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Medium 9781855758414

CHAPTER ONE: Silent types

Colum Kenny Karnac Books ePub

Not everyone thinks highly of silence. Shakespeare, in the Merchant of Venice (Act I, sc. 1, lines 111–112), has Gratiano declare that,

Silence is only commendable
In a neat's [cow's] tongue dried and a maid not vendible
[marketable].

Yet it remains true that many people believe silence to be “commendable” in more cases than Gratiano was willing to admit—or sometimes so, at least. Asking “Is it good in general to practise silence?”, Basil of Caesarea (c329–379) answered that question as follows: “The good of silence is dependent on the time and the person, as we are taught by the God-inspired Scripture” (Silvas, p. 387). Some people practise reticence or silence so habitually that they become known as “the silent type”. They are, to use an unusual and even archaic word, “silentious”. Various types of silence will be considered here, although not all are mutually exclusive. More than one may be manifest in a particular person at the same or different times. Nor is this classification necessarily exhaustive. It is, however, sufficient to illustrate the truth of a statement made in the Book of Ecclesiastes (3:7) that there is “a time to keep silence”.

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Medium 9780253008824

5: Psychic Fragmentation

Sara Brill Indiana University Press ePub

WHILE BOOKS 2 and 3 provide an account of the vehicles through which city and soul affect one another, books 4 and 5 elaborate upon the complexity that is interior to soul and identify the tense interaction between desire and other elements of the soul as decisive for the unity or fragmentation of both soul and city. Thus, books 4 and 5 contribute to the multidimensional psychodynamics requested in the preceding books by deepening Socrates's and his interlocutors’ understanding of what it means for soul to become virtuous or vicious. They do so by focusing upon the general forms of fragmentation and unity to which the human being and human things (including cities) give rise in the course of their respective becomings.

Indeed, I will argue, books 4 and 5 lay the foundation for a catalogue of psychic division, one which seeks to take into account a broad range of manifestations of fragmentation and unity. These books look not only to individual human behavior and the psychic division that can be discerned therein, but also to collective human action and the political formations to which it gives rise—viewing the city as a field in which division and unity are made manifest—and beyond even human political activity to the varieties of beings themselves and the vision of dissolution and unity provided by an exploration of the ontological status of things.

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Medium 9781855750869

6. The Phenomena of Hysterical Materialization. [1919]

Sandor Ferenczi Karnac Books ePub

“ You have travelled the way from worm to human being and much in you is still worm “ (Nietzsche, Also sprach Zaral/irustra).

FREUD‘S psycho-analytic researches showed the symptoms of conversion hysteria to be representations of unconscious phantasies in bodily terms. For instance, an hysterical paralysis of the arm can signify — by a negative. representation— an intended aggressive activity, a wrestling of opposing emotions; a localized anaesthesia or hyperesthesia, the unconsciously retained and elaborated memory of a sexual contact at that place. Psycho-analysis has also given us unexpected explanations concerning the nature of the forces at work in the formation of hysterical symptoms; it shows us in each individual case that in the symptomatology of these neuroses erotic and egoistic impulses come to expression either alternately or, most often, in compromise-formations. Finally Freud’s latest decisive researches concerning the choice of neurosis have revealed in addition the genetic point of fixation in the history of the development of the libido which conditions the disposition to hysteria. He found the disposing factor to be a disturbance of the normal sexual development at the stage when complete primacy of the genital zone had already been reached. Those thus disposed react to an erotic conflict brought about by a psychic trauma by the repression of the genital impulses and eventually by the displacement of these impulses on to apparently indifferent parts of the body. I should like to express it thus: conversion hysteria genitalizes those parts of the body at which the symptoms are manifested. In an attempt to reconstruct the developmental stages of the ego, I was able to point out that the disposition to hysterogenesis presupposes also a fixation of the reality-sense at a given period of development at which the organism does not yet endeavour to adapt to reality by a modification of the external world, but by that of its own body—by magic gestures; and the hysterical language of gesture may indicate a regression to this stage.

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Medium 9781574414820

Chapter 7. The Bloodiest Day

Mitchel P. Roth and Tom Kennedy University of North Texas Press ePub

7

THE BLOODIEST DAY

By early 1917, HPD consisted of 159 men headed by two veteran police officers, Superintendent Ben S. Davison and Deputy Superintendent J. E. Dunman. The rest of the force was composed of sixteen detectives, twenty mounted officers, six motorcycle cops and several others on special assignment. Except for one black detective and one black officer, the force was completely white.1

According to several police veterans, “For years Houstonians had displayed only modest respect for the police department and had shown little faith in its ability to preserve law and order.”2 It had in fact been only six years since two policemen settled a dispute with a duel on Main Street, leading one observer to note, “It wasn’t safe to get in range of the police.”

Few Houstonians could have imagined that the hot and rainy dog day of August 23, 1917, would turn into the bloodiest day in the history of the HPD. On that day five Houston police officers lost their lives in what became known as the “Camp Logan Riot.” But it was much more than that. This was not the only race-related conflict in America’s military history—incidents took place at virtually every camp in the south where black troops were stationed during the early 20th century. But, this was by far the worst event of its kind and remains to this day a record holder of sorts; its aftermath resulted in what is still the largest mutiny and the largest domestic court martial in U.S. Army history. It remains the only race riot in which more whites perished than blacks. In all, sixteen whites were killed, including the five Houston police officers, and close to thirty others suffered violent wounds such as the loss of limbs. No black civilians were killed, and only four troopers of the 24th Infantry died. Of these, two were accidentally shot by other soldiers who may have mistaken them for police officers. A white citizen shot a third soldier who later died in a hospital. The fourth black was Sergeant Vida Henry, the well-respected soldier with an honorable record up until he undertook the leadership of the violent attack on Houston. Henry took his own life.

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Medium 9780253000958

The Inheritance of Tools

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

At just about the hour when my father died, soon after dawn one February morning when ice coated the windows like cataracts, I banged my thumb with a hammer. Naturally I swore at the hammer, the reckless thing, and in the moment of swearing I thought of what my father would say: “If you’d try hitting the nail it would go in a whole lot faster. Don’t you know your thumb’s not as hard as that hammer?” We both were doing carpentry that day, but far apart. He was building cupboards at my brother’s place in Oklahoma; I was at home in Indiana putting up a wall in the basement to make a bedroom for my daughter. By the time my mother called with news of his death—the long-distance wires whittling her voice until it seemed too thin to bear the weight of what she had to say—my thumb was swollen. A week or so later a white scar in the shape of a crescent moon began to show above the cuticle, and month by month it rose across the pink sky of my thumbnail. It took the better part of a year for the scar to disappear, and every time I noticed it I thought of my father.

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