, grounded in sociology and psychology, were initiated by prestigious American universities (Oishi, Kesebir, & Snyder, 2009; Sewell, 1989). For the burgeoning discipline of organisation development, with Kurt Lewin again as pioneer, working with groups constituted a main building block; hence, the understanding of groups was important. In the field of training, the National Training Laboratories (NTL) was a powerful player. It offered training for managers, often using T-groups as a methodology (something that emerged from Lewin's work). In Europe, the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations (THIR), with people like Eric Trist and Wilfred Bion as pioneers, likewise was very influential (e.g., Fraher, 2004). The TIHR studied group and organisational dynamics in actual work settings, from a systems psychodynamic perspective. Within the context of TIHR, social technical systems theory was developed, a (re)design philosophy of groups and organisations, based on the premise that the technical system needs to be jointly optimised with the social system (Trist & Murray, 1990, 1993; Trist, Murray, & Emery, 1997). Other European institutes that can be mentioned in this context are the European Institute for Transnational Studies in Group- and Organisational Development (EIT), and the Association pour la Recherche et l'Intervention Psychosociologique (ARIP) in France (Vansina, 1970).

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Medium 9781591200802

2. The Causes of Acidosis

Aver Dr., Wolfgang R. Basic Health Publications ePub

CHAPTER 2

The Causes of Acidosis

Many factors play a role in the development of acidosis. I’ve refrained from discussing the more complex pathological and pathophysiological factors to avoid lengthy scientific explanation and speculation. This chapter discusses a few universally common causes that have been established and are a good starting point for understanding the origin of this condition.

THE MOST COMMON CAUSES OF ACIDOSIS

One or more of the following factors can cause a person’s metabolism to shift toward the acidic range. Acidosis can take a permanent hold if no actions are taken to counteract these changes and avoid further triggers.

Causes of acidosis include the following:

• Inadequate nutrition

• Use of addictive substances

• Inadequate intake of water

• Stress

• Side effects of certain medications

• Too little or too much physical activity

Although these causes apply in most cases of acidosis, they need not lead to illness. You can adapt your lifestyle in an attempt to neutralize the flood of acids attacking your body, but not doing anything to counteract the negative effects of acid buildup allows acidosis to become a chronic condition that will eventually lead to illness. The following discussions offer a closer look at each of these causes.

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Medium 9781608680221

33. Collective Bike Shops by Amy Walker

New World Library ePub

Amy Walker

Collective bike shops are colorful community centers dedicated to repairing and reviving used bicycles in the service of education, equality, and peace. These vibrant, volunteer-run spaces are not driven by profit motives, so what keeps them going? According to Camille Metcalfe at the Bike Dump, a collective in Winnipeg, Canada, “It’s a space that facilitates cooperation and learning — and friends! A nonthreatening environment which leads to good community building and an encouraging space for people to explore what may have been intimidating otherwise.”

Bikes are the focal point of these thriving social hubs. They are seen as tools for individual empowerment, environmental responsibility, community self-sufficiency, and learning. Collective bike shops share many of the following organizational characteristics:

→ Nonprofit

→ Run or staffed by volunteers

→ Nonhierarchical

→ Run by consensus decision making

Their typical activities, in addition to fee-based repair services, include the following:

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Medium 9781475819274

The Need to Develop Independent Intelligence: The Roles and Responsibilities of Teacher Educators

R&L Education ePub

DORIS SANTORO GÓMEZ

ABSTRACT: This article builds a case for generating a new metaphor for teacher education that will sustain and nourish teacher intelligence. This intelligence requires that teacher educators prepare their students to be highly sensitive to dynamic classroom relations, to be aware of their positions as teachers, and to develop purposeful educational destinations. This article draws on the work of John Dewey to examine the moral quality of movement, the need for responsiveness, and the purpose of the metaphor of a map in cultivating social and independent intelligence. It sets forth a fundamental tenet in the article: that responsiveness to classroom relations (between teachers and students; students and their peers; teachers, students, and their subject matter; the educational environment and its sociopolitical context) should have primacy over generalized methods and that attending to the aims of educational relations must guide the methods that teachers employ.

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Medium 9780971435223

Living the Dream

Jed McKenna Wisefool Press PDF
“May I?” she asks, pointing to a chair.

“Please,” I say.

She sits and fidgets. I point the remote at what I assume to be a communication node connected to the stereo in the main house and I lower the volume of the music. Maya sticks her head out from behind the couch to see if anything exciting is happening and slips back behind it.

“Drinks, food, help yourself,” I say, indicating the kitchenette, “there’s limonada. Water, ice, all fine.”

She nods........... See All Chapters
Medium 9781605099798

Chapter 19: All Will Pass from the Earth

Pavithra Mehta Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Though Aravind does not project itself as a family-run organization, the leading role that Dr. V’s kin play is impossible to ignore. Today, over 35 members across three generations of his family work in the Aravind Eye Care System. Several are employed in nonmedical areas of LAICO and Aurolab, while a few of his nieces are full-time volunteers heading divisions such as publishing, hospitality, and catering. By 2011, more than 20 people from Dr. V’s family were senior surgeons or student doctors at Aravind. An additional four were in medical school.

A potent blend of custom, trust, caring, and respect molded members of Dr. V’s family to be guardians and implementers of his legacy. Children of the founding team grew up in strict households. Sleeping in on weekends was frowned on, going to the movies was discouraged, and school vacations were spent “volunteering” at the patient-registration desk in the hospital or at eye camps. It was taken for granted that these children (and their children, in turn) would one day join Aravind. That none of them permanently rebelled against this expectation was extraordinary. Even the few who chose to work outside the organization eventually did return to contribute to Dr. V’s vision. Natchiar and Nam’s younger son, Vishnu Prasad, for instance, studied and worked abroad for well over a decade. He and his wife, Chitra, now live in Madurai, where Vishnu is Aurolab’s international marketing manager and Chitra works in the Finance Department at LAICO.

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Medium 9781576753903

K

Kim Cameron Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

INDEX

Government Accountability Office

(GAO), cleanup and closing of

Rocky Flats and, 21–22

Government contract, evolution of enabling, 136–43

Government-furnished equipment and services (GFS&I), 138–39

Governors, political resistance from, 189

Governor-to-governor discussions, political support and, 190–91

Grameen Bank movement, success of, 1

Greenberg, Jack, 95

Green chart in measuring outcomes, 150–51

Grove, Andrew, 95

Headquarters building, early destruction of, 238

Heliotropic effects, 43–44 of abundance, 30–41 emotional manifestation at, 32 unlocking, 226

Heroic leader, accounts of, 227

Hierarchical controls, replacement of, by trust, 142–43

Hierarchy or Control quadrant,

94–95, 131–58, 159–60, 224 principles related to, 232–35

High performance, causal relationship between abundance and,

36–37

Honesty in trust-building, 175–76

Human capital and social relationships, 179–85

Human relationships, nurturing, 163

Iacocca, Lee, 96

ICF Kaiser Engineers, 18

Idea champions as leadership role,

85, 227

Incentives: bonus system and, 215–

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Medium 9781601323200

A Bayesian Network Analysis of Eyewitness Reliability: Part 2

CSREA 2003 CSREA Press PDF

342

Int'l Conf. Artificial Intelligence | ICAI'14 |

A Bayesian Network Analysis of Eyewitness

Reliability: Part 2

Jack K. Horner

PO Box 266

Los Alamos NM 87544 jhorner@cybermesa.com

ICAI 2014

Abstract

In practice, many things can affect the verdict in a trial, including the testimony of eyewitnesses. Eyewitnesses are generally regarded as questionable sources of information in a trial setting: cases that turn on the testimony of a single eyewitness almost never result in a guilty verdict. Multiple eyewitnesses can, under some circumstances, collectively exhibit more robust behavior than any witness individually does. But how reliable, exactly, are multiple eyewitnesses? The legal literature on the subject tends to be qualitative. In a companion paper, I describe a highly idealized Bayesian network model of the relation between eyewitness behavior and trial verdict. In this paper, I describe a more refined Bayesian model of the same setting. It turns out that the highly idealized model provides nearly as much information as the more refined one does.

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Medium 9780253007889

Introduction: The Geographical and Anthropological Setting

Roman Loimeier Indiana University Press PDF

Introduction

The Geographical and Anthropological Setting

Africa’s different habitats and ecosystems, as well as its surrounding seas and oceans, have been major formative forces in the development of societies on the continent. Before delving into the analysis of the history of Muslims in Africa, it may be helpful to have a look at the anthropo-geographic context in which Africa’s Muslim societies have developed since the mid-seventh century.

Anyone coming from western Asia and entering Africa from the northeast will inevitably encounter the Nile. The “nīl misr” (Egyptian Nile) of the Arab geographers,

˙ with its huge delta and densely settled valley, has been a major center of cultural and political development for more than 6,000 years. The Nile was of major formative importance for a whole series of cultures in the Nile valley, not only Egypt but also the countries upstream, in particular Nubia, the land between the first cataract south of

Aswan and the sixth cataract north of the confluence of the Blue Nile and the White

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Medium 9781576337219

Imperialism and World War I: AP World History

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub

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